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Rutheniridosmine

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Formula:
(Ir,Os,Ru)
Colour:
Silver-white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
6 - 7
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
The name reflects its composition , being comprised of RUTHENium, IRIDium, and OSMIum.

Rutheniridosmine was defined as a new species by the IMA-CNMMN-approved nomenclature of the natural alloys of Os-Ir-Ru (Harris & Cabri 1973). The natural occurrence of the mineral was confirmed in the same paper by Harris & Cabri (1973) from many Canadian localities, from Japan and from an unknown locality in New Guinea. The compositional field for rutheniridosmine was restricted by the revised nomenclature (Harris & Cabri 1991) to alloys in which Ir is the dominant element.
Not to be confused with ruthenosmiridium.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of RutheniridosmineHide

Approved
Notes:
Renamed by the IMA
Approval History:
Renamed by IMA: 1991
1.AF.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
F : Platinum group elements
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.1.5
1.2.2.3

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys

Physical Properties of RutheniridosmineHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Silver-white
Hardness:
6 - 7 on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of RutheniridosmineHide

Formula:
(Ir,Os,Ru)
Common Impurities:
Pt,Pd,Rh,Fe,Ni

Crystallography of RutheniridosmineHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal

Type Occurrence of RutheniridosmineHide

Other Language Names for RutheniridosmineHide

Simplified Chinese:钌铱锇矿

Varieties of RutheniridosmineHide

PlatosmiridiumRare variety of hexagonal Rutheniridosmine with Pt instead of Ru.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Osmiridium2 photos of Rutheniridosmine associated with Osmiridium on mindat.org.
Iridosmine2 photos of Rutheniridosmine associated with Iridosmine on mindat.org.
Osmium1 photo of Rutheniridosmine associated with Osmium on mindat.org.
Iridium1 photo of Rutheniridosmine associated with Iridium on mindat.org.
Gold1 photo of Rutheniridosmine associated with Gold on mindat.org.
Tulameenite1 photo of Rutheniridosmine associated with Tulameenite on mindat.org.
Isoferroplatinum1 photo of Rutheniridosmine associated with Isoferroplatinum on mindat.org.
Magnetite1 photo of Rutheniridosmine associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AF.05Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AF.05Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)Hex.
1.AF.10Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.AF.10Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.AF.10PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AF.10Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.2.2.1Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.2.2.2Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)Hex.
1.2.2.4RheniumReHex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RutheniridosmineHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Harris, D.C. and L.J. Cabri (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist (1974): 12: 104-112.
American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 946 (abstract).
Cabri, L.J., Ed. (1981) Platinum group elements: mineralogy, geology, recovery. Canadian Institute of Min. & Met., Special Volume 23: 134–135.
Harris, D.C. and L.J. Cabri (1991) Nomenclature of platinum-group element alloys: review and revision. Canadian Mineralogist (1991): 29: 231-237 [Redefinition; all localities except those included are suspect - multiple TLs].
Criddle, A.J. and C.J. Stanley, Editors (1993) Quantitative data file for ore minerals, 3rd ed. Chapman & Hall, London, 489.

Internet Links for RutheniridosmineHide

Localities for RutheniridosmineHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Derwent Valley municipality
Bottrill & Baker in prep; Cabri L.J., & Harris, D. (1975). Zoning in OS-IR Alloys and the Relation of the Geogical and Tectonic Environment of the Source Rocks to the Bulk Pt: Pt+Ir+Os Ratio for Placers. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 266-274.
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Heazlewood district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
    • Gotse Delchev Obshtina
      • Rhodope Mts
Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998)
Canada (TL)
 
