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Schafarzikite

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About SchafarzikiteHide

00824850014946699187533.jpg
Ferenc Schafarzik
Formula:
Fe2+Sb3+2O4
Colour:
Red-brown to red, black; yellow in transmitted light
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
4.3
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named after Professor Ferenc Schafarzik (March 20, 1854 - September 5, 1927) Hungarian mineralogist and engineering geologist of Budapest, Hungary. Professor of Mineralogy and Geology in the Polytechnic at Budapest.
A secondary mineral occurring in the oxidation zones of antimony-bearing hydrothermal mineral deposits.


Classification of SchafarzikiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.JA.20

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
A : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites; without additional anions, without H2O
45.1.6.1

45 : ACID AND NORMAL ANTIMONITES AND ARSENITES
1 : Miscellaneous
24.4.5

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
4 : Antimonates and antimonites of Mn and Fe

Physical Properties of SchafarzikiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Red-brown to red, black; yellow in transmitted light
Streak:
Brown
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN10=251 - 278 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {110}, perfect; on {100}, very good; on {001}, in traces.
Fracture:
None observed
Density:
4.3 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.24 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SchafarzikiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
E = Brownish yellow
O = Straw-yellow

Chemical Properties of SchafarzikiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+Sb3+2O4
IMA Formula:
Fe2+(Sb3+)2O4
Emperical Formula (of original material):
Fe0.97(Sb1.99As0.02)=2.01O4

Crystallography of SchafarzikiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P42/mbc
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.59(2) Å, c = 5.913(3) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.688
Unit Cell V:
437.8 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic with {100} striated parallel to [001], exhibiting {100}, {110}, {111}, {132}, and {012}, as well as several additional forms.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0018888SchafarzikiteHinrichsen B, Dinnebier R E, Rajiv P, Hanfland M, Grzechnik A, Jansen M (2006) Advances in data reduction of high-pressure X-ray powder diffraction data from two-dimensional detectors: a case study of schafarzikite (FeSb2O4) Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 18 S1021-S103720060.5293
0018889SchafarzikiteHinrichsen B, Dinnebier R E, Rajiv P, Hanfland M, Grzechnik A, Jansen M (2006) Advances in data reduction of high-pressure X-ray powder diffraction data from two-dimensional detectors: a case study of schafarzikite (FeSb2O4) Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 18 S1021-S103720064.2293
0018890SchafarzikiteHinrichsen B, Dinnebier R E, Rajiv P, Hanfland M, Grzechnik A, Jansen M (2006) Advances in data reduction of high-pressure X-ray powder diffraction data from two-dimensional detectors: a case study of schafarzikite (FeSb2O4) Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 18 S1021-S1037200610.5293
0015631SchafarzikiteZemann J (1951) Formel und kristallstruktur des schafarzikits Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 2 166-1751951Pernek, Slovakia - 30 km north of Bratislava0293
0015656SchafarzikiteFischer R, Pertlik F (1975) Verfeinerung der kristallstruktur des schafarzikites, FeSb2O4 Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 22 236-2411975Pernek, Slowakei, CSSR0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
In oxidized zones of antimony-bearing hydrothermal deposits.

Type Occurrence of SchafarzikiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Hydrothermal Sb mineralization, bound to black shales and phyllites in a zone of actinolitic rocks.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for SchafarzikiteHide

Simplified Chinese:红锑铁矿

Relationship of Schafarzikite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
TrippkeiteCu2+As3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mbc
VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16SOrth.

Common AssociatesHide

AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
BerthieriteFeSb2S4
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
KermesiteSb2S2O
QuartzSiO2
SenarmontiteSb2O3
StibniteSb2S3
ValentiniteSb2O3
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
14 photos of Schafarzikite associated with KermesiteSb2S2O
1 photo of Schafarzikite associated with AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
1 photo of Schafarzikite associated with CalciteCaCO3
1 photo of Schafarzikite associated with StibniteSb2S3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.JA.05LeiteiteZn(As2O4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.JA.10ReineriteZn3(AsO3)2Orth.
4.JA.15KaribibiteFe3+3(As3+O2)4(As3+2O5)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
4.JA.20KusachiiteCuBi2O4Tet.
4.JA.20TrippkeiteCu2+As3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mbc
4.JA.25ApuaniteFe2+Fe3+4Sb3+4O12STet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mbc
4.JA.30VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16SOrth.
4.JA.35SchneiderhöhniteFe2+Fe3+3As3+5O13Tric. 1 : P1
4.JA.40Zimbabweite(Na,K)2PbAs4(Ta,Nb,Ti)4O18Orth.
4.JA.45LudlockitePbFe3+4As3+10O22Tric. 1 : P1
4.JA.50PaulmooreitePb2[As2O5]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.JA.55StibivaniteSb2VO5Orth.
4.JA.60Chadwickite(UO2)[HAsO3]Tet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

