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Samuelsonite

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About SamuelsoniteHide

Peter B.Samuelson 2001
Formula:
(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2
Colour:
Pale yellow
Lustre:
Adamantine, Sub-Adamantine
Hardness:
5
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1975 by Paul B. Moore, Anthony J. Irving, and Anthony R. Kampf in honor of Peter B. Samuelson [1941 - ], prospector of Rumney, USA and one-time miner at the Palermo #1 Quarry, the type location.
This page provides mineralogical data about Samuelsonite.


Classification of SamuelsoniteHide

Approved
8.BF.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
F : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4< 0.5:1
41.10.8.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
10 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq
19.12.65

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn

Physical Properties of SamuelsoniteHide

Adamantine, Sub-Adamantine
Colour:
Pale yellow
Hardness:

Optical Data of SamuelsoniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.645 - 1.648 nβ = 1.650 - 1.655 nγ = 1.655 - 1.667
2V:
Measured: 70° to 85°, Calculated: 75°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010 - 0.019
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v weak

Chemical Properties of SamuelsoniteHide

Formula:
(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2
IMA Formula:
Ca9Mn2+4Al2(PO4)10(OH)2

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
P2O542,76 %
Al2O36,37 %
Fe2O31,48 %
FeO7,26 %
MnO8,81 %
CaO26,96 %
Na2O0,44 %
K2O0,07 %
Li2O0,42 %
H2O+1,88 %
H2O-0,03 %
Insol0,28 %
Total:91 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Buranga pegmatite, Gatumba District, Western Province, RwandaFransolet, A.-M., von Knorring, O., and Fontan, F. (1992) A new occurrence of samuelsonite in the Buranga pegmatite, Rwanda. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 64(1): 13-21.

Crystallography of SamuelsoniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 18.495 Å, b = 6.81 Å, c = 14 Å
β = 112.75°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.716 : 1 : 2.056
Unit Cell V:
1,626.13 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2

Type Occurrence of SamuelsoniteHide

Synonyms of SamuelsoniteHide

Other Language Names for SamuelsoniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Palermoite1 photo of Samuelsonite associated with Palermoite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BF.05Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon.
8.BF.05Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(BaFe){Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon.
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(SrFe){Sr◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon. m : Bb
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(KNa){KNa}{Na2}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon. m : Bb
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(PbFe){Pb◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon. m : Bb
8.BF.05Fluorarrojadite-(BaFe){Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2Mon. m : Bb
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(NaFe){Na2}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(BaNa)BaNa3(NaCa)Fe2+13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BF.05Fluorarrojadite-(KNa){KNa}{Na2}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
8.BF.05Fluorarrojadite-(NaFe){Na2}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
8.BF.15GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
8.BF.20NabiasiteBaMn2+9(VO4,AsO4)6(OH)2Iso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.12.6RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.11Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3Orth.
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.23Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.35LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.36GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.39BeusiteMn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2Mon.
19.12.40MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.45StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon.
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8Iso. m3 (2/m 3)
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon.
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.12.55EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
19.12.57ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SamuelsoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Moore, P. B., Irving, A. J. and Kampf, A. R. (1975): Foggite, CaAl(OH)2(H2O)[PO4]; goedkenite, (Sr,Ca)2Al(OH)[PO4]2; and samuelsonite, (Ca,Ba)Fe22+Mn22+Ca8Al2(OH)2[PO4]10. Three new species from the Palermo No. 1 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. American Mineralogist: 60: 957-964.
Moore, P.B. & Araki, T.(1977): Samuelsonite: its crystal structure and relation to apatite and octacalcium phosphate. American Mineralogist: 62: 229-245.

Internet Links for SamuelsoniteHide

Localities for SamuelsoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic
 
  • Plzeň Region
    • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
      • Otov
Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
von Knorring, O. (1972) Notes on phosphate minerals from Buranga pegmatite. 16th annual Report Res. Inst. afr. Geol., Univ. Leeds: 56-57.; von Knorring, O. (1973) Notes on pegmatite minerals from Rwanda, Uganda and South West Africa. 17th annual Report Res. Inst. afr. Geol., Univ. Leeds, 72-73.; Fransolet, A.-M., von Knorring, O., and Fontan, F. (1992) A new occurrence of samuelsonite in the Buranga pegmatite, Rwanda. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland: 64(1): 13-21.; Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV.;
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
Roda, E., Fontán, F., Pesquera, A., & Keller, P. (2001). Phosphate mineral associations of the Aldehuela de la Bóveda, Li-Sn-Nb+-Tb bearing pegmatite, Salamanca, Spain: . In Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21 st Century. Proceedings of the Joint sixth Biennial SGA-SEG Meeting (pp. 477-480).
USA (TL)
 
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Amer.Min.(1975) 60, 957-964
Mineral and/or Locality  
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