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Temagamite

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About TemagamiteHide

Formula:
Pd3HgTe3
Colour:
Bright white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
9.45 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Temagami Mine, Temagani Island, Ontario, Canada (an Ojibway word for "deep-clear water").

Structure details (Laufek et al., 2016):
* layer modules set along the c axis
* module A: isolated PdTe6 octahedra, having common faces with octahedra from neighbouring modules
* modules B & F: PdTe6 octahedra and PdTe4 squares
* modules C, D, and E: corner-sharing PdTe4 squares
* Hg atoms present within the anti-cubooctahedral voids formed by Te atoms
* Pd–Pd and Pd–Hg bonds present


Classification of TemagamiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1973
2.BC.50

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
C : With Rh, Pd, Pt, etc.
2.6.5.1

2 : SULFIDES
6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
3.12.18

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Physical Properties of TemagamiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Bright white
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN25=92 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Density:
9.45 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TemagamiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
In air weakly anisotropic. Under oil the anisotropism is enhanced with colours pale grey to dark grey
Bireflectance:
none
Colour in reflected light:
white with a gray tinge

Chemical Properties of TemagamiteHide

Formula:
Pd3HgTe3
Common Impurities:
Pt,Bi

Crystallography of TemagamiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P3m1
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.8211(6) Å, c = 17.281(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.21
Unit Cell V:
915.45 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Comment:
on synthetic material

Type Occurrence of TemagamiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
inclusions in chalcopyrite
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Royal Ontario Museum
Geological Setting of Type Material:
massive pyrite and chalcopyrite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of TemagamiteHide

Other Language Names for TemagamiteHide

German:Temagamit
Spanish:Temagamita

Relationship of Temagamite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BC.UM2004-45-Se:AgHgPd(Ag,Cu)6Hg2Pd2Se3
2.BC.ColdwellitePd3Ag2SIso. 4 3 2 : P43 3 2
2.BC.05PalladseitePd17Se15Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.BC.05MiassiteRh17S15Iso.
2.BC.05UM2000-47-S:CuFePdPt(Cu,Fe,Pd,Pt,Rh)9S8
2.BC.10Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5Orth.
2.BC.15ChrisstanleyiteAg2Pd3Se4Mon.
2.BC.15JagüéiteCu2Pd3Se4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BC.20KeithconnitePd20Te7Trig.
2.BC.25Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
2.BC.30TelluropalladinitePd9Te4Mon.
2.BC.35LuberoitePt5Se4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BC.40Oulankaite(Pd,Pt)5(Cu,Fe)4SnTe2S2Tet.
2.BC.45Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.
2.BC.55SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
2.BC.60LaflammeitePd3Pb2S2Mon.
2.BC.65TischendorfitePd8Hg3Se9Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
3.12.2LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
3.12.6XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2Trig.
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5Orth.
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4Mon.
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)Hex.
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.
3.12.23Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2AsMon. 2/m : P2/m
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3Trig.
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAsHex.
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2Hex.
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3Tric. 1 : P1
3.12.30VincentitePd3AsTet.
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)Orth.
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2Hex.
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
3.12.34Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)SbHex.
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4Iso.
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4Hex.
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
3.12.40SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)Hex.
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
3.12.44CooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.12.47MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2Orth.
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3Tet. 4 2 2
3.12.55StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)Hex.
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2Mon.
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbSIso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TemagamiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, J.H.G. & Stewart, J.M. (1973): Temagamite, a new palladium-mercury telluride from the Temagami copper deposit, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 193-198.
Laufek, F., Vymazalová, A., Drábek, M., Dušek, M., Navrátil, J., & Černošková, E. (2016). The crystal structure of Pd3HgTe3, the synthetic analogue of temagamite. European Journal of Mineralogy, ejm2547_pap_gsw. in press

Internet Links for TemagamiteHide

Localities for TemagamiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Karratha
HOATSON,DM, WALLACE,DA, SUN,S-S, MACIAS,LF, SIMPSON,CJ and KEAYS,RR (1992) Petrology and platinum-group-element geochemistry of Archaean layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions, west Pilbara block, Western Australia. AGSO Bull. 242, 319pp. plus map.
Botswana
 
