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About SeligmanniteHide

Gustav Seligmann
Lead gray, dark lead gray, black
Specific Gravity:
5.38 - 5.44
Crystal System:
Named in 1901 by Heinrich Adolf Baumhauer in honor of Gustav Seligmann [May 31, 1849 Koblenz, Germany - June 28, 1920 Koblenz, Germany] mineral collector, amateur crystallographer, mineralogical author, and banker. Gustav Seligman was awarded an honorary Ph.D. in mineralogy by the University of Bonn.
Bournonite Group. Bournonite-Seligmannite Series.

The structure contains isolated and interconnected AsS3 pyramids, as, e.g., in case of baumhauerite, dufrénoysite, gratonite, and sartorite.

Classification of SeligmanniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
A : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. without additional S
Dana 7th ed.:

4 : ø = 3

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of SeligmanniteHide

Lead gray, dark lead gray, black
Hardness Data:
Indistinct on the {001}, {100}, and {010}
5.38 - 5.44 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.43 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SeligmanniteHide

Colour in reflected light:

Chemical Properties of SeligmanniteHide

IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of SeligmanniteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.13 Å, b = 8.71 Å, c = 7.63 Å
a:b:c = 0.933 : 1 : 0.876
Unit Cell V:
540.85 ų
Crystals equant; short prismatic [001] to tabular {001}. {110} often with multiple striae (Binntal) parallel [001], [11¯0], [11¯1¯]. Frequently exhibits polysynthetic twinning.
Twinning on {110} very common. Frequently exhibits polysynthetic twinning.
Other source gives Pn21m, a = 8.076(2), b = 8.737(5), c = 7.634(3) A.

Crystallographic forms of SeligmanniteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Seligmannite - Thick tabular {001}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Type Occurrence of SeligmanniteHide

Baumhauer, H. (1901) Über den Seligmannit, ein neues dem Bournonit homöomorphes Mineral aus dem Dolomit des Binnenthals. Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften: 1901: 110-117.

