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Russellite

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Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montagu Russell
Formula:
Bi2WO6
Colour:
Yellow-green, yellow
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
7.33 - 7.37
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1938 by Max Hey and Frederick Allen Bannister in honor of Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montagu Russell [November 30, 1878 Folkestone, Kent, England, UK - February 23, 1964]. Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montagu Russell (1878-1964) 6th Baronet, of Swallowfield Park, Reading, Berkshire, was perhaps the greatest British mineral collector of the 20th century. Sir Arthur Russell’s Will, directed that his collection should be given to the British Museum (Natural History) – now the Natural History Museum. The Russell Society, an organisation for amateur and professional mineralogists, dedicated to British topographical mineralogy, was named in his honor. Arthurite was also a mineral named in his honor and a name shared with his friend Arthur Kingsbury.
An alteration product of primary bismuth minerals and wolframite.

The tungstate analogue of koechlinite and the Bi analogue of tungstibite.


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Classification of RusselliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DE.15

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
E : With medium-sized cations; with various polyhedra
48.2.1.1

48 : ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
2 : A2XO4
27.4.10

27 : Sulphites, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
4 : Tungstates

Pronounciation of RusselliteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of RusselliteHide

Colour:
Yellow-green, yellow
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Density:
7.33 - 7.37 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.4 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of RusselliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of RusselliteHide

Formula:
Bi2WO6

Crystallography of RusselliteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.43 Å, b = 16.43 Å, c = 5.45 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.33 : 1 : 0.332
Unit Cell V:
486.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of RusselliteHide

Other Language Names for RusselliteHide

German:Russellit
Simplified Chinese:钨铋矿
Spanish:Russellita
Traditional Chinese:鎢鉍礦

Relationship of Russellite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
KoechliniteBi2MoO6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
TungstibiteSb3+2WO6Orth. 2 2 2

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz6 photos of Russellite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Zavaritskite4 photos of Russellite associated with Zavaritskite on mindat.org.
Zeunerite4 photos of Russellite associated with Zeunerite on mindat.org.
Opal2 photos of Russellite associated with Opal on mindat.org.
Scheelite2 photos of Russellite associated with Scheelite on mindat.org.
Scorodite2 photos of Russellite associated with Scorodite on mindat.org.
Preisingerite1 photo of Russellite associated with Preisingerite on mindat.org.
Chrysocolla1 photo of Russellite associated with Chrysocolla on mindat.org.
Fluorite1 photo of Russellite associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Bismuth1 photo of Russellite associated with Bismuth on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DE.05DowneyiteSeO2Tet.
4.DE.10Koragoite(Mn2+,Fe3+)3(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(Nb,Mn)2(W,Ta)2O20Mon. 2 : P21
4.DE.15KoechliniteBi2MoO6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
4.DE.15TungstibiteSb3+2WO6Orth. 2 2 2
4.DE.20TelluriteTeO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DE.25ParatelluriteTeO2Tet.
4.DE.30BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4Orth.
4.DE.30BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DE.30CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4Orth.
4.DE.30StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4Orth. mm2
4.DE.30StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mm2
4.DE.30ClinocervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4Mon.
4.DE.35BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

27.4.1CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
27.4.2ScheeliteCa(WO4)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
27.4.4AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3Tric. 1
27.4.5MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
27.4.6Yttrotungstite-(Y)YW2O6(OH)3
27.4.7Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3Mon. 2 : P21
27.4.8StolzitePb(WO4)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
27.4.9RaspitePb(WO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
27.4.11PinalitePb3WO5Cl2Orth.
27.4.12Uranotungstite(Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth.
27.4.13HübneriteMnWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
27.4.14FerberiteFeWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
27.4.15Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
27.4.16FerritungstiteIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
27.4.17Phyllotungstite(H2O,M)x(W,Fe)(O,OH)3 · yH2O (M = Ca, Cs, Pb or K)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
27.4.18Qitianlingite(Fe,Mn)2(Nb,Ta)2WO10Orth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RusselliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hey, Max and Bannister, Frederick Allen (1938), Russellite, a new British mineral, Mineralogical Magazine: 25: 41-55.
American Mineralogist (1938): 23: 121.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman, and Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 604-605.
Knight, K. S. (1992) The crystal structure of russellite; a re-determination using neutron powder diffraction of synthetic Bi2WO6, Mineralogical Magazine 56: 399-409.
American Mineralogist (1993): 78: 454.

