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Kaspar Maria von Sternberg
Golden brown, tarnishes violet-blue
1 - 1½
Specific Gravity:
4.101 - 4.215
Crystal System:
Named after Count Caspar Maria Sternberg (1761-1838), botanist and a founder of the National Museum of Prague (Czech Republic).
Dimorph of:
A rare mineral occurring in Pinchbeck brown (yellowish brown with metallic lustre), flexible(!), mm-sized tabular crystals. It and its dimorph argentopyrite are often pseudomorphed to iron oxides which collapse to dust when poked with a needle. On the way to the oxide replacements, partial pseudomorphs of pyrite or marcasite after either dimorph confused early workers.

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Classification of SternbergiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.

9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
2 : Sulphides etc. of Ag

Physical Properties of SternbergiteHide

Golden brown, tarnishes violet-blue
1 - 1½ on Mohs scale
VHN50=31 - 44 kg/mm2 - Vickers
on {001}
4.101 - 4.215 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.275 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SternbergiteHide

Strong, bluish and reddish to lilac, reddish brown to light green with p-urplish pink shades
Colour in reflected light:
Light brown
In browns

Chemical Properties of SternbergiteHide


Crystallography of SternbergiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.615(2) Å, b = 11.639(4) Å, c = 12.693(4) Å
a:b:c = 0.568 : 1 : 1.091
Unit Cell V:
977.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Thin pseudohexagonal basal plates, rosettes and fan like aggregates
Lamellar on {130}

Crystallographic forms of SternbergiteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Sternbergite - Tabular {001}
Sternbergite - Contact twin on {130}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by

Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Type Occurrence of SternbergiteHide

Synonyms of SternbergiteHide

Other Language Names for SternbergiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Pyrargyrite4 photos of Sternbergite associated with Pyrargyrite on
Acanthite3 photos of Sternbergite associated with Acanthite on
Proustite3 photos of Sternbergite associated with Proustite on
Silver1 photo of Sternbergite associated with Silver on
Argentopyrite1 photo of Sternbergite associated with Argentopyrite on
Stephanite1 photo of Sternbergite associated with Stephanite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4 Iso.
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu12VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.2.1AcanthiteAg2SMon. 2/m : P21/m
3.2.3NaumanniteAg2SeOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
3.2.4AguilariteAg4SeSMon. 2/m
3.2.5HessiteAg2TeMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.2.6EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.2.7StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36Hex. 6 : P6
3.2.8CervelleiteAg4TeSMon. 2/m
3.2.9DervilliteAg2AsS2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.2.10StromeyeriteAgCuSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.2.11MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.2.14CameroniteCu5-x(Cu,Ag)3+xTe10 (x = 0.43)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
3.2.15Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
3.2.17ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
3.2.18Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.2.19ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SternbergiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Haidinger (1827) Edinburgh Journal of Science: 7: 242.
Haidinger (1828) Royal Society of Edinburgh, Transactions: 11: 1.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 246-248.
American Mineralogist (1969) 54: 1198.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1986) 154: 207-222.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1987) 458-464.

