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2½ - 3
Named after its discovery locality.
See also the closely related yarrowite.

Compare UM1976-15-S:CuSe.

Classification of Spionkopite

Approval Year:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
A : With Cu

4 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of Spionkopite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3

Chemical Properties of Spionkopite

IMA Formula:
Cu1.32S Formula:

"Extended" formula is Cu+15Cu2+4.5(S2)2S10 (Goble, 1985).
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of Spionkopite

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 22.96Å, c = 41.42Å
a:c = 1 : 1.804
Unit Cell Volume:
V 18,909.69 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Possible space group is P-3m1.

Type Occurrence of Spionkopite

Relationship of Spionkopite to other Species

3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2-xSe (x~0.12)
3.1.32OrickiteCuFeS2 · nH2O

Other Names for Spionkopite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:斯硫铜矿

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Spionkopite

Reference List:
Canadian Mineralogist (1980): 18: 511-518.

American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 1279.

Goble, R.J. (1985): The relationship between crystal structure, bonding and cell dimensions in the copper sulfides. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 61-76.

Internet Links for Spionkopite URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Spionkopite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Córdoba
    • Colón Department
      • Dumesnil
Colombo, F., Lira, R., Ripley, E. M., & del Tanago, J. G. (2011). Geology, mineralogy and possible origin of the copper mineralization in marble near Saldan, Cordoba (Argentina). Journal of GEOsciences, 56(3), 299-316.
  • Río Negro
    • Valcheta department
      • San Martin pluton
GOZALVEZ, Martín Ricardo. Characterizationof San Martín pluton and associated tungsten deposits, Valcheta Department, Río Negro Province. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 409-425.
Atlantic Ocean
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
    • Rainbow Massif
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 99-105
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Richardson, S.M. and Day, A.D. (1997) Geology of the Esperanza copper deposit. Proceedings of the 3rd International Mining Geology Conference, Launceston. pg. 51-56
  • Western Australia
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Mount Keith
Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No. 2 , pg. 55-71.
  • Styria
    • Graz
Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (1999)
    • Knittelfeld
      • Flatschach
J.Raith+ T.Leitner+ W.Paar (2015)
    • Köflach
      • Voitsberg
        • Krems
Moser & Postl (1990); Exel (1993)
    • Koralpe
      • Soboth
        • Krumbach
Postl, W., Bernhard, F. & Jakely, D. (2013): Über eine Erz- und Kluftmineralisation in Krumbach bei Soboth, südliche Koralpe, Steiermark. Der Steirische Mineralog, 27, 40-48.
Canada (TL)
  • Alberta
    • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Gould Township
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.45
      • Plummer Additional Township
        • Bruce Mines
Sabina, Ann P., GSC Miscellaneous Report 49, page 49, Bruce Mines Copper Mines
    • Rainy River District
      • Little Turtle Lake Area
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.159
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Ngari Prefecture
      • Gêrzê Co. (Gaize Co.)
        • Duolong ore field
YANG, C., TANG, J., WANG, Y., YANG, H., WANG, Q., DING, S. and FANG, X. (2014), Minerals, Alteration and Fluid Basic Researchonthe First High Sulfidation Epithermal-Porphyry Cu (Au) Deposit (Southern Tiegelong Deposit) in Tibet, China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 817–819.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kolwezi District
        • Kolwezi
Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008)
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Menzenschwand
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Pforzheim
        • Würm
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Gallenbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
      • St Blasien
        • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Schöllkrippen
          • Großkahl
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
          • Huckelheim
Schmitt, R. T. (1993): "Sulfide und Arsenide aus den Gruben Segen Gottes bei Huckelheim und Hilfe Gottes bei Großkahl im Spessart", Der Aufschluss 44, 111-122. (in German)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Hunsrück
      • Birkenfeld
        • Sonnenberg-Winnenberg
Roger Lang analyses/research 1994-1998
      • Idar-Oberstein
        • Fischbach
Scheiderhöhn & Kautzsch 1936, research R. Lang, 1994-1998
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Helgoland Island
Markus Gerstmann - Collection
  • Sterea Hellas Department
    • Fthiótis Prefecture
      • Lamia
        • Othrys Mt ophiolite complex (Othris)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
      • Bogor District
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
      • Ardakan (Ardekan)
  • Co. Kerry
    • Killarney
      • Lough Leane
Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Masino Valley
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo
          • Vizze pass (Pfitsch pass)
Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Legnica
      • Lubin District
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
      • Polkowice District
Jadwiga PIECZONKA, Adam PIESTRZYŃSKI, Jacek MUCHA, Adam GŁUSZEK, Maciej KOTARBA, Dariusz WIĘCŁAW (2008): The red-bed-type precious metal deposit in the Sieroszowice-Polkowice copper mining district, SW Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 78, 151-280.
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
- Castillo,M.,Torró,L.,Campeny,M.,Villanova,C.,Tauler,E.,Melgarejo,J.C.(2009) "Mineralogía del Depósito de Uranio Eureka (Castell-estaó, Pirineo, Cataluña) " Soc. Esp. de Mineralogía, Revista Macla nº 11 pp. 53-54. Madrid.
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
        • Curnera Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 109.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Chandolin
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Saint-Luc
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 109.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
  • England
    • Leicestershire
      • Stanton under Bardon
UKJMM 26:43-51
    • North Yorkshire
      • North Pennines
        • Craven District
          • Settle - Malham Area
[J.Russell Soc. 1998:41]
    • Warwickshire
      • Nuneaton
UKJMM 26:43-51
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Loch Kishorn
Faithfull, J., Young, B., Starkey, R.E. (2012) Copper mineralisation at Rassal, Kishorn, Highland Region. Journal of the Russell Society, Vol. 15, pg. 49-58.
  • Wales
    • Conwy
      • Llandudno
        • Great Orme
BMS Database; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 978-982.
    • Isle of Anglesey
      • Amlwch
No reference listed
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 379; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Rob Bowell, lab tested
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Ivanpah District
        • Ivanpah Mts
          • Kessler Peak
Ronald Wynn Sheets, James R. Craig, Robert J. Bodnar (1995) Composition And Occurrence Of Electrum At The Morning Star Deposit, San Bernardino County, California: Evidence For Remobilization Of Gold And Silver. Canadian Mineralogist 33:137-151
  • Colorado
    • Park Co.
      • Alma District
        • Mount Bross
Min News 20:9 pp1,3,10,11
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Buffalo Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • De Kalb Township
Dana's New Mineralogy
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp. 519-523 (1980)
  • Virginia
    • Charlotte Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Halifax Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
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