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Sinnerite

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About SinneriteHide

Rudolf von Sinner (1890-1960)
Formula:
Cu6As4S9
Colour:
Bronze, steel-grey, silver
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named after Rudolf von Sinner (1890-1960), President of the Commission of the Natural History Museum, Bern, Switzerland.
Known as a synthetic compound.


Classification of SinneriteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1964
2.GC.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
C : Poly-sulfarsenites
3.6.14.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
5.1.1

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
1 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of SinneriteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Bronze, steel-grey, silver
Streak:
grey-black
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct

Chemical Properties of SinneriteHide

Formula:
Cu6As4S9

Crystallography of SinneriteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pedial
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.103(2) Å, b = 9.860(3) Å, c = 9.111(2) Å
α = 90.27(2)°, β = 109.53(2)°, γ = 107.58(2)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.923 : 1 : 0.924
Unit Cell V:
729.6 ų
Z:
2
Morphology:
Twinning:
Crystals are twinned complexly; principal laws are twin planes {010} and {110}.
Comment:
Small pseudo-orthorhombic subcell: a = 3.72, b = 3.70, c = 5.24 Å (Marumo & Nowacki, 1964).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.34 (20)
3.02 (100)
1.852 (80)
1.581 (70)
1.556 (20)
1.312 (20)
1.205 (30)

Type Occurrence of SinneriteHide

Synonyms of SinneriteHide

Other Language Names for SinneriteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Dolomite1 photo of Sinnerite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Liveingite1 photo of Sinnerite associated with Liveingite on mindat.org.
Sartorite1 photo of Sinnerite associated with Sartorite on mindat.org.
Realgar1 photo of Sinnerite associated with Realgar on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.GC.05HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1
2.GC.05Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
2.GC.15WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5Orth.
2.GC.20SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
2.GC.25QuadratiteAg(Cd,Pb)AsS3Tet.
2.GC.25ManganoquadratiteAgMnAsS3Tet. 4 2 2 : P43 2 2
2.GC.30SmithiteAgAsS2Mon. 2/m
2.GC.35TrechmanniteAgAsS2Trig.
2.GC.40aAleksitePbBi2Te2S2Trig.
2.GC.40bKochkaritePbBi4Te7Trig.
2.GC.40cPoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4Trig.
2.GC.40cRucklidgeitePbBi2Te4Trig.
2.GC.40eBabkinitePb2Bi2(S,Se)3Trig.
2.GC.40dSaddlebackitePb2Bi2Te2S3Hex.
2.GC.45TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3Mon. 2/m
2.GC.50MutnovskitePb4As2S6IClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.1.2TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.4ChalcostibiteCuSbS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.1.5TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.6GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.7EmplectiteCuBiS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
5.1.8CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi13S24Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.1.9WitticheniteCu3BiS3Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
5.1.10HodrušiteCu8Bi12S22Mon.
5.1.11GirauditeCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4Se13Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.1.11PermingeatiteCu3SbSe4Tet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SinneriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Marumo, F., Nowacki, W. (1964): The crystal structure of lautite and of sinnerite, a new mineral from the Lengenbach Quarry. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 44, 439-454.
American Mineralogist (1972) 57: 824-834.
American Mineralogist (1975) 60: 998-1012.
Harlov, D.E. (1999) Thermochemistry of Ag-Cu exchange equilibria between proustite, sinnerite, and pearceite; constraints on Ag-Cu and As-Sb mixing in pyrargyrite-proustite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 709-719.
Bindi, L., Makovicky, E., Nestola, F., De Battisti, L. (2013): Sinnerite, Cu6As4S9, from the Lengenbach quarry, Binn Valley, Switzerland: description and re-investigation of the crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 851-860.

Internet Links for SinneriteHide

Localities for SinneriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Finland
 
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Pargas (Parainen)
Hangala Leake S. 1987 The early proterozoic Zn-Pb-Cu massive sulfide deposit at Attu, SW Finland Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 341 61s
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Sarrabus
          • San Vito
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi, G. (1993) Sarrabus. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, et al., Stige Milano Srl, Milano, 208 pp.
Mexico
 
  • Guanajuato
    • Mun. de Guanajuato
Georg Gebhard
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1964) 44, 439-454; http://fglb.clubdesk.ch/clubdesk/www [untwinned sinnerite]
Mineral and/or Locality  
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