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Synchysite-(Ce)

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Formula:
CaCe(CO3)2F
Colour:
Gray, gray-yellow, orange-yellow, brown, beige, light green, white
Lustre:
Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.9
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1901 by Gustav Flink from the Greek σύγχΰσις "synchys" for "confounding" in allusion to its initially being mistaken for parisite. The suffix "-(Ce)" was added by the IMA due to the dominance of cerium in the composition.
Synchysite Group.

Ce analogue of Synchysite-(Y) and Synchysite-(Nd); Ca analogue of Huanghoite-(Ce).
F-dominant analogue of Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce).


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Approval Year:
1982
5/C.07-110
5.BD.20c

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.3.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
12.1.13

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides

Physical Properties of Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Gray, gray-yellow, orange-yellow, brown, beige, light green, white
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Splintery, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.9 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.88 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.674 nε = 1.770
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.096
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Pleochroism:
Weak

Chemical Properties of Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

Formula:
CaCe(CO3)2F

Crystallography of Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.329(2) Å, b = 7.11 Å, c = 18.741(2) Å
β = 102.68(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.734 : 1 : 2.636
Unit Cell V:
1,602.75 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
12
Morphology:
Acute pyramidal; spindle-shaped.
Also thin or thick tabular.
Twinning:
On {0001}
Comment:
Strongly pseudohexagonal. Commonly observed subcell is primitive-hexagonal, a ~4.10, c ~18.2 A.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.1 (60)
4.53 (50)
3.55 (100)
3.32 (40)
2.80 (100)
2.06 (50)
1.934 (50)

Type Occurrence of Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

Synonyms of Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

Other Language Names for Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

Relationship of Synchysite-(Ce) to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Hydroxylsynchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2(OH)
Synchysite-(La) Ca(La,Nd)(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Calcite28 photos of Synchysite-(Ce) associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Quartz28 photos of Synchysite-(Ce) associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Albite20 photos of Synchysite-(Ce) associated with Albite on mindat.org.
Anatase18 photos of Synchysite-(Ce) associated with Anatase on mindat.org.
Pyrite16 photos of Synchysite-(Ce) associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)14 photos of Synchysite-(Ce) associated with Bastnäsite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Fluorite11 photos of Synchysite-(Ce) associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Chlorite Group9 photos of Synchysite-(Ce) associated with Chlorite Group on mindat.org.
Rutile8 photos of Synchysite-(Ce) associated with Rutile on mindat.org.
Aeschynite-(Y)8 photos of Synchysite-(Ce) associated with Aeschynite-(Y) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4FHex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2Mon.
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]FHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)Hex.
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)Hex.
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2FTrig. 3 : P3
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

16a.1.3.2Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
16a.1.3.3Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4Tric.
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2OHex.
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2Orth.
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5Mon. 2/m
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P6c2
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)FHex.
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)FHex. 6 m2 : P62c
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2Mon. m : Bb
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2FMon. 2/m : B2/b
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3Trig. 3 : R3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F Hex.
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3FTrig.
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Flink, G. (1900): Mineralogische Notizen. 1. Ueber den Synchysit von Narsarsuk in Süd-Grönland, ein Mineral, welches für Parisit gehalten wurde. Bulletin of the Geological Instution of the University of Upsala. 5, 81-87.
Yunxiang, Ni, John M. Hughes, and Anthony N. Mariano (1993) The atomic arrangement of bastnäsite-(Ce), Ce(CO3)F, and structural elements of synchysite-(Ce), röntgenite-(Ce), and parisite-(Ce). American Mineralogist: 78: 415-418.
Wang, L., Ni, Y., Hughes, J.M., Bayliss, P., Drexler, J.W. (1994): The atomic arrangement of synchysite-(Ce), CeCaF(CO3)2. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 865-871. [Abs. in Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (1995): New mineral names. American Mineralogist, 80, 1073-1077.]

