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Rouvilleite

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Formula:
Na3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
Colour:
Colorless to pale tan
Lustre:
Vitreous, Waxy
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, the Poudrette Quarry, Mont Saint-Hilaire, in the former Rouville County, Québec, Canada.
This page provides mineralogical data about Rouvilleite.


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Classification of RouvilleiteHide

Approved
5.BC.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
C : With alkali-earth cations
16a.5.5.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : Miscellaneous
12.1.3

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides

Physical Properties of RouvilleiteHide

Vitreous, Waxy
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless to pale tan
Hardness:

Optical Data of RouvilleiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.472 nβ = 1.562 nγ = 1.569
2V:
Measured: 25° to 30°, Calculated: 28°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.097
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of RouvilleiteHide

Formula:
Na3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
IMA Formula:
Na3CaMn2+(CO3)3F

Crystallography of RouvilleiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Setting:
C2/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.04 Å, b = 15.81 Å, c = 7.03 Å
β = 101.16°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.509 : 1 : 0.445
Unit Cell V:
876.70 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of RouvilleiteHide

Synonyms of RouvilleiteHide

Other Language Names for RouvilleiteHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BC.05BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2Orth.
5.BC.15PodlesnoiteBaCa2(CO3)2F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4Tric.
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex.
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2Orth.
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5Mon. 2/m
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RouvilleiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
McDonald,A.M., Chao, G.Y. and Ramik, R.A. (1991), Rouvilleite, a new sodium calcium fluorocarbonate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 29, 107-112.
KHOMYAKOV, A.P., POLEZHAEVA, L.I., ROGACHEV, D.L., YAMNOVA, N.A., and PUSHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1991) New natural fluorocarbonate Na2Ca(Mn,Ca)(CO3)3F, from the Lovozero alkaline massif. (Rouvilleite) Geologia, 1991, No. 1, 85 88. (in Russian).
YAMNOVA, N.A., PUSHAROVSKY, D.Yu., KHOMYAKOV, A.P. and VYATKIN, S.V. (1991) Crystallographic structure of the natural fluorocarbonate Na3Ca(Mn,Ca)(CO3)3F. [Rouvillite] Kristallografia, 36, 30 33. (in Russian)

Internet Links for RouvilleiteHide

Localities for RouvilleiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada (TL)
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
McDonald,A.M., Chao, G.Y. and Ramik, R.A. (1991), Rouvilleite, a new sodium calcium fluorocarbonate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 107-112.
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Omatako
      • Kalkfeld
American Mineralogist, Vol. 84, pp. 1117-1125, 1999.
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Lovozero Massif
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mineral and/or Locality  
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