Donate now to keep mindat.org alive!Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their Minerals
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Stannite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Cu2FeSnS4
Often contains Zn replacing Fe, and sometimes also traces of Ge.
Colour:
Grey, black with an olive-green tint, tarnishes pale blue
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4
Specific Gravity:
4.3 - 4.5
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Member of:
Name:
The name reflects its tin (Latin = "STANNum") content.
Easily confused with ferrokësterite.

Compare 'UM1982-12-S:CuFeSn' and 'UM1984-31-S:CuFeSn'.




Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of StanniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.CB.15a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
2.9.2.1

2 : SULFIDES
9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
6.1.6

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
1 : Sulphostannates and other sulfides containing Sn

Physical Properties of StanniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Grey, black with an olive-green tint, tarnishes pale blue
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
Hardness:
VHN25=216 - 265 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Indistinct on {110} {001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.3 - 4.5 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.49 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of StanniteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct violet - slate green
Colour in reflected light:
Gray with olive green tinge.
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Indistinct in air, distinct in oil.

Chemical Properties of StanniteHide

Formula:
Cu2FeSnS4

Often contains Zn replacing Fe, and sometimes also traces of Ge.
Common Impurities:
Ag,Zn,Cd,In

Crystallography of StanniteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4 2m - Scalenohedral
Space Group:
I4 2m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.4432 Å, c = 10.7299 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.971
Unit Cell V:
317.91 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Rarely as crystals
Twinning:
Penetration twins on {102}. Twin axis {112}, Composition plane {112}.
Polysynthetic in polished section.

Crystallographic forms of StanniteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Stannite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of StanniteHide

Synonyms of StanniteHide

Other Language Names for StanniteHide

Varieties of StanniteHide

Zincian StanniteA zinc-bearing variety of stannite.

Relationship of Stannite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
BriartiteCu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4Tet.
ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
FamatiniteCu3SbS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4
Ge-stannoiditeCu8Fe2ZnGe2S12
HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
KësteriteCu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
KeutschiteCu2AgAsS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
KuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
LuzoniteCu3AsS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
OmariniiteCu8Fe2ZnGe2S12Orth. 2 2 2 : I2 2 2
PermingeatiteCu3SbSe4Tet.
Petrukite(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4Orth.
PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
StannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
Unnamed (Cu-Zn-In Sulphide)CuZn2InS4
VelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
ZincobriartiteCu2(Zn,Fe)(Ge,Ga)S4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
Group Members:
UM1984-30-S:CuFeSn Cu2Fe2Sn3S7

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.AgmantiniteAg2MnSnS4Orth.
2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05cPolhemusite(Zn,Hg)STet.
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4 Iso.
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSe
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZnCu2Fe3Zn5S10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aEskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bMooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
2.CB.10bPutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aIdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
2.CB.15aKësteriteCu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aKuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
2.CB.15bMohiteCu2SnS3Mon.
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15cStannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
2.CB.15aVelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu12VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso.
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
2.CB.35aHemusiteCu6SnMoS8Iso.
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aPolkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35aVincienniteCu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16Tet.
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.60RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4Iso.
2.CB.75VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.9.2.2ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.9.2.3BriartiteCu2(Fe,Zn)GeS4Tet.
2.9.2.4KuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
2.9.2.5Sakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4 Iso.
2.9.2.6HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.9.2.7PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.9.2.8VelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
2.9.2.9KësteriteCu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.9.2.10FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

6.1.1KuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
6.1.2MohiteCu2SnS3Mon.
6.1.3VelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
6.1.4HemusiteCu6SnMoS8Iso.
6.1.5KiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
6.1.7RhodostanniteCu2FeSn3S8Tet. 4/m : I41/a
6.1.8MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
6.1.9ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
6.1.10FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4
6.1.11KësteriteCu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
6.1.12StannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
6.1.13ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
6.1.14VincienniteCu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16Tet.
6.1.15PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
6.1.16HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
6.1.17Teallite(Pb,Sn)SnS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
6.1.18FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14Tric. 1 : P1
6.1.19LévyclauditePb8Sn7Cu3(Bi,Sb)3S28
6.1.20CylindritePb3Sn4FeSb2S14Tric. 1 : P1
6.1.21PotosíitePb6Sn3FeSb3S16Tric.
6.1.22Sakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4 Iso.
6.1.23Petrukite(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4Orth.
6.1.24Incaite(Pb,Ag)4Sn4FeSb2S15Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for StanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Klaproth, M.H. (1797) Untersuchung des Zinnkieses, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Zweiter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 257-264.
Klaproth, M.H. (1810) Chemische Untersuchung des Zinnkieses, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Fünfter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 228-230.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 224-226.
Canadian Mineralogist (1978) 16: 131.
Kissin, S. A. & Owens, D. R. (1979) New data on stannite and related tin sulfide minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 17, 125-135.
Kalinina, T.A. and Nenasheva, S.N. (1989) New data on stannite. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 305, 421-424 (in Russian).
Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Bernardini, G. P., Menchetti, S. (2003) A model for the mechanism of incorporation of Cu, Fe and Zn in the stannite - kësterite series, Cu2FeSnS4 - Cu2ZnSnS4. Can. Mineral. 41, 639-647.
S. Schorr, H.-J. Höbler, M. Tovar (2007) A neutron diffraction study of the stannite-kesterite solid solution series. Eur. J. Mineral., 19, 65-73.

Internet Links for StanniteHide

Localities for StanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListShow

Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 19, 2017 19:32:41 Page generated: October 28, 2017 07:59:58
Go to top of page