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Silicon

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About SiliconHide

Formula:
Si
Colour:
Iridescent (films)
Hardness:
7
Crystal System:
Isometric
This page provides mineralogical data about Silicon.


Classification of SiliconHide

Approved
1.CB.15

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
C : Metalloids and Nonmetals
B : Carbon-silicon family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.3.6.1
1.3.7.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
3 : Semi-metals and non-metals
1.28

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Pronounciation of SiliconHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of SiliconHide

Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Iridescent (films)
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of SiliconHide

Crystallography of SiliconHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fd3m
Setting:
Fd3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.431 Å
Unit Cell V:
160.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
Synthetic

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009282SiliconKasper J S, Richards S M (1964) The crystal structures of new forms of silicon and germanium Acta Crystallographica 17 752-7551964synthetic0293
0011243SiliconWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 7-8319630300
0011244SiliconWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 7-83196301573
0012843SiliconHom T, Kiszenick W, Post B (1975) Accurate lattice constants from multiple reflection mesurements II. lattice constants of germanium, silicon and diamond Journal of Applied Crystallography 8 457-4581975synthetic0298
0015103SiliconDutta B N (1962) Lattice constants and thermal expansion of silicon up to 900 C by X-ray method Physica Status Solidi 2 984-9871962synthetic0298
0015104SiliconDutta B N (1962) Lattice constants and thermal expansion of silicon up to 900 C by X-ray method Physica Status Solidi 2 984-9871962synthetic0618
0015105SiliconDutta B N (1962) Lattice constants and thermal expansion of silicon up to 900 C by X-ray method Physica Status Solidi 2 984-9871962synthetic0798
0015106SiliconDutta B N (1962) Lattice constants and thermal expansion of silicon up to 900 C by X-ray method Physica Status Solidi 2 984-9871962synthetic0888
0015107SiliconDutta B N (1962) Lattice constants and thermal expansion of silicon up to 900 C by X-ray method Physica Status Solidi 2 984-9871962synthetic0973
0015108SiliconDutta B N (1962) Lattice constants and thermal expansion of silicon up to 900 C by X-ray method Physica Status Solidi 2 984-9871962synthetic01058
0015109SiliconDutta B N (1962) Lattice constants and thermal expansion of silicon up to 900 C by X-ray method Physica Status Solidi 2 984-9871962synthetic01151
0015275SiliconDuclos S J, Vohra Y K, Ruoff A L (1987) hcp-to-fcc transition in silicon at 78 GPa and studies to 100 GPa Physical Review Letters 58 775-7771987synthetic87293
0015281SiliconHanfland M, Schwarz U, Syassen K, Takemura K (1999) Crystal structure of the high-pressure phase silicon VI Physical Review Letters 82 1197-12001999synthetic38.4293
0015282SiliconHanfland M, Schwarz U, Syassen K, Takemura K (1999) Crystal structure of the high-pressure phase silicon VI Physical Review Letters 82 1197-12001999synthetic42.5293
0015283SiliconHanfland M, Schwarz U, Syassen K, Takemura K (1999) Crystal structure of the high-pressure phase silicon VI Physical Review Letters 82 1197-12001999synthetic45.5293
0015303SiliconOlijnyk H, Sikka S K, Holzapfel W B (1984) Structural phase transitions in Si and Ge under pressures up to 50 GPa Physics Letters 103A 137-1401984synthetic19.5293
0015304SiliconOlijnyk H, Sikka S K, Holzapfel W B (1984) Structural phase transitions in Si and Ge under pressures up to 50 GPa Physics Letters 103A 137-1401984synthetic43293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of SiliconHide

Synonyms of SiliconHide

Other Language Names for SiliconHide

German:Silizium
Simplified Chinese:自然硅

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.CB.05bChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.CB.05aGraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.CB.05cFulleriteC60Tet.
1.CB.10aDiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.CB.10bLonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag,Hg)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFeIso.
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3n
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SiliconHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Novgorodova, M.I., Boronikhin, V.A., Generalov, M.E., Kramer, H. (1989) On native silicon in association with native gold and other metals. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 309: 1182-1185. [in Russian]
Leung, I., Guo,W., Friedman, I., Gleason, J. (1990) Natural occurrence of silicon carbide in a diamondiferous kimberlite from Fuxian. Nature: 346: 352-354.
Marshintsev, V.K. (1990) Natural silicon carbide in kimberlitic rocks of Yakutia. Mineral. Zhurnal: 12(3): 17-26. [in Russian]
Jambor, J.L, Puziewicz, J. (1991) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 76: 668.
Jambor, J.L, Grew, E.S. (1992) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 77: 213.

