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Suessite

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About SuessiteHide

06219380014946291623901.jpg
Hans E. Suess
Formula:
(Fe,Ni)3Si
Colour:
Steel-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Specific Gravity:
7.08 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named in honor of Hans Eduard Suess (29 December 1909, Vienna, Austria - 20 September 1993, La Jolla, California, USA), physical chemist, nuclear physicist, and professor of chemistry, University of California at San Diego, USA in recognition of his outstanding contributions to the field of cosmochemistry and meteoritics. He received the V. M. Goldschmidt Award in 1974.
Compare xifengite and mavlyanovite.

Uncommon accessory in some iron meteorites.

One of many natural Fe-Si phases; beside the approved species (xifengite and other ones listed below) you may want to compare Unnamed (Fe silicide I), Unnamed (Fe silicide II) and UM2000-60-Si:Fe.

Compare carletonmooreite.


Classification of SuessiteHide

Approved
Approval year:
1979
1.BB.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
B : Metallic Carbides, Silicides, Nitrides and Phosphides
B : Silicides
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.33.1
1.1.23.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
2.13

2 : Carbides, Nitrides, Silicides and Phosphides

Physical Properties of SuessiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Steel-gray
Cleavage:
None Observed
Density:
7.08 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SuessiteHide

Reflectivity:
470nmR=48.5%
546nmR=51.6%
589nmR=53.5%
650nmR=50%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 53.5%.
Colour in reflected light:
Cream white

Chemical Properties of SuessiteHide

Formula:
(Fe,Ni)3Si
IMA Formula:
Fe3Si

Crystallography of SuessiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Im3m
Setting:
Im3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 2.841(2) Å
Unit Cell V:
22.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000860SuessiteKeil K, Berkley J L, Fuchs J H (1982) Suessite, Fe3Si: a new mineral in the North Haig ureilite American Mineralogist 67 126-1311982North Haig ureilite, meteorite, Western Australia0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):

Type Occurrence of SuessiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
As anhedral interstitial vein fillings, to about 150 µm long; as cubic crystals, skeletal, to 0.3 mm
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Institute of Meteoritics, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of SuessiteHide

Other Language Names for SuessiteHide

German:Suessit
Simplified Chinese:硅三铁矿
Spanish:Suessita

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.BB.ZangboiteTiFeSi2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
1.BB.BrownleeiteMnSiIso. 2 3 : P21 3
1.BB.05MavlyanoviteMn5Si3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
1.BB.10UM2001-18-Si:CuPtSn(Cu,Pt)4Si
1.BB.10Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2Trig.
1.BB.15NaquiteFeSiIso. 2 3 : P21 3
1.BB.20LinzhiiteFeSi2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.BB.25LuobusaiteFe0.84Si2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
1.BB.30GupeiiteFe3SiIso.
1.BB.35HapkeiteFe2SiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.BB.40XifengiteFe5Si3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.1.23.2GupeiiteFe3SiIso.
1.1.23.3XifengiteFe5Si3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
1.1.23.3UM1985-02-E:AlZn(Zn,Cu)Al2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

2.1MoissaniteSiCHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.2SinoiteSi2N2OOrth.
2.3OsborniteTiNIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.4TongbaiteCr3C2Orth.
2.5CarlsbergiteCrNIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.6SiderazotFe5N2Hex.
2.7GupeiiteFe3SiIso.
2.8XifengiteFe5Si3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
2.9Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)CIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.10Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.11CoheniteFe3COrth.
2.12Roaldite(Fe,Ni)4NIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3n
2.14Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3PTet. 4 : I4
2.15Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2PHex. 6 m2 : P62m
2.16Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SuessiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Keil, K., Berkley, J.L., Fuchs, L.H. (1980) Suessite, Fe3Si, a new mineral in the North Haig ureilite. Abstracts of Papers Presented at the Forty-Third Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society 1980: 154-154.
Keil, K., Berkley, J.L., Fuchs, L.H. (1980) Suessite, Fe3Si, a new mineral in the North Haig ureilite. Meteoritics: 15: 312-313.
Cabri, L.J., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A. (1981) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 66: 1099-1103.
Keil, K., Berkley, J.L., Fuchs, L.H. (1982) Suessite, Fe3Si: a new mineral in the North Haig ureilite. American Mineralogist: 67: 126-131.

Internet Links for SuessiteHide

Localities for SuessiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Elephant Moraine
Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K., Nehru, C. E. & Delaney, J. S. (1987) EET 83309, A Polymict Ureilite: Recognition of a New Group: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XVIII: 802-803. (Mar 1987).; Herrin, J. S., Mittlefehldt, D. W., Downes, H. & Humayun, M. (2007) Diverse Metals and Sulfides in Polymict Ureilites EET 83309 and EET 87720: Lunar and Planetary Science XXXVIII. LPI Contribution No. 1338, p.2404. (March 2007).; Beard, A. D., Downes, H. & Howard, K. (2009) Hydrated Silica (Opal) in a Polymict Ureilite, EET 83309: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44 (7, Supplement): page. A31. (Sept 2009).
Australia (TL)
 
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • North Haig
        • Sleeper Camp
Meteoritics (1980) 15, 312-313
Libya
 
  • Jufra District
    • Dar al Gani
Ikeda, Y., Prinz, M. & Nehru, C. E. (2000) Lithic and mineral clasts in the Dar Al Gani (DAG) 319 polymict ureilite: Antarctic Meteorite Research. Twenty-fourth Symposium on Antarctic Meteorites, NIPR Symposium No. 13., Editor in Chief, Takeo Hirasawa. National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo. pp.177-221. (Mar 2000).
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Mid-Pacific Rise
[AmMin 87:182]
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Nowa Ruda
        • Piast Mine
Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M., Fabiańska, M. (2014): Chemical composition of glasses and associating mineral species in various pyrometamorphic rocks from coal-mining dumps of the Lower Silesia. Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 70-71
Russia
 
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Anadyrsky District
      • Iomrautvaam massif
Ma, C., Lin, C., Bindi, L., Steinhardt, P.J. (2016): Discovery of new Al-Cu-Fe minerals in the Khatyrka CV3 meteorite. 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, PDF no. 6017. [http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2016/pdf/6017.pdf]
Sudan
 
  • River Nile
Addi Bischoff, Mariam Horstmann, Andreas Pack, Matthias Laubstein & Siegfried Haberer (2010). Asteroid 2008 TC3—Almahata Sitta: A spectacular breccia containing many different ureilitic and chondritic lithologies. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45, (#10-11), 1638-1657-1667. (Oct-Nov 2010).
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent
    • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
      • Arashan Mtn
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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