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About SimferiteHide

Simferopol, Ukraine
Dark red to nearly black
Vitreous, Greasy
Specific Gravity:
3.22 - 3.27
Crystal System:
Found by V.V. Bairakov in the core of a borehole (depth 15 m) in the contact zone of a granite pegmatite body in the Rodionovskoe (Radionovskoye) pegmatite field, Zaporozh'e district Azoz Sea Region, Ukraine. Named after Simferopol City, in Crimea, Ukraine, where the mineral was studied [Pekov 1997].

Both the name simferopolite and simferite was used in the first papers. The name of the city and the mineral is derived from greek, συμφέρω, sympherō, which means to bring together; to be helpful, a common good, as four cations (Li,Mg,Fe,Mn) enter into its structure [Simonov et al 2005].
Related to the Triphylite Group.

Classification of SimferiteHide

Approval year:
First published:

A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
B : With medium-sized cations
Dana 7th ed.:

5 : Miscellaneous

Physical Properties of SimferiteHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Dark red to nearly black
VHN100=457(30) kg/mm2 - Vickers
Prominent on {010}, poor on {100}
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
3.22 - 3.27 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.25 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SimferiteHide

RI values:
nα = 1.690 - 1.704 nβ = 1.702 - 1.716 nγ = 1.712 - 1.726
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v strong
Intense. X=light brown to red; Y=brownish yellow to brown; Z=yellow to reddish yellow. X=c, Y=a, Z=b.

Chemical Properties of SimferiteHide


Crystallography of SimferiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.74 Å, b = 10.1 Å, c = 5.89 Å
a:b:c = 0.469 : 1 : 0.583
Unit Cell V:
281.98 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0012480SimferiteYakubovich O V, Bairakov V V, Simonov M A (1989) Crystal structure of simferite Li(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2[PO4]2 Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 307 1119-112219890293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of SimferiteHide

Synonyms of SimferiteHide

Other Language Names for SimferiteHide

Simplified Chinese:磷锂镁石
Traditional Chinese:磷鋰鎂石

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AB.BorisenkoiteCu3[(V,As)O4]2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.05FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m
8.AB.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10KarenwebberiteNaFe2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.AB.15Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.15Chopinite(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.20BeusiteMn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2Mon.
8.AB.20GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.25XanthiositeNi3(AsO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.30Lammerite-βCu3(AsO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.35McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
8.AB.35StranskiiteZn2Cu(AsO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
8.AB.35PseudolyonsiteCu3(VO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SimferiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Yakubovich, O.V., Bairakov, V.V., Simonov, M.A. (1989) Crystal structure of simferite Li(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2[PO4]2. Soviet Physics - Doklady: 34: 669-671.
Yakubovich, O.V, Bairakov, V.V., Simonov, M.A. (1989) Crystal structure of simferite. Doklady Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk: 307 (5): 1119-1122 (in Russian).
Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1993) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 78: 450-455.
Pekov, I. (1997) Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures, Moscow 1998, p.187-188.
Simonov, M.A., Borisovskyi, S.E., Ziborova, T.A. (2005) Simferite Li(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2(PO4)2, a new mineral. Mineralogical Journal (Ukraine): 27(2): 112-120.
Bairakov, V.V.; Yakubovich, O.V.; Simonov, M.A.; Borisovskii, S.E. & Ziborova, T.A. (2006) Simferite Li(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2[PO4]2, a new mineral. [Erratum]. Mineralogichnii Zhurnal: 28: 99-100.
Ercit, T.S., Piilonen, P.C., Locock, A.J., Kolitsch, U., Rowe, R. (2006) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 91: 1201-1209.
Łodziński, M., Sitarz, M. (2009) Chemical and spectroscopic characterization of some phosphate accessory minerals from pegmatites of the Sowie Góry Mts, SW Poland. Journal of Molecular Structure: 924-926: 442-447.

Internet Links for SimferiteHide

Localities for SimferiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field
Rao, C., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Hatert, F., Xia, Q., Yue, X., & Wang, W. (2017). Insights into post-magmatic metasomatism and Li circulation in granitic systems from phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 864-876.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Świdnica County
      • Gmina Świdnica
Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Gołębiowska, B., Włodek, A., Grochowina, A. (2016): Maneckiite, ideally NaCa2Fe2+2(Fe3+Mg)Mn2(PO4)6(H2O)2, a new phosphate mineral of the wicksite supergroup from the Michałkowa pegmatite, Góry Sowie block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie County
      • Gmina Ząbkowice Śląskie
        • Szklary
Pieczka, A., Biagioni, C., Gołębiowska, B., Jeleń, P., Pasero, M., & Sitarz, M. (2018). Parafiniukite, Ca2Mn3 (PO4) 3Cl, a New Member of the Apatite Supergroup from the Szklary Pegmatite, Lower Silesia, Poland: Description and Crystal Structure. Minerals, 8(11), 485.
Ukraine (TL)
  • Zaporizhia Oblast
    • Berdyansk Raion
      • Middle Berda River
        • Rodionovskoe pegmatite field
Bayrakov, V.V., Yakubovich, O.V., Simonov, M.A., Borisovskyi, S.E., Ziborova, T.A. (2005): Simferite Li(Mg,Fe3+, Mn3+)2(PO4)2, a new mineral. Mineralogical Journal (Ukraine), 27(2), 112-120.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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