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Tazheranite

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About TazheraniteHide

Formula:
(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
Ideal formula ZrO2, same as cubic zirconia.
Colour:
Bright orange to red-orange
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Tazheran (Tazheranskii) alkaline complex, Baikal Alkaline Province, Russia.
Compare also baddeleyite.
According to initial description Ti in Tazheranite is trivalent in difference from Zirkelite.

Possibly the natural form of 'cubic zirconia', although usually greatly impure compared to the synthetic gemstone.

A mineral with the name 'arkelite' was reported as isometric ZrO2 inclusions in zircon crystals. This is now regarded as synonymous with Tazheranite (Burke, 1989)


Classification of TazheraniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1969
4.DL.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
L : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; fluorite-type structures
4.4.13.1

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
4 : AX2
7.10.7

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th

Physical Properties of TazheraniteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Bright orange to red-orange
Comment:
Colour of holotype mineral is very similar to mandarin
Streak:
white
Hardness:
7½ on Mohs scale
Fracture:
Conchoidal

Optical Data of TazheraniteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of TazheraniteHide

Formula:
(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x

Ideal formula ZrO2, same as cubic zirconia.
IMA Formula:
(Zr,Ti,Ca)(O,◻)2

Crystallography of TazheraniteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.1 Å
Unit Cell V:
132.65 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of TazheraniteHide

Synonyms of TazheraniteHide

Other Language Names for TazheraniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Fluorapatite2 photos of Tazheranite associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.
Geikielite1 photo of Tazheranite associated with Geikielite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Tazheranite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Azoproite1 photo of Tazheranite associated with Azoproite on mindat.org.
Forsterite1 photo of Tazheranite associated with Forsterite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DL.05Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.DL.05ThorianiteThO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DL.05UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.DL.05Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.
4.DL.05Aeschynite GroupAD2O6
4.DL.10CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9Tet.
4.DL.10Hiärneite(Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn3+)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

4.4.13.2SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.10.1BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.10.2ArkeliteIso.
7.10.3PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15Hex.
7.10.4SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.10.5ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7Orth.
7.10.6CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9Tet.
7.10.8Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.
7.10.9UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?Iso.
7.10.10ThorianiteThO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TazheraniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Konev A.A., Ushchapovskaya Z.F., Kashaev A.A., Lebedeva V.S. Tazheranite - new calcioum-titanium-zirconium mineral, - Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1969), v.186, N4, p. 917-920.
Kashaev A.A., Ushchapovskaya Z.F. Tazheranite - mineral with structure of CaF2 type, - Kristallografiya (1969), v.14, p. 1064-1065.
American Mineralogist (1970): 55: 318.
Doklady, Earth Science Sections: 186: 142-144.
Doklady Akademii Nauk: 359: 529-531.
Burke, E. A. (2006). A mass discreditation of GQN minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(6), 1557-1560.

Internet Links for TazheraniteHide

Localities for TazheraniteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
Ma, C. (2011) Discovery of Meteoritic Lakargiite (CaZrO3), a New Ultra-Refractory Mineral from the Acfer 094 Carbonaceous Chondrite (Abstract-Id.#5169). Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Supplement s1, p. A144. (Sept 2011).
Brazil
 
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
MinRec 15:261-270
Kazakhstan
 
  • Pavlodar
Ivanova, M. A., Krot, A. N., Nagashima, K. & MacPherson, G. J. (2012). Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (12): 2107-2127. (Dec 2012)
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., and Rossman, G.R. (2009) Allendeite and Hexamolybdenum: Two New Ultra-Refractory Minerals in Allende and Two Missing Links, 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 2009.
Russia (TL)
 
  • Irkutskaya Oblast
    • Lake Baikal area
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Konev A A, Ushchapovskaya Z F, Kashaev A A, Lebedeva V S (1969) Tazheranite, a new calcium-titanium-zirconium mineral, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 186, 917-920; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1785
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
    • Baksan Valley
Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Gałuskina, I.O., Gałuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazić, B., Dzierżanowski, P., Gazeev, V.M, Prusik, K., Pertsev, N.N., Winiarski, A., Zadov, A.E., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A.G. (2010): American Mineralogist 95(7), 959-967.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dovyren Highlands
Galuskin, Evgeny V. et al. (2007) Dovyrenite Ca6Zr[Si2O7]2(OH)4: Vol. 38(1) , 15-27.
Sweden
 
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    • Timrå
      • Tynderö
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Mineral and/or Locality  
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