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Temagamite

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Formula:
Pd3HgTe3
Colour:
Bright white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
9.45 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Temagami Mine, Temagani Island, Ontario, Canada (an Ojibway word for "deep-clear water").
Telargpalite Group.

Structure details (Laufek et al., 2016):
* layer modules set along the c axis
* module A: isolated PdTe6 octahedra, having common faces with octahedra from neighbouring modules
* modules B & F: PdTe6 octahedra and PdTe4 squares
* modules C, D, and E: corner-sharing PdTe4 squares
* Hg atoms present within the anti-cubooctahedral voids formed by Te atoms
* Pd–Pd and Pd–Hg bonds present


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of TemagamiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1973
2.BC.50

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
C : With Rh, Pd, Pt, etc.
2.6.5.1

2 : SULFIDES
6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
3.12.18

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Physical Properties of TemagamiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Bright white
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN25=92 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Density:
9.45 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TemagamiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
In air weakly anisotropic. Under oil the anisotropism is enhanced with colours pale grey to dark grey
Bireflectance:
none
Colour in reflected light:
white with a gray tinge

Chemical Properties of TemagamiteHide

Formula:
Pd3HgTe3
Common Impurities:
Pt,Bi

Crystallography of TemagamiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P3m1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.8211(6) Å, c = 17.281(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.21
Unit Cell V:
915.45 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Comment:
on synthetic material

Type Occurrence of TemagamiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
inclusions in chalcopyrite
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Royal Ontario Museum
Geological Setting of Type Material:
massive pyrite and chalcopyrite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of TemagamiteHide

Other Language Names for TemagamiteHide

German:Temagamit
Spanish:Temagamita

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BC.UM2004-45-Se:AgHgPd(Ag,Cu)6Hg2Pd2Se3
2.BC.ColdwellitePd3Ag2SIso. 4 3 2 : P43 3 2
2.BC.05PalladseitePd17Se15
2.BC.05MiassiteRh17S15Iso.
2.BC.05UM2000-47-S:CuFePdPt(Cu,Fe,Pd,Pt,Rh)9S8
2.BC.10Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5Orth.
2.BC.15ChrisstanleyiteAg2Pd3Se4Mon.
2.BC.15JagüéiteCu2Pd3Se4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BC.20KeithconnitePd20Te7Trig.
2.BC.25Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
2.BC.30TelluropalladinitePd9Te4Mon.
2.BC.35LuberoitePt5Se4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BC.40Oulankaite(Pd,Pt)5(Cu,Fe)4SnTe2S2Tet.
2.BC.45Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.
2.BC.55SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
2.BC.60LaflammeitePd3Pb2S2Mon.
2.BC.65TischendorfitePd8Hg3Se9Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
3.12.2LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
3.12.6Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4Iso.
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2Trig.
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5Orth.
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4Mon.
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTe
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)Hex.
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.
3.12.23Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2AsMon. 2/m : P2/m
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3Trig.
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAsHex.
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2Hex.
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3Tric. 1 : P1
3.12.30VincentitePd3AsTet.
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)Orth.
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2Hex.
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
3.12.34Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)SbHex.
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4Iso.
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4Hex.
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5Trig.
3.12.40SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)Hex.
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
3.12.44CooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.12.47MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4Iso.
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTe
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2Orth.
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3Tet. 4 2 2
3.12.55StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)Hex.
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2Mon.
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbSIso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TemagamiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, J.H.G. & Stewart, J.M. (1973): Temagamite, a new palladium-mercury telluride from the Temagami copper deposit, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 193-198.
Laufek, F., Vymazalová, A., Drábek, M., Dušek, M., Navrátil, J., & Černošková, E. (2016). The crystal structure of Pd3HgTe3, the synthetic analogue of temagamite. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2547_pap_gsw. in press

Internet Links for TemagamiteHide

Localities for TemagamiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Karratha
HOATSON,DM, WALLACE,DA, SUN,S-S, MACIAS,LF, SIMPSON,CJ and KEAYS,RR (1992) Petrology and platinum-group-element geochemistry of Archaean layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions, west Pilbara block, Western Australia. AGSO Bull. 242, 319pp. plus map.
Botswana
 
  • North-West District
    • Toteng
Piestrzynski, A., Wendorff, M., Letsholo, M. and Mackay, W. (2015). Platinum-group minerals in the Neoproterozoic stratabound copper-silver mineralisation, the Kalahari Copperbelt, Nortwestern Botswana. South African Journal of Geology, 118(3), 275-284.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Kamloops
Garagan, M. J. (2014). Textural and spatial relationship between platinum-group elements and alteration assemblages in the Afton porphyry system, Kamloops, British Columbia. BS Thesis St. Marys University, Halifax
    • Liard Mining Division
Nixon, G. T., & Smyth, W. R. (1998). Ni–Cu sulfide mineralization in the Turnagain Alaskan-type complex: a unique magmatic environment. Geological Survey of British Columbia, Paper, 1.
  • Manitoba
    • Flin Flon District
      • Bear Lake
Olivo & Theyer (2004) CM 42, 667
  • Ontario
    • Nipissing District
      • Phyllis Township
CABRI, L.J., LAFLAMME, J.H.G. & STEWART, J.M. (1973): Temagamite, a new palladium-mercury telluride from the Temagami copper deposit, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 193-198.
    • Sudbury District
      • Rathbun Township
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1272-1277
    • Thunder Bay District
      • O'Neill Township
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
  • Québec
    • Côte-Nord
      • Caniapiscau RCM
Beaudoin, G., Laurent, R. & Ohnenstetter, D. (1990) First report of platinum-group minerals at Blue Lake, Labrador Through, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 409-418.
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Nunavik
        • Raglan
harlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
        • Ungava
Charlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Tischendorf, G. (1969). Sources of elements in selenide mineralization near Tilkerode (Harz). International Geology Review, 11(11), 1298-1301.
Norway
 
  • Nord-Trøndelag
    • Grong
      • Grong ore field
Grønlie, A. (1988): Platinum-group minerals in the Lillefjellklumpen nickel-copper deposit, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68, 65-72 + Neumann (1985, p. 35).
  • Rogaland
    • Karmøy
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (11998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
    • Kohistan District (Abasin Kohistan; Indus Kohistan)
Kausar, A. B. (1998). Platinum Group Elements (PGE) and Platinum Group MineraIs (PGM) Distribution and petrological evolution of southern Kohistan Arc, Northern Pakistan (Doctoral dissertation, Université Joseph-Fourier-Grenoble I).
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Burgersfort
        • Sekhukhuneland
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p271; Junge, M., Wirth, R., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Schreiber, A. (2015). Mineralogical siting of platinum-group elements in pentlandite from the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 50(1), 41-54.
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Waterval
http://www.minsoc.org.za/pubs/BaseMetals2003.pdf
H.F.J. Theart and C.D. de Nooy (2001) The Platinum Group Minerals in two parts of the Massive Sulphide Body of the Uitkomst Complex, Mpumalanga, South Africa. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY, VOLUME 104, PAGE 287-300
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Kiruna
      • Vittangi
IMA 18th General Meeting, Programme with Abstracts, 266
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Kasaan Peninsula
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm; Econ Geol(1992) 87:185-184; US Geological Survey, 2005, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF); Goodall, G. N. (2001). PROJECT REPORT on the SALT CHUCK COPPER-PALLADIUM PROSPECT PRINCE OF WALES ISLAND, ALASKA.
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • Sweet Grass Co.
      • Stillwater Complex
ID by microprobe on polished section, and ore microscopy, by Bart Cannon.
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
      • New Rambler District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Mineral and/or Locality  
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