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Pyrobitumen

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Colour:
black
Crystal System:
Amorphous
A widespread hydrocarbon mineraloid of variable composition, usually in sedimentary or low grade metamorphic rocks. Differs from asphaltum (asphalt) by being brittle, infusible and relatively insoluble. Formed by polymerization of petroleum over geological time periods, therefore being related to petroleum the same way that amber is related to tree resin. Transitional to protographite.

May be relatively enriched in N, S, and sometimes rare elements like U, V, Pt, etc.


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Physical Properties of PyrobitumenHide

Colour:
black

Crystallography of PyrobitumenHide

Crystal System:
Amorphous

Synonyms of PyrobitumenHide

Other Language Names for PyrobitumenHide

Simplified Chinese:碳沥青
Spanish:Pirobitumen

Varieties of PyrobitumenHide

Carbonite (of Mueller)An insoluble infusible bitumen.
ThucholiteA mixture of hydrocarbons, Uraninite and some sulphides. Uranium-bearing pyrobitumen.
Originally reported from Parry Sound District, Ontario, Canada.

Common AssociatesHide

CalciteCaCO3
DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
PyriteFeS2
QuartzSiO2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Calcite21 photos of Pyrobitumen associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
"Herkimer-style" Quartz20 photos of Pyrobitumen associated with "Herkimer-style" Quartz on mindat.org.
Quartz16 photos of Pyrobitumen associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Dolomite14 photos of Pyrobitumen associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Marcasite6 photos of Pyrobitumen associated with Marcasite on mindat.org.
Sceptre Quartz3 photos of Pyrobitumen associated with Sceptre Quartz on mindat.org.
Copper2 photos of Pyrobitumen associated with Copper on mindat.org.
Chalcotrichite1 photo of Pyrobitumen associated with Chalcotrichite on mindat.org.
Fluorite1 photo of Pyrobitumen associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Some varieties contain uranium and so require the same precautions as any other mildly radioactive materials.

References for PyrobitumenHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
G. Mueller (1964) Rept. 22nd Internat. Geol. Congress, India, pt 1, p 46.
Robertson, J.A. (1976) The Blind River Uranium Deposits: the ores and their setting. (Ontario Division of Mines, Miscellaneous paper 65)
John Parnell (1988) Native platinum in pyrobitumen from Fonda, New York American Mineralogist, 73, 1170-1171.
Wilson, N.S.F. & Zentilli, M. (2006) International Journal of Coal Geology, 65, 158-169.
Fuchs, S. et al (2015) The growth and concentration of uranium and titanium minerals in hydrocarbons of the Carbon Leader Reef, Witwatersrand Supergroup, South Africa. Chemical Geology, Vol 393–394, 55–66.

Internet Links for PyrobitumenHide

Localities for PyrobitumenHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Neuquén
    • Chos Malal department
      • Chos Malal
Dr Jorge Dascal specimens
    • Pehuenches department
      • La Tungar
Dr Jorge Dascal specimens
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Roper Gulf Region
      • Wollogorang Station
www.portergeo.com.au and www.redbankcopper.com.au
  • Queensland
    • Burke Shire
      • Lawn Hill
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage model
  • South Australia
    • Yorke Peninsula
      • Moonta
[var: Thucholite]
  • Western Australia
    • Menzies Shire
      • Queen Victoria Springs Nature Reserve
        • Mulga Rocks U prospects
[var: Thucholite] Douglas, G. B., Butt, C. R., & Gray, D. J. (2011). Geology, geochemistry and mineralogy of the lignite-hosted Ambassador palaeochannel uranium and multi-element deposit, Gunbarrel Basin, Western Australia. Mineralium Deposita, 46(7), 761-787.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Nötsch im Gailtal
Brandstätter, F., Kolitsch, U., Niedermayr, G., Prasnik, H., Seemann, R. & Walter, F. (2011): 1677) Baryt, Bornit, Brochantit, Chalkopyrit, Chalkosin, Chrysokoll, Galenit, Palygorskit, Pyrobitumen, Tetraedrit und Volborthit aus dem Steinbruch „Jakomini“, nördlich Nötsch. Pp. 142-145 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186.
  • Salzburg
    • St Johann im Pongau
      • Mitterberg District
[var: Thucholite] R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Héron
      • Couthuin
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
    • Verviers
      • Theux
L. Dejonghe et al - Atlas des gisements plombo-zinciferes du synclinorium de Verviers - 1993 - 483 pages.
    • Visé
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
  • Namur Province
    • Namur
Blondieau et al. (2012) - minéralogie de la carrière de Beez. Le Règne Minéral, 104, 5-26
Bolivia
 
