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Arthurite

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Arthur Kingsbury & Sir Arthur Russell
Formula:
CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Colour:
Apple-green, emerald-green, pale olive-green.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3 - 4
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1964 by Richard J. Davis and Max Hutchinson Hey in honor of Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montague Russell [November 30, 1878 Folkestone, Kent, England, UK - February 23, 1964 UK], British mineral collector and Mr Arthur William Gerald Kingsbury [June 27, 1906 East Meon, Hampshire, England, UK - August 3, 1968 UK], English mineralogists and collectors. Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montague Russell (1878-1964) 6th Baronet, of Swallowfield Park, Reading, Berkshire, was perhaps the greatest British mineral collector of the 20th century. Sir Arthur Russell’s will directed that his collection should be given to the British Museum (Natural History) – now the Natural History Museum. The Russell Society, an organisation for amateur and professional mineralogists, dedicated to British topographical mineralogy, was named in his honor. Arthur Kingsbury, Russell's friend was an indefatigable field collector and prolific author of mineralogical articles.
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Classification of ArthuriteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1964
8.DC.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1 and < 2:1
42.11.20.2

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
11 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
20.1.16

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
1 : Arsenates of Cu

Physical Properties of ArthuriteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Apple-green, emerald-green, pale olive-green.
Streak:
(not reported)
Hardness:
3 - 4 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of ArthuriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.736 nβ = 1.767 nγ = 1.796
2V:
Calculated: 86°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.060
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of ArthuriteHide

Formula:
CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Common Impurities:
P,S

Crystallography of ArthuriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.09 Å, b = 9.62 Å, c = 5.55 Å
β = 92.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.049 : 1 : 0.577
Unit Cell V:
538.32 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.28 (vvs)
4.81 (vvs)
6.97 (vvs)
10.08 (vs)
2.801 (vs)
2.912 (s)
3.44 (ms)

Type Occurrence of ArthuriteHide

Synonyms of ArthuriteHide

Other Language Names for ArthuriteHide

Simplified Chinese:水砷铁铜石

Varieties of ArthuriteHide

Relationship of Arthurite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
BendadaiteFe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Cobaltarthurite(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
KunatiteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
OjuelaiteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)Fe2+Al3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)ZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pharmacosiderite30 photos of Arthurite associated with Pharmacosiderite on mindat.org.
Scorodite22 photos of Arthurite associated with Scorodite on mindat.org.
Olivenite11 photos of Arthurite associated with Olivenite on mindat.org.
Chenevixite7 photos of Arthurite associated with Chenevixite on mindat.org.
Quartz5 photos of Arthurite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Cuprite3 photos of Arthurite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.
Bariopharmacosiderite3 photos of Arthurite associated with Bariopharmacosiderite on mindat.org.
Bobierrite2 photos of Arthurite associated with Bobierrite on mindat.org.
Amblygonite2 photos of Arthurite associated with Amblygonite on mindat.org.
Goethite2 photos of Arthurite associated with Goethite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DC.05NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
8.DC.07EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.DC.10LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.12StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
8.DC.15EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15OjuelaiteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15Cobaltarthurite(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15BendadaiteFe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15KunatiteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)ZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)Fe2+Al3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.17KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
8.DC.20BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DC.20CoralloiteMn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.22KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2OMon.
8.DC.25FerristrunziteFe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OTric.
8.DC.25FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric.
8.DC.25MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.25MetavivianiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.25StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.27BerauniteFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DC.30GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
8.DC.30ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.30SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
8.DC.30StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
8.DC.30FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30MaghrebiteMgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.32TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.35VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.37VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2OOrth.
8.DC.40CacoxeniteFe3+24Al(PO4)17O6(OH)12 · 17H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.DC.45Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
8.DC.45Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
8.DC.47KingiteAl3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2OTric.
8.DC.50WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DC.50AllanpringiteFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DC.52KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.55MapimiteZn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2OMon.
8.DC.57OgdensburgiteCa2Fe3+4(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
8.DC.60Nevadaite(Cu2+,Al,V3+)6Al8(PO4)8F8(OH)2 · 22H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DC.60CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.11.20.1WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
42.11.20.3OjuelaiteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
42.11.20.4EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
42.11.20.5Cobaltarthurite(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
42.11.20.6BendadaiteFe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
42.11.20.7KunatiteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
42.11.20.8UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)ZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
42.11.20.9UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)Fe2+Al3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.1.1LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2Mon.
20.1.2OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
20.1.3ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
20.1.4CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
20.1.5CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
20.1.6Chlorotile (of Frenzel)
20.1.7GeminiteCu(HAsO4) · H2OTric.
20.1.8EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.1.9StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
20.1.10ArhbariteCu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
20.1.11LindackeriteCuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.1.12ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.1.13LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
20.1.14CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2OTric.
20.1.15ChenevixiteCu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ArthuriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Davis, R.J. and Hey, M.H. (1964) Arthurite, a new copper-iron arsenate from Cornwall: Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 33, n° 266, 937-941.
American Mineralogist: 50: 522.
Davis, R.J. & Hey, M.H. (1969) The cell-contents of arthurite redetermined. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 37, n° 288, 520-521.
Clark, A.H. & Sillitoe, R.H. (1969) Arthurite from Potrerillos, Atacama Province, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 37, n° 288, 519-520.
Walenta, K. (1975) The secondary minerals of the barite vein of the Clara mine near Oberwolfach, central Black Forest. Aufschluss 26, 369-411. (In German).
Keller, P. & Hess, H. (1978) The crystal structure of arthurite, CuFe23+[(H2O)4|(OH)2|(AsO4)2]. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte und Abhandlungen: 133, 291-302.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., (Eds.) Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)

