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Tellurite

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About TelluriteHide

Formula:
TeO2
Colour:
White to yellow, bright yellow to orange-yellow; nearly colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Sub-Adamantine
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
5.88 - 5.92
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named for its tellurium content.
Dimorph of:
This page provides mineralogical data about Tellurite.


Classification of TelluriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First published:
1842
4.DE.20

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
E : With medium-sized cations; with various polyhedra
4.4.6.1

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
4 : AX2
7.17.2

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
17 : Oxides of Se and Te

Physical Properties of TelluriteHide

Sub-Adamantine
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
White to yellow, bright yellow to orange-yellow; nearly colourless in transmitted light
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {010}.
Density:
5.88 - 5.92 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.83 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TelluriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.000(5) nβ = 2.180(2) nγ = 2.350(2)
2V:
Measured: 90°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.350
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
relatively weak, r < v

Chemical Properties of TelluriteHide

Formula:
TeO2
CAS Registry number:
7446-07-3

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society

Crystallography of TelluriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.6 Å, b = 12.03 Å, c = 5.46 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.466 : 1 : 0.454
Unit Cell V:
367.83 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Acicular [001] and thin laths {010}, often striated [001]. Grouped in tufts and in spherical masses with a radiated structure. Powdery coatings.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0018058TelluriteIto T, Sawada H (1940) The crystal structure of tellurite (Te O2) _cod_database_code 1011183 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 102 13-2519400293
0010638TelluriteBeyer H (1967) Verfeinerung der kristallstruktur von tellurit, dem rhomischen TeO2 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 124 228-2371967Moctezuma, Mexico0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.280 Å(100)
3.723 Å(95)
3.008 Å(50)
2.730 Å(45)
2.800 Å(25)
2.298 Å(25)
1.930 Å(25)

Type Occurrence of TelluriteHide

Reference:
Petz, W. (1842) Zerlegung einiger Siebenbürger Tellur-Erze. Annalen der Physik und Chemie: 57: 467-478 (478).

Synonyms of TelluriteHide

Other Language Names for TelluriteHide

German:Tellurit
Japanese:テルル石
Simplified Chinese:黄碲矿
Spanish:Tellurita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
11 photos of Tellurite associated with SpiroffiteMn2+2Te4+3O8
7 photos of Tellurite associated with ParatelluriteTeO2
6 photos of Tellurite associated with TelluriumTe
5 photos of Tellurite associated with Denningite(Mn2+,Ca,Zn)Te4+2O5
5 photos of Tellurite associated with ZemanniteMg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2O
4 photos of Tellurite associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Tellurite associated with MroseiteCaTe4+(CO3)O2
1 photo of Tellurite associated with WinstanleyiteTiTe4+3O8
1 photo of Tellurite associated with EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
1 photo of Tellurite associated with ProtojoséiteBi3(Te,S)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DE.05DowneyiteSeO2Tet.
4.DE.10Koragoite(Mn2+,Fe3+)3(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(Nb,Mn)2(W,Ta)2O20Mon. 2 : P21
4.DE.15KoechliniteBi2MoO6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
4.DE.15RusselliteBi2WO6Orth.
4.DE.15TungstibiteSb3+2WO6Orth. 2 2 2
4.DE.25ParatelluriteTeO2Tet.
4.DE.30BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4Orth.
4.DE.30BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DE.30CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4Orth.
4.DE.30StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4Orth. mm2
4.DE.30StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mm2
4.DE.30ClinocervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4Mon.
4.DE.35BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