Internet Links for Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

Localities for Synchysite-(Ce)Hide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
ZHENG, L., GU, X., & ZHANG, Y. (2014). Pyrochlore Chemistry from the Bonga Carbonatite-type Nb Deposit, Huila Province, Angola: Implications for Magmatic-Hydrothermal Processes of Carbonatite. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40, 205-226.
  • Namibe Province
    • Tombwa City Council
L. Torró, C. Villanova, M. Castillo, M. Campeny, A. O. Gonçalves and J. C. Melgarejo (2012): Niobium and rare earth minerals from the Virulundo carbonatite, Namibe, Angola. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 393-409.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch, W. D. & Pring, A. (1987): A note on synchysite-(Ce) from Broken Hill, New South Wales. Australian Mineral. 2 (2), 13-15; Birch BH Book
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Yunta
Brugger, J., Ogierman, J., Pring, A., Waldron, H., Kolitsch, U. (2006): Origin of the secondary REE-minerals at the Paratoo copper deposit near Yunta, South Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 609-627.
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Lottermoser B. G. (1995). Neues.Jb. Miner. Mh.1995, 8, 371-384
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Queenstown district
Unpub data R Bottrill & C Hughes
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gurktaler Alpen
      • St Veit an der Glan
        • Äußere Wimitz
G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 191./111.: 43-55 (2001)
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Ankogel group
        • Kleinelend valley
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Goldberg group
        • Tauern valley
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Fresach
        • Laas
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Gloggnitz
Kolitsch, U. & Slama, M. (2016): Zur Mineralogie des niederösterreichischen Anteils des Semmering-Basistunnels: ein erster Bericht. Der Steirische Mineralog 31, 20-27 (in German).
    • Waldviertel
      • Maissau
        • Limberg
          • Gänsgraben
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Naßfeld valley
          • Sportgastein
Franz Bernhard (EDS-analyses of several synchysite samples)
      • Obersulzbach valley
        • Hopffeld area
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
        • Seidlwinkl valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Lungau
      • Murwinkel
        • Rotgülden
          • Muritzen valley
            • Haderlingspitze
Walter, F. (2010): 1647) Monazit-(Ce), Synchisit-(Ce), Vanadinit, Wulfenit und Xenotim-(Y) vom Haderlingspitz, Muritzenkar, Lungau, Salzburg. P. 234-235 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
  • Styria
    • Koralpe
      • Deutschlandsberg
        • Leibenfeld
Postl, W. et al. (2007)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Zillertal
        • Zamser Grund (Zams valley)
          • Schrammacher
Folie, K., Rocchetti, I. (1999): Novità Mineralogiche del Passo di Vizze. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1999, 222-230.
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Wicheeda Lake
Dalsin, M.L. (2013) The Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Geochronology of the Wicheeda Carbonatite Complex, British Columbia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
Feng, Y. & Samson, I.M. (2015) Replacement process involving high field strength elements in the T-zone, Thor Lake rare-metal deposit. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 61-82.
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Yarmouth Co.
      • Argyle
        • East Kemptville
Horváth collection - XRD analysis
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Carb Lake Area
SAGE, R.P. (1983) Geology of the Carb Lake carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5399, 68p.
    • Sudbury District
      • Scadding Township
Canadian Mineralogist 45, 1415
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991)
      • Killala Lake Area
http://users.renegadeisp.com/~rwahl/Prairie%20Lake%20area%20Properties%20Available%20for%20option.htm
      • O'Meara Township
Platt & Wooley (1990)
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Gold (1969); Gaston Pouliot (1970) Study of carbonatitic calcites from Oka, Quebec. Can Mineral 10:511-540
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Cheang, K.K. (1977), Structure and polytypism of synchisite and parisite from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. M. Sc. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
    • Montréal
TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
    • Nord-du-Québec
Nadeau, O.,Cayer, A., Pelletier, M., Stevenson, R. & Jébrak, M. (2015) The Paleoproterozoic Montviel carbonatite-hosted REE–Nb deposit, Abitibi, Canada: Geology, mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis. Ore Geology Reviews 67, 314-335.
      • Nunavik
Laferrière, A. (2011) Technical Report Mineral Resource Estimation Eldor Property – Ashram Deposit Nunavik, Quebec Commerce Resources Corporation. SGS Canada Inc. 99 p.
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
Fournier, A. (1993)
FOURNIER, A. (1993) Magmat!c and hydrothermal controls of LREE mineralization of the St.-Honoré carbonatite, Québec. M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. 95p.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Longnan Co.
Yunhuai Lin and Shiyang Chen (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(3), 23-31
      • Xunwu Co.
Yunhuai Lin (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(4), 22-28
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Baoji Prefecture
      • Taibai Co.
Xishun Hu (2009): Gold Science and Technology 17(2), 17-22, 27
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huili Co.
Yuanfu Xiao, Yan Sun, Zhiqiang Zhao, Gang Niu, Lin Zhang, and Congxuan Kang (2010): Geology in China 37(2), 463-469
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Frýdek-Místek
