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Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montagu Russell
Yellow-green, yellow
Named in 1938 by Max Hey and Frederick Allen Bannister in honor of Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montague Russell [November 30, 1878 Folkestone, Kent, England, UK - February 23, 1964]. Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montague Russell (1878-1964) 6th Baronet, of Swallowfield Park, Reading, Berkshire, was perhaps the greatest British mineral collector of the 20th century. Sir Arthur Russell’s Will, directed that his collection should be given to the British Museum (Natural History) – now the Natural History Museum. The Russell Society, an organisation for amateur and professional mineralogists, dedicated to British topographical mineralogy, was named in his honor. Arthurite was also a mineral named in his honor and a name shared with his friend Arthur Kingsbury.
An alteration product of primary bismuth minerals and wolframite.

The tungstate analogue of koechlinite and the Bi analogue of tungstibite.

Classification of Russellite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
E : With medium-sized cations; with various polyhedra

2 : A2XO4

27 : Sulphites, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
4 : Tungstates

Physical Properties of Russellite

Yellow-green, yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
7.33 - 7.37 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.4 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Russellite

Biaxial (+)
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Russellite

Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Russellite

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.43 Å, b = 16.43 Å, c = 5.45 Å
a:b:c = 0.33 : 1 : 0.332
Unit Cell Volume:
V 486.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Russellite

Relationship of Russellite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
27.4.5MpororoiteAl2O(WO4)2 · 6H2O
27.4.12UranotungstiteFe(UO2)2WO4(OH)4 · 12H2O
27.4.15Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
27.4.17PhyllotungstiteHCaFe33+(WO4)6 · 10H2O

Other Names for Russellite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:钨铋矿
Traditional Chinese:鎢鉍礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Russellite

Reference List:
Hey, Max and Bannister, Frederick Allen (1938), Russellite, a new British mineral, Mineralogical Magazine: 25: 41-55.

American Mineralogist (1938): 23: 121.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman, and Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 604-605.

Knight, K. S. (1992) The crystal structure of russellite; a re-determination using neutron powder diffraction of synthetic Bi2WO6, Mineralogical Magazine 56: 399-409.

American Mineralogist (1993): 78: 454.

Internet Links for Russellite URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Russellite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Elsmore
Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 8, 55-60.; Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 8, 55-60.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Lobethal
A. Pring, W. Aird and U. Kolitsch (2003): Perite and russellite from South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 9, 87-90.
  • Victoria
    • Golden Plains Shire
      • Pittong
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
    • Towong Shire
      • Thologolong
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
  • Western Australia
    • Cue Shire
Hodge, L.C.(1970): Russellite- a second occurrence, Mineralogical Magazine, 1970: 37: 705-707
Hodge, L.C. (1970): Russellite - a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 37, 705-707.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Mackenzie Mts
        • Nahanni River area
MinRec 17:340
  • Yukon
    • Mayo Mining District
      • Mayo
        • Kalzas Mt
J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997); T. S. Ercit and G. W. Robinson (1994) A refinement of the structure of ferritungstite from Kalzas Mountain, Yukon, and observations on the tungsten pyrochlores. Can Mineral 32:567-574
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
    • Liberec Region
Pauliš, P., Kopista, J., Sláma, J.: Zajímavá lokalita Sn-W minerálů v Jeřmanicích u Liberce. Minerál, 2008, roč. 16, č. 3, s. 238-243.
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Dubí (Eichwald)
Petr Fuchs, analysed by P. Pauliš
        • Krupka (Graupen)
          • Steinknochen area (Lux vein)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Havlíčkův Brod (Německý Brod; Deutschbrod)
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Vrtiška L., Čejka J., Pour O., Laufek F. (2016): Stolzit z Vysoké u Havlíčkova Brodu (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 24 (1): 95-99.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Meymac
Ansermet, S., Cuchet, S. & Meisser, N. (2010): Minéralogie de la mine de La grange, Meymac, Corrèze. Le Règne Minéral, 91: 23-31
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Nordrach
No reference listed
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); KOLITSCH, U. & GÖTZINGER, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. - Erzgräber 14, 33-47.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Altenberg
Mineralien-Welt, (2), 17-39.
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
        • Steinbach
No reference listed
      • Schneeberg District
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch: Lapis 30(7/8):71-73 (2005)
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Germany & Czech Republic
  • Saxony & Ústí Region (Bohemia; Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts
Jansa, J., Novák, F., Pauliš, P., Scharmová, M.: Supergenní minerály Sn-W ložiska Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 83-101; Lapis 17(2), 31-35 (1992)
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Mine city
Shirose, Y. & Uehara, S. (2011) Philipsburgite from the Yamato mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106, 153-157.; Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
Jeremolenko, V. (2002): Kara-Oba: Mineralogische Perle der Betpak-Ebene bei Dzhambul, Kasachstan. Lapis 27 (4), 13-34 + 50; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • Erongo Region
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
    • Karibib District
Schnaitmann, E. A., Nägele, H., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Jahn, S. (2007): Das Metazeunerit-Pocket auf Tubussis 22, Erongo. Mineralien-Welt 18 (2), 33-43. (in German)
    • Omaruru District
      • Omaruru
Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Belalcázar
Rewitzer C., Hochleitner R., Fehr T., Utrera C., Karibibite, schneiderhöhnite, tooeleite and other uncommon secondary minerals in the Nuestra Señora de las Alcantarillas mine, Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain; MineralUp (Revista de Minerales) No.1 Oct. 2016 Page 9-39
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Calstock
          • Gunnislake
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; Weiss, S., Green, D.H., Hooper, J.J., and Elton, N. (2007): Lapis 32(11), 13-25
      • St Austell District
        • St Columb Major
          • Castle-an-Dinas
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications; Hey M H, Bannister F A, Russell A (1938) Russellite, a new British mineral, Mineralogical Magazine, 25, 41-56
    • Cumbria
      • Southern Fells
        • Waberthwaite
BMS Database
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Plympton
Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:249
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Down
      • Mourne Mts
Moles, N. R., & Tindle, A. G. (2012). Tungsten and bismuth minerals, including russellite, within greisen veins in the western Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 15, 40-48.
Moles, N. R., & Tindle, A. G. (2012). Tungsten and bismuth minerals, including russellite, within greisen veins in the western Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 15, 40-48.
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