Internet Links for SternbergiteHide

Localities for SternbergiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Kuridala
Alan Melbournes collection
    • McKinlay Shire
      • McKinlay
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Reißeck group
        • Kolbnitz
Pichler (2009)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Innsbruck
          • Axams
Vavtar, F. (1995): Erzmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Silberpentlanditen der Cu-Fe-Erzparagenese von Axams (Stubaikristallin, Tirol, Österreich). Geologisch-Paläontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck 20, 313-334.
  • British Columbia
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Beaverdell
[MinRec 1989]
  • Nunavut
    • Mackenzie District
      • Itchen Lake
Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22, 493-498
  • Guangdong Province
    • Zhanjiang Prefecture
      • Lianjiang Co.
Zuwei Wang and Yongzhang Zhou (2002): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 26(2), 193-197
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Hulunbuir League (Hulunbei'er Prefecture)
      • New Barag Right Banner (Xin Barag Youqi)
Dong Zhensheng et al. (1996). In: Tu Guangzhi, Ed.: Low Temperature Geochemistry, Science Press (Beijing), 32-42.
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Shangrao Prefecture
      • Wannian Co.
Dong Zhensheng et al. (1996). In: Tu Guangzhi, Ed.: Low Temperature Geochemistry, Science Press (Beijing), 32-42.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Yingkou Prefecture
        • Gaizhou Co.
Qinghua Xu, Yanlong Wang, Haiquan Zhao, and Yulan Qiao (2014): Northwestern Geology 47(2), 164-171
  • Shanxi Province
    • Datong Prefecture
      • Lingqiu Co.
Qingrong Zheng, Xinjun Zhang, and Erhu Sun (2012): Resources & Industries 14(2), 106-111
Jin Chen and Yuelin Tang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(11), 16-22, 28; Shaozhi Zhou (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(3), 6-8, 23; Shuchen Li and Lixia Zhou (2008): Geology and Prospecting 44(3), 18-21
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
        • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
Škácha P., Sejkora J., Litochlebová E., Litochleb J. (2007): Sternbergite in the association with Ag-sulphides, the Březové Hory ore deposit, Příbram (Czech Republic). Bull mineral-petrolog Odd Nár Muz (Praha) 13: 207-210 (in Czech)
        • Háje
C.Auer (2016)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Am Min 54 (1969), 1198
            • Svornost Mine (Einigkeit Mine)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Dubí (Eichwald)
No reference listed
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
No reference listed
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 60-75.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Ylöjärvi
Clark Alan H. & Taylor, L. A. 1970. Sternbergite from Ylöjärvi, Finland. Occurrence and stability. Economic Geology 65 (1), 54-59
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Laz
  • Grand Est
    • Vosges
      • La-Croix-aux-Mines District
        • La-Croix-aux-Mines
J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wieden
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Mühltal
        • Nieder-Beerbach
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 10th Ed., Leipzig (1898)
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Marienberg District
        • Gehringswalde
Ramdohr, Paul, 1969, The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, p. 371.
        • Lauta
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
Baumann, L., Kuschka, E. and Seifert, T. (2000): Lagerstätten des Erzgebirges. Enke Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 170-176
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Pöhla
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Márianosztra
Szakáll & Jánosi. Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • Hokkaido
    • Chitose
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Aomori Prefecture
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Suzuyama District
Matsukuma, T. (1962) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, 2, #2, 20-59.
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Tohgoh-cho
T. Matsukuma (1958)
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
Глоба В.А. Месторождение Манка - новый геолого-промышленный тип месторождений золота. // Изв. НАН РК, Сер. геол. 2006, 5(403), с.20-28.
  • Hidalgo
    • Mun. de Pachuca
Panczner(1987): 360.
  • Mexico
    • Mun. de Temascaltepec
      • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
        • Imiter District
Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Taroudant Province
      • Jebel Siroua
Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
  • Plateau State
    • Jos Plateau
Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
  • Buskerud
    • Kongsberg
Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
        • Overberget Mining Field
Brünnich, M. L. (1777): Forsøg til Mineralogie for Norge. Priskrift, Trondhjem, p. 22; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 23
Brünnich, M. L. (1777): Forsøg til Mineralogie for Norge. Priskrift, Trondhjem, p. 22; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 23
        • Underberget Mining Field
Cronstedt, A.F.(1758): Försök til en Mineralogie, eller Mineralrikets Uppstälning. Stockholm 1758; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 23).
  • Nordland
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvassli
Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56
  • Cajamarca Department
    • Celendín Province
      • Lucmapampa
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
      • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
Papp, Gábor, Alan J. Criddle, Chris J. Stanley, László Kriston and Géza Nagy (2007): Parajamesonite revisited: background of the discreditation of an enigmatic mineral species. Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 100, 495-502.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]
    • Magadanskaya Oblast'
Savva, N. E., & Pal’yanova, G. A. (2007). Genesis of gold and silver sulfides at the Ulakhan deposit (northeastern Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 48(10), 799-810.
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
ROGULINA, L., MAKEEVA, T., PISKUNOV, Y. G., & SVESHNIKOVA, O. (2004). Первая находка платиноидов в рудах Майского золото-серебряного месторождения (Дальнегорск, Приморье).
Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Genkin, A.D., Bortnikov, N.S., and Golovanova, T.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 75-85.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
Mineralogical Record, 23 (3), 241-249
Jordi Fabre; Calvo, M. and Sevillano, E. (1995): Famous mineral localities: Hiendelaencina Guadalajara Prov. Spain. Mineralogical Record 23, 241-249.
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
      • Boliden
No reference listed
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Burke, E. A., & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1990). Herzenbergite and associated antimony minerals from Björkskogsnäs, Hällefors, Sweden. GFF, 112(1), 85-86.
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Alston Moor District
        • South Tynedale
          • Garrigill
Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dos Cabezas Mts
        • Dos Cabezas (Two Heads) District
          • Dos Cabezas
            • LeRoy Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 381.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 348.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Georgetown District
        • Silver Plume
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Storey Co.
R&M 74:6 p380-390
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
      • Mogollon Mts
Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Socorro Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
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