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Taimyrite

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Formula:
(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Bronze-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, the Talnakh deposit, Noril'sk-Talnakh Ni-Cu camp, Taymyr autonomous district, Russia.
Note: "Taimyrite-II" is a unapproved species.

Compare the chemically similar copper-free Atokite.


Classification of Taimyrite

Approved
1.AG.15

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
1.2.10.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
1.71

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of Taimyrite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Bronze-gray
Hardness (Mohs):
5

Chemical Properties of Taimyrite

Formula:
(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Pb,Sb

Crystallography of Taimyrite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.61 Å, b = 4.79 Å, c = 13.56 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.171 : 1 : 2.831
Unit Cell Volume:
V 364.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Taimyrite

Relationship of Taimyrite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Tatyanaite (see here)
1.AG.05Hexaferrum(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)
1.AG.05Garutiite(Ni,Fe,Ir)
1.AG.10AtokitePd3Sn
1.AG.10RustenburgitePt3Sn
1.AG.10ZvyagintsevitePd3Pb
1.AG.15Tatyanaite(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4
1.AG.20PaolovitePd2Sn
1.AG.25PlumbopalladinitePb2Pd3
1.AG.25StannopalladinitePd3Sn2
1.AG.30CabriitePd2CuSn
1.AG.35ChengdeiteIr3Fe
1.AG.35IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.AG.40FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.AG.40TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.AG.40TulameeniteCuFePt2
1.AG.45HongshiitePtCu
1.AG.45SkaergaarditeCuPd
1.AG.50YixunitePt3In
1.AG.55DamiaoitePtIn2
1.AG.60NiggliitePtSn
1.AG.65BortnikovitePd4Cu3Zn
1.AG.70NielsenitePdCu3
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideCuAu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg1.2Hg0.8
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)1.2Hg0.8
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23CupaliteCuAl
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38AlgodoniteCu1-xAsx (x ~0.15)
1.39Novákite(Cu,Ag)21As10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenSbAs
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46AllargentumAg1-xSbx (x=0.09-0.16)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3+xSb1-x (x~0.2)
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe1.5Cr0.2
1.59FerchromideCr1.5Fe0.2
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Ni,Fe)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66PalladiumPd
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69StannopalladinitePd3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.72AtokitePd3Sn
1.73RustenburgitePt3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3Pb
1.75PlumbopalladinitePb2Pd3
1.76OsmiumOs
1.77IridiumIr
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameeniteCuFePt2
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89RhodiumRh

Other Names for Taimyrite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Taimyrit
Simplified Chinese:锡铜钯矿
Spanish:Taimyrita
Traditional Chinese:錫銅鈀礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Taimyrite

Reference List:
Tsnigri, Trudy (1976): 122:107.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1982): 111: 78-83.

American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 1252.

Barkov, A.Y., Martin, R.F., Poirier, G., and Yakovlev, Y.N. (2000b) The taimyrite-tatyanaite series and zoning in intermetallic compounds of Pt, Pd, Cu, and Sn from Noril'sk, Siberia, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 599-609.

Internet Links for Taimyrite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-3870.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Taimyrite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
The Canadian Mineralogist; February 2009; v. 47; no. 1; p. 53-62
Trudy TSNIGRI,(1976) 122, 107; ZVMO,(1982) 111, 78-83; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Poirier, G., & Yakovlev, Y. N. (2000). The taimyrite–tatyanaite series and zoning in intermetallic compounds of Pt, Pd, Cu, and Sn from Noril’sk, Siberia, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 38(3), 599-609; Czamanske. et al (1992). A Proton Microprobe Study of Magmatic Sulfide Ores from the Norilsk-Talnakh District, Siberia (Vol 30, Pg 249, 1992). Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 1189-1189.
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dovyren Highlands
Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.)
    • Tuva Republic
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p92
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p92
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Ayan-Maya district
        • Aldan shield
Shcheka G.G., Lehmann B., Gierth E., Gomann K., Wallianos A. (2004) Macrocrystals of Pt-Fe alloy from the Kondyor PGE placer deposit, Khabarovskiy kray, Russia: trace-element content, mineral inclusions and reaction assemblages, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, N2, pp. 601-617.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
A. Yu. Barkov et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 311-316.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Burgersfort
        • Sekhukhuneland
Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
Nikolay Rudashevsky et al (2001) Efficient Technology of Ore Minerals Investigation of PGE-Bearing Deposits – Case Study in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Natural History Museum specimen, Mindat photo id 685842
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