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About SpionkopiteHide

"Extended" formula is Cu+15Cu2+4.5(S2)2S10 (Goble, 1985).
2½ - 3
Crystal System:
Named after its discovery locality.
See also the closely related yarrowite.

Compare UM1976-15-S:CuSe.

Classification of SpionkopiteHide

Approval Year:

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
A : With Cu

4 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of SpionkopiteHide

2½ - 3 on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of SpionkopiteHide


"Extended" formula is Cu+15Cu2+4.5(S2)2S10 (Goble, 1985).
Common Impurities:

Crystallography of SpionkopiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 22.96 Å, c = 41.42 Å
a:c = 1 : 1.804
Unit Cell V:
18,909.69 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Possible space group is P-3m1.

Type Occurrence of SpionkopiteHide

Synonyms of SpionkopiteHide

Other Language Names for SpionkopiteHide

Simplified Chinese:斯硫铜矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Djurleite7 photos of Spionkopite associated with Djurleite on mindat.org.
Yarrowite5 photos of Spionkopite associated with Yarrowite on mindat.org.
Quartz4 photos of Spionkopite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Bornite2 photos of Spionkopite associated with Bornite on mindat.org.
Chalcocite2 photos of Spionkopite associated with Chalcocite on mindat.org.
Hematite1 photo of Spionkopite associated with Hematite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CA.05aCovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CA.05bKlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CA.10NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.CA.15CalvertiteCu5Ge0.5S4Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 2/m : P21/b 2/m 3m (3 2/m) : R3m 1 : P1 mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.1.1ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.1.4AniliteCu7S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
3.1.8CovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.20LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2OHex.
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SpionkopiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Canadian Mineralogist (1980): 18: 511-518.
American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 1279.
Goble, R.J. (1985): The relationship between crystal structure, bonding and cell dimensions in the copper sulfides. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 61-76.

