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Tamarugite

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About TamarugiteHide

Formula:
NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Colour:
Colourless; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.07
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Cerro Pintados, Tamarugal Pampa, Tarapaca, Chile.
This page provides mineralogical data about Tamarugite.


Classification of TamarugiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CC.10

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
29.5.3.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
5 : AB(XO4)2·xH2O
25.6.12

25 : Sulphates
6 : Sulphates of Al and Tl

Physical Properties of TamarugiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect; not easy.
Density:
2.07 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of TamarugiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.484 nβ = 1.486 nγ = 1.497
2V:
Measured: 60° , Calculated: 48°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.013
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v to r < v strong

Chemical Properties of TamarugiteHide

Formula:
NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O

Crystallography of TamarugiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.35 Å, b = 25.22 Å, c = 6.09 Å
β = 95.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.291 : 1 : 0.241
Unit Cell V:
1,124.24 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals short tabular {010} or short prismatic [001]. Fibrous or fine-grained massive.

A characteristic of the crystals is that the forms all fall in four principal zones (prisms, positive pyramids, positive domes, and negative pyramids), (Gordon 1940).
{110}, {120}, {010}
{111}, {121}, {131}, {141}, {151}, {161}
{011}, {021}, {031}, {041}
{-111}, {-121}, {-131}, {-141}

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000186TamarugiteRobinson P D, Fang J H (1969) Crystal structures and mineral chemistry of double-salt hydrates: I. Direct determination of the crystal structure of tamarugite American Mineralogist 54 19-3019690293
0020636TamarugiteMereiter K (2013) Redetermination of tamarugite, NaAl(SO4)2*6H2O Acta Crystallographica E69 i63-i642013Mina Alcaparossa, southwest of Calama, Chile0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Occurs under arid conditions by the oxidation of sulphides in aluminous and alkali-rich environments.

Type Occurrence of TamarugiteHide

Other Language Names for TamarugiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Tamarugite associated with MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
3 photos of Tamarugite associated with PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
2 photos of Tamarugite associated with MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
2 photos of Tamarugite associated with SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
2 photos of Tamarugite associated with TorrecillasiteNa(As,Sb)3+4O6Cl
2 photos of Tamarugite associated with MagnesiokoritnigiteMg(AsO3OH) · H2O
2 photos of Tamarugite associated with GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
1 photo of Tamarugite associated with BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
1 photo of Tamarugite associated with BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
1 photo of Tamarugite associated with PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CC.CobaltoblöditeNa2Co(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.AndychristyitePbCu2+Te6+O5(H2O)Tric. 1 : P1
7.CC.Ammoniovoltaite(NH4)2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12(H2O)18Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.05KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CC.15KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CC.15MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.20Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso.
7.CC.20Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.20Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.20LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.25VoltaiteK2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.25ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.25PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.CC.25Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.30KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.35FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.CC.40GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.45LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2OTrig.
7.CC.50BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.50NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.50ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.55LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.55MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
7.CC.60Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.60CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.60Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.60Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.60PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.65PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric. 1
7.CC.70LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric.
7.CC.75AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CC.80KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.85WattevilleiteNa2Ca(SO4)2 · 4H2O (?)Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.5.3.2AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.6.1RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.2JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
25.6.3KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.4Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.5AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.6.6Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
25.6.7AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
25.6.8FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.6.9BasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OHex.
25.6.10HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2OMon.
25.6.11ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2OTric.
25.6.13MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.14Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
25.6.15NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.16KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.6.17Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
25.6.18AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.19Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.6.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TamarugiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cleve, P.T. (1870) On the geology of the north-eastern West India Islands. Kungliga Svenska vetenskapsakademiens handlingar: 9(12): 31. (as natroalaun)
Domeyko, I. (1892) Mineralojia, 2nd Appendix to 3rd ed.: 30. (as alumbre nativo (native alum))
Schulze, H. (1889) Mineralogisches aus Tarapacá. Verhandlungen des Deutschen Wissenschaftlichen Vereines zu Santiago: 2: 49-60 (56).
Zambonini, F. (1907) Su Alunci Minerali dell Grotto a Miseno. Rendiconto dell'Accademia delle Scienze Napoli: 46: 321-331.
Ungemach, H. (1935) Sur certains mineraux sulfate du Chili. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 58: 209-213. (as Lapparentite)
Keller, W.D. (1935) The occurrence of mendozite and tamarugite in Missouri. American Mineralogist: 20: 537-539.
Bandy, M.C. (1938) Mineralogy of three sulphate deposits of northern Chile. American Mineralogist: 23: 723-740. (as Lapparentite)
Gordon, S.G. (1940) Results of the Chilean mineralogical expedition of 1938. Part 1 - The identity of lapparentite with tamarugite. Academy of Sciences, Philadelphia, Notulae Naturae No. 57.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 466-468.
Robinson, P.D., Fang, J.H., Bloss, F.D. (1966) Cell dimensions and space group of tamarugite. American Mineralogist: 51: 1805-1807.
Robinson, P.D., Fang, J.H. (1969) Crystal structures and mineral chemistry of double-salt hydrates: I. Direct determination of the crystal structure of tamarugite. American Mineralogist: 54: 19-30.
Segnit, E.R. (1976) Tamarugite from Anglesea, Victoria, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine: 40(314): 642-644.
Bariand, P., Cesbron, F., Berthelon, J.-P. (1977) Les sulfates de fer de Saghand près de Yazd (Iran). Mémoire Hors-Série de la Société Géologique de France: 8: 77-85.
Lombardi, G., Sposato, A. (1981) Tamarugite from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. The Canadian Mineralogist: 19: 403-407.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1987): 171.
Mackenzie, K.M., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1995) Tamarugite, NaAl(SO4)2·6H2O, from Te Kopia, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine: 59(397): 754-757.
King, R.J. (1998) Tamarugite on the Isle of Wight, UK. Mineralogical Magazine: 62(3): 371-372.
Fray, F., Da Pelo, S. (1999) Tamarugite from the gold mine of Furtei, Sardinia, Italy. Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta.
Pušcaš, C.M., Onac, B.P., Effenberger, H.S., Povarǎ, I. (2012) Tamarugite in the Steam-Condensate Alteration Paragenesis in Diana Cave (SW Romania). American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2012, abstract id. V51A-2752.
Mereiter, K. (2013) Redetermination of tamarugite, NaAl(SO4)2·6H2O. Acta Crystallographica: E69: i63-i64.