Matýsek D. (2013): Projevy mobilizace prvků vzácných zemin (REE) v podbeskydských těšínitech. Acta Mus. Morav., Sci. nat., 98, 101–113.
    • Olomouc Region
      • Prostějov
Škoda R., Čopjakova R. 2006: Authigenic REE mineralsfrom greywackes of the Drahany Uplands, Czech Republic and their significance for diagenetic processes. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 28, 208-210
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Nord-Kivu
Nasraoui, M., Toulkeridis, T., Clauer, N., & Bilal, E. (2000). Differentiated hydrothermal and meteoric alterations of the Lueshe carbonatite complex (Democratic Republic of Congo) identified by a REE study combined with a sequential acid-leaching experiment. Chemical Geology, 165(1), 109-132.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Langeac
        • Marsanges
PERINET F. (2014) - Minéraux des terres rares de Marsanges (Haute Loire). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs N° 123 pp. 18-22; Boisson, J.-M. & Leconte, J. (2014): Analyses 2012-2013 MNHN-MICROMONTEURS. La revue de Micromonteurs, 21.
    • Savoie
      • La Lauzière massif
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R.. (2000). La Lauzière : les espèces minérales, Savoie, France. Le Règne Minéral hors-série n°6, pp. 24-39. Editions du Piat.
      • Tarentaise valley
        • Bourg-St Maurice
          • Les Arcs
            • Peisey-Nancroix
De Ascencão Guedes R., Guichon F. & Meisser N. (2004). La synchisite-(Ce) de la Grande-Glière, Peisey-Nancroix (Savoie). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°86, p 27
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Luzenac
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 1990, 4, p.3,8-12]
    • Tarn
      • Alban - Le Fraysse area
        • Bennac
Castro, A. and Rémy, P. (2011): Découverte d'une fente alpine dans le Tarn. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 114(4), 10-20. (in French)
      • Réalmont
        • Montredon-Labessonnié
Bernadi G. (2004), Quelques nouvelles de Peyrebrune (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°86, pp 13-18
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Villar-d'Arêne
Designolle J-L. (1997), L'Alpe du Villar d'Arène (Hautes-Alpes), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 23-30
    • Var
      • Fréjus
        • Reyran valley
Augé, T., Bailly, L. & Wille, G. (2015): An unusual occurrence of synchysite-(Ce) in amygdules from the Esterel volcanic rocks, France: Implications for rare-earth element mobility. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 837-856. Augé, T., Bailly, L. & Chollet, P. (2015): Une occurence originale de synchysite-(Ce) dans les bulles de lave de la vallée du Reyran, Estérel, Var, France.Conséquences sur la mobilité des éléments du groupe des terres rares. Riviera scientifique 99, 49-68
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Alpirsbach
        • Reinerzau District
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Haslach
        • Steinach
[Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Burgfelsen
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Todtnau
Lapis 21(12), 44 (1996)
      • Waldshut
        • Detzeln
Hess, E., Graeser, S. & Gabriel, W. (2011): Das Porphyrwerk Detzeln im Steinatal und seine Mineralien. Lapis 36 (4), 25-35; 54.
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); KOLITSCH, U., GRAF, H. W. & BLAß, G. (1997): Untersuchungen über die Seltenerden-Carbonate Bastnäsit und Synchisit von der Grube Clara im Schwarzwald: Nachweis von Bastnäsit-(Ce), Bastnäsit-(Nd), Bastnäsit-(La) und Synchisit-(Ce). - Aufschluss 48, 367-79.
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Marktredwitz
          • Dechantsees
Meier, S. (1985): Synchisit aus dem Steinbruch bei Dechantsees/Fichtelgebirge. Lapis, 10 (11), 38-39; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Oder valley
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Haldensleben
      • Flechtinger Höhen
        • Flechtingen
Witzke, T. & Jacob, G. (1995): Nachweis von Synchysit-(Ce) und Gladit in Vulkaniten der Flechtingen-Roßlauer Scholle. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 23, 443-448.
    • Halle
      • Petersberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Hajek, W. & Gröbner, J. (2007): Allanit, Anatas und Brookit vom Petersberg bei Halle. Lapis 32 (6), 53-57; Jahn, S. (2007): Der Petersberg bei Halle a. d. Saale. Mineralien-Welt 18(6), 16-41.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 67-80.
    • Oberlausitz
      • Görlitz
        • Königshain
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
        • Thiemendorf
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Eine Seltenerd- und Niob-Tantal-Mineralisation aus dem Königshainer Granit in der Lausitz, Sachsen.- Mineralien-Welt 24(1), 36-45
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B. and Voudouris, P. (2015): Mineralogy and genesis of the Lavrion ore deposit: new insights from the study of ore and accessory minerals. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 66.
Greenland (TL)
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Petersen, O. V & Johnsen, O. (2005): Minerals first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special Publication. 8, 184p; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 932; Lapis (2001): 3: 8.
Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Komló
Szakáll, S., Nagy, G. és Sajó, I. (2003): Synchysite-(Ce) from the Komló coal deposit, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Acta Mineral.-Petrogr., Abstr. Ser. 1, p. 100.
      • Pécs
Sándor Klaj collection
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
        • Ferret Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): MInerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Veny Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
          • Reppia
Camarda, S. (2006): Sinchisite-(Ce) "micro-estetica" della miniera di Gambatesa. Prie, 2, 37-38.
    • Savona Province
      • Maremola Valley
