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Teallite

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About TealliteHide

Sir Jethro J. H. Teall
Formula:
PbSnS2
Colour:
silvery grey, lead-gray to iron-gray; tarnishes dull or iridescent
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
6.36
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in honor of Sir Jethro Justinian Harris Teall (5 January 1849, Northleach, United Kingdom – 2 July 1924, London, United Kingdom), geologist and former Director-General of the Geological Survey of Great Britain and Ireland. He was awarded the Wollaston Medal 1905.
Warning: A great many specimens in collections labelled "teallite", especially those from the San Jose mine in Oruro, are really franckeite!
The mineral was originally described from an ore shipment imported to Europe and the original source (type locality) is in some doubt. Some claim Carguaycollo in Potosi Dept., and others think Ichucollo in Oruro Dept. The type specimen (in the British Museum) has no associated minerals with it, so is not much help in differentiating the localities.


Classification of TealliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.CD.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
D : With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.
2.9.10.1

2 : SULFIDES
9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
6.1.17

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
1 : Sulphostannates and other sulfides containing Sn

Physical Properties of TealliteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
silvery grey, lead-gray to iron-gray; tarnishes dull or iridescent
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Malleable
Cleavage:
Perfect
{001} perfect (lamellar cleavage); flexible
Density:
6.36 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.57 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TealliteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Parallel {001} white with a light golden tint; [001] pure white.

Chemical Properties of TealliteHide

Formula:
PbSnS2
Idealised Formula:
PbSnS2
Common Impurities:
Fe

Crystallography of TealliteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Pnma
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.26 Å, b = 11.41 Å, c = 4.09 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.373 : 1 : 0.358
Unit Cell V:
198.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Thin tabular {001} with nearly square outline; lateral faces striated parallel to the intersection with {001}; {001} striated [110]. Crystals often warped or bent. Usually massive.
Twinning:
Observed only in polished section.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of TealliteHide

Other Language Names for TealliteHide

German:Teallit
Russian:Тиллит
Simplified Chinese:叶硫锡铅矿
硫锡铅矿
Spanish:Teallita

Relationship of Teallite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Wurtzite5 photos of Teallite associated with Wurtzite on mindat.org.
Quartz5 photos of Teallite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Cassiterite4 photos of Teallite associated with Cassiterite on mindat.org.
Franckeite2 photos of Teallite associated with Franckeite on mindat.org.
Arsenopyrite1 photo of Teallite associated with Arsenopyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CD.05HerzenbergiteSnSOrth.
2.CD.10AlabanditeMnSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10AltaitePbTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10ClausthalitePbSeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10GalenaPbSIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)SIso.
2.CD.10Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.10Keilite(Fe2+,Mg)SIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CD.15aCinnabarHgSTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
2.CD.15bHypercinnabarHgSHex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

6.1.1KuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
6.1.2MohiteCu2SnS3Mon.
6.1.3VelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
6.1.4HemusiteCu6SnMoS8Iso.
6.1.5KiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
6.1.6StanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
6.1.7RhodostanniteCu2FeSn3S8Tet. 4/m : I41/a
6.1.8MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
6.1.9ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
6.1.10FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 : I4
6.1.11Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
6.1.12StannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
6.1.13ČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
6.1.14VincienniteCu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16Tet.
6.1.15PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
6.1.16HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
6.1.18FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14Tric. 1 : P1
6.1.19LévyclauditePb8Sn7Cu3(Bi,Sb)3S28
6.1.20CylindritePb3Sn4FeSb2S14Tric. 1 : P1
6.1.21PotosíitePb6Sn3FeSb3S16Tric.
6.1.22Sakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4 Iso.
6.1.23Petrukite(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4Orth.
6.1.24Incaite(Pb,Ag)4Sn4FeSb2S15Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Major tin ore at 2 mines in Bolivia. Elsewhere too rare.