Internet Links for TamarugiteHide

Localities for TamarugiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Ross Archipelago
        • Ross Island
Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
  • Western Antarctica
Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mareeba Shire
Harris, D.L., Lottermoser, B.G., Duchesne, J. (2003) Ephemeral acid mine drainage at the Montalbion silver mine, north Queensland. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 50(5), 797-809.
  • South Australia
    • Murray Basin
      • Murray Riverlands
        • Barmera
Mark Raven , Rob Fitzpatrick , Paul Shand and Stuart McClure, 2010, Minerals diagnostic of acid sulfate soils. Extended Abstracts – 21st Australian Clay Minerals Conference – Brisbane, August 2010
Rob Fitzpatrick, Paul Shand, Mark Raven and Stuart McClure, 2010, Occurrence and environmental significance of sideronatrite and other mineral precipitates in Acid Sulfate Soils. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
        • Renmark
Rob Fitzpatrick, Paul Shand, Mark Raven and Stuart McClure, 2010, Occurrence and environmental significance of sideronatrite and other mineral precipitates in Acid Sulfate Soils. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
  • Victoria
    • Surf Coast Shire
Segnit, E.R. (1976) Tamarugite from Anglesea, Victoria, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine: 40(314): 642-644.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Liège
        • Glain
Van Tassel, R. (1973) Efflorescences de sulfates sur des roches carbonifères belges. Bulletin de l'Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre, 49(3).; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cape Breton Co.
      • Sydney coalfield
        • Glace Bay
          • #26 Colliery
Zodrow, E.L., Wiltshire, J. and McCandlish, K. (1979) Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfield, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. II. Pyrite and its Alteration Products. Canadian Mineralogist: 17: 63-70.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Mejillones
        • Mejillones peninsula
Raman Spectroscopy by Joy Desor, Wet Chemical by Gerhard Möhn
SEM-EDS by Joy Desor
      • Sierra Gorda
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 467: 467; maurizio dini collection
Malcherek, T. & Schlüter, J. (2010): Anatacamite from La Vendida mine, Sierra Gorda, Atacama desert, Chile: a triclinic polymorph of Cu2(OH)3Cl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 187, 307-312.
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Cerritos Bayos
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 467.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861; Mereiter, K. (2013): Redetermination of tamarugite, NaAl(SO4)2·6H2O. Acta Crystallogr. E69, i63-i64.
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 467.
          • Toki Cu deposit (Toki Cluster)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 467: 467.
Dana 7:II:457.
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 467.
  • Tarapacá
    • Iquique Province
      • Salar Grande
Samples analysed by Anthony Kampf, Curator Emeritus of LAC Mineralogical Museum, California
    • Tamarugal Province
NJMM (1987), 171; Peter G. Seroka collection
China
 
