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Sauconite

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Formula:
Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Colour:
Reddish brown
Lustre:
Dull
Hardness:
1 - 2
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1875 by William Theodore Roepper for its discovery locality, the Saucon Valley of Pennsylvania, USA.
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Classification of SauconiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.EC.45

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.3.1b.3

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
3 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
16.12.17

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
12 : Aluminosilicates of Sr, Ba and Zn

Physical Properties of SauconiteHide

Colour:
Reddish brown
Hardness:
1 - 2 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of SauconiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.550 - 1.580 nβ = 1.590 - 1.620 nγ = 1.590 - 1.620
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of SauconiteHide

Formula:
Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Na0.3Zn3(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O
Common Impurities:
Ti,Fe,Mn,Cu,Mg,Ca,K

Crystallography of SauconiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.2 Å, b = 9.1 Å, c = 15.4 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.571 : 1 : 1.692
Unit Cell V:
0.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
15.4 (100)
7.77 (90)
5.58 (50b)
4.60 (90)
2.67 (100)
1.544 (100)
1.334 (75)
Comments:
Air-dried sample.

Type Occurrence of SauconiteHide

Other Language Names for SauconiteHide

German:Sauconit
Simplified Chinese:锌蒙脱石
Spanish:Sauconita

Relationship of Sauconite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
PimeliteNi3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2OHex.
Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5Mon.
SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Goethite3 photos of Sauconite associated with Goethite on mindat.org.
Cuprian Fraipontite1 photo of Sauconite associated with Cuprian Fraipontite on mindat.org.
Coronadite1 photo of Sauconite associated with Coronadite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EC.05MinnesotaiteFe2+3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.05WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)Mon.
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.15Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Tric.
9.EC.20HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20ShirozuliteK(Mn2+,Mg)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2Mon.
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OFMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.25Brammallite(Na,H3O)(Al,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.50VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric.
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8Mon.
9.EC.55ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn2+3Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55PennantiteMn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Tric.
9.EC.55SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10)(OH)8Mon.
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2 : B2
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8Tric. 1 : P1
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon.
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12Mon.
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)
9.EC.60KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10Mon.
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10Mon.
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5Mon.
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2OMon.
9.EC.65Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe3+2(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.75Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2OMon.
9.EC.80KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8Mon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.3.1b.1Sobotkite(K,Ca0.5)0.33(Mg0.66Al0.33)3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · 1-5H2OMon.
71.3.1b.2SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2OMon.
71.3.1b.4HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
71.3.1b.5PimeliteNi3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2OHex.
71.3.1b.6Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2Mon.
71.3.1b.7Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
71.3.1b.8ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.12.1StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
16.12.2SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
16.12.3BrewsteriteMon.
16.12.4CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon. 2/m
16.12.5ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
16.12.6CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2OMon.
16.12.7EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
16.12.8BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth.
16.12.9Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
16.12.10Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
16.12.11BalipholiteBaLiMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)4Orth.
16.12.12ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
16.12.13Wellsite(Ba,Ca,K2)Al2Si6O16 · 6H2OMon.
16.12.14Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2OOrth.
16.12.15Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.12.16Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon.
16.12.18Minehillite(K,Na)2-3Ca28Zn4Al4Si40O112(OH)16Hex.
16.12.19HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.12.20Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SauconiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ross, C.S. (1946) Sauconite—a clay mineral of the montmorillonite group. American Mineralogist: 31: 411-424.

Internet Links for SauconiteHide

Localities for SauconiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter River
McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
  • Western Australia
    • Leonora Shire
      • Ten Mile Outcamp
Nickel, E.H. (1982) Secondary minerals from the oxidized zone of the Teutonic Bore sulphide deposit. The Australian Mineralogist, No. 40, December 1982, pg. 219-223.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
        • Kelmis (La Calamine)
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, H.A., Balassone, G., and Dejonghe, L. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 187-210.
China
 
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Fushun Prefecture
      • Fushun Co.
Minzhi Yang (2003): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 18(4), 220-224
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Isère
      • Vienne
Designolle J-L. (1993), La mine de La Poype (Vienne), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 3-29
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Montferrer
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 53-59.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/site/Mineraux/ListeMineraux.html
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
Lapis 23(12), 45 (1998)
      • St Blasien
        • Urberg
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
        • Sounion area
          • Agia Varvara Mines (St Barbara Mines)
Branko Rieck Collection
No reference listed
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Bafq (Bafgh)
Reicher, J., Borg, G., and Rashid, B. (2003): Iranian Journal of Crystallography and Mineralogy 11(2), 209-217
Ireland
 
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Silvermines District
Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Hida City
Mike Scott S103678 fm Cureton #CSY fm Dr Matsubara, Natl Mus Japan 1996
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
Elena V. Belogub data
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
Smith, A., Mineral News
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Rocks & Min.: 56:247.
Morocco
 
  • L'oriental Region
    • Jbel Bou Arhous
Flavien Choulet, Nicolas Charles, Luc Barbanson, Yannick Branquet, Stanislas Sizaret, Aomar Ennaciri, Lakhlifi Badra, Yan Chen (2014): Non-sulfide zinc deposits of the Moroccan High Atlas: Multi-scale characterization and origin. Ore Geology Reviews, 56, 115-140.; F. Choulet, M. Buatier, L. Barbanson, R. Guégan, A. Ennaciri (2016): Zinc-rich clays in supergene non-sulfide zinc deposits. Mineralium Deposita 51, 467–490.
Namibia
 
