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Surite

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Formula:
(Pb,Ca)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(CO3)2(OH)3 · 0.3H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White, light green
Hardness:
2 - 3
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, the Cruz del Sur Mine, Argentina.
This page provides mineralogical data about Surite.


Classification of Surite

Approved
Approval Year:
1977
9.EC.75

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.2.4.2

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
2 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
17.4.14

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
4 : Silicates with carbonates

Physical Properties of Surite

Colour:
White, light green
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 3

Optical Data of Surite

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.693 nγ = 1.738
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.045
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak to distinct

Chemical Properties of Surite

IMA Formula:
(Pb,Ca)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(CO3)2(OH)3 · 0.3H2O
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Cu,Na,H2O

Crystallography of Surite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.22 Å, b = 8.97 Å, c = 16.3 Å
β = 96.1°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.582 : 1 : 1.817
Unit Cell Volume:
V 758.90 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Surite

Relationship of Surite to other Species

9.EC.05MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
9.EC.05TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
9.EC.05WillemseiteNi3Si4O10(OH)2
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe3+Si2O5(OH)
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(Si3B)O10(OH)2
9.EC.15CeladoniteKMgFe3+Si4O10(OH)2
9.EC.15ChernykhiteBaV23+(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
9.EC.15MontdoriteKFe2+1.5Mn2+0.5Mg0.5Si4O10(F,OH)2
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.15RoscoeliteKV23+(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4)Al2(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteKMgAlSi4O10(OH)2
9.EC.15ChromphylliteKCr2(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteKFe2+AlSi4O10(OH)2
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteKFe2+Fe3+Si4O10(OH)2
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteKMgCrSi4O10(OH)2
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2Si4O10F2
9.EC.15GanteriteBa0.5(Na,K)0.5Al2(Si2.5Al1.5)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20AnniteKFe32+AlSi3O10(OH)2
9.EC.20EphesiteNaLiAl2(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20MasutomiliteKLiAlMn2+(Si3Al)O10(F,OH)2
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn23+Si4O12
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2AlSi4O10F2
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaAlMg2(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3Fe3+Si3O10F2
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K,◻)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH,F)4
9.EC.20EastoniteKAlMg2(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe32+(Si3Fe3+)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20TrilithioniteKLi1.5Al1.5(Si3Al)O10F2
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe32+(Si3Al)O10F2
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteK(Mg2Na)Si4O10F2
9.EC.20ShirozuliteKMn32+(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2AlSi4O10F2
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe32+(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5Si4O10F2
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2TiSi4O10(OF)
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
9.EC.25Brammallite(Na,H3O)(Al,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
9.EC.35AnanditeBaFe32+(Si3Fe3+)O10S(OH)
9.EC.35BityiteCaLiAl2(Si2BeAl)O10(OH)2
9.EC.35ClintoniteCaAlMg2(SiAl3)O10(OH)2
9.EC.35KinoshitaliteBaMg3(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
9.EC.35FerrokinoshitaliteBaFe32+(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
9.EC.35OxykinoshitaliteBaMg2Ti4+O2(Si2Al2)O10
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3Al2Si2O10F2
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca)0.3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40KurumsakiteZn8Al8V25+Si5O35 · 27H2O
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.3(Al,Mg)2Si4O10(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe23+(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na,K)0.2(Cu,Fe,Mg)2Si4O10(OH)2 · 3H2O
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3Si4O10(F,OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.45Saponite(Ca,Na)0.3(Mg,Fe2+)3(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O(?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-ySi4O10(OH)2
9.EC.45SwineforditeCa0.2(Li,Al,Mg,Fe)3(Si,Al)4O10(OH,F)2 · nH2O
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3Si4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.50VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe3+,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
9.EC.55ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al,Li)3Al2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Mn32+Mn3+Fe3+Zn2Si2O10(OH)8
9.EC.55GonyeriteMn52+Fe3+(Si3Fe3+O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55Pennantite(Mn2+,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
9.EC.55SudoiteMg2Al3(Si3Al)O10(OH)8
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl2(Si3Al)O10(OH)2 · Al2.33(OH)6
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(Si3Al)O10(OH,O)8
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLiAl4(Si3B)O10(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 4H2O
9.EC.60Corrensite(Ca,Na,K)1-x(Mg,Fe,Al)9(Si,Al)8O20(OH)10 · nH2O
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Si4Al2)O15(OH)12
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · nH2O
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Mg,Ni)2Si2O5(OH)2(?)
9.EC.60KulkeiteNa0.3Mg8Al(Si,Al)8O20(OH)10
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(Si7Al)20(OH,O)10
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 2H2O
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(Si3Al)O10(OH)5
9.EC.60TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)8O18(OH)12 · 5H2O
9.EC.60Brinrobertsite(Na,K,Ca)0.3(Al,Fe,Mg)4(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 3.5H2O
9.EC.65MacaulayiteFe243+Si4O43(OH)2
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
9.EC.75FerrisuritePb2.4Fe23+Si4O10(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2O
9.EC.75NiksergieviteBa2Al3(Si,Al)4O10(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2O
9.EC.80KegelitePb4Al2Si4O10(SO4)(CO3)2(OH)4
17.4.1TilleyiteCa5Si2O7(CO3)2
17.4.2SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
17.4.3ParaspurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)
17.4.4ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2(CO3) · 2H2O
17.4.5FukaliteCa4Si2O6(CO3)(OH)2
17.4.6Meionite(Ca,Na)4(Si,Al)12O24(CO3,SO4,Cl)
17.4.7Cancrinite(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6)O24(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
17.4.8CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(F,OH) · H2O
17.4.9Iimoriite-(Y)Y2(SiO4)(CO3)
17.4.10Kainosite-(Y)Ca2Y2(SiO3)4(CO3) · H2O
17.4.11Caysichite-(Y)(Ca,Yb,Er)4Y4Si8O20(CO3)6(OH) · 7H2O
17.4.12Lepersonnite-(Gd)CaGd2(UO2)24(CO3)8Si4O28 · 60H2O
17.4.13AshburtoniteHPb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)4Cl
17.4.15Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2TiO2SiO4(CO3)2
17.4.16Tundrite-(Nd)Na2Nd2TiO2(SiO4)(CO3)2

Other Names for Surite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Surit
Spanish:Surita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Surite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1978): 63: 1175-1181.

American Mineralogist (1997): 82: 416-422.

Internet Links for Surite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-3831.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Surite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina (TL)
 
  • Río Negro
    • Nueve de Julio department
      • Comicó
Amer.Min.(1978) 63, 1175-1181
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Ozieri
Olmi F., Sabelli C., Santucci, A., Brizzi, G. (1995): I silicati e i vanadati di Ozieri (SS). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1995, 145-160
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Collected by Joe Ruiz. XRD confirmed by Tony Kamph; Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 8.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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