  • Santa Cruz Department
    • Chiquitos Province
Alfredo Petrov and Josep Sanchez-Lafuente specimens
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Liard Mining Division
      • Iskut River
MINFILE NUMBER: 104B 008
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Owen Lake
MINFILE No 093L 002
  • New Brunswick
    • York Co.
      • Prince William Parish
        • Lake George
[var: Thucholite] Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp. 329-332 (1980)
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
[var: Thucholite] Robertson, J.A. (1976) The Blind River Uranium Deposits: the ores and their setting. (Ontario Division of Mines, Miscellaneous paper 65)
        • Bouck Township
[var: Thucholite] Econ Geol (1984) 79:297-321
        • Gunterman Township
[var: Thucholite] Robertson, J.A. (1976) The Blind River Uranium Deposits: the ores and their setting. (Ontario Division of Mines, Miscellaneous paper 65)
[var: Thucholite] Robertson, J.A. (1976) The Blind River Uranium Deposits: the ores and their setting. (Ontario Division of Mines, Miscellaneous paper 65)
      • Long Township
[var: Thucholite] Robertson, J.A. (1976) The Blind River Uranium Deposits: the ores and their setting. (Ontario Division of Mines, Miscellaneous paper 65)
    • Carleton Co.
      • Gloucester Township
Minerals of the Beekmantown Group, Southeastern Ontario, Southern Quebec, and Northwestern New York George W. Robinson, George R. Dix, R. Peter Richards & Michel Picard
    • Hastings Co.
      • Madoc area
        • Madoc Township
[var: Thucholite] Stacey, H.R., Plant, A.G., Boyle, R.W. (1974) Brannerite associated with native gold at the Richardson Mine, Ontario, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 12, issue 5, pp. 360-363.
[var: Thucholite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
[var: Thucholite] Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
[var: Thucholite] Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39.
      • Henvey Township
[var: Thucholite] Geological survey of Canada misc report 39; Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • McDougall Township
[var: Thucholite] MDI Number: MDI000000000624
    • Sudbury District
      • Balfour Township
Mineralogical Research Company specimen
  • Québec
    • Capitale-Nationale
      • Charlevoix-EST RCM
[var: Thucholite] Ellsworth, H. V. and Osborne, F. Fitz, 1934, Uraninite from Lac Pied des Monts, Saguenay District,Quebec, American Mineralogist, v. 19, p. 421-425
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Saint-Eustache
Alfredo Petrov collection
    • Outaouais
      • Papineau RCM
        • Mulgrave-et-Derry
[var: Thucholite] Sabina, A.P. (1986) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Buckingham - Mont-Laurier - Grenville, Quebec Hawkesbury - Ottawa, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 33, 20 p.; Hugh S. Spence (1930) Pegmatite minerals of Ontario and Quebec. American Mineralogist 15:430-450
  • Saskatchewan
    • Beaverlodge Lake area
[var: Thucholite] Tremblay, L. P. (1978). Geology of the Beaverlodge mining area, Saskatchewan (No. GSCAN-M--367). Geological Survey of Canada.
[var: Thucholite] Griffith J.W. 1967: The Uranium Industry - It's History,Technology and Prospects, Mineral Report 12, Mineral Resources Division, Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, Canada
