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Frank L. Stillwell
Pale violet-gray, light pink, brownish yellow, orange
Vitreous, Greasy
Named in 1955 by J. McAndrew and T.R. Scott in honor of Frank Leslie Stillwell (27 June 1888, Hawthorn, Australia - 8 February 1963, Melbourne, Australia), Australian ore mineralogist with CSIRO and an Antarctic explorer. He worked on Broken Hill and Kalgoorlie gold field, among other places.
This page provides mineralogical data about Stillwellite-(Ce).

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Classification of Stillwellite-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
J : Nesosilicates with BO3 triangles and/or B[4], Be[4] tetrahedra, cornersharing with SiO4

54 : NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
2 : Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
5 : Borosilicates

Physical Properties of Stillwellite-(Ce)Hide

Vitreous, Greasy
Pale violet-gray, light pink, brownish yellow, orange

Optical Data of Stillwellite-(Ce)Hide

Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.765 nε = 1.780
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.015
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Stillwellite-(Ce)Hide

IMA Formula:

Type Occurrence of Stillwellite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Stillwellite-(Ce)Hide

Simplified Chinese:菱硼硅铈矿
Traditional Chinese:菱硼矽鈰礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Quartz4 photos of Stillwellite-(Ce) associated with Quartz on
Polylithionite2 photos of Stillwellite-(Ce) associated with Polylithionite on
Pectolite1 photo of Stillwellite-(Ce) associated with Pectolite on
Baddeleyite1 photo of Stillwellite-(Ce) associated with Baddeleyite on
Aegirine1 photo of Stillwellite-(Ce) associated with Aegirine on
Gonnardite1 photo of Stillwellite-(Ce) associated with Gonnardite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AJ.05Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AJ.05Ominelite(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AJ.10Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AJ.10Holtite(Ta0.60.4)Al6BSi3O18(O,OH)2.25Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.AJ.10Magnesiodumortierite(Mg,Ti,◻(Al,Mg)2Al4Si3O18-y(OH)yB y = 2-3Orth.
9.AJ.20BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.20DatoliteCa(HBSiO5)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.20Gadolinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Y)2Fe2+Be2Si2O10Mon. 2/m
9.AJ.20Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.20Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.20Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.20Minasgeraisite-(Y)CaBe2Y2Si2O10Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AJ.30Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2Trig. 3 : P3
9.AJ.35Hundholmenite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca,Na)15(Al,Fe3+)(CaxAs3+1-x)(Si,As5+)Si6B3(O,F)48Trig. 3m : R3m
9.AJ.35Proshchenkoite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE,Ca,Na,Mn)15Fe2+(P,Si)Si6B3O34F14Trig. 3m : R3m
9.AJ.40JadariteLiNaSiB3O7(OH)Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2Trig. 3 : P3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.5.3SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
17.5.5ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.8PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
17.5.9LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.10DatoliteCa(HBSiO5)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.11DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.12HowliteCa2B5SiO9(OH)5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.13BakeriteCa4(H5B5Si3O20)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.5.14OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2OOrth.
17.5.16HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
17.5.17SerendibiteCa4[Mg6Al6]O4[Si6B3Al3O36]Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.24Cappelenite-(Y)Ba(Y,Ce)6Si3B6O24F2Trig. 3 : P3
17.5.25Dumortierite(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.26Holtite(Ta0.60.4)Al6BSi3O18(O,OH)2.25Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
17.5.27DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.28 FerridraviteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
17.5.30Uvite SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.32TienshaniteKNa3Na6Ca2Ba6Mn6(Ti4+,Nb)6B12Si36O114(O,OH,F)11Hex. 6/m : P6/m
17.5.34TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.36NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
17.5.40Axinite-(Mn)Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.44SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
17.5.45Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
17.5.47Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OHTric. 1 : P1
17.5.49Grandidierite(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.5.50Hyalotekite(Pb,Ba,K)4(Ca,Y)2(B,Be)2(Si,B)2Si8O28(F,Cl)Tric. 1 : P1
17.5.51Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Stillwellite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
McAndrew, J., Scott, T.R. (1955) Stillwellite, a new rare-earth mineral from Queensland. Nature: 176: 509-510.
Fleischer, M. (1956) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 41: 370-372.
Voronkov, A.A., Pyatenko, Y.A. (1967) X-ray diffraction study of the atomic structure of stillwellite CeBO[SiO4]. Soviet Physics - Crystallography: 12: 214-220.
Jambor, J.L. (1992) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 77: 1305-1309.
Callegari, A., Giuseppetti, G., Mazzi, F., Tadini, C. (1992) The refinement of the crystal structure of stillwellite: RE[BSiO5]. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1992: 49-57.
Burns, P.C., Hawthorne, F.C., MacDonald, D.J., Della Ventura, G., Parodi, G.C. (1993) The crystal structure of stillwellite. Canadian Mineralogist: 31: 147-152.
Grew, E.S., Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).

Internet Links for Stillwellite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Stillwellite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Huambo Province
    • Bailundo City Council
Beleque, A. R. C. (2010). Minerais de ETR no complexo carbonatítico de Bailundo (Mungo, Angola): ocorrência, composição e significado económico.
Australia (TL)
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Rosebud Station
        • Mary Kathleen district
Nature 1955, 509; USGS Open File Report 81-1666
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Monmouth Township
Sabina, A.P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13 (4), 225 ;Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39; Christopher Fouts (1999) Report of Assessment Work Physical Assessment Geotechnical Assessment Mining claim: S.O. 1195060 SI/3, lot 31, con. XVII, Monmouth Township, Haliburton County
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates - Handbook of Deposits, Processing, Properties and Use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 475 pp.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
Caponera, I., Fiori, S., Pucci, R., & Signoretti, E. (2007). I minerali dei Colli Albani. Un aggiornamento sugli ultimi dieci anni di ricerche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 74-91.
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Sacrofano
    • Viterbo Province
Della Ventura, G., Parodi, G.C., Stoppani, F.S. (1987): Minerali del Lazio. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1987, 157-166
      • Vico Lake
        • Vetralla
O. Dziallas
No reference listed
Carlini, R., Signoretti, E., 2003. Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Villa S.Giovanni in Tuscia e Mazzocchio. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 33-41
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Nakatsugawa City
Hori (1974) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 3.
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
Neumann, H.; Bergstøl, S. & Nilssen, B.(1966)." Stillwellite in the Langesundfjord nepheline syenite pegmatite dykes ". Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 46: 327-334
        • Barkevik area
Neumann, H.; Bergstøl, S. & Nilssen, B.(1966)." Stillwellite in the Langesundfjord nepheline syenite pegmatite dykes ". Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 46: 327-334
  • Harghita Co.
Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
        • Aldan
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
Canadian Mineralogist 42:107-119 (2004); Pautov L.A., Agakhanov A.A., Sokolova E.V., Hawthorne F., Karpenko V.Yu. (2011) Byzantievite, Ba5(Ca,REE,Y)22(Ti,Nb)18(SiO4)4[(PO4),(SiO4)]4(BO3)9O21[(OH),F]43(H2O)1.5, a new mineral. New Data on Minerals 46:5-12; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19; Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., Karpenko, V.Yu., Siidra, O.I., Muftakhov, V.A. (2016): Odigitriaite, CsNa5Ca5[Si14B2O38]F2, a new cesium borosilicate mineral from the Darai-Pioz alkaline massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, (in press).
  • New York
    • Essex Co.
Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:242
        • Moriah Township ; Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
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