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Schultenite

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Formula:
Pb(HAsO4)
Colour:
Colourless; colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
5.943 - 6.08
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after August Benjamin de Schulten (f. 19/12 1856 Viborg, d. 29/9 1912 Paris) Professor of Chemistry at Helsingfors, Finland and Paris, France.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of SchulteniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.AD.30

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
37.1.2.1
37.1.2.1

37 : ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
1 : Miscellaneous
20.5.2

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
5 : Arsenates of Ti and Pb

Physical Properties of SchulteniteHide

Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Comment:
Brilliant
Colour:
Colourless; colourless in transmitted light
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {010}, good.
Density:
5.943 - 6.08 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.041 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
6.05 to 6.07 (artificial material)

Optical Data of SchulteniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.890 nβ = 1.910 nγ = 1.976
2V:
Measured: 58° , Calculated: 60°
Birefringence:
0.086
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.086
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
strong
Optical Extinction:
X=b, Y ^ c = -24 degrees, AZ ^ c = 66 degrees.

Chemical Properties of SchulteniteHide

Formula:
Pb(HAsO4)
IMA Formula:
Pb(AsO3OH)

Crystallography of SchulteniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P2/b
Setting:
P2/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.842 Å, b = 6.758 Å, c = 4.858 Å
β = 95.4°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.864 : 1 : 0.719
Unit Cell V:
190.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals flattened {010}; commonly rhomboidal and resembling gypsum. {010} striated [001], {001} striated [100].
Twinning:
Fishtail twins observed
Comment:
Ranges: a 5.820 b 6.743 c4.847, beta 95.34-95.9

Type Occurrence of SchulteniteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Found in the oxidized zones of lead deposits.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for SchulteniteHide

German:Schultenit
Simplified Chinese:透砷铅矿
透砷铅石
Spanish:Schultenita
Traditional Chinese:透砷鉛礦
透砷鉛石

Common AssociatesHide

AnglesitePbSO4
GalenaPbS
QuartzSiO2
TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cuprian Adamite10 photos of Schultenite associated with Cuprian Adamite on mindat.org.
Mallestigite6 photos of Schultenite associated with Mallestigite on mindat.org.
Anglesite4 photos of Schultenite associated with Anglesite on mindat.org.
Baryte3 photos of Schultenite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Galena3 photos of Schultenite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Bornite3 photos of Schultenite associated with Bornite on mindat.org.
Mimetite1 photo of Schultenite associated with Mimetite on mindat.org.
Zincolivenite1 photo of Schultenite associated with Zincolivenite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AD.05NahpoiteNa2HPO4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AD.10MonetiteCa(HPO4)Tric. 1
8.AD.10WeiliteCa(HAsO4)Tric. 1 : P1
8.AD.10ŠvenekiteCa(H2AsO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
8.AD.15Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
8.AD.15Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)Tet. 4 2 2 : I41 2 2
8.AD.20Phosphammite(NH4)2(HPO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.25BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
8.AD.35Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35DreyeriteBi(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.35PretuliteSc(PO4)Tet.
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Yb)Yb(PO4)Tet.
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(La)La(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
8.AD.40PucheriteBi(VO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.AD.45XimengiteBi(PO4)Trig.
8.AD.50Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.50Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
8.AD.50RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)Mon. 2/m
8.AD.50CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2Mon. 2/m
8.AD.50Monazite-(Sm)Sm(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AD.50UM2005-35-VO:CaFePSiTh(Th,Ca)(VO4,SiO4,PO4)
8.AD.55TetrarooseveltiteBi(AsO4)Tet.
8.AD.60Chursinite(Hg+2)0.5Hg2+(AsO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AD.65ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.5.1CafarsiteCa5.9Mn1.7Fe3Ti3(AsO3)12 · 4-5H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
20.5.3DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.5.4BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
20.5.5PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2OTrig.
20.5.6ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.5.7HelmutwinkleritePb(Zn,Cu)2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
20.5.8ThometzekitePb(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
20.5.9Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
20.5.10LudlockitePbFe3+4As3+10O22Tric. 1 : P1
20.5.11GabrielsonitePbFe(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
20.5.12CarminitePbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
20.5.13SegnititePbFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
20.5.14TsumcoritePbZn2(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
20.5.15JamesitePb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe3+4(AsO4)4(OH)10Tric.
20.5.16MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)Mon.
20.5.17ArsenbrackenbuschitePb2Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)

