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Schoonerite

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About SchooneriteHide

Formula:
ZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
Colour:
Pale tan to brown, greenish brown, redish brown to bronzy on weathered surface
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Greasy, Silky, Dull
Hardness:
4
Specific Gravity:
2.87 - 2.92
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1977 by Paul Brian Moore and Anthony R. Kampf in honor of Richard Schooner [March 8, 1925 Connecticut, USA - February 14, 2007 East Hampton, Connecticut, USA], mineral collector of Woodstock, Connecticut.
Related to flurlite.


Classification of SchooneriteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1976
8.DB.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4< 1:1
42.8.3.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
8 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
19.6.13

19 : Phosphates
6 : Phosphates of Zn

Physical Properties of SchooneriteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Greasy, Silky, Dull
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Pale tan to brown, greenish brown, redish brown to bronzy on weathered surface
Streak:
pale brown
Hardness:
Hardness Data:
Estimated
Comment:
By needle pressure
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{010} perfect; {001} good
Density:
2.87 - 2.92 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.79 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SchooneriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.618 nβ = 1.652 nγ = 1.682
2V:
Measured: 70° to 80°, Calculated: 84°
Birefringence:
0.070
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.064
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
noticable
Optical Extinction:
Parallel. XYZ = bca
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X = pale yello, Y = pale brown, Z = brown
Comments:
Z>Y>X

Chemical Properties of SchooneriteHide

Formula:
ZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O

Crystallography of SchooneriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pbam
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.119 Å, b = 25.546 Å, c = 6.437 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.435 : 1 : 0.252
Unit Cell V:
1,828.40 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Lathlike and strawlike crystals, elongated along [100], flattened on {010},rarely to 2mm; as rosettes; as sprays and mats
Comment:
Original setting = Pmab

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
12.77 (100)
8.356 (70)
6.430 (40)
5.520 (30)
3.761 (40)
3.182 (40)
2.768 (90)
1.600 (40)

Type Occurrence of SchooneriteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Tiny (<1 mm) tufts of brown bronzey thin acicular crystals or occasionally as similarly small, thin rectangular laths.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Altered phosphate pods in pegmatite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of SchooneriteHide

Other Language Names for SchooneriteHide

Relationship of Schoonerite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Schmidite[Zn2(Fe3+,Mn2+)2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)3(H2O)6]· 2H2OOrth.
WilhelmgümbeliteZnFe2+Fe3+3(PO4)3(OH)4(H2O)5·2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Rockbridgeite4 photos of Schoonerite associated with Rockbridgeite on mindat.org.
Phosphophyllite3 photos of Schoonerite associated with Phosphophyllite on mindat.org.
Keckite2 photos of Schoonerite associated with Keckite on mindat.org.
Diadochite1 photo of Schoonerite associated with Diadochite on mindat.org.
Wilhelmvierlingite1 photo of Schoonerite associated with Wilhelmvierlingite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DB.05DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OAmor.
8.DB.05Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?Amor.
8.DB.05DestineziteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.10VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DB.20SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
8.DB.25MitryaevaiteAl6(PO4)((P,S)O3(OH,O))2F2(OH)2 · 14.5H2OTric.
8.DB.30SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
8.DB.35SarmientiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DB.40BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.45ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth.
8.DB.50GiniiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DB.55Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2OOrth.
8.DB.60McauslaniteFe3Al2(PO4)3(PO3OH)F · 18H2OTric.
8.DB.65GoldquarryiteCuCd2Al3(PO4)4F2(H2O,F)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.70BirchiteCd2Cu2(PO4)2(SO4) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.DB.75BraithwaiteiteNaCu5(Ti4+Sb5+)(AsO4)4(HAsO4)2O2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.6.1TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
19.6.2SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.6.3HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
19.6.4ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.5Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.6.6Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.
19.6.7ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
19.6.8ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
19.6.9EhrleiteCa4Be3Zn2(PO4)6 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.10Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.11Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.12JungiteCa2Zn4Fe3+8(PO4)9(OH)9 · 16H2OOrth.
19.6.14PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Fluorescence of SchooneriteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Rapidly soluble in HCl
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SchooneriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Moore, P.B. and A.R. Kampf: "Schoonerite, a new zinc-manganese-iron phosphate mineral": American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 246-249.
Kampf, A.R.: "Schoonerite: its atomic arrangement": American Mineralogist (1977): 62: 250-255.

Internet Links for SchooneriteHide

Localities for SchooneriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Sergio Varvello collection
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Albères massif
        • Argelès-sur-Mer
BERBAIN. C, IOB. S, ROATTINO. T, RILEY. T, (2016). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères 2ème partie : zones minéralisées. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Pleystein
Dill, H.G., Weber, B. (2009), Pleystein-City on Pegmatite, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Recife, Brazil.
      • Waidhaus
Dill, H.G. (2009) The Hagendorf-Pleystein phosphate pegmatites (NE Bavaria, Germany) - A mineralogical, chronological and sedimentological overview. Estudos Geológicos: 19(2): 117-120.
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Portugal
 
  • Guarda District
    • Gouveia
      • Folgosinho
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
USA
 
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Gene Bearss, "What's New at the Estes Quarry" Micromounters of New England 2010 Symposium presentation; Anthony R. Kampf, Stuart J. Mills, W.B. Simmons, James W. Nizamoff, and R.W. Whitmore (2012) Falsterite, A New Zinc-Bearing Secondary Phosphate From The Palermo #1 Mine, North Groton, New Hampshire. 39th Rochester Symposium abstracts.
    • Oxford Co.
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. T., 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, ... Maine, Mineral News, v. 22(6): p. 1-3.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
[Amer.Min.(1977) 62, 246-249 ; Anthony R. Kampf, Stuart J. Mills, W.B. Simmons, James W. Nizamoff, and R.W. Whitmore (2012) Falsterite, A New Zinc-Bearing Secondary Phosphate From The Palermo #1 Mine, North Groton, New Hampshire. 39th Rochester Symposium abstracts.; Kampf, A. R., Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., & Whitmore, R. W. (2013). Nizamoffite, Mn2+ Zn2 (PO4) 2 (H2O) 4, the Mn analogue of hopeite from the Palermo No. 1 pegmatite, North Groton, New Hampshire. American Mineralogist, 98(10), 1893-1898.
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004: The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.96.
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
Mineral Webzine, Dec. 2001.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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