  • Xinjiang
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
        • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
Zhaoxin Han, Lijun Luan, and Chaoyou Wang (2004): Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology 24(3), 324-327; Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
Costa Rica
 
  • Cartago Province
    • Irazú Volcano
Ulloa, A., Gázquez, F., Sanz-Arranz, A., Medina, J., Rull, F., Calaforra, J.M., Alvarado, G.E., Martinez, M., Avard, G., de Moor, J., De Waele, J. (2018) Extremely high diversity of sulfate minerals in caves of the Irazú Volcano (Costa Rica) related to crater lake and fumarolic activity. International Journal of Speleology, 47(2), 229-246.
Cyprus
 
  • Nicosia District
    • Skouriotissa
Dana 7:II: 465,467.
Czech Republic
 
  • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
  • Moravian-Silesian Region
    • Karviná District
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
      • Orlová
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
        • Lazy Mine
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
      • Stonava
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
  • South Moravian Region
    • Brno-Country District
      • Oslavany
Hršelová, P., Cempírek, J., Houzar, S., Sejkora, J. (2013): S,F,Cl-rich mineral assemblages from burned spoil heaps in the Rosice-Oslavany coalfield, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral.: 51(1): 171-188
France
 
  • French West Indies
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 467.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Alsdorf
Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
    • The Ruhr
      • Bottrop
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
      • Herne
No reference listed
      • Kamp-Lintfort
Ingendahl, J. (2016): Tief im Westen - Mineralienfunde aus dem Steinkohlebergwerk West. Mineralien-Welt, 27 (4), 61-72.
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
      • Freital
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2); Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
Branko Rieck Collection
          • Sounion
            • Cato Sounio mines
Branko Rieck Collection
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Kassandra Peninsula
Lazaridis G., Melfos V., Papadopoulou L. (2011): The first cave occurrence of orpiment (As2S3) from the sulfuric acid caves of Aghia Paraskevi (Kassandra Peninsula, N. Greece). International Journal of Speleology, 40(2), 133-139.
  • South Aegean
    • Milos
      • Milos Island
Baltatzis, E., Valsami-Jones, E., Magganas, A., Kati, M. (2001) Tamarugite from Milos island, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 8, 371-377.
    • Thira
      • Santorini Island
        • Santorini Caldera
Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
  • Heves County
    • Eger
      • Egercsehi
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
    • Recsk
HOM Collection,2006
Iceland
 
  • Southern Region
    • Rangárþing eystra
Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Jakobsson, S. P., Jonasson, K., Katerinopoulos, A., Kyriakopoulos, K., & Acquafredda, P. (2016). Fumarolic minerals: An overview of active European volcanoes. In Updates in Volcanology-From Volcano Modelling To Volcano Geology. InTechOpen.
    • Vestmannaeyjar
      • Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)
        • Heimaey island
Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Acquafredda, P., Leonardsen, E., & Jakobsson, S. P. (2009). Eldfellite, NaFe (SO4) 2, a new fumarolic mineral from Eldfell volcano, Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 73(1), 51-57.
Iran
 
  • Kerman Province
    • Rafsanjan County
      • Pariz
Khorasanipour, M. (2015). Environmental mineralogy of Cu-porphyry mine tailings, a case study of semi-arid climate conditions, Sarcheshmeh mine, SE Iran. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 153, 40-52.
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
      • Saghand
Bariand, P., Cesbron, F. & Berthelon, J. P. (1977): Iron sulfates of Saghand near Yazd (Iran). Memoire Hors-Série de la Société Géologique de France 8, 77-85.
Italy
 
