Donate now to keep mindat.org alive!Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their Minerals
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Tarbuttite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Colour:
White, colourless, yellow, red green or brown; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
4.12
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named after Percy Coventry Tarbutt ( - 24 May 1943), a Director of the Broken Hill Exploration Company who collected some of the first specimens at Broken Hill (now Kabwe), Zambia.
A rare secondary zinc phosphate. A synthetic orthorhombic (libethenite-type) polymorph is known (Harrison et al., 1995).


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of TarbuttiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BB.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1
41.6.7.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : A2(XO4)Zq
19.6.1

19 : Phosphates
6 : Phosphates of Zn

Physical Properties of TarbuttiteHide

Vitreous, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Lustre pearly on the cleavage surfaces.
Colour:
White, colourless, yellow, red green or brown; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.12 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.19 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TarbuttiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.660 nβ = 1.705 nγ = 1.713
2V:
Measured: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.053
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of TarbuttiteHide

Formula:
Zn2(PO4)(OH)

Crystallography of TarbuttiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.55 Å, b = 5.7 Å, c = 6.47 Å
α = 102.68°, β = 102.81°, γ = 86.88°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.974 : 1 : 1.135
Unit Cell V:
194.71 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Crystals equant to short prismatic [001]. Commonly found as sheaf-like aggregates or as crusts. Individual crystals commonly rounded and deeply striated.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of TarbuttiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Upper portion of the oxidation zone where phosphatic solutions reacted with earlier formed hemimorphite and cerussite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for TarbuttiteHide

German:Tarbuttit
Simplified Chinese:三斜磷锌矿
Spanish:Tarbuttita
Traditional Chinese:三斜磷鋅礦

Relationship of Tarbuttite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Hemimorphite25 photos of Tarbuttite associated with Hemimorphite on mindat.org.
Skorpionite20 photos of Tarbuttite associated with Skorpionite on mindat.org.
Hydroxylapatite19 photos of Tarbuttite associated with Hydroxylapatite on mindat.org.
Smithsonite6 photos of Tarbuttite associated with Smithsonite on mindat.org.
Parahopeite6 photos of Tarbuttite associated with Parahopeite on mindat.org.
Pyromorphite4 photos of Tarbuttite associated with Pyromorphite on mindat.org.
Hopeite3 photos of Tarbuttite associated with Hopeite on mindat.org.
Hydrozincite3 photos of Tarbuttite associated with Hydrozincite on mindat.org.
Stolzite3 photos of Tarbuttite associated with Stolzite on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Tarbuttite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BB.XArsenowagneriteMg2(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.05AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)FTric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.05TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.10Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)Mon. 2/m
8.BB.10Zwieselite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15SarkiniteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/m
8.BB.15Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.BB.15Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.15Stanĕkite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)OMon.
8.BB.15JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)OMon. 2/m
8.BB.15HydroxylwagneriteMg2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.20HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : P3 1m
8.BB.20Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
8.BB.25AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BB.30AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30EveiteMn2+2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BB.30ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.30AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
8.BB.35ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.40BarbosaliteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40HentscheliteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon.
8.BB.40Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BB.40WilhelmkleiniteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon.
8.BB.45TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BB.50NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.55Phosphoellenbergerite(Mg,◻)2Mg12(PO4,PO3OH)6(PO3OH,CO3)2(OH)6Hex.
8.BB.60UrusoviteCuAl(AsO4)OMon.
8.BB.65TheoparacelsiteCu3(As2O7)(OH)2Orth.
8.BB.70TuraniteCu5(VO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.75StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2Mon.
8.BB.80FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2Tric. 1 : P1
8.BB.85AverieviteCu6(VO4)2O2Cl2Trig.
8.BB.90LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
8.BB.90RichelliteCaFe3+2(PO4)2(OH,F)2Amor.
8.BB.90ZinclipscombiteZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet. 4 2 2 : P43 21 2

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.6.7.2ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.6.2SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.6.3HopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
19.6.4ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.5Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.6.6Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.
19.6.7ScholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
19.6.8ParascholziteCaZn2(PO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
19.6.9EhrleiteCa4Be3Zn2(PO4)6 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.10Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.11Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.6.12JungiteCa2Zn4Fe3+8(PO4)9(OH)9 · 16H2OOrth.
19.6.13SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
19.6.14PhosphophylliteZn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Notes:
May form pseudomorphs after smithsonite, descloizite and possibly also hemimorphite. May alter to parahopeite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TarbuttiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Spencer (1907) Nature: 7: 215.
Spencer (1908) Mineralogical Magazine (1908): 15: 22.
Rosický (1913) Bull. Ac. Sc. Bohême: 18: no. 35.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 141.
Buttgenbach and Mélon (1931) Ac. Roy. Belgique, Bull., Cl. sc.: [5]: 17: 892.
Richmond (1938) American Mineralogist: 23: 881.
Richmond (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 475.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 869-871.
Fanfani L., Zanazzi P.F. (1965), Dati strutturali sulla tarbuttite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma, 539-545.
Finney, J. J. (1966). Unit Cell of Tarbuttite Zn2 (Po4)(oh) and Paradamite Zn2 (Aso4 (Oh). American Mineralogist, 51(7), 1218-1220.
Cocco, G., Fanfaxi, L., & Zanazzi, P. F. (1966). The crystal structure of tarbuttite, Zn2 (OH) PO4. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie-Crystalline Materials, 123(1-6), 321-329.
Harrison, W.T. A., Vaughey, J. T., Dussack, L. L., Jacobson, A. J., Martin, T. E. and Stucky, G. D. (1995): Two new adamite-type phases, Co2(OH)PO4 and Zn2(OH)PO4: structure-directing effect of organic additives. J. Solid State Chem. 114, 151-8.

Internet Links for TarbuttiteHide

Localities for TarbuttiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Martins Well
Johnston, C.W . & Hill, R.J. (1978): Zinc phosphates at Reaphook Hill South Australia. Mineralogical Record 9,(1), 20-24
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Nelson Mining Division
      • Salmo
Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
Paradis, S., Keevil, H., Simandl, G. J., & Raudsepp, M. (2015). Carbonate-hosted nonsulphide Zn–Pb mineralization of southern British Columbia, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 50(8), 923-951.
China
 
Lairen Lai and Nicheng Shi (1984): Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 3(1), 40-46
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
        • Argelès-sur-Mer
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
Namibia
 
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
      • Rosh Pinah
Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771.; Jahn, S. (2007): Tarbuttit von der Skorpion Zink Mine, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 56-66. (in German)
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Lake Co.
      • Leadville District
        • Leadville
          • Iowa Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Zambia (TL)
 
  • Central Province
    • Kabwe District
      • Kabwe (Broken Hill)
Nature (1907) 76, 215; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734, 736, 870.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: December 17, 2017 00:34:46 Page generated: November 13, 2017 12:52:02
Go to top of page