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Simferite

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About SimferiteHide

Formula:
Li(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2(PO4)2
Colour:
Dark red
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Found by V.V. Bairakov in the core of a borehole (depth 15 m) in the contact zone of a granite pegmatite body in the Rodionovskoe (Radionovskoye) pegmatite field, Zaporozh'e district Azoz Sea Region, Ukraine. Named after Simferopol City, in Crimea, Ukraine, where the mineral was studied.


Both the name simferopolite and simferite was used in the first papers. The name of the city and the mineral is derived from greek, συμφέρω, sympherō, which means to bring together; to be helpful, a common good, as four cations (Li,Mg,Fe,Mn) enter into its structure.
Related to the Triphylite Group.


Classification of SimferiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1989
8.AB.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
B : With medium-sized cations
Dana 7th ed.:
38.1.4.3
38.5.7.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
5 : Miscellaneous

Physical Properties of SimferiteHide

Colour:
Dark red

Optical Data of SimferiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.690 - 1.704 nβ = 1.702 - 1.716 nγ = 1.712 - 1.726
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of SimferiteHide

Formula:
Li(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2(PO4)2

Crystallography of SimferiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.74 Å, b = 10.1 Å, c = 5.89 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.469 : 1 : 0.583
Unit Cell V:
281.98 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of SimferiteHide

Synonyms of SimferiteHide

Other Language Names for SimferiteHide

German:Simferit
Simplified Chinese:磷锂镁石
磷镁锂石
Spanish:Simferita
Traditional Chinese:磷鋰鎂石
磷鎂鋰石

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AB.BorisenkoiteCu3[(V,As)O4]2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.05FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m
8.AB.10FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4Orth.
8.AB.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10SickleriteLi1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4Orth.
8.AB.10TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AB.10KarenwebberiteNa(Fe2+,Mn2+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.AB.15Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.15Chopinite(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.20BeusiteMn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2Mon.
8.AB.20GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.25XanthiositeNi3(AsO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.30LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2Mon.
8.AB.30Lammerite-βCu3(AsO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.35McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2Tric.
8.AB.35StranskiiteZn2Cu(AsO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
8.AB.35PseudolyonsiteCu3(VO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AB.40LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6Orth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SimferiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Yakubovich, O.V, Bairakov, V.V., Simonov, M.A. (1989): Crystal structure of simferite. Doklady Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk, 307 (5), 1119-1122 (in Russian)
Bayrakov, V.V., Yakubovich, O.V. (1993): American Mineralogist. 78, 452.
Pekov, I. (1997): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures, Moscow 1998, p.187-188.
Soviet Physics – Doklady: 34: 669-671.
Simonov, M.A., Borisovskyi, S.E., Ziborova, T.A. (2005): Simferite Li(Mg,Fe3+, Mn3+)2(PO4)2, a new mineral. Mineralogical Journal (Ukraine): 27(2): 112-120.
Bairakov, V. V.; Yakubovich, O. V.; Simonov, M. A.; Borisovskii, S. E. & Ziborova, T. A. (2006): Simferite Li(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2[PO4]2, a new mineral. [Erratum]. Mineralogichnii Zhurnal 28, 99-100.
abstracted in Am. Min. 91, 1201-1209, 2006

Internet Links for SimferiteHide

Localities for SimferiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Nanping Prefecture
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
Rao, C., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Hatert, F., Xia, Q., Yue, X., & Wang, W. (2017). Insights into post-magmatic metasomatism and Li circulation in granitic systems from phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 864-876.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sudetes Mts
      • Sowie Mts
Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Gołębiowska, B., Włodek, A., Grochowina, A. (2016): Maneckiite, ideally NaCa2Fe2+2(Fe3+Mg)Mn2(PO4)6(H2O)2, a new phosphate mineral of the wicksite supergroup from the Michałkowa pegmatite, Góry Sowie block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
Ukraine (TL)
 
  • Zaporozhskaya Oblast' (Zaporiz'ka; Zaporozh'e)
    • Priazovie
      • Middle Berda River
        • Rodionovskoe pegmatite field
Bayrakov, V.V., Yakubovich, O.V., Simonov, M.A., Borisovskyi, S.E., Ziborova, T.A. (2005): Simferite Li(Mg,Fe3+, Mn3+)2(PO4)2, a new mineral. Mineralogical Journal (Ukraine), 27(2), 112-120.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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