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Sartorite

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Wolfgang Sartorius von Waltershausen
Formula:
PbAs2S4
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Grey, grayish black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3
Member of:
Name:
Named after Wolfgang Sartorius von Waltershausen (1809 - 1876) Professor of Mineralogy, University of Göttingen, Germany. He was the first to describe the mineral.
The structure contains isolated and interconnected AsS3 pyramids, as, e.g., in case of baumhauerite, dufrénoysite, gratonite, and seligmannite.


Classification of Sartorite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.HC.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
C : With only Pb
3.7.8.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
7 : ø = 2
5.6.1

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of Sartorite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Grey, grayish black
Streak:
chocolate-brown
Hardness (Mohs):
3
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
Imperfect/Fair
Fair on {100}.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
5.08 - 5.12 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.13 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Sartorite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Weak
Colour in reflected light:
White
Internal Reflections:
Deep red.
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Rarely visible in oil

Chemical Properties of Sartorite

Formula:
PbAs2S4

May be Tl-bearing.
Elements listed in formula:

Crystallography of Sartorite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 19.62 Å, b = 7.89 Å, c = 4.19 Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.487 : 1 : 0.531
Unit Cell Volume:
V 648.62 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic and deeply striated [010] to 10cm. Terminal forms often rounded and interrupted, cavernous at times. Parallel and subparallel groupings common.
Twinning:
On {100}, often repeated. Exhibits twin lamellae in polished section, bent at times.
Comment:
Pseudocell

Type Occurrence of Sartorite

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Hydrothermal deposit in dolomite

Relationship of Sartorite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
ArgentodufrénoysiteAg3Pb26As35S80
ArgentoliveingiteAgxPb40-2xAs48+xS112
BarikaiteAg3Pb10(Sb8As11)S40
BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
BernarlottiitePb6(As5Sb3)S18
BoscardiniteTlPb4(Sb7As2)S18
Carducciite(Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40
DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
ÉcrinsiteAgTl3Pb4As11Sb9S36
EnneasartoriteTl6Pb32As70S140
GuettarditePbAsSbS4
HendekasartoriteTl2Pb48As82S172
HeptasartoriteTl7Pb22As55S108
HyršlitePb8As10Sb6S32
IncomsartoriteTl6Pb144As246S516
LiveingitePb9As13S28
ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
PhilrothiteTlAs3S5
PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16
PolloneiteAgPb46As26Sb23S120
RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40
Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5
2.HC.05bArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72
2.HC.05bBaumhaueritePb12As16S36
2.HC.05eChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
2.HC.05dDufrénoysitePb2As2S5
2.HC.05aGuettarditePbSbAsS4
2.HC.05cLiveingitePb18.5As25S56
2.HC.05fParapierrotiteTlSb5S8
2.HC.05fPierrotiteTlSb3As2S8
2.HC.05dRathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40
2.HC.05aTwinnitePbSb2S4
2.HC.05dVeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5
2.HC.05gMarumoitePb8As10S23
2.HC.05eDalnegroiteTl4Pb2(As,Sb)20S34
2.HC.10aFülöppitePb3Sb8S15
2.HC.10cHeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
2.HC.10bPlagionitePb5Sb8S17
2.HC.10dRayite(Ag,Tl)2Pb8Sb8S21
2.HC.10dSemseyitePb9Sb8S21
2.HC.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
2.HC.15FalkmanitePb3Sb2S6
2.HC.20RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
2.HC.25MoëloitePb6Sb6S17
2.HC.30DadsonitePb23Sb25S60Cl
2.HC.35OwyheeiteAg3Pb10Sb11S28
2.HC.35ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10
2.HC.40ParasterryiteAg4Pb20Sb14As10S58
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
5.6.3LiveingitePb18.5As25S56
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)13S30
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44Cl
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
5.6.14MadocitePb18(Sb,As)15S41
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
5.6.18GuettarditePbSbAsS4
5.6.19TwinnitePbSb2S4
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5
5.6.21SorbyitePb9Cu(Sb,As)11S26
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5
5.6.25CannizzaritePb8Bi10S23
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
5.6.27Giessenite(Cu,Fe)2Pb26.4(Bi,Sb)19.6S57
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6
5.6.30WeibulliteAg0.3Pb5.3Bi8.3(S,Se)18
5.6.31WittitePb8Bi10(S,Se)23
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19
5.6.33UstarasitePbBi6S10(?)

Other Names for Sartorite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:脆硫砷铅矿
Spanish:Sartorita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Sartorite

Reference List:
Dana (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th Edition: 87.

Groth (1882): 22.

Solly (1900), Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 282.

Trechmann (1907), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 212.

Smith, G.F.H. and Solly, R.H. (1919): On sartorite and the problem of its crystal-form. Mineral. Mag., 18, 259-316.

Schneiderhöhn and Ramdohr: 2: 491.

Bannister, F.A., Pabst, A. and Vaux, G. (1939): The crystallography of sartorite. Mineralogical Magazine 25, 264-270.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 478-481.

Iitaka, Y. & Nowacki, W. (1961): A refinement of the pseudo crystal structure of scleroclase PbAs2S4. Acta Crystallographica 14, 1291-1292.

Pring, A. (1995): Structural modulation in sartorite: An electron microscopy study. Am. Mineral. 78, 619-626.

Berlepsch, P., Armbruster, T., Makovicky, E., Topa, D. (2003): Another step toward understanding the true nature of sartorite: Determination and refinement of a ninefold superstructure. Am. Mineral. 88, 450-461. [= enneasartorite]

Kharbish, S. (2016): Micro‐Raman spectroscopic investigations of extremely scarce Pb–As sulfosalt minerals: baumhauerite, dufrénoysite, gratonite, sartorite, and seligmannite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy 47, 1360-1366.

Internet Links for Sartorite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-3537.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Sartorite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Sartorite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy
    • Rinconada Department
      • Rinconada
Sureda, R.J., Brito, J.R. (1992) Sartorita, PbAs2S4, en el prospecto polimetalico cerro Redondo, Jujuy, Argentina. 1 Reunion de Mineralogia y Metalogenia. Instituto de Recursos Minerales. UNLP Publicacion 2:307-318.; Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Innsbruck
          • Hall
            • Hall valley
Spötl (1989)
Azerbaijan
 
  • Balakan District
    • Belokan-Avar ore district
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
China
 
  • Hunan Province
    • Huaihua Prefecture
      • Huitong Co.
Dezhong Zhou, Dayuan Ye, and Dalong Yu (1989): Mineral Deposits 8(1), 51-64
Hungary
 
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Seravezza
Canadian Mineralogist (1980) 18:13-15; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Abuta-gun
      • Takarada
Shimizu & Matsuyama (1997) Ganko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 160.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Binn
Lapis No. 3, March 2008; Cannon, Hensel, Raber; p. 20-28
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Acta Crystallographica, 14, pp. 1291(1961)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 361.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Red Mountain District
        • Anvil Mountain
Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Fowler
        • Sylvia Lake
Mineral and/or Locality  
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