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
      • Rosh Pinah
http://www.metalin.com/skorpion.html; Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Northland
      • Far North
        • Cape Brett
Brathwaite, R.L., Isaac, M.J., Challis, G.A., and Brook, F.J., 1990, Tertiary limestone and Zn-Pb mineralized skarn at Motukokako, Cape Brett, Northern New Zealand: Journal of Royal Society of New Zealand, v. 20, p. 427–438.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Knut Eldjarn. XRD+chemistry
Peru
 
  • Cuzco Department
    • Paruro Province
Maria Boni, Giuseppina Balassone, Vernon Arseneau, and Paul Schmidt (2009) The nonsulfide zinc deposit at Accha (southern Peru); geological and mineralogical characterization. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 104(2):267-289.; Maria Boni, Paul Rudolf Schmidt, Jacobus Rudolph De Wet, Jacob Daniel Singleton, Giuseppina Balassone, Nicola Mondillo (2009) Mineralogical signature of nonsulfide zinc ores at Accha (Peru): A key for recovery. Int. J. Miner. Process. 93:267–277; J.R. de Wet and J.D. Singleton (2008) Development of a viable process for the recovery of zinc from oxide ores. The Journal of The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 108:253-259
Mondillo, N., Boni, M., Balassone, G. & Villa. I. M. (2014): The Yanque Prospect (Peru): From Polymetallic Zn-Pb Mineralization to a Nonsulfide Deposit. Economic Geology. 109, 1735-1762.
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
        • Karnasurt Mt
Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Yamnova, N. A., Zadov, A. E., & Tarassoff, P. (2007). Gjerdingenite-Na and gjerdingenite-Ca, two new mineral species of the labuntsovite group. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 529-539
Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Zolotarev, A.A., Jr., Zubkova, N.V. (2014): Zvyaginite NaZnNb2Ti[Si2O7]2O(OH,F)3(H2O) 4+x(х<1) a new mineral of epistolite group from Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Zapiski RMO, 143, 45-63.
        • Seidozero Lake
          • Lepkhe-Nel'm Mt (Lepkhe-Nelm; Nepkha)
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Borriol
Juan Miguel Casanova
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Finhaut
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 377.
Turkmenistan
 
  • Lebap Province
    • South Tien-Shan Mts
      • Kugitangtau Ridge
http://fadr.msu.ru/caves/malmin_e.html; Maltsev, V., & Korshunov, V. (1998). Geochemistry of fluorite and related features of the Kugitangtou Ridge Caves, Turkmenistan. Journal of Caves and Karst Studies, 60, 151-155.; Vladimir A. Maltsev (1993) Minerals of the Cupp-Coutunn Karst Cave System, Southeast Turkmenistan. World of Stone 2:5-30
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
          • Gleeson
            • Costello Mine group (Costello claims)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Foord, E.E., et al (1983), Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill Mines, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 131-132.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Foord, E.E., et al (1983), Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill mines, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 131-132; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131; Rocks & Min.: 65:17, 20 & 24.
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
No reference listed
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
      • Globe-Miami District
        • Miami-Inspiration District
          • Inspiration
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 109.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Pinal Mts
        • Pioneer District
          • Superior
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188, 361.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Clark Mountain District (Clark District)
          • Mohawk Hill
[Mineralien Welt 1/93:44]
  • Colorado
    • Lake Co.
      • Leadville District
        • Leadville
          • Carbonate Hill
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
          • Fryer Hill
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Mosquito Range
        • Horseshoe District
          • Dyer Mountain
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Iowa
    • Allamakee Co.
      • Waukon
R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
Shepard, Charles U., 1876, New Minerals, American Journal of Science, third series, v. 12, p. 231.
Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ - a checklist (1972); Dunn(1995):Pt4:486.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Columbia Co.
S,ith, II, R. C. (1977)
    • Lehigh Co.
      • Upper Saucon Township
        • Saucon Valley
          • Friedensville
Arthur Montgomery; The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1922-1965, pg. 52 ; pub#9 Acadamy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA; Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:394
No reference listed
Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
    • Northumberland Co.
      • Sunbury
Smith, II R. C. (1977)
  • Virginia
    • Wythe Co.
      • New River-Cripple Creek Region
        • Austinville-Ivanhoe District
Harvard Museum of Natural History specimen no. 125604
  • Wisconsin
    • Lafayette Co.
      • Upper Mississippi Valley District
Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
Cordua, W. (1998) Minerals of Wisconsin: Rocks and Minerals: 73 (6): 378 - 399
Heyl, A., Agnew, A., Lyons, E. & Behre C. JR, (1959), The geology of Upper Mississippi Valley Zinc-Lead District: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 309, 310 p.
Yemen
 
  • Al Jawf Governorate
N. Mondillo, M. Boni, G. Balassone, B. Grist (2011) In search of the lost zinc: A lesson from the Jabali (Yemen) nonsulide zinc deposit. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 108 (2011) 209–219; Mondillo, N., Boni, M., Balassone, G., Joachimski, M., & Mormone, A. (2014). The Jabali nonsulfide Zn–Pb–Ag deposit, western Yemen. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 248-267.; Santoro, L. (2015). The Jabali, Hakkari and Reef Ridge nonsulfide Zn (Pb) deposits: an evaluation by QEMSCAN® technology, and comparison to other analytical methods. PhD thesis, Università Degli Studi Di Napoli “Federico II”
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