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Silicon

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Formula:
Si
Colour:
Iridescent (films)
Hardness:
7
This page provides mineralogical data about Silicon.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of SiliconHide

Approved
1.CB.15

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
C : Metalloids and Nonmetals
B : Carbon-silicon family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.3.6.1
1.3.7.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
3 : Semi-metals and non-metals
1.28

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Pronounciation of SiliconHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of SiliconHide

Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Iridescent (films)
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of SiliconHide

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of SiliconHide

Synonyms of SiliconHide

Other Language Names for SiliconHide

German:Silizium
Simplified Chinese:自然硅

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.CB.05bChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.CB.05aGraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.CB.05cFulleriteC60Tet.
1.CB.10aDiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.CB.10bLonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SiliconHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Novgorodova, M.I., Boronikhin, V.A., Generalov, M.E., Kramer, H. (1989) On native silicon in association with native gold and other metals. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 309: 1182-1185. [in Russian]
Leung, I., Guo,W., Friedman, I., Gleason, J. (1990) Natural occurrence of silicon carbide in a diamondiferous kimberlite from Fuxian. Nature: 346: 352-354.
Marshintsev, V.K. (1990) Natural silicon carbide in kimberlitic rocks of Yakutia. Mineral. Zhurnal: 12(3): 17-26. [in Russian]
Jambor, J.L, Puziewicz, J. (1991) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 76: 668.
Jambor, J.L, Grew, E.S. (1992) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 77: 213.

Internet Links for SiliconHide

Localities for SiliconHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Anqing Prefecture
      • Qianshan Co.
Xu, S. et al. (2008): Moissanite in serpentinite from the Dabie Mountains in China. Mineralogical Magazine 72, 899-908.
Zaihuang Zhou, Xiuqing Liu, Raotong Jiang, Mei Chen, Yuan Wu, and Lin Lu (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(4)
  • Shandong Province
Qirong Liu, Qixin Tan, Yuchi Jiang, Chunrui Han, Yan Sun, and Chengwen Zhu (1995): Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology 15(4)
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
          • Kangjinla Cr deposit
Xiangzhen, X., Jingsui, Y., Songyong, C., Qingsong, F., Wenji, B., & Dengzhu, B. (2009). Unusual mantle mineral group from chromitite ore body Cr-11 in Luobusa ophiolite of Yarlung-Zangbo suture zone, Tibet. Journal of Earth Science, 20(2), 284-302.
          • Luobusha Mine ("Luobusa" Mine)
Li, G., Fang, Q., Shi, N., Bai, W., Yang, J., Xiong, M., Ma, Z., Rogn, He (2009) Zangboite (TiFeSi2), a new mineral from Luobusha, Tibet, China. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 1265-1274.
Cuba (TL)
 
  • Holguín Province
Am. Min. 76 (1991), 668
Russia
 
  • Altai
    • Topolninsk ore field
Cherkasova, T., Timkin, T., & Savinova, O. (2015). First native silica findings in bismuth from garnet skarns of Ribny Log-2 gold ore target in Topolninsk ore deposit (Gorny Altai). In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 24, No. 1, p. 012033). IOP Publishing.
  • Kamchatka Krai
No reference listed
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Targhasa massif
L. N. Novoselova, A. Yu. Lyul (1986) Geochemical characteristics of iron silicides from Lower Cambrian reefal limestones, Krasnoyarsk. International Geology Review 28:114-118
  • Murmansk Oblast
Am. Min. 76 (1991), 668
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Khanka Lake
[AmMin 84:992]
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Northern Karelia
P.M. Kartashov analytical data (1987)
Marshintsev, V.K. (1990) Natural silicon carbide in kimberlitic rocks of Yakutiya. Mineral. Zhurnal: l2(3): 17-26 (in Russian); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1992): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 77: 208
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
Korzhinsky, M.A., et. al., 1995, "Native Al and Si Formation", Nature, vol. 375, p. 544.
  • Tyumen Oblast
6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.; Shmelev V.R., Perevozchikov B.V., Moloshag V.P. (2014) The Rai-Iz ophiolite massif in the Polar Urals: geology and chromite deposits. Field trip guidebook. 12th International Platinum Symposium. Yekaterinburg: IGG UB RAS, 2014. 44 р.
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast
        • Plast
          • Kochkar' District
Kuznetsova O. Yu., Mokhov A.V. (1998) Native silicon in gold from deposits of weathering crusts, - Geologiya Rudnyh Mestorozhdenii, v.40, N4, p.393-398 (in Rus.)
    • Subarctic Urals
Kuznetsova O. Yu., Mokhov A.V. (1998) Native silicon in gold from deposits of weathering crusts, - Geologiya Rudnyh Mestorozhdenii, v.40, N4, p.393-398 (in Rus.)
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Izmir Province
Am Min 88:1817-1821
USA
 
  • Michigan
    • Livingston Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Oregon
    • Josephine Co.
      • Josephine Creek District
www.geo.cornell.edu/geology/faculty/Bird.html
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