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Punkaruaivite

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Formula:
LiTi2(HSi4O12)(OH)2 · H2O
Colour:
brownish yellow to colorless
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.60
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For the type locality.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of PunkaruaiviteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2008
First Published:
2010
9.DB.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
B : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; Pyroxene-related minerals

Physical Properties of PunkaruaiviteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
brownish yellow to colorless
Streak:
White
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{100}
Fracture:
Step-Like
Density:
2.60(5) g/cm3 (Measured)    2.55 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PunkaruaiviteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.658(2) nβ = 1.696(2) nγ = 1.726(5)
2V:
Measured: 85° (5), Calculated: 82°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.068
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
none
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Y light brownish yellow, X brownish yellow

Chemical Properties of PunkaruaiviteHide

Formula:
LiTi2(HSi4O12)(OH)2 · H2O
IMA Formula:
Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]} · H2O

Crystallography of PunkaruaiviteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Setting:
C2/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 26.68 Å, b = 8.75 Å, c = 5.24 Å
β = 91.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.049 : 1 : 0.599
Unit Cell V:
1,223.01 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
13.3 (100)
6.23 (80)
4.38 (60)
4.16 (40)
3.50 (80)
3.01 (70)
2.81 (70)
2.70 (40)
(

Type Occurrence of PunkaruaiviteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
well-shaped prismatic crystals flattened on (100) and elongate along [001] arranged in
sheaf-like and radiating aggregates.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mineralogical Museum of the St. Petersburg State University (Russia) and the Geological and the Mineralogical Museum of the Geological Institute of the Kola Science Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Apatity, Russia, No. 6441).
Geological Setting of Type Material:
ussingite - aegirine - microcline vein in nepheline syenite. Rare late-stage hydrothermal minerals formed as a result of the alteration of earlier titanosilicates
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010) Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 41-50.

Synonyms of PunkaruaiviteHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DB.05BalipholiteBaLiMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.05Magnesiocarpholite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
9.DB.05Potassiccarpholite(K,☐)(Li,Mn2+)2Al4(Si2O6)2(OH,F)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.05VanadiocarpholiteMn2+V3+Al(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
9.DB.10LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
9.DB.15LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2OMon.
9.DB.17EliseeviteLiNa1.5Ti2(H1.5Si4O12)O2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.20KukisvumiteNa6ZnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2OOrth.
9.DB.20ManganokukisvumiteNa6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pccn
9.DB.25VinogradoviteNa4Ti4(Si2O6)2[(Si,Al)4O10]O4 · (H2O,Na,K)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DB.25ParavinogradoviteNa1-2(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O6)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.DB.30NchwaningiteMn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.DB.35PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.DB.40ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.DB.40UM2005-31-SiO:CuHCu11(SiO4)(OH)18 · 9H2O ?
9.DB.45Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]Mon.
9.DB.50CapranicaiteKCaNaAl4B4Si2O18Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PunkaruaiviteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kolitsch, U., Pushcharovsky, D. Yu., Pekov, I. V., Tillmanns, E. (2000) A new, lintisite-related titanosilicate mineral from Russia: crystal structure, occurrence and properties. Poster, XIXth European Crystallographic Meeting (ECM 19), Nancy, August 25-31, 2000; abstract in Abstracts Book, 363 and Acta Crystallogr. A56 (Supplement), s363.
Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010) Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 41-50.

Internet Links for PunkaruaiviteHide

Localities for PunkaruaiviteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Russia (TL)
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
      • Lovozero Massif
Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.; Yakovenchik, V.N., Ivaniuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Selivanova, E.A., Men'shikov, Yu.P., Korchak, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Spiridonova, D.V., Zalkind, O.A. (2010): Punkaruaivite, Li{Ti2(OH)2[Si4O11(OH)]}•H2O, a new mineral species from hydrothermalites of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 41-50.
IMA website - Proposals approved in July 2008; Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G. Y., Krivovichev, S. V., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Selivanova, E. A., Korchak, J. A., ... & Zalkind, O. A. (2011). Eliseevite, Na1. 5Li [Ti2Si4O12. 5 (OH) 1.5]∙ 2H2O, a new microporous titanosilicate from the Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). American Mineralogist, 96(10), 1624-1629.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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