  • British Columbia
    • Atlin Mining Division
HARRIS, D.C. & CABRI, L.J. (1973): The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112. HARRIS, D.C. & CABRI, L.J. (1991): Nomenclature of platinum-group-element alloys: review and revision. Canadian Mineralogist 29, 231-237.
HARRIS, D.C. & CABRI, L.J. (1973): The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112.
    • Cariboo Mining Division
      • Quesnel River area
HARRIS, D.C. & CABRI, L.J. (1973): The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112.
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Tulameen
Harris D C, Cabri L J (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112
Canadian Mineralogist (2005): 43: 1705.
Nixon, G.T., Cabri, L.J., and Laflamme, J.H.G. (1990) Platinum-group-element mineralizaton in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist: 28, 503-535.
  • Manitoba
    • Bird River Sill
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1159-1168
China
 
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Manasi Co. (Manas Co.)
Jianxun Bai (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(12), 24-27
Colombia
 
  • Cauca Department
    • Mun. de Guapí
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Nová Paka (Neupaka)
Malec J, Bohmová V.: Minerály Pt-kovù na ložisku pyropu u obce Vestřev v Podkrkonoší. Zprávy o geologických výzkumech v roce 2011, Mineralogie, petrologie a geochemie, 185-188.
Ethiopia
 
  • Benshangul-Gumaz Region
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Finland
 
Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper; Törnroos, Ragnar, Johanson, Bo, Kojonen, Kari 1998. Alluvial nuggets of Platinum-group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 26
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Bouches-du-Rhône
      • Aix-en-Provence
        • Peyrolles-en-Provence
Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. ; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Greece
 
  • Epirus Department (Ipeiros)
    • Pindos Mtn
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Argirios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras, Konstantin Hatzipanagiotou, Federica Zaccarini und Giorgio Garuti (2011): Mineralogy, composition and PGM of chromitites from Pefki, Pindos ophiolite complex (NW Greece): evidence for progressively elevated fAs conditions in the upper mantle sequence. Mineralogy and Petrology 101, 129-150.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Kozáni Prefecture
      • Kozáni and Grevena prefectures border area
        • Vourinos Mt ophiolite complex
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Auge, T. (1985). Platinum-group-mineral inclusions in ophiolitic chromitite from the Vourinos Complex, Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 23(2), 163-171.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
Japan (TL)
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
      • Uryu-gun
        • Uryugawa
Excalibur Mineral Co. specimens and analyses.
    • Sorachi Province
      • Yubari District
Hori Mineralogy analyses and Gunnar Farber specimens
Mongolia
 
  • Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag)
    • Khan-Taishirin-Ula range
http://www.dmitrenkogg.narod.ru/Mongoliy.htm
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Parapara
www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Northern Province (Oro Province)
    • Ioma area
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 510.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/14099/EAE03-A-14099.pdf.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Pekul'nei Range
        • Northern Pekul'nei River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Koryak Mts
Tolstykh, N., Sidorov, E., & Kozlov, A. (2009). Platinum-group Minerals from the Olkhovaya–1 Placers Related to the Karaginsky Ophiolite Complex, Kamchatskiy Mys Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(5), 1057-1074.
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka lake
Shcheka G.G., Vrzhosek A.A., Lehmann B., Tolstykh N.D. (2004) Associations of platinum-group minerals from the Zolotaya gold placiers, Primorye, Russian Far East, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, pp. 583-599.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
Gregor Borg et al (2001) Deep Exhumation and Tectonic Emplacement of the Nishni Tagil Ultramafic Complex and its Platinum Ores, Urals, Russia in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
R.O. Meyer collection; Ex: Fersman Museum specimen
Handbook of Mineralogy
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
      • Goodnews Bay
        • Salmon River - Red Mountain District
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
  • California
    • Merced Co.
      • Cressey
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41, 43.
      • Snelling District
        • Snelling
          • Merced River
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41, 43.
    • Nevada Co.
      • North San Juan District
        • North San Juan
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
    • Sacramento Co.
      • Folsom District
        • Folsom
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Salmon Mts
          • New River District
            • Marysville
Alfredo Petrov specimen (ex-Kristalle), Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe) analysis.
        • Weaverville District
          • Douglas City
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
    • Yuba Co.
      • Hammonton District (Yuba River District; Yuba Gold Field; Yuba Dredge Field; Yuba Consolidated Gold Fields)
        • Hammonton
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
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