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About SchuetteiteHide

Canary-, orange- and brownish yellow
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Named after Curt Nicolaus Schuette (1895-1975), American mining engineer and geologist, who studied many mercury deposits.
Appears to form in two different ways, by action of sunlight and very small amounts of water on cinnabar and the reaction of sulfuric acid on native mercury (retorts, chimneys).

Classification of SchuetteiteHide


7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
B : With medium-sized cations

1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of SchuetteiteHide

Canary-, orange- and brownish yellow
8.18 g/cm3 (Measured)    8.36 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SchuetteiteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nε = 2.100
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of SchuetteiteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of SchuetteiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
3 2 - Trapezohedral
Space Group:
P31 2 1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.0429(5) Å, c = 10.0166(7) Å
a:c = 1 : 1.422
Unit Cell V:
430.28 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Coatings, tiny hexagonal plates.
Determined on synthetic material (Weil, 2001).

Type Occurrence of SchuetteiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 117725
Geological Setting of Type Material:
A recently formed secondary mineral in opalite [chalcedonic] mercury deposits, typically formed on cinnabar exposed to sunlight.

Other Language Names for SchuetteiteHide

Simplified Chinese:汞矾
Traditional Chinese:汞礬

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cinnabar4 photos of Schuetteite associated with Cinnabar on mindat.org.
Pyrite2 photos of Schuetteite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Mercury1 photo of Schuetteite associated with Mercury on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.BB.05CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2OTet.
7.BB.10HauckiteFe3+3(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
7.BB.15AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.BB.20DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.BB.25BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.BB.35KlebelsbergiteSb4O4(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mm2
7.BB.55Pauflerite(V4+O)SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BB.60GrandviewiteCu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29Mon. 2 : P2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.5.3NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
25.5.4KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
25.5.5Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.6Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.5.11GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.5.13Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.5.16Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.18Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)xIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Does not darken on exposure to light.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SchuetteiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bailey, E. H., Hildebrand, F. A., Christ, C. L., Fahey, J. J. (1959): Schuetteite, a new supergene mercury mineral. American Mineralogist 44, 1026-1038.
Weil, M. (2001): Schuetteite, Hg3(SO4)O2, a re-investigation. Acta Crystallographica E57, i98-i100.

Internet Links for SchuetteiteHide

Localities for SchuetteiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Tuva
    • Pii-Khem District
      • Uyuk Range
Pervukhina, N. V., & Romanenko, G. V. (1999). New Data On The Mercury Oxide-Chloride Mineral Poyarkovite: The Second Find, And Crystal. Structure Determination. Canadian Mineralogist 37:119-126; Pervukhina, N. V., Vasil’ev, V. I., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., & Naumov, D. Y. (2003). The crystal structure of a polymorph of Hg2+ 3S2Br1. 0Cl0. 5I0. 5. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1445-1453.
        • Oorash-Khem River Valley
Pervukhina, N. V., Vasil’ev, V. I., Borisov, S. V., Magarill, S. A., & Naumov, D. Y. (2003). The crystal structure of a polymorph of Hg2+ 3S2Br1. 0Cl0. 5I0. 5. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(6), 1445-1453.
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Pulpí
Navarro, A., Cardellach, E., & Corbella, M. (2009). Mercury mobility in mine waste from Hg-mining areas in Almería, Andalusia (Se Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 101(3), 236-246.; Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
      • Almadén District
        • Almadén
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Ignacio Gaspar specimen
Reiner Mielke 2015
Jordi Fabre
        • Almadenejos
Sainz de Baranda Graf, B and Menor salvan, C. (2019) The Almadén mining district, Ciudad Real, Spain. The Mineralogical Record, 50 (1), 11-60.
  • California
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Clayton
          • Mount Diablo (Mt Diablo)
Pampeyan, Earl Haig (1963), Geology and mineral deposits of Mount Diablo, Contra Costa County, California: California Division Mines & Geol., Special Report 80, 31 pp.: 24; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 332; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 303.
    • Lake Co.
      • Sulphur Creek District (Sulfur Creek District; Wilbur Springs District)
        • Clear Lake Oaks
American Mineralogist (1979): 64(3-4): 1026-1038; Bailey, Edgar H., et al (1959), Schuetteite, a new supergene mercury mineral: American Mineralogist: 44: 1026-1038; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 303.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Goat Mountain
Mineralogical Record: 36(4): 337-363.
          • Picacho Peak
Collected by David Shannon in 1983.
    • San Luis Obispo Co.
Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History specimen YPM MIN 035267 (http://collections.peabody.yale.edu/search/Record/YPM-MIN-035267); http://www.lehighminerals.com/cgi-bin/dbase/views_record.cgi?dbase=/home/lmineral/public_html/cgi-bin/auctions/dbase/archive/05182007.txt&fielda=38&fieldb=37 ; http://www.dakotamatrix.com/mineralpedia/8132/schuetteite#!prettyPhoto
      • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
        • Cambria-Oceanic District
          • Cambria
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 303; American Mineralogist: 64(3-4): 1026-1038.
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Ivanhoe District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Am Min 64:3-4 pp 1026-1038
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Fish Lake Valley District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999 ; Am Min 64:3-4 pp 1026-1038
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Opalite District
Gunnar Färber
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope Springs District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Goldbanks District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Oregon
    • Malheur Co.
      • Opalite District (McDermitt District)
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/schuetteite.pdf)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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