        • Magliolo
Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Ceresio Valley
        • Cuasso al Monte
          • Cavagnano
Collection of Barry Murphy, Micromount specimen catalogue number 00876
see http://imgdb.amiminerals.it/picture.php?/1264/category/112
see http://imgdb.amiminerals.it/picture.php?/1267/category/112
  • Piedmont
    • Biella Province
      • Curino
Martini, B., Salvetti, A., Della Fontana, G., Boscardin, M., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P. (2010): Primo ritrovamento nel Biellese di synchysite-(Ce). Micro (UK report) 1/2010, 145-149
    • Cuneo Province
      • Bagnolo Piemonte
Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
      • Casotto Valley
Piccoli, G.C. (2002): Minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie Provincia di Cuneo. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba, 366 pp.
      • Gesso Valley
        • Entracque
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Stura Valley
        • Sambuco
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Vinadio
          • Bagni di Vinadio Valley (Corborant Valley)
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Torino Province
      • Pellice Valley
        • Luserna Valley
- Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.; - Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.
Giuseppe Finello Collection
      • Susa Valley
        • Meana di Susa
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Oltrefiume
Sergio Varvello collection
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Crodo
Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Brambilla A. (1986): Sinchisite di Verampio. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 10, (3), 137-139.
          • Devero Valley
            • Baceno
              • Devero Alp
Lapis, 20 (7/8), 41-64+76; Guastoni, A., Cámara, F. and Nestola, F. (2010): Arsenic-rich β-Fergusonite-(Y) from Mount Cervandone (Western Alps, Italy): Crystal structure and genetic implications. American Mineralogist, 95, 487-494.
Albertini C. (1991): L'Alpe Devero ed i suoi minerali. Edizioni Grafica P.G.A., Dormelletto (Novara), 299 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Beura-Cardezza
Huen, E., Gramaccioli, C.M. (1969): Sulla sinchisite di Beura (Ossola). Natura, LX, 3, 193-194.
        • Divedro Valley
          • Varzo
Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. & van der Burgt, A. (2016) Le allaniti e i minerali di terre rare dell'Alpe Veglia (Varzo, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 40, 212-241.
        • Mergozzo
Gramaccioli C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
        • Montecrestese
Giovanni Scapin collection
        • Villadossola
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 157-170.
      • Stresa
Sergio Varvello collection
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Sarroch
- Orlandi, P., Gelosa, M., Bonacina, E., Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G., A. et Vinci, A. (2013) : Sardignaite, gelosaite et tancaite-(Ce) : trois nouveaux minéraux de Su Seinargiu, Sarroch, Sardaigne, Italie. Le Règne Minéral, 112, 39-52.; Orlandi P., Gelosa M., Bonacina E., Caboni F., Mamberti M., Tanca G.A., Vinci A. (2015): Sette nuove specie mineralogiche della Sardegna. I minerali della mineralizzazione a molibdeno e bismuto di Su Seinargiu (CA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 2, 84-115.
Mondillo, N. et al. (2016): Rare earth elements (REE)—Minerals in the Silius fluorite vein system (Sardinia, Italy). Ore Geology Reviews 74, 211-224.
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
- Sabelli C. (2000): Rooseveltite e "agardite-(Ce)".Riv. Mineral. Ital., 1/2000, 40-43.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo (Sankt Jakob)
          • Oberbergtal
collection Manuele Moro
Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
          • Vizze Pass (Pfitsch Pass; Pfitscher Joch)
Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
Folie, K., Gentile, P., Hanke, M., Rocchetti, I. (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt, 21, 4, 42-67.
Buscaroli, C., Del Pozzo, C., e Tosato, F. (1994): La fergusonite della Wasserfallkopfe in Val di Vizze. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1994, 337-341
    • Trento Province
      • Canal San Bovo
        • Vanoi Valley
          • Pralongo
Ferretti, P., Gualtieri, A., Rocchetti, I., Vecchi, F. (2015): Cava Pralongo. Nuove segnalazioni dalle pegmatiti della Valle del Vanoi (Canal San Bovo, Trento). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 49, 3 (3-2015), 164-185.
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
Vecchi, F., Rocchetti, I. & Gentile, P. (2013): Die Mineralien des Granits von Predazzo, Provinz Trient, Italien. Mineralien-Welt, 24(6), 98-117 (in German).
Frizzo, P., Peruzzo, L., Dellantonio, E. (2010): The copper-wolfram deposit of Bedovina (Trento, Italy). Geo.Alp, 7, 55-70. [http://www2.uibk.ac.at/downloads/c715/geoalp_7_10/04frizzo_et_al_sml.pdf]
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
-Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Campo nell'Elba
          • San Piero in Campo
Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Minucciano
          • Gorfigliano
Orlandi P., Dini A., Gemignani E., Pierotti L., Quilici U., Romani U., 2002. Paragenesi alpine nelle Alpi Apuane: I minerali delle vene di quarzo della Valle dell'Acqua Bianca, Gorfigliano (LU) Riv. Mineral. It., 26, 4: 216-223
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Monte Naro
          • Monte Naro - Riolo Valley side
            • Contrada Trentini
-Atti della giornata di Studio – L’argento e le “terre bianche” del Tretto e della val Leogra – Comune di Schio, 2000. A cura di Pietro Frizzo.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka Prefecture
      • Tagawa-gun
        • Kawasaki
Kitamura & Uehara (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 102.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Talas Oblast
    • Ak-Tyuz ore Field
no reference
Madagascar
 