  • Calabria
    • Cosenza Province
      • Cassano all'Ionio (Cassano allo Ionio)
D’Angeli, M.I., De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Parise, M., Madonia, G., and Vattano, M. (2017) Secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. In: Moore, K., and White, S. (eds.), Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Speleology, Sidney, NSW, Australia, July 22-28, 2017. Australian Speleological Federation Inc., Sideney, Vol.1, 237-24; D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Bacoli
        • Miseno
Zambonini F. (1907): Su alcuni minerali della Grotta dello Zolfo a Miseno. Rendiconto Accad. Sci. fis. mat. Napoli, serie 3, 46, 324-331; B. Onac B.P., Sumrall J., Tamas T., Cizmas C., Darmiceanu V., Povara I., Nicolita L. (2009): Mineralogical and stable isotope investigations of minerals from caves on Cerna Valley (Romania). Proceedings 15th International Congress of Speleology, Kerrville, Texas, 1, 318-323.
      • Pozzuoli
- Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
- Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
        • Solfatara di Pozzuoli
- Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Furtei
Da Pelo, S. & Frau, F (2000): Magnesian aubertite, (Cu,Mg)Al(SO4)2Cl·14H4O, from the gold mine of Furtei in Sardinia, Italy. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2000(6), 279-288.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
            • Porto Levante
              • Faraglioni di Levante (Grotte dei Faraglioni; Grotte del Faraglione; "Grotte de Faraglione")
LOMBARDI G., SPOSATO A. (1981): Tamarugite from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - Canadian Mineralogist - 19, 403-407.
LOMBARDI G., SPOSATO A. (1981): Tamarugite from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - Canadian Mineralogist - 19, 403-407.; B. Onac et al (2009, July) Mineralogical and Stable Isotope Investigations of Minerals from Caves on Cerna Valley (Romania). Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. pp318-323
LOMBARDI G., SPOSATO A. (1981): Tamarugite from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - Canadian Mineralogist - 19, 403-407.
LOMBARDI G., SPOSATO A. (1981): Tamarugite from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - Canadian Mineralogist - 19, 403-407.
  • Tuscany
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Mineralogical Record, 15 (1), 27-36.; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Iburi Subprefecture
      • Date City
Matsubara, S. et al (2002) Sublimates of Usu Volcano, Hokkaido, Japan (2002 annual meeting of Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists)
  • Oita Prefecture
    • Beppu City
Minakawa (1994) Chigaku Kenkyu, 43, 195-199.
Minakawa (1994) Chigaku Kenkyu, 43, 195-199.
Lebanon
 
  • South Governorate
    • Jezzine District
Kruszewski, Ł., 2018/2019. Secondary sulfate minerals from Bhanine valley coals (South Lebanon) – a crystallochemical and geochemical study. Geological Quarterly (in press)
New Zealand
 
  • Bay of Plenty Region
    • Rotorua District
Mackenzie, K.M., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1995) Tamarugite, NaAl(SO₄)₂·6H₂O, from Te Kopia, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine 59:4, 754-757.
  • New Zealand Outlying Islands
    • Kermadec Islands
de Ronde, C.E.J.; Hannington, M.D.; Stoffers, P.; Wright, I.C.; Ditchburn, R.G.; Reyes, A.G.; Baker, E.T.; Massoth, G.J.; Lupton, J.E.; Walker, S.L.; Greene, R.R.; Soong, C.W.R.; Ishibashi, J.; Lebon, G.T.; Bray, C.J.; Resing, J.A. 2005 Evolution of a submarine magmatic-hydrothermal system : Brothers volcano, southern Kermadec arc, New Zealand. Economic geology, 100(6): 1097-1133; A. G. Reyes, C.E.J. DE Ronde, and C. W. R. Soong (2004) a Submarine Magmatic-hydrothermal System at Brothers Volcano, Kermadecs. Proceedings 26th NZ Geothermal Workshop pp 46-52
  • Waikato Region
    • Taupo District
      • Orakeikorako Thermal Area (Orakei Korako; The Hidden Valley)
Rod Martin, Minerals of Ruatapu Cave, Orakei Korako, Taupo Volcanic Zone. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
Peru
 
  • Tacna
    • Jorge Basadre Province
Diaby, N., Dold, B., Buselli, E., & Vicetti, R. (2006). EFFECTS ON ELEMENT MOBILITY BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF A WETLAND ON THE MARINE SHORE PORPHYRY COPPER TAILINGS DEPOSIT, BAHÍA DE ITE, PERU. In 7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), March (pp. 26-30).
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Nowa Ruda
        • Słupiec Mine
Ciesielczukk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Misz-Kennan, M., Kowalski, A., Mysza, B., 2014: Efflorescences and gas composition emitted from the burning coal-waste dump in Słupiec, Lower Silesian Coal Basin, Poland. Proceedings of the International Symposium CEMC 2014, Skalský Dvůr, April 23-26th, 26-27
    • Zgorzelec County
      • Turoszów
Stepisiewicz, M. (1983): Sideronatrite and copiapite from Turoszow, Lower Silesia. Archiwum Mineralogiczne 38, 35-44 (in Polish).
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Rybnik County
      • Gmina Czerwionka-Leszczyny
Kruszewski, Ł. (2013): Supergene minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology: 105: 91-109 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166516212002881)
Kruszewski, Ł. (2013). Supergene sulphate minerals from the burning coal mining dumps in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, South Poland. International Journal of Coal Geology, 105, 91-109.
    • Wodzisław County
      • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Cerna valley
Pušcaš, C. M.; Onac, B. P.; Effenberger, H. S.; Povarǎ, I. (2005): Tamarugite from Diana Cave (SW Romania) -first true karst occurrence.EGU General Assembly 2012, held 22-27 April, 2012 in Vienna, Austria., p.5305; B. Onac et al (2009, July) Mineralogical and Stable Isotope Investigations of Minerals from Caves on Cerna Valley (Romania). Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. pp318-323
  • Hunedoara
    • Cerna valley
Onac, B. P. (2009): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 38/1, 27-39
Russia
 