Other Language Names for SeligmanniteHide

Simplified Chinese:硫砷铅铜矿
Traditional Chinese:硫砷鉛銅礦

Relationship of Seligmannite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Galena19 photos of Seligmannite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Orpiment17 photos of Seligmannite associated with Orpiment on mindat.org.
Quartz12 photos of Seligmannite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Wurtzite10 photos of Seligmannite associated with Wurtzite on mindat.org.
Chalcopyrite8 photos of Seligmannite associated with Chalcopyrite on mindat.org.
Sphalerite7 photos of Seligmannite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Tetrahedrite6 photos of Seligmannite associated with Tetrahedrite on mindat.org.
Realgar6 photos of Seligmannite associated with Realgar on mindat.org.
Rhodochrosite5 photos of Seligmannite associated with Rhodochrosite on mindat.org.
Pyrite4 photos of Seligmannite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.GA.05ProustiteAg3AsS3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
2.GA.05PyrargyriteAg3SbS3Trig. 3m : R3c
2.GA.10PyrostilpniteAg3SbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.GA.10XanthoconiteAg3AsS3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
2.GA.15SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.GA.20SkinneriteCu3SbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.GA.20WitticheniteCu3BiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.25MückeiteNiCu(Bi,Sb)S3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.25MalyshevitePdCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.GA.25LisiguangitePtCuBiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.GA.30AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
2.GA.30NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12Trig. 3 : R3
2.GA.40RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.GA.45ErniggliiteTl2SnAs2S6Trig. 3 : P3
2.GA.50BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide mm2 : Pmn21čekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48 Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5 Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SeligmanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Baumhauer, H. (1901) Über den Seligmannit, ein neues dem Bournonit homöomorphes Mineral aus dem Dolomit des Binnenthals. Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften: 1901: 110-117.
Baumhauer, H. (1901) Über einen neuen , flachenreichen Krystall von Seligmannit. Sitzungsber. Konigl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin: 1902: 611-614.
Solly, R.H. (1903) Sulpharsenites of lead from the Binnenthal. Part IV. Seligmannite: with a supplementary note on Baumhauerite. Mineralogical Magazine: 13(62): 336-341.
Solly (1906) Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 186.
Prior (1910) Mineralogical Magazine: 15: 385.
Solly, R.H. (1912) Description of large crystals of Seligmannite and Dufrenoysite. Mineralogical Magazine: 16(76): 282-286.
Palache, C. (1928) Seligmannite from Bingham, Utah. American Mineralogist: 13: 402-405.
Frondel, C. (1941) Unit cell and space group of vrbaite (Tl(As,Sb)3S5), seligmannite (CuPbAsS3) and samsonite (Ag4MnSb2S6). American Mineralogist: 26: 25-28.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 411-412.
Berry, L.G., Thompson, R.M. (1962) X-ray powder data for the ore minerals. Geological Society of America Memoir 85: 172.
Takéuchi, Y., Haga, N. (1969) On the crystal structures of seligmannite, PbCuAsS3, and related minerals. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 130: 254-260.
Edenharter, A., Mowacki, W., Takeuchi, Y. (1970) Verfeinerung der kristallstruktur von bournonit [(SbS3)2|Cu(IV)2Pb(VII)Pb(VIII)] und von seligmannit [(AsS3)2|Cu(IV)2PB(VII)Pb(VIII)]. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 131: 397-417.
Bakakin, V.V. and A.A. Godovikov (1980) Crystal structure and twinning of seligmannite and bournonite. Doklady Acad. Nauk SSSR: 215: 345–347. (in Russian)
Orlandi, Paolo and Checchi, Francesco (1986) The Buca della Vena Mine, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record: 17: 261-268.
Criddle, A.J. and C.J. Stanley, Eds. (1993) Quantitative data file for ore minerals, 3rd ed. Chapman & Hall, London, 505.
Berlepsch, P., Makovicky, E., Balić-Žunić, T. (2001) Crystal chemistry of meneghinite homologues and related sulfosalts. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 2001: 115-135.
Roth, P. (2007) Seligmannite. in Minerals first discovered in Switzerland and minerals named after Swiss individuals, Kristallografik Verlag (Achberg Germany): 132-133.
Kharbish, S. (2016) Micro‐Raman spectroscopic investigations of extremely scarce Pb–As sulfosalt minerals: baumhauerite, dufrénoysite, gratonite, sartorite, and seligmannite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 47: 1360-1366.
Apopei, A.I., Damian, G., Buzgar, N., Buzatu, A., Andráš, P., Milovska, S. (2017) The determination of the Sb/As content in natural tetrahedrite-tennantite and bournonite-seligmannite solid solution series by Raman spectroscopy. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1439-1456.