4.4.6.2Scrutinyiteα-PbO2Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.17.1DowneyiteSeO2Tet.
7.17.3ParatelluriteTeO2Tet.
7.17.4ChiluiteBi3Te6+Mo6+O10.5Hex.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Very slightly soluble in H2O.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TelluriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Petz, W. (1842) Zerlegung einiger Siebenbürger Tellur-Erze. Annalen der Physik und Chemie: 57: 467-478 (478). (as tellurige Säure)
Haidinger, W. (1845) Zweite Klasse: Geogenide. II. Ordnung. Baryte. VIII. Antimonbaryt. Tellurit.. in Handbuch der Bestimmenden Mineralogie, Bei Braumüller and Seidel (Wien): 499-506.
Genth, F.A. (1878) On some tellurium and vanadium minerals. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society: 17: 113-123.
Krenner, J. (1886) Term. Füz.: 10: 81, 106.
Ito, T. (1933) Journal Geological Society of Japan: 40(481): 613-616.
Kato, T., Shibata, H., Nakamoto, A. (1933) On the telluriferous gold silver vein of the Rendaiji mine, Idu, with a special referenees to tellurite found in it. Journal Geological Society of Japan: 40: 233-241. (in Japanese)
Inuzuka, H. (1934) The crystal structure of Tellurite, TeO2. Journal Geological Society of Japan: 41: 131-138. (in Japanese)
Ito, T., Sawada, H. (1940) The Crystal Structure of Tellurite (TeO2). Zeitschrift für Kristallographie-Crystalline Materials: 102(1): 13-25.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 593-595.
Stehlík, B., Balák, L. (1949) The crystal structure of tellurium dioxide. Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications:14: 595-607.
Swanson, H.E. (1956) Standard X-ray Diffraction Powder Patterns: Data for 53 substances, Volume 539. 56.
Beyer, H. (1967) Verfeinerung der kristallstruktur von tellurit, dem rhombischen TeO2 (Refinement of the crystal structure of tellurite, the rhombic TeO2). Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 124: 228-237.
Honma, H., Nakata, M. (1981) Syntheses of Tellurite in the System, Tellurium Tetrachloride Ammonia Water at Room Temperature. Journal of the Mineral Society of Japan: 15(1): 1-9 (6).
Christy, A.G., Mills, S.J., Kampf, A.R., Housley, R.M., Thorne, B., Marty, J. (2016) The relationship between mineral composition, crystal structure and paragenetic sequence: the case of secondary Te mineralization at the Bird Nest drift, Otto Mountain, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 291-310.

Internet Links for TelluriteHide

Localities for TelluriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Leoben District
      • Kammern im Liesingtal
        • Seiz
          • Wolfsgruben (Wolfgruben)
Auer, C. (2019): Die Mineralien der Wolfsgrube bei Seiz im Liesingtal. Der Steirische Mineralog, 34, 5-11.
    • Murau District
      • Neumarkt in der Steiermark
        • Dürnstein
Auer, Ch. (2019): 2136) Seltene Erzeinschlüsse vom Manganvorkommen bei Dürnstein in der Steiermark - ein Vorbericht. p. 298-301 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-326.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Norman Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Wisner Township
Kjarsgaard, I. M., & Ames, D. E. (2010, June). Ore mineralogy of Cu-Ni-PGE deposits in the North Range footwall environment, Sudbury, Canada. In 11th international platinum symposium, program abstracts, Ontario Geological Survey, miscellaneous release-data (Vol. 269).
    • Timiskaming District
      • Bannockburn Township
D. C. Harris, W. D. Sinclair, and R. I. Thorpe (1983) Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. Can Mineral 21: 137-143
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo
    • Elqui Province
      • El Indio deposit
M.Dini collectioni - analysed with EDX, PDf & microprobe (by dr. Jochen Schluter); Deyell, C. L., Rye, R. O., Landis, G. P., & Bissig, T. (2005). Alunite and the role of magmatic fluids in the Tambo high-sulfidation deposit, El Indio–Pascua belt, Chile. Chemical Geology, 215(1), 185-218.
Back, M.E., Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A., Criddle, A.J. & Mandarino, J.A. (1999): Walfordite, a new tellurite from the Wendy open pit, El Indio - Tambo mining property, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist 37, 1261-1268.; Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., Abdu, Y. A., Walford, P. C., & Back, M. E. (2019). Relative humidity as a driver of structural change in three new ferric-sulfate-tellurite hydrates: New minerals tamboite and metatamboite, and a lower-hydrate derivative, possibly involving direct uptake of atmospheric {H2O} 4 clusters. The Canadian Mineralogist, 57(5), 605-635.
China
 
  • Hebei
    • Zhangjiakou
      • Chongli District
        • Shuiquangou Complex
Jiuling Li, Makovicky, E., Rose Hansen, J., Petersen, S.B., Feng Qi, Yanhe Cui, and Qingsheng Xu (2001): Geoscience 15(2), 189-196
  • Yunnan
    • Lijiang
      • Huaping County
Li, G., Xue, Y., & Xiong, M. (2019). Tewite: AK–Te–W new mineral species with a modified tungsten-bronze type structure, from the Panzhihua-Xichang region, southwest China. European Journal of Mineralogy, 31(1), 145-152.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
      • Jáchymov
Vogl (1857) Gangverhaltn. und Mineralreich, Joachimsthal, Teplitz: 169; Palache et al (1951), Dana's System of Mineralogiy, 7th. ed., Vol. 2: 262.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • Saint-Étienne
        • La Ricamarie
Laurent, H. (1995) - Minéralisations des houillères embrasées, Le Règne Minéral,(2), 41-45.
  • Occitanie
    • Lozère
      • Mende
        • Monts-de-Randon
          • Estables
Patrice Queneau Collection
Hungary
 