Internet Links for SpionkopiteHide

Localities for SpionkopiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Córdoba
    • Colón Department
      • Dumesnil
Colombo, F., Lira, R., Ripley, E. M., & del Tanago, J. G. (2011). Geology, mineralogy and possible origin of the copper mineralization in marble near Saldan, Cordoba (Argentina). Journal of GEOsciences, 56(3), 299-316.
  • Río Negro
    • Valcheta department
      • San Martin pluton
GOZALVEZ, Martín Ricardo. Characterizationof San Martín pluton and associated tungsten deposits, Valcheta Department, Río Negro Province. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 409-425.
Atlantic Ocean
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
    • Rainbow Massif
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 99-105
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Richardson, S.M. and Day, A.D. (1997) Geology of the Esperanza copper deposit. Proceedings of the 3rd International Mining Geology Conference, Launceston. pg. 51-56
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., Ehrig, K. (2017): Ore minerals down to the nanoscale: Cu-(Fe)-sulphides from the iron oxide copper gold deposit at Olympic Dam, South Australia. Ore Geology Review 81, 1218-1235.
  • Western Australia
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Mount Keith
Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No.2 pp.55-71.
  • Styria
    • Graz
Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (1999)
- Bojar, H.P., Postl, W. (1999): 1192. Ein Silber-Gold-Amalgam, ged.Gold(?), ged.Kupfer, Cuprit, Djurleit, Yarrowit, Spionkopit, Azurit(?) und Quarz aus dem Grazer Schloßberg, Graz, Steiermark. In: Niedermayr et al.(1999): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLVIII.- Carinthia II, 189/109, p.230-231.
    • Knittelfeld
      • Flatschach
J.Raith+ T.Leitner+ W.Paar (2015)
    • Köflach
      • Voitsberg
        • Krems
Moser & Postl (1990); Exel (1993)
    • Koralpe
      • Soboth
        • Krumbach
Postl, W., Bernhard, F. & Jakely, D. (2013): Über eine Erz- und Kluftmineralisation in Krumbach bei Soboth, südliche Koralpe, Steiermark. Der Steirische Mineralog, 27, 40-48.
  • Wallonia
    • Luxembourg
      • Stavelot Massif
Hatert, F., Baijot, M., & Dal Bo, F. (2014). Occurrence of tellurides in the Stavelot Massif, Belgium. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 131
Canada (TL)
  • Alberta
    • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Nova Scotia
    • Colchester Co.
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933
    • Lunenburg Co.
      • New Ross
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Gould Township
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.45
      • Plummer Additional Township
        • Bruce Mines
Sabina, Ann P., GSC Miscellaneous Report 49, page 49, Bruce Mines Copper Mines
    • Rainy River District
      • Little Turtle Lake Area
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.159
  • Tibet
    • Ngari
      • Gêrzê Co. (Gaize Co.)
        • Duolong ore field
YANG, C., TANG, J., WANG, Y., YANG, H., WANG, Q., DING, S. and FANG, X. (2014), Minerals, Alteration and Fluid Basic Researchonthe First High Sulfidation Epithermal-Porphyry Cu (Au) Deposit (Southern Tiegelong Deposit) in Tibet, China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 817–819.
DR Congo
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi District
      • Kolwezi
Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Pforzheim
        • Würm
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Gallenbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
      • St Blasien
        • Menzenschwand
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Ortenaukreis
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg
        • Schöllkrippen
          • Großkahl
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
        • Westerngrund
Schmitt, R. T. (1993): "Sulfide und Arsenide aus den Gruben Segen Gottes bei Huckelheim und Hilfe Gottes bei Großkahl im Spessart", Der Aufschluss 44, 111-122. (in German)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Birkenfeld
      • Idar-Oberstein
        • Fischbach
Scheiderhöhn & Kautzsch 1936, research R. Lang, 1994-1998
      • Sonnenberg-Winnenberg
Roger Lang analyses/research 1994-1998
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Helgoland Island
Markus Gerstmann - Collection
  • Central Greece
    • Euboea
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Java
    • West Java Province
      • Bogor District
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
  • Yazd
    • Ardakan County
      • Ardakan (Ardekan)
  • Co. Kerry
    • Killarney
      • Lough Leane
Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Masino Valley
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Bolzano-Alto Adige Autonomous Province
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo (Sankt Jakob)
          • Vizze Pass (Pfitsch Pass; Pfitscher Joch)
Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti, I. (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
  • Lower Silesia
    • Legnica
      • Lubin District
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
      • Polkowice District
Jadwiga PIECZONKA, Adam PIESTRZYŃSKI, Jacek MUCHA, Adam GŁUSZEK, Maciej KOTARBA, Dariusz WIĘCŁAW (2008): The red-bed-type precious metal deposit in the Sieroszowice-Polkowice copper mining district, SW Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 78, 151-280.
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
- Castillo,M.,Torró,L.,Campeny,M.,Villanova,C.,Tauler,E.,Melgarejo,J.C.(2009) "Mineralogía del Depósito de Uranio Eureka (Castell-estaó, Pirineo, Cataluña) " Soc. Esp. de Mineralogía, Revista Macla nº 11 pp. 53-54. Madrid.
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
        • Curnera Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 109.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Chandolin
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Saint-Luc
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 109.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
  • England
    • Leicestershire
      • Hinckley and Bosworth
        • Stanton under Bardon
          • Cliffe Hill Quarry
UKJMM 26:43-51
    • North Yorkshire
      • Craven
        • Settle - Malham Area
[J.Russell Soc. 1998:41]
    • Warwickshire
      • Nuneaton and Bedworth
UKJMM 26:43-51
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Loch Kishorn
Faithfull, J., Young, B., Starkey, R.E. (2012) Copper mineralisation at Rassal, Kishorn, Highland Region. Journal of the Russell Society, Vol. 15, pg. 49-58.
  • Wales
    • Conwy
      • Llandudno
        • Great Orme
BMS Database; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 978-982.
    • Isle of Anglesey
      • Amlwch
No reference listed
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 379; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Rob Bowell, lab tested
Robert Bowell and Rolf Luetcke
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Ivanpah District
        • Ivanpah Mts
          • Kessler Peak
Ronald Wynn Sheets, James R. Craig, Robert J. Bodnar (1995) Composition And Occurrence Of Electrum At The Morning Star Deposit, San Bernardino County, California: Evidence For Remobilization Of Gold And Silver. Canadian Mineralogist 33:137-151
  • Colorado
    • Park Co.
      • Alma District
        • Mount Bross
Min News 20:9 pp1,3,10,11
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Buffalo Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • De Kalb Township
Dana's New Mineralogy
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp. 519-523 (1980)
  • Virginia
    • Charlotte Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Halifax Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mineral and/or Locality  
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