Donate now to keep alive!Help|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
What is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their MineralsGeological TimeMineral Evolution
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Ideal formula ZrO2, same as cubic zirconia.
Bright orange to red-orange
Crystal System:
Named after its discovery locality, Tazheran (Tazheranskii) alkaline complex, Baikal Alkaline Province, Russia.
Compare also baddeleyite.
According to initial description Ti in Tazheranite is trivalent in difference from Zirkelite.

Possibly the natural form of 'cubic zirconia', although usually greatly impure compared to the synthetic gemstone.

A mineral with the name 'arkelite' was reported as isometric ZrO2 inclusions in zircon crystals. This is now regarded as synonymous with Tazheranite (Burke, 1989)

Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of TazheraniteHide

Approval Year:

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
L : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; fluorite-type structures

4 : AX2

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th

Physical Properties of TazheraniteHide

Bright orange to red-orange
Colour of holotype mineral is very similar to mandarin
7½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of TazheraniteHide


Chemical Properties of TazheraniteHide


Ideal formula ZrO2, same as cubic zirconia.
IMA Formula:

Crystallography of TazheraniteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.1 Å
Unit Cell V:
132.65 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of TazheraniteHide

Synonyms of TazheraniteHide

Other Language Names for TazheraniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Fluorapatite2 photos of Tazheranite associated with Fluorapatite on
Geikielite1 photo of Tazheranite associated with Geikielite on
Calcite1 photo of Tazheranite associated with Calcite on
Azoproite1 photo of Tazheranite associated with Azoproite on
Forsterite1 photo of Tazheranite associated with Forsterite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DL.05Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.DL.05ThorianiteThO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DL.05UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.DL.05Aeschynite GroupAD2O6
4.DL.10Hiärneite(Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn3+)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.10.1BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.10.4SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.10.9UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?Iso.
7.10.10ThorianiteThO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TazheraniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Konev A.A., Ushchapovskaya Z.F., Kashaev A.A., Lebedeva V.S. Tazheranite - new calcioum-titanium-zirconium mineral, - Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1969), v.186, N4, p. 917-920.
Kashaev A.A., Ushchapovskaya Z.F. Tazheranite - mineral with structure of CaF2 type, - Kristallografiya (1969), v.14, p. 1064-1065.
American Mineralogist (1970): 55: 318.
Doklady, Earth Science Sections: 186: 142-144.
Doklady Akademii Nauk: 359: 529-531.
Burke, E. A. (2006). A mass discreditation of GQN minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(6), 1557-1560.

Internet Links for TazheraniteHide

Localities for TazheraniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Tamanghasset Province
Ma, C. (2011) Discovery of Meteoritic Lakargiite (CaZrO3), a New Ultra-Refractory Mineral from the Acfer 094 Carbonaceous Chondrite (Abstract-Id.#5169). Meteoritics & Planetary Science, Supplement s1, p. A144. (Sept 2011).
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
MinRec 15:261-270
  • Pavlodar Province (Pavlodar Oblysy; Pavlodarskaya Oblast')
Ivanova, M. A., Krot, A. N., Nagashima, K. & MacPherson, G. J. (2012). Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47 (12): 2107-2127. (Dec 2012)
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., and Rossman, G.R. (2009) Allendeite and Hexamolybdenum: Two New Ultra-Refractory Minerals in Allende and Two Missing Links, 40th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 2009.
Russia (TL)
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Lake Baikal area
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Konev A A, Ushchapovskaya Z F, Kashaev A A, Lebedeva V S (1969) Tazheranite, a new calcium-titanium-zirconium mineral, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 186, 917-920; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1785
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dovyren Highlands
Galuskin, Evgeny V. et al. (2007) Dovyrenite Ca6Zr[Si2O7]2(OH)4: Vol. 38(1) , 15-27.
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
      • Baksan Valley
Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
Gałuskina, I.O., Gałuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazić, B., Dzierżanowski, P., Gazeev, V.M, Prusik, K., Pertsev, N.N., Winiarski, A., Zadov, A.E., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A.G. (2010): American Mineralogist 95(7), 959-967.
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    • Timrå
      • Tynderö
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 23, 2018 22:36:06 Page generated: March 15, 2018 04:21:24
Go to top of page