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Ampasindava Peninsula
Estrade, G., et al.: REE and HFSE mineralization in peralkaline granites of the Ambohimirahavavy alkaline complex, Ampasindava peninsula, Madagascar. J. Afr. Earth Sci. (2013), (article in press)
          • Betaimboay
            • Unnamed caldera
Wolfgang Hampel (2011), fieldwork/studies
Malawi
 
  • Phalombe District
Ngwenya, B. T. (1994): Hydrothermal rare earth mineralisation in carbonatites of the Tundulu complex, Malawi: processes at the fluid/rock interface. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 58, 2061-2072.
  • Zomba District
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Gobi Desert
N.V. Vladykin data
Jindřich Kynický
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
G.M. Tsareva data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:530-547
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas District
Wall, F., Niku-Paavola, V.N., Storey, C., Müller, A. & Jeffries, T. (2008) Xenotime-(Y) from carbonatite dykes at Lofdal, Namibia: unusually low LREE:HREE ratio in carbonatite, and first dating of xenotime overgrowths in zircon. Canadian Mineralogist, 46, 861-877.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Nedre Eiker
      • Nedre Eiker Church
Raade, G. (1969): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway, No 40. Cavity minerals from the permian biotite granite at Nedre Eiker Church. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 49, 227-239 + Neumann (1985, p. 100).
Nordrum, F.S. (2001): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2000-2001. STEIN 28 (2): 13- 19
  • Nordland
    • Tysfjord
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Nordmarka
L. O. Kvamsdal (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo.
      • Øståsen
        • Surka
L. O. Kvamsdal (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo(in Norwegian).
Werner, R. (1993): Om synchysitt i Norge. STEIN 20 (4),221-226
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
      • Bånkall
SEM-EDS Mineralogical Museum, Oslo, Norway 2017.08.31
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Eid
Werner, Ronald (1993): Om synchisitt i Norge. STEIN 20 (4), 221-226
    • Gaular
Samuelsen, H. (1993): Sogn 1992. Stein, 20 (1), 2 + 64-67
  • Svalbard
    • Spitsbergen
      • Hornsund fjord
Pršek, J., Majka, J., Uher, P. & Chudík, P. (2010): Niobium-tantalum minerals in the Skoddefjellet NYF granitic pegmatite, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway: Primary versus secondary assemblage. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 187, 235-248
  • Telemark
    • Nome
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 100.
  • Vestfold
    • Holmestrand
Larsen, A. O. (1994): Drusemineraler fra Solumsåsen pukkverk, Holmestrand. STEIN 21 (2), 136-141
    • Horten
Knut Edvard Larsen MM-collection (#743), collected in febr.1987
    • Re
      • Knutstad
Larsen, K. E. & Larsen, S. (2004): Mineralforekomster på Vestfold lavaplatå. Del 1 : I rombeporfyrene. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 51-58
Larsen, K. E. & Larsen, S. (2004): Mineralforekomster på Vestfold lavaplatå. Del 1 : I rombeporfyrene. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 51-58
    • Sande
Hermann Fylling
    • Tønsberg
      • Sem
        • Frestiåsen Quarry
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1576
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
Mineralogia Polonica Vol. 29, (2), 3-11
      • Świdnica District
JANECZEK J., SZEŁĘG E., 1998: Bastnäsite-(Ce) and synchysite-(Ce) from pegmatite and hydrothermally altered granite of the Strzegom-Sobótka Massif. Miner. Polon., 29 (2), 3-11.
Körber, T. & Szuszkiewicz, A. (2005): Fundstellen-Klassiker: Der Striegauer Granit und seine Mineralien - Mineralien-Welt 16 (3): 16-45
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
    • Ditrău (Ditró)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Tuva Republic
Pavel M. Kartashov data of 2015
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Aldan province
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
        • Kukisvumchorr Mt
Lapis 28(12), 46-47 (2003)
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
P.M. Kartashov data