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Copiapó
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
Cisternas, M.E., and Hermosilla, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 339-355.
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Elqui Province
      • La Serena
        • Talcuna Cu-Mn-Ag Mining District
Wilson, N.S.F. & Zentilli, M. (2006) International Journal of Coal Geology, 65, 158-169.
      • Vicuña
        • Quebrada Uchumi
Wilson, N.S.F. & Zentilli, M. (2006) International Journal of Coal Geology, 65, 158-169.
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Pašava, J., Kříbek, B., Dobeš, P., Vavřín, I., Žák, K., Fan Delian, Zhang Tao, and Boiron, M.-C. (2003): Mineralium Deposita 38(1), 39-66.
Bin Yang and Zongting Liao (1999): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 17(s1)
  • Hunan Province
    • Xiangxi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huayuan Co.
Guozong Peng (1986): Chinese Journal of Geology 29(2)
  • Sichuan Province
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
Su Sun (1993): Gold Science and Technology 1(2), 4-10
  • Yunnan Province
    • Nujiang Autonomous Prefecture
      • Lanping Co.
Xiugen Fu, Li Lin, Yanchun Pang, Lidong Zhu, and Xinli Wang (2005): Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) 50(5), 581-586
    • Qujing Prefecture
      • Huize Co.
Zhu Bingquan, Hu Yaoguo, Zhang Zhengwei, Cui Xuejun, Dai Tongmo, Chen Guanghao, Peng Jianhua, Sun Yongge, Liu Dehan, and Chang Xiangyang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 366-380.
    • Zhaotong Prefecture
      • Ludian Co.
Zhu Bingquan, Hu Yaoguo, Zhang Zhengwei, Cui Xuejun, Dai Tongmo, Chen Guanghao, Peng Jianhua, Sun Yongge, Liu Dehan, and Chang Xiangyang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 366-380.
      • Yongshan Co.
        • Basalt Cu occurrences
Zhu Bingquan, Hu Yaoguo, Zhang Zhengwei, Cui Xuejun, Dai Tongmo, Chen Guanghao, Peng Jianhua, Sun Yongge, Liu Dehan, and Chang Xiangyang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 32, 366-380.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Geol. Pruz. (Prague) 20, 275-276 (1978)
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Lake Mweru
Haest, M., Muchez, P., Dewaele, S., Boyce, A.J., von Quadt, A., and Schneider, J. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 505-522.
El Desouky, H. A. et al. (2008): Economic Geology 103, 555-582.
El Desouky, H.A., Muchez, P., and Tyler, R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 561-579.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Kittilä
[var: Thucholite] http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/pahtavuoma.htm
[var: Thucholite] Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Saattopora - Gold Database
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
[var: Thucholite] Lahti, S. (2000)
[var: Thucholite] Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
        • St Andreasberg
[var: Thucholite] Mücke, A., (1993): Die hydrothermale polymineralische Gangvererzung mit oxidischen Vanadiummineralien, Tucholith und Pechblende von der Grube Roter Bär, St. Andreasberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 59-72
  • Thuringia
    • Schleiz
      • Tegau
In the collection of Joachim Esche
Ireland
 