Internet Links for SeligmanniteHide

Localities for SeligmanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Hubert, P., Werner, H., & Dan, T. (2009). A contribution to the knowledge of the mineralization at Mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina, 64(3), 514-524.
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
      • El Quevar mining district
Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
        • Incahuasi Valley
ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539
  • Syunik' Province
    • Sisian (Sisavan; Karakilisa)
Kukulyan, M. A. (1988): Mineral composition of the Mardzhan ore deposit (Armenian SSR). Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Armyanskoi SSR, Nauki o Zemle 41(3), 22-32 (in Russian).
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
        • Golden Mile Mines
Simpson, E.S, (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, pp 299, 1948
  • Carinthia
    • Völkermarkt
      • Rammersdorf
        • Dragonerfels
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Puttner, M. (2002): Witherit von Mairist bei St. Donat; Gold aus dem Schottenauer Graben, Hüttenberg; Koninckit von Oberbuchach, Gailtal sowie Bournonit und Chalkostibit vom Dragonerfels-Bergstein (Kärnten) - ein Nachtrag. Carinthia II, 192./112., 255-260.
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Semmering
Hackenberg 2003; Tufar, W. (1982): A new type of sulphosalt mineralization in the Myrthengraben gypsum deposit, Semmering, Lower Austria. Pp. 131-140 in: Amstutz, G. C. et al. (Eds.): Ore Genesis - the State of the Art, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New York.
  • Salzburg
    • Golling
      • Grubach
        • Moosegg (Mooseck)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Potosí
    • Tomás Frías Province
Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Owen Lake
Hood, C. T., Sinclair, A. J., & Leitch, C. H. (1991). British Columbia Geological Survey Geological Fieldwork 1991.
      • Woodstock
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Manitoba
    • Snow Lake District
A. E. Bence and L. C. Coleman (1963): Temperatures of formation of the Chisel Lake sulphide deposit, Snow Lake, Manitoba. Can. Mineral. 7, 663-666.
Richard Gunter Collection
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Harris (1989)
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
  • Hubei
    • Huangshi
      • Daye Co.
Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
  • Sichuan
    • Panzhihua
      • Yanbian Co.
Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Trgovska Gora Mts
Šoštarić, S. B. et al. (2009): Mineral. Petrol. 97, 111-128.
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram
      • Vrančice
[Lapis 1995, 12, p.13-24]
  • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Pyhäjärvi
Pasi Eilu (2002) Documentation of Zn deposits in Finland and the FINZINC database. Ministry of Trade and Industry, Geological Survey of Finland
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • La Chaise-Dieu
        • Saint-Pal-de-Senouire
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
      • Paulhaguet
        • Josat
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Wiesloch
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
        • Cassandra Mines
          • Stratoni operations
Nebel, M. L., Hutchinson, R. W., & Zartman, R. E. (1991). Metamorphism and polygenesis of the Madem Lakkos polymetallic sulfide deposit, Chalkidiki, Greece. Economic Geology, 86(1), 81-105.
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Evros
      • Kirki Mines (Kirka)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist, Volume 71, pages 1277-1282, 1986; N. Skarpelis (1998) Bull. Geol Soc. Greece 33:51-60; Voudouris, P., Papavasiliou, C., Melfos, V. (2005): Silver mineralogy of St. Philippos deposit (NE Greece) and its relationship to a Te-bearing porphyry-Cu-Mo mineralization. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 155-160.
  • Peloponnese
    • Laconia
      • Molaoi
  • Heves
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • West Azerbaijan
    • Sardasht County
      • Sardasht
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Tajedin, H., Putz, H., Zagler, G. (2013): Barikaite, Pb10Ag3(Sb8As11)S19S40, a new member of the sartorite homologous series. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3039-3046.
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Moyne
Econ Geol (2005) 100:63-86
  • Aosta Valley
    • Ayas Valley
      • Brusson
· Maletto, G., Bittarello, E., Ciriotti, M.E., Piccoli, G.C., Brizio, P., Castello, P., Cesti, G., Moroni, M. (2016): La miniera d'oro di Chamousira (Ciamusera), Brusson, Val d'Ayas, Valle d'Aosta. Micro, 14,3, 98-151.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Iglesias
        • Punta della Torre
- Mangold, M. (2016): Seligmannit von der Grube San Giovanni, Iglesias, Sardinien. Aufschluss, 67 (6), 364-360 (in German).
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Stazzema
        • Ponte Stazzemese
    • Massa-Carrara Province
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Colonnata quarrying basin
Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
        • Miseglia quarrying basin (Miseglia-Fantiscritti quarrying basin)
Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.
      • Massa
        • Casette
Morino A., Passarino G. (2016): Minerali nel marmo di Carrara: solfuri e solfosali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 40, 1 (1-2016), 22-33.bornite
