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Schumacherite

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About SchumacheriteHide

Friedrich Schumacher
Formula:
Bi3(VO4)2O(OH)
Colour:
Yellow to yellow-brown
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named in honor of Friedrich Schumacher (20 May 1884, Spaichingen, Germany - 5 September 1975, Ottobeuren, West Germany), Professor of Mineralogy at the Universities of Freiberg and Bonn, Germany.

Classification of SchumacheriteHide

Approved
First Published:
1983
8.BO.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
O : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1
41.10.9.2

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
10 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq
21.3.12

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
3 : Vanadates of Al, rare earths, Pb, V or Bi

Physical Properties of SchumacheriteHide

Adamantine
Colour:
Yellow to yellow-brown
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of SchumacheriteHide

Formula:
Bi3(VO4)2O(OH)
IMA Formula:
Bi3O(VO4)2(OH)
Common Impurities:
As,P

Crystallography of SchumacheriteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.05 Å, b = 7.46 Å, c = 6.9 Å
α = 87.7°, β = 115.3°, γ = 111.5°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.347 : 1 : 0.925
Unit Cell V:
430.96 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of SchumacheriteHide

Reference:
Walenta, K., Dunn, P. J., Hentschel, G., Mereiter, K. (1983) Schumacherit, ein neues Wismutmineral von Schneeberg in Sachsen. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 31: 165-173.

Synonyms of SchumacheriteHide

Other Language Names for SchumacheriteHide

Relationship of Schumacherite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pucherite6 photos of Schumacherite associated with Pucherite on mindat.org.
Chrysocolla1 photo of Schumacherite associated with Chrysocolla on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BO.05NacaphiteNa2Ca(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BO.10PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BO.10PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)Tric.
8.BO.15AtelestiteBi2(AsO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m
8.BO.15HechtsbergiteBi2(VO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BO.15SmrkoveciteBi2(PO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BO.20KombatitePb14(VO4)2O9Cl4Mon.
8.BO.20SahlinitePb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4Mon.
8.BO.25HeneuiteCaMg5(CO3)(PO4)3(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BO.30NefedoviteNa5Ca4(PO4)4FTric.
8.BO.35Kuznetsovite(Hg+2)Hg2+(AsO4)ClIso. 2 3 : P21 3
8.BO.40Artsmithite(Hg+2)2Al(PO4)1.74(OH)1.78Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BO.45SchlegeliteBi7(AsO4)3(MoO4)2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.10.9.1PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

21.3.1SteigeriteAl(VO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
21.3.2Alvanite(Zn,Ni)Al4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
21.3.3MetaschoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
21.3.4SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2OMon.
21.3.5SatpaeviteAl12V4+2V5+6O37 · 30H2O
21.3.6VanaliteNaAl8V10O38 · 30H2OMon.
21.3.7Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.7Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.8ChervetitePb2(V2O7)Mon.
21.3.9MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.3.10DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.3.11ClinobisvaniteBi(VO4)Mon. 2/m
21.3.11DreyeriteBi(VO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
21.3.11PucheriteBi(VO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.3.13NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
21.3.14Pottsite(Pb3xBi4-2x)(VO4)4·H2O (0.8 < x < 1.0)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
21.3.15Duhamelite(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)Orth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SchumacheriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Walenta, K., Dunn, P. J., Hentschel, G., Mereiter, K. (1983) Schumacherit, ein neues Wismutmineral von Schneeberg in Sachsen. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 31: 165-173. (in German)
Dunn, P.J., Gobel, V., Grice, J.D., Puziewicz, J., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J. (1985) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 436-441.
Krause, W., Belendorff, K., Bernhardt, H.J. (1993) Petitjeanite, Bi3O(OH)(PO4)2, a new mineral, and additional data for the corresponding arsenate and vanadate, preisingerite and schumacherite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1993: 487-503.
Frost, R.L., Henry, D.A., Weier, M.L., Martens, W. (2006) Raman spectroscopy of three polymorphs of BiVO4: clinobisvanite, dreyerite and pucherite, with comparisons to (VO4)3-bearing minerals: namibite, pottsite and schumacherite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 37: 722-732.

Internet Links for SchumacheriteHide

Localities for SchumacheriteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Benambra
        • Morass Creek gorge
Mineralogical Record: 29: 164.; Frost, R. L., Henry, D. A., Weier, M. L., & Martens, W. (2006). Raman spectroscopy of three polymorphs of BiVO4: clinobisvanite, dreyerite and pucherite, with comparisons to (VO4) 3‐bearing minerals: namibite, pottsite and schumacherite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 37(7), 722-732.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conceição do Mato Dentro
      • São José de Brejaúba
[MinRec 32:416]
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
U. Kolitsch, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und J. Gröbner (2004): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 29 (2) 18-23; 50. (in German); Gröbner, J., Kolitsch, U. und Bayerl, R. (2005): Interessante Uranmineralien im Stinkspat der Grube Clara. Lapis 30 (10), 34-39; 90; Gröbner, J., Bayerl, R. und Kolitsch, U. (2006): Weitere Beobachtungen zu den Uran- und Vanadium-Paragenesen der Grube Clara aus den Jahren 2002, 2004 und 2005. Erzgräber 20, 1-10
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schneeberg
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005); Belendorff, K. (2009): Dreyerit und Rhabdophan-(Nd) aus Schneeberg, Erzgebirge. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 27-29
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
Tscherm.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1983) 31, 165-173; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
USA
 
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Mineralogical Record (1998): 29: 165.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
      • Eight Mile Park pegmatite District
[MinRec 29:165]
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
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