  • Crimea
    • Balaklava area
Dobrovolskaya T.I., Polkanov Y.A. The Paleovolcano Fiolent. Giude (2004) - Simferopol, 2004, 19 p. (in Russ.) Oleg V. Zinchenko at al. (2008).The mineralogy of seasonal sulfates in the cape Fiolent - Zapiski Ukrainskogo Mineralogichnogo Tovaristva (Proceeding Ukrainian Mineralogical Society), 2008, #5, p. 75-83 (in Ukr.)
    • Simferopol area
      • Petropavlovka Village area
A. Tischenko. Minerals of the Crimea - World of stones, 1996, #9, p. 9-18
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Paramushir Island
Bortnikova, S. B., Bessonova, E. P., & Zelenskii, M. E. (2005). Hydrogeochemistry of thermal springs at Ebeco volcano (Kuril Islands). In Proceedings World Geothermal Congress 2005. Antalia, Turkey, 24-29 April.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
 
  • Nevis
    • Jessup Village
Hutton, C.O. (1970) Coquimbite from Nevis, West Indies. Mineralogical Magazine: 37(292): 939-941.
Senegal
 
  • Ziguinchor Region
Montoroi, J. P. (1995) Mise eli évidence d'une séquence de précipitation des sels dails les sols sulfatés acides d'une vallée aménagée de Basse-Casamance (Sénégal). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 320, série II a, p. 395-402
Spain
 
  • Asturias
    • Gozon
Calvo, M., Viñals, J. & González, J.R. (2007). The presencie of tamarugite in the cliffs of llumeres (Asturias). Mineral Up, 2007-2, 49-52
Switzerland
 
  • Vaud
    • Aigle
      • Bex
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 400.
UK
 
  • England
    • Isle of Wight
      • Freshwater
King, R.J. (1998) Tamarugite on the Isle of Wight, UK. Mineralogical Magazine: 62(3): 371-372.
    • Stockton-on-Tees
      • Billingham
Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 172-175.
  • Scotland
    • Renfrewshire
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
USA
 
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
      • Niland
Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
      • Salton Sea
        • Mullet Island
Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
  • Hawaii
    • Hawaii Co.
Hon, K., Bove, D.J., Lee, L., and Thornber, C., 2009, The origin and zonation of sublimates and precipitates in active Hawaiian lava tubes: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 41, no. 7, p.193.
Keller, W.D. (1935) The occurrence of mendozite and tamarugite in Missouri. American Mineralogist: 20: 537-539.
    • Callaway Co.
      • Fulton
Rocks & Min., March 1998.
    • St. Louis Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 467; Rocks & Minerals: 73(2): 98-117.
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Red Canyon
J. Plášil, A.R. Kampf, A.V. Kasatkin, J. Marty, R. Škoda, S. Silva, J. Čejka (2013): Meisserite, Na5(UO2)(SO4)3(SO3OH)(H2O), a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 2975-2988
Uzbekistan
 
  • Fergana Region
    • Uzbekistan County
Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1964) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. Uzbek Geological Journal [Uzbekskiy Geologicheskiy Zhurnal, Узбекский геологический журнал], 6, 5-10; Uklonskiy, A.S. [Уклонский, А.С.] (1982) Geochemistry of native sulphur [К геохимии самородной серы]. In: Problems of mineralogy and geochemistry. Selected papers [Проблемы минералогии и геохимии. Избранные труды]. Uzbek SSR Branch, Academy of Sciences Press [Издательство "Фан" Узбекской ССР], Tashkent, 66-71; Evseev, A. A. [Евсеев, А.А.] (2004) Atlas of the World for mineralogist [Атлас мира для минералога]. Ecost Association [Ассоциация Экост], Moscow, page 149 (in Russian).
 
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