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
North Macedonia
  • Berovo
Serafimovski, T., Tasev, G., Stefanova, V. (2015): Mineral assemblages group of major and associated mineral phases in the Kadiica porphyry copper deposit, eastern Macedonia. Geologica Macedonica 25, 183-196.
  • Probistip
    • Kratovo-Zletovo ore District
Serafimovski, Todor and Tasev, Goran (2003) The Plavica epithermal polymetallic system: mineralogical and geochemical data. Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development, Eliopoulos et al. (eds), 1 (1). pp. 523-526.; Serafimovski, T., Zlatkov, G., & Tasev, G. (2015). Calculation of variation and ore-bearing coefficients in the Plavica epithermal polymetallic deposit, Eastern Macedonia. 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2015, 3, 119-127.; Serafimovski, T., Volkov, A. V., Serafimovski, D., Tasev, G., Ivanovski, I., & Murashov, K. Y. (2017). Plavica epithermal Au–Ag–Cu deposit in eastern Macedonia: Geology and 3D model of valuable component distribution in ore. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(4), 296-304.
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
        • Sulitjelma Cu Mines
Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvassli
Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56.
  • Áncash
    • Recuay Province
      • Ticapampa District
Mi.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
  • Huancavelica
    • Castrovirreyna Province
Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl specimens; Min Rec 39:95-99
  • La Libertad
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J. (1972): Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).; Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
  • Lima
    • Cajatambo Province
Min.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
    • Oyon Province
Vizquerra Benavides, J.A. (2006): Preliminary geochemical, petrological and mineralogical investigation of the high-grade Ag-Pb-Zn Pozo-Rico, Uchucchacua, Peru. Unpublished masters thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada, 205 pp.
  • Pasco
    • Pasco province
      • Cerro de Pasco
P Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1130
  • Hunedoara
    • Deva
      • Bocşa Mare
Andrei Ionuț Apopei, Gheorghe Damian, Nicolae Buzgar, Andrei Buzatu (2016): Mineralogy and geochemistry of Pb–Sb/As-sulfosalts from Coranda-Hondol ore deposit (Romania) — Conditions of telluride deposition. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 857-873.
Cioacă, M. E., Munteanu, M., Qi, L., & Costin, G. (2014). Trace element concentrations in porphyry copper deposits from Metaliferi Mountains, Romania: A reconnaissance study. Ore Geology Reviews, 63, 22-39.
Wagner F E, Sawicki J A, Friedl J, Mandarino J A, Harris D C, Cabri L J (1994) 197Au Mössbauer study of the gold–silver ditellurides sylvanite, krennerite and calaverite, The Canadian Mineralogist 32, 189-201
  • Maramureș
Buzatu, A., Damian, G., Dill, H. G., Buzgar, N. & Apopei A. I. (2015): Mineralogy and geochemistry of sulfosalts from Baia Sprie ore deposit (Romania) — New bismuth minerals occurrence. Ore Geology Reviews 65, 132-147.
Buzatu, A., Damian, G., Dill, H. G., Buzgar, N., & Apopei, A. I. (2015) Mineralogy and geochemistry of sulfosalts from Baia Sprie ore deposit (Romania)—New bismuth minerals occurrence. Ore Geology Reviews, 65, 132-147.
  • Bor District
    • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
      • Vlaole-Jasikovo ore field
Aleksandar Pacevski, Ljubomir Cvetkovic & Perisa Zivkovic (2007) Mineralogy of the Coka Marin polymetallic deposit, Bor ore district, Serbia
Switzerland (TL)
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Sitzungsber.Akad.Wiss.Berlin (1901) 6, 110-117
U. Kolitsch und F. C. A. de Wit (1996): Die Mineralien vom Messerbach im Binntal. Lapis 21 (9), 23-31; 58. (in German)
      • Giessen
Walter Gabriel (2005). Mineralien der Grube Lengenbach im Binntal / Wallis (CH) und weiteren Fundstellen im Dolomit des Binntales. Münchenstein
  • Taiwan Province
    • New Taipei City
      • Ruifang District
Henley, R. W., & Berger, B. R. (2012). Pyrite–sulfosalt reactions and semimetal fractionation in the Chinkuashih, Taiwan, copper–gold deposit: a 1 Ma paleo‐fumarole. Geofluids, 12(3), 245-260.
  • Donetsk Oblast
[World of Stones 12:20]
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Galena District (Henson Creek District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Montana
    • Powell Co.
Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
    • Silver Bow Co.
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen; "Butte, Montana, Minerals, Mines and History", The Mineralogical Record, Vol 33, No. 1, Jan-Feb, 2002
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
Peter G. Vikre (1998) Intrusion-related, polymetallic carbonate replacement deposits in the Eureka district, Eureka County, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 110
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Peter G. Vikre (1998) Intrusion-related, polymetallic carbonate replacement deposits in the Eureka district, Eureka County, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 110
    • White Pine Co.
      • White Pine District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin mining district
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
AmMin 13:402
Mineral and/or Locality  
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