  • Heves County
    • Gyöngyössolymos
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Ishikari Subprefecture
      • Sapporo City
        • Nishi-ku
井伊博行, & 岡田昭彦. (1991). 北海道札幌市小別沢鉱山産のテルル鉱物 (Poughite, Frohbergite, Melonite) について. 鉱物学雜誌, 20(3), 89-92.
島倉広至, 三浦貴生, 浜根大輔, 松枝大治, & 三浦裕行. (2015). 北海道手稲鉱山産 Te, Bi, As 鉱物. 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告, 78, 19-35.
Zemann, A., and Zemann, J. (1960): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 7, 436-438.; Yosimura, T. (1939): Teineite, a new tellurate mineral from the Teine mine, Hokkaido, Japan. J. Fac. Sci. Hokkaido Univ. IV 4, 465.
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
(Masutomi Museum specimen, Kyoto; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsankoubutsu Gojuonhairetsu sanchi-ichiranhyou. p 60.
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Cananea Municipality
J F Carpenter
    • Moctezuma Municipality
      • Moctezuma
Panczner, W.D. (1987) Minerals of Mexico. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York, 459 pages.
No reference listed
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kamienna Góra County
      • Gmina Kamienna Góra
        • Rędziny
Parafiniuk J. 2003: Secondary bismuth and tellurium minerals from Rędziny (SW Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 34, no.2, 3-14
Romania (TL)
 
  • Alba
    • Zlatna
Dana 4:502
Stephan Wolfsried photo.
  • Hunedoara
    • Deva
      • Bocşa Mare
Andrei Ionuț Apopei, Gheorghe Damian, Nicolae Buzgar, Andrei Buzatu (2016): Mineralogy and geochemistry of Pb–Sb/As-sulfosalts from Coranda-Hondol ore deposit (Romania) — Conditions of telluride deposition. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 857-873.
No reference listed
    • Stănija
Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003). Cervelleite, Ag4TeS, from three localities in Romania, substitution of Cu, and the occurrence of the associated phase, Ag2Cu2TeS. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2003(7), 321-336.
Russia
 
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Chaunskii District (Chaun)
      • Ilirney ore district
Nikolaev, Y. N., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Apletalin, A. V., Vlasov, E. A., Baksheev, I. A., Kal’ko, I. A., & Komarova, Y. S. (2013). Gold-telluride mineralization of the Western Chukchi Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy, geochemistry, and formation conditions. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(2), 96-124.
  • Kamchatka Krai
V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
      • Dalnegorsk
Dana 7:I:594.
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Kunashir Island
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Okinsky District
        • Muya District
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
Analysis performed at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Ignacio Gaspar).
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Graeme, R. (1993) Bisbee revisited. The Mineralogical Record: 24: 421-436.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 389; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
  • California
    • Mono Co.
      • Bodie Hills
        • Masonic Mining District
          • Masonic Mountain
MarekC collection, 2017
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Balarat Mining District
Dana 7:I:594 & Dana 6:1089.
      • Gold Hill Mining District
        • Gold Hill
Note from mine geologist, 2005. Richard Smith Collection
      • Jamestown Mining District
Dana 6:11 & Dana 7:I:594.
      • Magnolia Mining District
Dana 6: 11, 980; Dana 7:I: 594.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
      • Sugarloaf Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Vulcan Mining District (Cebolla Mining District; Domingo Mining District)
        • Vulcan
Dana 7:I:199,594 & II:508.
    • Hinsdale Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Poughkeepsie Gulch
Dana 7:I:446, 476; Dana 6:114, 1091; Neues Jahrb. Mineral. Mon.:555-576 (1992).
    • Teller Co.
      • Cripple Creek Mining District
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185; USGS Professional Paper 54
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Goldfield Mining District
        • Goldfield
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Collected by Dan Evanich in 2019. Visual identification based on presence of associated goldfieldite in the same host matrix, a confirmed tellurium species from The Florence Mine.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
      • Wilcox Mining District
        • Lone Pine Hill area
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Drum Mountains
        • Detroit Mining District (Drum Mining District; Joy Mining District)
Raudsepp, M., Coolbaugh, M.F., McCormack, J.K., Czech, E. and McMillan, R. (2019) Andymcdonaldite, IMA 2018-141. CNMNC Newsletter No. 49, June 2019, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine, 83: 323–328.
Coolbaugh, M.F., McCormack, J.K., Raudsepp, M., Czech, E., McMillan, R., and Kampf, A.R., 2020, Andymcdonaldite (Fe3+2Te6+O6), a new ferric iron tellurate with inverse trirutile structure from the Detroit district, Juab County, Utah: Canadian Mineralogist, v. 58, p. 85-97.
      • Eureka
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • Mammoth
Chuck Adan collection
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. Raman analyzed by Bob Housley.
    • Utah Co.
SEM EDS confirmed by Rob Bowell.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent
    • Okhangaron District
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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