Internet Links for ArthuriteHide

Localities for ArthuriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Payerbach
Hackenberg 2003
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Tocopilla Province
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Diego de Almagro
        • Potrerillos
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
    • Huasco Province
      • Freirina
maurizio dini collection - analysed material
France
 
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Razès
        • Chanteloube
          • Vilatte Quarries (La Vilate)
Lebocey, J., Meisser, N., Chatenet, FX, Boisson, JM et Husson, F. (2010) Découverte d'arthurite dans les monts d'Ambazac (Haute-Vienne), Le Règne Minéral, 96, 51
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Najac
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
Henderson, William A., Jr. (1994) Microminerals, Miscellany from France, the Eifel district, and Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record 25:208-210
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Gosenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Gebhardshain
        • Kausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
Lapis No.7/8 1999 p.70-74
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Lovasberény
        • Meleg Hill
HOM Collection,Szakáll S.,2010
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Bezing, L. von., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2016) Namibia Minerals and Localities II. Edition Krüger-Stiftung, Bode Verlag GmbH, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 638 pg (in English)
Portugal
 
  • Guarda District
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Verkhoyansk
        • Yana River Basin
          • Yana-Adycha Region
            • Arga-Ynnakh-Khaya granite Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
S.Rust collection
  • Murcia
    • Mazarrón
      • Pastrana
- Sainz de Baranda, B.,González de Tánago, J. y Viñals, J. (2003). Secondary minerals of the Mazarrón-Águilas mining distric. Murcia province, Spain. The Mineralógical Record, 34, 315-334.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Chóvar
        • Bellota ravine
Joan Vinals & Miguel Calvo (2007) Corderoite, Kenhsuite and Perroudite, mercury sulphohalides from Chovar (Xovar), Castello, Spain. Mineral Up, June 2007.
UK (TL)
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Calstock
          • Gunnislake
            • Clitters United Mines
Davis, R.J., and Hey, M.H. (1964): Mineralogical Magazine 33, 937-941 Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; Weiss, S., Green, D.H., Hooper, J.J., and Elton, N. (2007): Lapis 32(11), 13-25; Weiß, S., Merry, M. & Ansermet, S. (2017): Neufunde aus Cornwall: Cannonit, Arthurit, Auriacusit. Lapis, 42 (1), 20-23; 62 (in German).
      • St Agnes District
        • Perranzabuloe
          • Perranporth
U. Kolitsch (X-ray powder diffraction); samples associated with scorodite and pharmacosiderite; Weiß, S., Merry, M. & Ansermet, S. (2017): Neufunde aus Cornwall: Cannonit, Arthurit, Auriacusit. Lapis, 42 (1), 20-23; 62 (in German).
      • St Austell District
        • Treverbyn
          • Stenalees
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
USA
 
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Waisman D. (1992) Minerals of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana Mineralogical Record, Vol. 23 No. 6, p. 477-483.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
Jensen, M. (1985) The Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record: 16, 57-72. ; Ameican Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 704-708, 1978
Natural History Museum Vienna collection; Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Galena District
"Mineralogy of the Black Hills", Bulletin 18, SDSM&T, Willard Lincoln Roberts and George Rapp, Jr., 1965 and WLR identifications, 1984 - 1987.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Mammoth
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne
Collected by Brent Thorne and SEM EDAX confirmed.
            • Mammoth Peak
SEM-EDS analyzed by Kerry Day, Collected by and in the collection of Alex Earl
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Mineral and/or Locality  
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