Internet Links for SiliconHide

Localities for SiliconHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Barrocas
Kachalovskaja, V.M., Chvileva, T.N., Osipov, B.S., Evstigneeva, T.L., Kononov, I.V., Nazarenko, N.G. (1999): REE-bearing silicides from the Fazenda-Brazileiro gold ore deposit, Brazil. Zapiski Vseross. Mineral. Obshch.: 128(2): 80–88 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Kovalenker, V.A., Roberts, A.C.(2000): New mineral names. Am. Min. 85: 876.
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Anqing
      • Qianshan City
Xu, S. et al. (2008): Moissanite in serpentinite from the Dabie Mountains in China. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 899-908.
Zaihuang Zhou, Xiuqing Liu, Raotong Jiang, Mei Chen, Yuan Wu, and Lin Lu (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(4)
  • Shandong
Qirong Liu, Qixin Tan, Yuchi Jiang, Chunrui Han, Yan Sun, and Chengwen Zhu (1995): Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology 15(4)
  • Tibet
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
          • Kangjinla Cr deposit
Xiangzhen, X., Jingsui, Y., Songyong, C., Qingsong, F., Wenji, B., & Dengzhu, B. (2009). Unusual mantle mineral group from chromitite ore body Cr-11 in Luobusa ophiolite of Yarlung-Zangbo suture zone, Tibet. Journal of Earth Science, 20(2), 284-302.
          • Luobusha Mine ("Luobusa" Mine)
Li, G., Fang, Q., Shi, N., Bai, W., Yang, J., Xiong, M., Ma, Z., Rogn, He (2009) Zangboite (TiFeSi2), a new mineral from Luobusha, Tibet, China. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 1265-1274.
Cuba (TL)
 
  • Holguín Province
Am. Min. 76 (1991), 668
Israel
 
  • Northern District (HaZafon District)
    • Kishon river
Stan, C.V.; O’Bannon, E.F., III; Mukhin, P.; Tamura, N.; Dobrzhinetskaya, L. (2020) X-ray Laue Microdiffraction and Raman Spectroscopic Investigation of Natural Silicon and Moissanite. Minerals 10, 204.
Russia
 
  • Altai Republic
    • Topolninsk ore field
Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Plastovsky District
      • Plast
        • Kochkar' District
Kuznetsova O. Yu., Mokhov A.V. (1998) Native silicon in gold from deposits of weathering crusts, - Geologiya Rudnyh Mestorozhdenii, v.40, N4, p.393-398 (in Rus.)
  • Kamchatka Krai
Kaminsky, F. V., Wirth, R., Anikin, L. P., Morales, L., & Schreiber, A. (2016). Carbonado-like diamond from the Avacha active volcano in Kamchatka, Russia. Lithos, 265, 222-236.
No reference listed
  • Komi Republic
Kuznetsova O. Yu., Mokhov A.V. (1998) Native silicon in gold from deposits of weathering crusts, - Geologiya Rudnyh Mestorozhdenii, v.40, N4, p.393-398 (in Rus.)
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Targhasa massif
L. N. Novoselova, A. Yu. Lyul (1986) Geochemical characteristics of iron silicides from Lower Cambrian reefal limestones, Krasnoyarsk. International Geology Review 28:114-118
    • Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District
      • Popigai impact crater
Gromilov, S. A., Afanasiev, V. P., & Pokhilenko, N. P. (2018, August). Moissanites of the Popigai Astrobleme. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 481, No. 2, pp. 997-999). Pleiades Publishing.
  • Murmansk Oblast
Am. Min. 76 (1991), 668
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Khanka Lake
[AmMin 84:992]
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Loukhsky District
P.M. Kartashov analytical data (1987)
Marshintsev, V.K. (1990) Natural silicon carbide in kimberlitic rocks of Yakutiya. Mineral. Zhurnal: l2(3): 17-26 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1992): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 77: 208
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
Korzhinsky, M.A., et. al., 1995, "Native Al and Si Formation", Nature, vol. 375, p. 544.
  • Tyumen Oblast
6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.; Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
Turkey
 
  • Izmir Province
Am Min 88:1817-1821
USA
 
  • Michigan
    • Livingston Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Oregon
    • Josephine Co.
      • Josephine Creek Mining District
www.geo.cornell.edu/geology/faculty/Bird.html
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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