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Shortite

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Formula:
Na2Ca2(CO3)3
Colour:
Colourless, light yellow, light green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.6
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named after Dr. Maxwell Naylor Short (1889-1952), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Arizona, Tucson (USA).
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of ShortiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.AC.25

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
C : Alkali and alkali-earth carbonates
14.4.1.1

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : Miscellaneous
11.1.9

11 : Carbonates
1 : Carbonates of the alkali metals and ammonium

Physical Properties of ShortiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, light yellow, light green
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {010}.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.6 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.605 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ShortiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.531 nβ = 1.555 nγ = 1.570
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.039
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r < v moderate

Chemical Properties of ShortiteHide

Formula:
Na2Ca2(CO3)3

Crystallography of ShortiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
Amm2
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.96 Å, b = 11.03 Å, c = 7.12 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.45 : 1 : 0.646
Unit Cell V:
389.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals wedge-shaped, tabular {100} or equant to short prismatic [100]. {011} striated [100] and in oscillatory combination with {001}.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of ShortiteHide

Other Language Names for ShortiteHide

German:Shortit
Russian:Шортит
Spanish:Shortita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pectolite8 photos of Shortite associated with Pectolite on mindat.org.
Niveolanite3 photos of Shortite associated with Niveolanite on mindat.org.
Hochelagaite2 photos of Shortite associated with Hochelagaite on mindat.org.
Sheldrickite2 photos of Shortite associated with Sheldrickite on mindat.org.
Vaterite2 photos of Shortite associated with Vaterite on mindat.org.
Tuliokite1 photo of Shortite associated with Tuliokite on mindat.org.
Loughlinite1 photo of Shortite associated with Loughlinite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.AC.05EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2Trig.
5.AC.10NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
5.AC.10ZemkoriteNa2Ca(CO3)2Hex.
5.AC.15BütschliiteK2Ca(CO3)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
5.AC.20FairchilditeK2Ca(CO3)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.AC.30Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
5.AC.30CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5Hex. 6mm : P63mc
5.AC.30Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5Hex.
5.AC.30SanromániteNa2CaPb3[CO3]5Hex. 6mm : P63mc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.1.1ZabuyeliteLi2CO3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
11.1.2NatriteNa2CO3Mon.
11.1.3NahcoliteNaHCO3Mon. 2/m
11.1.4WegscheideriteNa5H3(CO3)4Tric. 1 : P1
11.1.5ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
11.1.6TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
11.1.7NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
11.1.8KaliciniteKHCO3Mon. 2/m
11.1.10NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
11.1.11NatrofairchilditeNa2Ca(CO3)2Orth.
11.1.12ZemkoriteNa2Ca(CO3)2Hex.
11.1.13PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
11.1.14GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
11.1.15BaylissiteK2Mg(CO3)2 · 4H2OMon.
11.1.16FairchilditeK2Ca(CO3)2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
11.1.17BütschliiteK2Ca(CO3)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
11.1.18Teschemacherite(NH4)HCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn

Fluorescence of ShortiteHide

Fluoresces pale amber (UV).

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Strongly pyroelectric. Inverts at about 200° C. Melts incongruently at about 600° C.
Notes:
Decomposed by water with separation of CaCO3.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ShortiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Fahey J.J. (1939), American Mineralogist: 24: 514-518.
Richmond (1941) American Mineralogist: 26: 288, 629.
Wickman (1949) Arkiv. Min. Geol.: 1: 95.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 222-223.
Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi:: 1: 95-101.
Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal (1980): 2(2): 85-90.

Internet Links for ShortiteHide

Localities for ShortiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Gauthier Township
R. H. Mitchell (1978) Composition of spinels in micaceous kimberlite from the Upper Canada Mine, Kirkland Lake, Ontario. Can Mineral 16:591-595
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
China
 
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Tongbai Co.
        • Biyang basin
Jianmin Zhaou and Jiping Wang (1989): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 7(4), 149; Yang, J., Yi, C., Du, Y., Zhang, Z., & Yan, J. (2015). Geochemical significance of the Paleogene soda-deposits bearing strata in Biyang Depression, Henan Province. Science China Earth Sciences, 58(1), 129-137.
Youxun Zhang (1983): Mineral Deposits 2(3), 69-71
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Anantapur District
AmMin 87:1384–1389 (2002)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
        • Daldyn
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., Korsakov, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2013). Eitelite in sheared peridotite xenoliths from Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe (Russia)–a new locality and host rock type. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(5), 825-834.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Afrikanda
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
        • Khibiny Massif
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
          • Kukisvumchorr Mt
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Sharygin, I. S., Golovin, A. V., Korsakov, A. V., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2013). Eitelite in sheared peridotite xenoliths from Udachnaya-East kimberlite pipe (Russia)–a new locality and host rock type. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25(5), 825-834.; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64; Khomyakov A P, Aleksandrov V V, Krasnova N I, Ermilov V V, Smolyaninova N N (1982) Bonshtedtite, Na3Fe(PO4)(CO3), a new mineral. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 111, issue 4, 486-490
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
        • Lovozero Massif
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
            • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Pekov I V, Chukanov N V, Khomyakov A P, Rastsvetaeva R K, Kucherinenko Y V, Nedel'ko V V (1999) Korobitsynite, Na3-x(Ti,Nb)2[Si4O12](OH,O)2·3-4H2O, a new mineral from Lovozero massif, Kola Peninsula, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, issue 3 72-79; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
      • Northern Karelia
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
Zaitsev, A. N., & Keller, J. (2006). Mineralogical and chemical transformation of Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatites, Tanzania. Lithos, 91(1), 191-207.
Uganda
 
  • Eastern Region
    • Tororo District
Mineralogical Magazine. 44:201-204
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Rio Blanco Co.
      • Piceance Basin
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
        • Green River Formation
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Utah
    • Duchesne Co.
Am Min 58:211-217
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002AM/finalprogram/abstract_45510.htm.
Am Min 45:188-199
Am Min 58:211-217
U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Open-File Report 96-0729
    • Uintah Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Uteland Knoll District (Ouray District)
        • Ouray
Am Min 41:672; American Mineralogist (1952) 37:342-344
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
      • Green River Basin
Maggie Wilson
Tony Nikischer
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 139, 223, 279.
Fahey J.J. (1939), American Mineralogist: 24: 514-518.
Am Min 46:420-429
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