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Simonkolleite

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Werner Simon
Formula:
Zn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
Colour:
Colourless
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.20
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named in 1985 by Karl Schmetzer, Günther Schnorrer-Köhler, and Olaf Medenbach in honor of Werner Simon [b. December 18, 1939 Rockensuess, Germany], a professional printer and business owner and Kurt Kolle [b. 1949 Germany], both mineral collectors of Cornberg, near Michelsdorf who submitted the samples for investigation.
This page provides mineralogical data about Simonkolleite.


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Classification of SimonkolleiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1983
3.DA.20

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
A : With Cu, etc., without Pb
10.5.8.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
5 : Am(O,OH)pXq
8.5.1

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
5 : Halides of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of SimonkolleiteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless
Streak:
White
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{0001}
Density:
3.20 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.35 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SimonkolleiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.657 nε = 1.700
Birefringence:
0.043
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.043
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of SimonkolleiteHide

Formula:
Zn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
IMA Formula:
Zn5(OH)8Cl2 · H2O

Crystallography of SimonkolleiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
P3m1
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.34 Å, c = 23.66 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.732
Unit Cell V:
823.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.87 (100)
3.58 (30)
3.17 (40)
2.94 (30)
2.73 (60)
2.67 (70)
2.37 (40)
1.59 (40)
Comments:
IcDD 7-155

Type Occurrence of SimonkolleiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Tabular hexagonal crystals to 1 mm
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Originally found as a weathering product of zn-bearing slags at the Richelsdorf Smelting Refinery.

Synonyms of SimonkolleiteHide

Other Language Names for SimonkolleiteHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DA.05MelanothalliteCu2Cl2OOrth.
3.DA.10aAtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10bBotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
3.DA.10bClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m
3.DA.10aHibbingiteFe2+2(OH)3ClOrth.
3.DA.10aKempiteMn2+2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10cParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
3.DA.10bBelloiteCu(OH)ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.DA.10cHerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cKapellasiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.10cGillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cHaydeeiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.15ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.15BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.25ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.25ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
3.DA.30AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6Trig.
3.DA.35PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10OMon.
3.DA.40AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.40CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2OOrth.
3.DA.45KhaidarkaniteNa0.34Cu4Al3(OH)14F3 · 2H2OMon.
3.DA.50BobkingiteCu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DA.55AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.60DroninoiteNi6Fe2+3(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.5.2Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.5.3Terlinguaite(Hg2+2)Hg2+2Cl2O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.5.4Poyarkovite(Hg2+2)3Cl2O2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.5.5PinchiteHg2+5Cl2O4Orth.
8.5.6Eglestonite(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.5.7Kadyrelite(Hg2+2)3OBr3(OH)Iso.
8.5.8ComancheiteHg2+55N3–24(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34Orth.
8.5.9Kuzminite(Hg2+2)(Br,Cl)2Tet.
8.5.10Moschelite(Hg2+2)I2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.5.11Tocornalite(Ag,Hg)I

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SimonkolleiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schmetzer, K., Schnorrer-Köhler, G. & Medenbach, O. (1985): Wülfingite, epsilon-Zn(OH)2, and simonkolleite, Zn5(OH)8Cl2.H2O, two new minerals from Richelsdorf, Hesse, F. R. G. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1985, 145-154.
American Mineralogist (1988): 73: 194-195.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 126: 417-426.

Internet Links for SimonkolleiteHide

Localities for SimonkolleiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
        • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995b): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Limburg Province
    • Dilsen-Stokkem
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Frankfurt
Blessing,C. & Pock,R. (1991). Mineralbildungen in Schlacken auf dem Gelände der ehemaligen Kupferwerke in Frankfurt/M-Heddernheim. Aufschluss, Jg.42, Nr.6, S.339-57
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
Schnorrer, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
International Association of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 9 (3), 3-6; Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Eifel
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Hüsten
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender/Marl, D. & Krimmelbein/Altena, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.; http://www.mg-mineralien-fossilien.de/?Rpage=sauerland/?Rpage=letmathe1.html
Switzerland
 
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Bex
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 372.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Painted Rock Mts
        • Painted Rock District
          • Theba
RRUFF project
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
Van King
Mineral and/or Locality  
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