Internet Links for RusselliteHide

Localities for RusselliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Elsmore
Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 8, 55-60.; Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 8, 55-60.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Lobethal
A. Pring, W. Aird and U. Kolitsch (2003): Perite and russellite from South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 9, 87-90.
  • Victoria
    • Golden Plains Shire
      • Pittong
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
    • Towong Shire
      • Thologolong
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
  • Western Australia
    • Cue Shire
Hodge, L.C.(1970): Russellite- a second occurrence, Mineralogical Magazine, 1970: 37: 705-707
Hodge, L.C. (1970): Russellite - a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 37, 705-707.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Mackenzie Mts
        • Nahanni River area
MinRec 17:340
  • Yukon
    • Mayo Mining District
      • Mayo
        • Kalzas Mt
J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997); T. S. Ercit and G. W. Robinson (1994) A refinement of the structure of ferritungstite from Kalzas Mountain, Yukon, and observations on the tungsten pyrochlores. Can Mineral 32:567-574
China
 
  • Hong Kong
    • New Territories
      • Tuen Mun District
Field collected by Christopher Chui. PXRD pattern resembles that for russellite more than any other secondary Bi oxide mineral, but far from a perfect match. XRF shows only significant Bi and W.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
    • Liberec Region
Pauliš, P., Kopista, J., Sláma, J.: Zajímavá lokalita Sn-W minerálů v Jeřmanicích u Liberce. Minerál, 2008, roč. 16, č. 3, s. 238-243.
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Dubí (Eichwald)
Petr Fuchs, analysed by P. Pauliš
        • Krupka (Graupen)
          • Steinknochen area (Lux vein)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Havlíčkův Brod District
        • Havlíčkův Brod (Německý Brod; Deutschbrod)
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Vrtiška L., Čejka J., Pour O., Laufek F. (2016): Stolzit z Vysoké u Havlíčkova Brodu (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 24 (1): 95-99.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Boisson, J.-M., Leconte, J. (2017) Analyses MNHN-MICROMONTEURS 2015-2016, La revue des Micromonteurs, 21, 2-36
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Meymac
Ansermet, S., Cuchet, S. & Meisser, N. (2010): Minéralogie de la mine de La grange, Meymac, Corrèze. Le Règne Minéral, 91: 23-31
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
          • Vaulry Mines
Boisson, J.-M., Leconte, J. (2017) Analyses MNHN-MICROMONTEURS 2015-2016, La revue des Micromonteurs, 21, 2-36
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Nordrach
No reference listed
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); KOLITSCH, U. & GÖTZINGER, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. - Erzgräber 14, 33-47.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Altenberg
Mineralien-Welt, (2), 17-39.
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
        • Steinbach
No reference listed
      • Schneeberg District
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch: Lapis 30(7/8):71-73 (2005)
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Germany & Czech Republic
 
  • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts (Ore Mts)
Jansa, J., Novák, F., Pauliš, P., Scharmová, M.: Supergenní minerály Sn-W ložiska Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 83-101; Lapis 17(2), 31-35 (1992)
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Mine city
Shirose, Y. & Uehara, S. (2011) Philipsburgite from the Yamato mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106, 153-157.; Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
Jeremolenko, V. (2002): Kara-Oba: Mineralogische Perle der Betpak-Ebene bei Dzhambul, Kasachstan. Lapis 27 (4), 13-34 + 50; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
    • Karibib District
Schnaitmann, E. A., Nägele, H., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Jahn, S. (2007): Das Metazeunerit-Pocket auf Tubussis 22, Erongo. Mineralien-Welt 18 (2), 33-43. (in German)
    • Omaruru District
      • Omaruru
Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Belalcázar
Rewitzer C., Hochleitner R., Fehr T., Utrera C., Karibibite, schneiderhöhnite, tooeleite and other uncommon secondary minerals in the Nuestra Señora de las Alcantarillas mine, Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain; MineralUp (Revista de Minerales) No.1 Oct. 2016 Page 9-39
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Calstock
          • Gunnislake
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; Weiss, S., Green, D.H., Hooper, J.J., and Elton, N. (2007): Lapis 32(11), 13-25
      • St Austell District
        • St Columb Major
          • Castle-an-Dinas
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications; Hey M H, Bannister F A, Russell A (1938) Russellite, a new British mineral, Mineralogical Magazine, 25, 41-56
    • Cumbria
      • Southern Fells
        • Waberthwaite
BMS Database
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Plympton
Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:249
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Down
      • Mourne Mts
Moles, N. R., & Tindle, A. G. (2012). Tungsten and bismuth minerals, including russellite, within greisen veins in the western Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 15, 40-48.
Moles, N. R., & Tindle, A. G. (2012). Tungsten and bismuth minerals, including russellite, within greisen veins in the western Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 15, 40-48.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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