References for TealliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Prior, G.T. (1904), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 21.
Ahlfeld (1925), Met. Erz: 22: 135.
Ahlfeld (1926), Zbl. Min.: 388 (Zinc-teallite).
Ahlfeld, Himmel, and Kleber (1935), Zbl. Min.: 225.
Hoffmann (1935), Zs. Kr.: 92: 161.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 439-441.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: A92: 161-173.
Geological Society of America Memoire (1962): 85: 75.
Herwig Pelckmans (1999): http://www.mineralogie.be/GN-archief/GN1999-10.pdf (in Flemish)

Internet Links for TealliteHide

Localities for TealliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy
    • Rinconada Department
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Board, W. S., Kennedy, B., & Yeomans, T. (2011). NI 43-101 Technical Report on the Pirquitas Mine.
Paar, W. H., de Brodtkorb, M. K., Sureda, R. J., & Topa, D. (2010). Mineralogy and chemistry of tin and lead sulfides and sulfosalts in the Pirquitas Mine vein deposit, Jujuy, Argentina (22° 41'S-66° 28'W). Andean Geology, 28(2), 259-268.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • King Co.
      • Rye Park
McQueen, K. G. (1988): Teallite, low-antimony franckeite and tin-bearing galena from the Wallah Wallah mine, Rye Park, New South Wales. Australian Mineral. 3 (3), 111-116.
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz Department
    • Inquisivi Province
      • Colquiri
Dana 7:I:440; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Oruro Department
    • Avaroa Province
      • Condo
Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
    • Cercado Province
      • Oruro City
Rob Lavinsky
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
Müller, B., Frischknecht, R., Seward, T., Heinrich, C., & Gallegos, W. C. (2001). A fluid inclusion reconnaissance study of the Huanuni tin deposit (Bolivia), using LA-ICP-MS micro-analysis. Mineralium Deposita, 36(7), 680-688
Dana 7:I:440,449,483.
    • Poopó Province
      • Callipampa
Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia, Boletín No. 5 (Especial), page 159-160, (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
      • Pazña
        • Monserrat-Antequera district
Dr. Fritz Berndt, unpublished analyses
Dana 7:I:440.
Dana 7:I:440.; R. Koechlin (1905) Tscherm. Min. Petr. Mitt. 24:114
Dana 7:I:441.; Min Rec (1977) 8:52-57; Gibson & Turneaure (1950) Trans AIME 187:1071-1078
[MinRec 32:477]
  • Potosí Department
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
Trans AIME (1950) 187:1071-1078; Turneaure, F. S., & Gibson, R. (1945). Tin deposits of Carguaicollo, Bolivia. Am. J. Sci, 243, 523-541.; Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
Ahlfeld, F. and Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
    • Chayanta Province
      • Colquechaca (Aullagas)
[MinRec 32:461]
      • Ocuri
Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. 180pp. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
    • Sud Lípez Province
      • Cerro Morokho (Cerro Moruco)
USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 251.
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Minzhi Huang, Gongbao Wu, Yuchuan Chen, and Shaohua Tang (1986): Acta Geologica Sinica 60(2)
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
        • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
Zeheng Lei, Fuwen Chen, Zhenghui Chen, Yiming Xu, Shuqing Gong, Huaqin Li, Yuping Mei, Wenjun Qu, and Denghong Wang (2010): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 31(4), 532-540
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mengzi Co.
Xinpei Jiang (1994): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 13(5), 278-284
Czech Republic
 
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Trutnov (Trautenau)
      • Radvanice
Jirásek, J.: Thermal Changes of the Rocks in the Dump Pile of the Kateřina Colliery in Radvanice (Eastern Bohemia). Ostrava: VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Institute of Geological Engineering - 541, 2001. 69 p.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Arsuk Fjord
        • Ivittuut (Ivigtut)
Petersen, O.V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-65 (p.36)
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Kouvola
Sunblad, Krister et al (2008). Polymetallic metallogeny in the Wiborg batholith, Fennoscandian shield. The 33rd IGC International Geological Congress Oslo 2008.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Sapporo
      • Minami-ku
Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.; Eijun Ohta (1991) Polymetallic Mineralization at the Toyoha Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Mining Geology 41:279-295
North Korea
 
  • North Pyongan Province
    • Changseong-gun
      • Chonchang-myon
Ishibashi, M. (1944) Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, 31, 5.
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Editor:Szakáll,www.minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
      • Verkhoyansk Fold Belt
        • Verkhoyansk Silver Province
Nokleberg, W.J., ed., (2010) Metallogenesis and tectonics of northeast Asia: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1765, 624 p.
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Genkin, A.D., Bortnikov, N.S., and Golovanova, T.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 75-85.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Rochester District
Econ Geol (1981) 76:580-609
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