  • Co. Donegal
    • Ballintra
Barry Flannery (Personal Observation 25-7-10)
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Brembana Valley
        • Dossena
Marsetti, R. (1973): Studio di un corpo sferico rinvenuto in una galleria di “Canale dell’Era” della Miniera Paglio e Pignolino a Dossena, 10 pages; https://www.yumpu.com/it/document/view/15322383/studio-di-un-corpo-sferico-rinvenuto-in-una-ecogeo-srl
      • Seriana Valley
Joel Dyer, https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,6,415729,415729#msg-415729
Kazakhstan
 
  • Northern Kazakhstan Province (Soltüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy; Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Razgul'noye (Priishimskiy)
      • Ishimsky Uranium ore field
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World: Asia. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 191-268.
Mexico
 
  • San Luis Potosí
    • Mun. de Tamuín
Alfredo Petrov specimen obtained from Rock Currier (JTI), 1990s.
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Buller River
[var: Thucholite] Christie & Brathwaite, (2000) NZ Mineral Commodity Report 19 - Beryllium, Gallium, Lithium, Magnesium, Uranium and Zirconium
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
[var: Thucholite] Piestrzyński, A. (Main Ed.), Zaleska-Kuczmierczyk, M., Jasiński, A.W., Kotarski, J., Maślanka, W., Siewierski, S., Speczik, S., Śmieszek, Z. (1996): Monografia KGHM Polska Miedź S.A. Lubin., 1204 pp.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Igarka
USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p45
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Spiridonov, E.M., Gritsenko, Y.D., and Ponomarenko, A.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 755-762.
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Krasnokamensk
          • Strel'tsovskoe Mo-U ore field
[var: Thucholite] Pavel M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Poprad Co.
[var: Thucholite] Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • Free State Province
    • Witwatersrand field
[var: Thucholite] Fuchs, S. et al (2015) The growth and concentration of uranium and titanium minerals in hydrocarbons of the Carbon Leader Reef, Witwatersrand Supergroup, South Africa. Chemical Geology, Vol 393–394, 55–66.
  • Gauteng Province
    • Witwatersrand field
      • West Rand District (West Rand)
        • Far West Rand (West Wits Line)
          • Western Sector
[var: Thucholite] C. Lemanski collection (8055CL).
            • Carletonville
Cairncross photo ID 728881
        • Westonaria
Cairncross photo ID 728897
  • North West Province
    • Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District
      • Reivilo
Gutzmer, J. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 40, 664-685.
Spain
 
  • Asturias
    • Caravia mining area
      • Colunga District
        • Obdulia vein
          • Loroñe
Josep Sanchez Lafuente i Mariol (INTAN) specimens
    • Ribadesella
      • Berbes Mining area
Manuel Gutierrez Claverol, Carlos Luque Cabal, Jose Ramon Garcia Alvarez and Luis Miguel Rodriguez Terente (2009) La Fluorita - un siglo de mineria en Asturias. p114.
  • Basque Country
    • Álava
      • Arratzua-Ubarrundia
        • Landa
Personally collected by Roberto Galcerán
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
[var: Thucholite] Hugh S. Spence (1930) A REMARKABLE OCCURRENCE OF THUCHOLITE AND OIL IN A PEGMATITE DYKE, PARRY SOUND DISTRICT, ONTARIO. The American Mineralogist, 15, No. 11, 499-520. (British Museum specimens)
  • Närke
    • Askersund
      • Zinkgruvan
        • Zinkgruvan Mines
[var: Thucholite] Sandström, F., Lorin, T, Niklasson, S.O. & Strand, U. (2010): Zinkgruvan. Litiofilen, 28 (1): 15-37
[var: Thucholite] Sandström, F., Lorin, T, Niklasson, S.O. & Strand, U. (2010): Zinkgruvan. Litiofilen, 28 (1): 15-37
  • Södermanland
    • Nynäshamn
      • Norrö
[var: Thucholite] Gustafson, Lars.(1989): Norrö glimmerbrott.Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 8-12
      • Stora Vika
[var: Thucholite] Gustafson, L. (1987). Topasförande cleavelanditpegmatiter i Stora Vika kalkstensbrott. Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 33, 5-8.
[var: Thucholite] Gustafson, L. (1987). Topasförande cleavelanditpegmatiter i Stora Vika kalkstensbrott. Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 33, 5-8.
  • Värmland
    • Hagfors
[var: Thucholite] Nysten, P. (1996): Paragenetic setting and crystal chemistry of milarites from Proterozoic granitic pegmatites in Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1996, 564-576.
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Boliden
        • Skellefteå Mine
[var: Thucholite] No reference listed
UK
 
  • England
    • Derbyshire
      • Ashover
        • Overton Hall
Tim Colman specimen
Ukraine
 
  • Kirovohrad Oblast' (Kirovohrads'ka Oblast')
    • Central Ukrainian Uranium Province
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Brooks Range
        • Cosmos Hills
Runnells, D.D. (1965) Journal of Sedimentary Research, 33, #3, 599-603.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Idaho Springs District
[var: Thucholite] USGS OFR 66-87(Moench,1966); U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 371
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Lower San Miguel District
[var: Thucholite] Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp97-103
[var: Thucholite] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • New York
    • Fulton Co.
      • Town of Ephratah
        • Lassellsville
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Herkimer Co.
      • Little Falls
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
      • Town of Newport
        • Middleville
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
New York State Museum Institute specimen
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Mohawk Township
John Parnell (1988) Native platinum in pyrobitumen from Fonda, New York American Mineralogist, 73, 1170-1171.
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
      • St Johnsville
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • St. Lawrence Co.
[var: Thucholite] NY State Museum spec. no. 16135
  • Pennsylvania
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Lower Salford Township
Warren Cummings
Mineral and/or Locality  
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