Kirnarskiy, Yu.M., Kozyreva, L.V. [Кирнарский, Ю.М., Козырева, Л.В.] (1974): On the carbonate veins in rocks of the Khibiny alkaline massif [О карбонатных жилах в породах Хибинского щелочного массива]. In: Minerals and parageneses of minerals of magmatic and metasomatic rocks [Минералы и парагенезисы минералов магматических и метасоматических горных пород]. Nauka, Leningrad, pages 196-202 (in Russian); Dudkin, O.B., Minakov, F.V. [Дудкин, О.Б., Минаков, Ф.В.] (1976): A new type of carbonate mineralisation in foyaites of the Khibiny massif [Новый тип карбонатной минерализации в фойяитах Хибинского массива]. In: Materials on the mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline rocks of the Kola peninsula [Материалы по минералогии и геохимии щелочных пород Кольского полуострова]. Kola Branch, USSR Academy of Science Press [Издательство Кольского филиала АН СССР], Apatity, pages 159-174 (in Russian); Kostyleva-Labuntsova, E.E., Borutskiy, B.E., Sokolova, M.N., Shlyukova, Z.V., Dorfman, M.D., Dudkin, O.B., Kozyreva, L.V., Ikorskiy, S.V. [Костылева-Лабунцова, Е.Е., Боруцкий, Б.Е., Соколова, М.Н., Шлюкова, З.В., Дорфман, М.Д., Дудкин, О.Б., Козырева, Л.В., Икорский, С.В.] (1978): Mineralogy of the Khibiny massif [Минералогия Хибинского массива]. Volume 1: Magmatism and post-magmatic transformations [Магматизм и постмагматические преобразования]. Nauka, Moscow, Москва, 227 pp.; Volume 2: Minerals [Минералы]. Nauka, Moscow, 585 pp. (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Yakovenchuk, V.N. [Зайцев, А.Н., Меньшиков, Ю.П., Яковенчук, В.Н.] (1992): Barium zeolites of the Khibiny alkaline massif [Бариевые цеолиты Хибинского щелочного массива]. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva [Записки Всероссийского Минералогического Общества], 121, 2, 54-61 (in Russian); Zaitsev, A.N., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Chao, G.Y., Gault, R.A., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Bogdanova, A.N. (1996): Kukharenkoite-(Ce), Ва2Се(СО3)3F, a new mineral from Kola Peninsula, Russia, and Québec, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 1327—1336; Pekov I.V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Picture, Moscow, 369 pp.; Zaitsev, A.N., Wall, F., Le Bas, M.J. (1998): REE-Sr-Ba minerals from the Khibina carbonatites, Kola peninsula, Russia: their mineralogy, paragenesis and evolution. Mineralogical Magazine, 62, 225-250; Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P. (2005): Khibiny. Laplandia Minerals Ltd. (in association with the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland), Apatity, 468 pp.
  • Southern Siberia
    • Sayan Mts
      • Eastern Sayan
Savel'eva V.B. Karmanov N.S. (2008) Rare earth's minerals of alkaline metasomatites of Main Sayan Fault zone, - Zapiski RMO, N2, pp.14-35 (in Rus.).; Savel’eva, V.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 681-696.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Prepolar Ural
      • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
        • Khanty-Mansi Okrug (Khanty Mansiysk)
          • Saranpaul
[MinRec 30:465]
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Tisovec
Ondrejka M., Uher P., Pršek J., Ozdín D., Putiš M., 2005: Arsenian monazite-Ce and REE arsenates and carbonates: Composition and substitution in the REEPO4 – REEAsO4 system. Example from Tisovec – Rejkovo thyolite (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.7, 04857.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Trenčín Region
    • Považská Bystrica Co.
Uher, P., Ondrejka, M.: Britolit-(Y): neskoromagmatický akcesorický minerál Y-REE z granitu A-typu v Stupnom při Považskej Bystrici, Pieninské bradlové pásmo (severozápadné Slovensko). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 2, 224-229.; Uher, P., Ondrejka, M., Bačík, P., Broska, I. and Konečný, P. (2015): Britholite, monazite, REE-carbonates and calcite: products of hydrothermal alteration of allanite and apatite in A-type granite from Stupné, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. Lithos, 236-237, 212-225.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
          • Zaaiplaats tin field
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 258, 288.
        • Thabazimbi
          • Glenover carbonatite
Minerals of South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
South Korea
 
  • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
    • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov data
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Adra
Christian Rewitzer collection 2007 / Mineralup magazine; J. Gröbner & U. Kolitsch (SEM-EDS, SXRD & PXRD)
- Miguel A. Fernandez Périz (2006): Los minerales Alpinos de Adra, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 4-15.
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Pallars Sobirà
-Calvo, M. (2012): "Minerales y Minas de España". Vol.V. Carbonatos y Nitratos Boratos.Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas. Madrid.711 pp.
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Porriño
Calvo, M., Viñals, J. and Vila, F. (2009) Mineralogy of the pegmatites and miarolitic cavities in the granitic batholit of Porriño, Pontevedra, galicia, Spain. Mineral Up, (2009-1), 6-23
Sweden
 
  • Närke
    • Örebro
Jonsson, Erik; Högdahl, Karin; Sahlström, Fredrik; Majka, Jarek (2014) BIF-hosted REE silicate mineralisation at Högfors, Bergslagen, Sweden. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
  • Södermanland
    • Nynäshamn
No reference listed
Jonsson, Erik: (1992): Synchisit från Stora Vika. Berg & Mineral. 2, nr 3, p.13
  • Västmanland
    • Köping
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Aargau
    • Leuggern
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
  • Bern
    • Hasli Valley
      • Grimsel area
        • Oberaar power station
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Lugnez Valley (Lumnezia Valley)
      • Vrin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Medel Valley
      • Cristallina Valley
        • Casatscha Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
Collection Joachim Esche
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Leventina
      • Bedretto Valley
        • Ronco
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
      • Chiggiogna
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Lugano lake
      • Carona
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Riviera
      • Lodrino
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Bagnes Valley
      • Entremont Valley
        • Ferret Valley
          • La Fouly
Cuchet, S., Schnyder, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Les minéraux de L'A Neuve. Schweizer Strahler / Le Cristallier Suisse, Nr. 3, 28-37.; Cuchet, S., Schnyder, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Les minéraux de L'A Neuve. Schweizer Strahler / Le Cristallier Suisse, Nr. 3, 28-37.
    • Binn Valley
      • Chummibort
Cuchet, S., van der Burgt, A. und Meisser, N. (2005): Chummibort, eine neue Fundstelle für Arsenmineralien im Binntal. Schweizer Strahler, Nr. 2, 19-29. (in German/French)
See references at locality description - cuchet et al. 2014, Schweizer Strahler. I am co-author - M. Crumbach
      • Kriegalp Valley (Chriegalp Valley)
van der Burgt, A. & Cuchet, S. (2005): Neu: Gadolinit, Aeschynit und Synchisit vom Fleschsee, Binntal (Schweiz). Lapis 30 (4), 19-27, 50. (in German)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Brig
      • Mörel
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
    • Goms
      • Fiesch
        • Burg - Fiesch Glacier area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
      • Oberwald
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
      • Ulrichen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Le Trient Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
      • Van d'en Haut
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 394.
    • Raron
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
    • Visp
      • Baltschieder Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 393.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eastern Fells
        • Shap
M.Wirth collection, D.Green identification (Manchester Univ.)
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Peter Tavy
          • Devon United Mines
UKJMM Vol.29 p.49-52
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Blaenau Ffestiniog
No reference listed
        • Tanygrisiau
[UKJMM 16:30-33]
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Hubbard, N., Green, D.I., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) Barium Zeolites and Calcioancylite-(Ce) From Guisachan Quarry, Tomich, Highland, Scotland. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 73-79.; Cotterell, T.F. et al. (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor, Powys, Wales. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, vol. 32, 5-61.
Ukraine
 
  • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
Lyckberg, P., Chornousenko, V. & Wilson, W. E. (2009): Volodarsk-Volynski, Zhitomir Oblast, Ukraine. Mineralogical Record, 40, 473-506.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
R&M 67:6 p402-404
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
      • Iron Mountain complex
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
  • Illinois
    • Hardin Co.
in Lasemi, Z., & Mikulic, D. G. (2011). The 47th Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals. p17
  • Massachusetts
    • Norfolk Co.
Smith, W. L.; Stone, J.; Ross, D. R.; Levine, H. (1960), Doverite, a Possible New Yttrium Fluocarbonate from Dover, Morris County, New Jersey. (American Mineralogist 45:92-98.)
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Republic
Buchholz, T.W., Falster, A.U. and Simmons, W.B. (2013) Accessory mineralogy of the Black River pegmatite and Humboldt granite, Marquette County, Michigan. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 9-10.
    • Ontonagon Co.
      • White Pine
Rocks & Min.: 58:112; 61:345.
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Wakefield
T Mortimer (mindatnh.org)
    • Hillsborough Co.
      • Nashua
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
Bearss, G. & Cianciulli, J.: The Picking Table:41(2):17-18 (2000); Analysis by Andy Roberts.
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Pierrepont
Steven C. Chamberlain & George W. Robinson (2013) Collector's Guide to the Minerals of New York State. Schiffer Books.
Steve Chamberlain et al (2009) "Minerals of the Phosphate vein, Bower Powers Farm, Pierrepont, St. Lawrence Co., NY." The 36th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 23-26, programme abstracts, 13-15.
Steven C. Chamberlain and David G. Bailey (2012) Rare earth minerals in fracture mineralization in northern New York. Mineral News, 28, #7, 1-5.
      • Rossie
Steven C. Chamberlain and David G. Bailey (2012) Rare earth minerals in fracture mineralization in northern New York. Mineral News, 28, #7, 1-5.
[MinRec 32:273]
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
      • Putney
Johannes Swarts collection
  • Virginia
    • Augusta Co.
      • Parnassus
http://csmres.jmu.edu/geollab/baedke/dept/abs2002.pdf.; Raiter, E. et al (2002) 29th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Abstracts of contributed papers, 15.; Rocks & Minerals 84:352-362.
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8
Vietnam
 
  • Lai Chau Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
        • Nâm Nâm Xe REE deposit
Gunnar Färber
Collection of NHM, Vienna
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