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Steenstrupine-(Ce)

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About Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Knud J. V. Steenstrup
Formula:
Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Colour:
black, dark brown, red-brown
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
4
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named in honor of Knud Johannes Vogelius Steenstrup (7 September 1842, Høstemark Mill, Mou, Northern Jutland, Denmark – 6 May 1913, Frederiksberg, Denmark), geologist and explorer of Greenland, who discoevered the mineral. He worked at the University of Copenhagen Geological Museum from 1866 to 1889, making nine journeys to Greenland, one of which lasted 2.5 years. He proved that the iron at Disko was from native extrusions and not from meteorites. From 1889 until his death, he was state geologist at the Geological Survey of Denmark.

Originally named simply steenstrupine. The suffix was added in 1987 (Nickel and Mandarino) to denote the dominant rare earth element, according to the Levinson rule.

Classification of Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.CK.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
K : [Si6O18]12- 6-membered single rings, with insular complex anions
61.4.2.1

61 : CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
4 : Six-Membered Rings with other anions
17.6.13

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
6 : Silicates with phosphate

Physical Properties of Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Vitreous, Greasy
Colour:
black, dark brown, red-brown
Streak:
white, brownish white
Hardness:
Cleavage:
None Observed

Optical Data of Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.665 nε = 1.663
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.002
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Na14Ce6Mn2+2Fe3+2Zr(PO4)7Si12O36(OH)2 · 3H2O

Crystallography of Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Trigonal

Type Occurrence of Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Simplified Chinese:菱黑稀土矿
Traditional Chinese:菱黑稀土礦

Relationship of Steenstrupine-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Structurally related to group(s):

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Ussingite21 photos of Steenstrupine-(Ce) associated with Ussingite on mindat.org.
Serandite14 photos of Steenstrupine-(Ce) associated with Serandite on mindat.org.
Aegirine9 photos of Steenstrupine-(Ce) associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Vuonnemite8 photos of Steenstrupine-(Ce) associated with Vuonnemite on mindat.org.
Manganoneptunite6 photos of Steenstrupine-(Ce) associated with Manganoneptunite on mindat.org.
Natrolite6 photos of Steenstrupine-(Ce) associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Cleiophane5 photos of Steenstrupine-(Ce) associated with Cleiophane on mindat.org.
Sazhinite-(Ce)4 photos of Steenstrupine-(Ce) associated with Sazhinite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Belovite-(Ce)4 photos of Steenstrupine-(Ce) associated with Belovite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Vitusite-(Ce)4 photos of Steenstrupine-(Ce) associated with Vitusite-(Ce) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CK.Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05PovondraiteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig.
9.CK.05SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
9.CK.05Chromo-alumino-povondraiteNa(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.10Abenakiite-(Ce)Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)OTrig. 3 : R3
9.CK.15ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
9.CK.20Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

61.4.2.2Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.6.1NagelschmidtiteCa7(SiO4)2(PO4)2Hex. 6 : P61
17.6.2PerhamiteCa3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)14.1 · 8H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
17.6.3Viséite
17.6.4PhosinaiteNa13Ca2(Ce,La,Th,Nd,Pr)(Si4O12)(PO4)4
17.6.5ClinophosinaiteNa12(Ca,Sr)4(Si4O12)(PO4)4Mon.
17.6.6Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2O
17.6.7LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2Tric.
17.6.8BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
17.6.9SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
17.6.10Laplandite-(Ce)Na4CeTiPO4Si7O18 · 5H2O
17.6.11 VunonnemiteNa5TiNb3Si6O25F2 · 2Na3PO4
17.6.12Saryarkite-(Y)Ca(Y,Th)Al5(SiO4)2(PO4,SO4)2(OH)7 · 6H2OTet. 4 2 2
17.6.14WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
17.6.15Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
17.6.16Britholite-(Y)(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
17.6.17EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Lorenzen, J. (1882) On some minerals from the Sodalite-Syenite in Julianehaab district, south Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine and Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland: 23(5): 49-70.
Kupriyanova, I.I., Stolyarova, T.I., Sidorenko, G.A. (1962) A new thorium silicate - thorosteenstrupine. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 91: 325-330.
Fleischer, M. (1963) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 48: 433-437.
International Mineralogical Association (1967) Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 131-136.
Moore, P.B., Shen, J. (1983) Crystal structure of steenstrupine: a rod structure of unusual complexity. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 31: 47-67.
Dunn, P.J., Grice, J.D., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A. (1984) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 210-215.
Nickel, E.H., Mandarino, J.A. (1987) Procedures involving the IMA Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names and guidelines on mineral nomenclature. American Mineralogist: 72: 1031-1042.
Pekov, L.V., Ekimenkova, I.A., Konononkova, N.N. (1997) Thorosteenstrupine from Lovozero massif and the steenstrupine-​(Ce)​-​thorosteenstrupine isomorphous series. Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 126(6): 35-44.
Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 1347-1352.
Khomyakov, A., Soerensen, H. (2001) Zoning in Steenstrupine-(Ce) from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin: 190: 109-118.
Chukanova, V.N., Kogarko, L.N., Williams, C.T., Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V. (2004) Compositional features and genesis of steenstrupine from igneous rocks of the Lovozero alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula. Geokhimiya: 2004(4): 355-369 (in Russian).