Fluorescence of SchulteniteHide

Dull yellow in LW UV

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Pseudomorphically replaced by anglesite at Tsumeb (?).
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Insecticide

References for SchulteniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
de Schulten (1904) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 27: 113.
Groth, P. (1908) Chemische Krystallographie. Leipzig. 5 volumes: vol. 2: 822.
McDonald and Smith (1916) Journal of the American Chemical Society: 38: 2030.
Spencer, L. J. and Mountain, E. D. (1926): Schultenite, a new mineral from South-West Africa. Mineralogical Magazine: 21: 149-155.
American Mineralogist (1927): 12: 296.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 661-663.
Embrey, P. G. & Hicks, R. P. (1977): Schultenite, from Tsumeb: a note on its morphology. Mineralogical Record: 8: 98-99.
American Mineralogist, 1978, v. 63, p. 213.
Falls, R., Cannon, B. & Mandarino, J. A. (1985): Schultenite from King County, Washington, USA; a second occurrence, and review. Mineralogical Magazine: 49: 65-69.
Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen (1986): 35: 157-166.
Mineralogical Magazine, 1988, v. 52, p. 675.

Internet Links for SchulteniteHide

Localities for SchulteniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]; U. Kolitsch (SXRD-analysis)
  • Styria
    • Birkfeld
      • Gasen
Bojar, H.-P. (1993)
    • Murau
      • St Blasen - Karchau area
Schachinger, T., Bernhard, F. & Auer, Ch. (2015): 1950) Anglesit, Beudantit, Gips, Mimetesit, Plumbojarosit, Schultenit, Skorodit, Symplesit/Parasymplesit und Wulfenit sowie andere Mineralien von einer Bergbauhalde nordwestlich des Rossecks, St. Blasen bei Murau, Steiermark. Pp. 264-265 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
Plašil J, Sejkora J, Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Beran P, Goliáš V (2006): Supergene minerals in the Horní Slavkov uranium ore district, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 149-158.
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Sejkora J., Gabašová A. (1995) Schultenite from Abertamy near Jáchymov. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Nár. Muzea (Praha) 3: 245–257 (in Czech)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/site/Mineraux/ListeMineraux.html
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Lahr
        • Reichenbach
          • Weiler
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Münstertal
        • Hof
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schramberg
        • Falkenstein valley
No reference listed
      • Todtnau
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Baden-W%FCrttemberg/Schwarzwald/Todtnau/Lisb%FChl
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
      • St Andreasberg District
        • St Andreasberg
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., (1990): Ramsbeck - Neue Minerale aus dem ehemaligen Blei-Zink-Erzrevier des Sauerlandes, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41 (4), 211-218
    • Siegerland
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004; SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
No reference listed
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Valganna
        • Boarezzo
Orlandi, P., & Campostrini, I., 2006. Boarezzo. I minerali della ricerca mineraria "Pradisci". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (1), 14-24.
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 17, 3 (3-1994), 193-206.
Namibia (TL)
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Mineralogical Magazine (1926): 21: 149-155; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 663; Rocks & Minerals: 62: 440.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Lengenbach Research Community - SEM-EDS Aug. 2016, P. Roth - XRD Sep. 2016, N. Meisser
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
Symes, R. F., Wirth, M. & Young, B. (1990): Schultenite from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: the first British occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 55, 659.
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Kaiyuh District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Washington
    • King Co.
      • North Bend
Falls, R., Cannon, B. & Mandarino, J. A. (1985): Schultenite from King County, Washington, USA; a second occurrence, and review. Mineralogical Magazine 49, 65-69.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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