24.4.1IngersoniteCa3Mn2+Sb5+4O14Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
24.4.2Manganostibite(Mn,Fe)7SbAsO12Orth.
24.4.3TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4Tet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SchafarzikiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Krenner (1921) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 56: 198.
Tokody (1925) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 62: 123.
Hueber (1932) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 337.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1035-1036.
Zemann, J. (1951) Formel und Kristallstruktur des Schafarzikits. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrog. Mitt., 2, 166–175 (in German).
American Mineralogist (1952): 37: 136.
Fischer, R. and F. Pertlik (1975) Verfeinerung der Kristallstruktur des Schafarzikits, FeSb2O4. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 22: 236–241 (in German with English abstract).
Mellini, M., M. Amouric, A. Baronnet, and G. Mercuriot (1981) Microstructures and nonstoichiometry in schafarzikite- like minerals. American Mineralogist: 66: 1073-1079.
Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 22: 236-241.
Sejkora, J., Ozdín, D., Vitálos,, J., TuĿek, P., Čejka, J., ĎuĿa, R. (2007): Schafarzikite from the type locality Pernek (Malé Karpaty Mountains, Slovak Republic) revisited. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 419-427.

Internet Links for SchafarzikiteHide

Localities for SchafarzikiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
Jan Bernard & Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.; Dill, H. G., Weiser, T., Bernhardt, I. R., & Kilibarda, C. R. (1995). The composite gold-antimony vein deposit at Kharma (Bolivia). Economic Geology, 90(1), 51-66.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Centre-du-Québec
      • Arthabaska RCM
        • Saints-Martyrs-Canadiens
Robinson, G.W., Normand, C. (1996) The Lac Nicolet antimony mine, South Ham, Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 27: 121-134.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Sondalo
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana(4): 255-256
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
        • Ponte Stazzemese
Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Luxembourg
 
  • Canton Wiltz
    • Goesdorf
[Filella M., Philippo S., Belzile N., Chen Y. and Quentel F. (2009) Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: A study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg - Science of the total environment (in press)]; Filella, M., Philippo, S., Belzile, N., Chen, Y., & Quentel, F. (2009). Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: a study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg. Science of the Total Environment, 407(24), 6205-6216.
Poland
 
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Olkusz County
      • Gmina Bolesław
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
      • Gmina Olkusz
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Portugal
 
  • Beja
    • Beja
      • Nossa Senhora das Neves
Mateus, A., & Figueiras, J. (2005) Thermochemical evolution of Sb-Cu ores at Ventosa (Beja, Portugal). In VIII Congresso de Geoquímica dos Países de Lingua Portuguesa–XIV Semana de Geoquímica, Aveiro (Portugal) (pp. 299-304).
Slovakia (TL)
 
  • Bratislava Region
    • Malacky District
      • Pernek
Sejkora J., Ozdín D., Vitáloš J., Tuček P., Čejka J., Ďuďa R., 2007: Schafarzikite from the type locality Pernek (Malé Karpaty Mountains, Slovak Republic) revisited. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 3, 419-427.
    • Pezinok District
      • Pezinok
[MinRec 31:153-162]
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Joan Abella y Cruces (2019) Dussertita en la mina Linda Mariquita de El Molar, Tarragona. - http://mineralsabella.blogspot.com/2019/04/dussertita-en-la-mina-linda-mariquita.html
Thailand
 
  • Phrae Province
Dill, H.G., Melcher, F., and Botz, R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 242-262.
USA
 
  • Maine
    • Aroostook Co.
      • Linneus
King, V. and Foord, E, 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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