Internet Links for Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Steenstrupine-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
      • North Red Wine Pluton
Mitchell, R.H., Welch, M.D., Kampf, A.R., Chakhmouradian, A.K., Spratt, J. (2015): Barrydawsonite-(Y), Na1.5CaY0.5Si3O9H: a new pyroxenoid of the pectolite–serandite group. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 671-686.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33; Andersen, T., & Friis, H. (2015). The transition from agpaitic to hyperagpaitic magmatic crystallization in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Journal of Petrology, 56(7), 1343-1364.
Lorenzen, J. (1882): On some minerals from the Sodalite-Syenite in Julianehaab district, south Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine and Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, No 23, Vol. V, 49-70
Sørensen, H., Larsen, L.M. (2001): The hyper-agpaitic stage in the evolution of the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 83-94
Karup-Moeller, S. (1976): Gmelinite and Herschelite from the Ilimaussaq Intrusion in South Greenland, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 40, 867-873
              • Lilleelv
Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 167, Reitzels Forlag København, 251 p.
                • Pegmatite Valley
Pekov, I.V. et. al. (2004): Potassic-Arfvedsonite a K-dominant Amphibole of the Arfvedsonite-series from agpaitic pegmatites, Neues Jahrbuch Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Vol. 12, 555-574
Karup-Møller, S., Rose-Hansen, J. (2017) Alteration of steenstrupine-(Ce) from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29 [10.1127/ejm/2017/0029-2643 Published on June 2017, First Published on June 08, 2017 ]
Karup-Moeller, S., Makovicky, E. (1974): Skinnerite, a new Sulfosalt from the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland, American Mineralogist, Vol. 59, 889-895; Karup-Møller, S., Makovicky, E. (1974): Skinnerite, a new Sulfosalt from the Ilimaussaq Alkaline Intrusion, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 59, 889-895
            • Qeqertaussaq Island
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
          • Kuannersuit Plateau (Kvanefjeld)
Grey, I.E., Macrae, C.M., Mumme, W.G. and Pring, A. (2010): Townendite, Na8ZrSi6O18, a new uranium-bearing lovozerite group mineral from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, Southern Greenland. American Mineralogist 95, 646-650.
Khomyakov, A., Soerensen, H. (2001): Zoning in Steenstrupine-(Ce) from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 109-118
Khomyakov, A., Soerensen, H. (2001): Zoning in Steenstrupine-(Ce) from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 109-118
Pekov,I.V. & Ekimenkova, I.A. (2001): Two new rare-earth-rich mineral associations in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 143-144; Henning Sørensen and Lotte Melchior Larsen (2001) The hyper-agpaitic stage in the evolution of the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, 83–94
Semenov, E.I. et al. (1967): Rare Earths in minerals of the Joaquinite group. American Mineralogist. 52, 1762-1769
          • Taseq area
O.T. Ljøstad photo & specimen; photo id: photo-270477
          • Tunulliarfik Fjord (Tunugdliarfik)
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Reitzels Forlag København. Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages.
Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Reitzels Forlag København. Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages.
Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, Southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 167 (1), 1-251
Andersen, E.K., Danø, M., and Peteresen, O.V. (1969): A tetragonal natrolite. Contribution to the mineralogy of Ilímaussaq, No 13. Meddelelser om Grønland, 181, (10), 1-19.
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.228)
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
        • Koashva Mt
Lisitsin, D. & Bosio, P. (2001): An interesting find of thorosteenstrupine and steenstrupine-​(Ce) at Mt. Koashva, Khibiny massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 2001 (4), 218-229 (in Italian). ; Pekov, I. V., & Nikolaev, A. P. (2007) Minerals of the Pegmatites and Hydrothermal Assemblages of the Koashva Deposit.
      • Lovozero Massif
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
          • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Lapis, 4/97, Ivanjuk et al.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chukanov, N. V., Ermolaeva, V. N., Pekov, I. V., Sokolov, S. V., Nekrasov, A. N., & Sokolova, M. N. (2005). Raremetal mineralization connected with bituminous matters in late assemblages of pegmatites of the Khibiny and Lovozero massifs. New Data Minerals, 40, 80-95.
Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 130, issue 2, 53-58
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).; Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
I. Pekov (1998) Minerals First Discovered on the Territory of the former Soviey Union; Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Yamnova, N. A., Zadov, A. E., & Tarassoff, P. (2007). Gjerdingenite-Na and gjerdingenite-Ca, two new mineral species of the labuntsovite group. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 529-539
          • Second Eastern Stream
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mineralogical Record (2000): 31: 203.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
          • Karnasurt mine (Kedyk area)
Mineralogical Record: 36(4): 397-416.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Krivovichev, S. V., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Selivanova, E. A., Korchak, J. A., ... & Zalkind, O. A. (2011). Eliseevite, Na1. 5Li [Ti2Si4O12. 5 (OH) 1.5]∙ 2H2O, a new microporous titanosilicate from the Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). American Mineralogist, 96(10), 1624-1629.
Ermolaeva, V.N., Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Zadov, A.E. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(8), 758-775.
        • Sengischorr Mt
          • Motchisuai River Valley
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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