  • North-West District
    • Toteng
Piestrzynski, A., Wendorff, M., Letsholo, M. and Mackay, W. (2015). Platinum-group minerals in the Neoproterozoic stratabound copper-silver mineralisation, the Kalahari Copperbelt, Nortwestern Botswana. South African Journal of Geology, 118(3), 275-284.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Kamloops
Garagan, M. J. (2014). Textural and spatial relationship between platinum-group elements and alteration assemblages in the Afton porphyry system, Kamloops, British Columbia. BS Thesis St. Marys University, Halifax
    • Liard Mining Division
Nixon, G. T., & Smyth, W. R. (1998). Ni–Cu sulfide mineralization in the Turnagain Alaskan-type complex: a unique magmatic environment. Geological Survey of British Columbia, Paper, 1.
  • Manitoba
    • Flin Flon District
      • Bear Lake
Olivo & Theyer (2004) CM 42, 667; Olivo, G., Theyer, P., & Bursztyn, N. (2002). Platinum group element investigations in the Flin Flon greenstone belt: Petrography and mineralogy of the McBratney Lake PGE-Au occurrence (NTS 63K13), Manitoba. Report of Activities, 94-99.
  • Ontario
    • Nipissing District
      • Phyllis Township
CABRI, L.J., LAFLAMME, J.H.G. & STEWART, J.M. (1973): Temagamite, a new palladium-mercury telluride from the Temagami copper deposit, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 193-198.
    • Sudbury District
      • Capreol Township
Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
      • Rathbun Township
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1272-1277; Hulbert, L. J., Duke, J. M., Eckstrand, O. R., Lydon, J. W., Scoates, R. F. J., Cabri, L. J., & Irvine, T. N. (1998) Geological Environments of Platinum Group elements. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1440. Natural Resources Canada.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • O'Neill Township
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
  • Québec
    • Côte-Nord
      • Caniapiscau RCM
Beaudoin, G., Laurent, R. & Ohnenstetter, D. (1990) First report of platinum-group minerals at Blue Lake, Labrador Through, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 409-418.
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Nunavik
        • Raglan
harlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
        • Ungava
Charlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Tischendorf, G. (1969). Sources of elements in selenide mineralization near Tilkerode (Harz). International Geology Review, 11(11), 1298-1301.
Norway
 
  • Rogaland
    • Karmøy
      • Ulvøya
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (11998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
  • Trøndelag
    • Røyrvik
Grønlie, A. (1988): Platinum-group minerals in the Lillefjellklumpen nickel-copper deposit, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68, 65-72 + Neumann (1985, p. 35).
Geological Survey of Norway. The Ore Database. Deposit Area 1739 - 021. Stormyrplutten.
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Kohistan District (Abasin Kohistan; Indus Kohistan)
Kausar, A. B. (1998). Platinum Group Elements (PGE) and Platinum Group MineraIs (PGM) Distribution and petrological evolution of southern Kohistan Arc, Northern Pakistan (Doctoral dissertation, Université Joseph-Fourier-Grenoble I).
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
Sidorov, E. G., Ignatyev, E. K., & Chubarov, V. M. (2017, August). First find of platinum group metals in the ore of Kirganik copper–porphyry deposit (Kamchatka). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 475, No. 2, pp. 883-886). Pleiades Publishing.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
      • Jasov (Jossau; Joss)
Radvanec, M., & Uher, P. (2016). Platinum-group minerals in metapyroxenite from Jasov, Meliatic Unit, Slovakia. Acta Geol. Slov., 8, 2, 195, 201.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Burgersfort
      • Sekhukhuneland
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p271; Junge, M., Wirth, R., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Schreiber, A. (2015). Mineralogical siting of platinum-group elements in pentlandite from the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 50(1), 41-54.
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Manyeruke, T. D. (2007). Compositional and lithological variation of the Platreef on the farm Nonnenwerth, northern lobe of the Bushveld Complex: Implications for the origin of Platinum-group elements (PGE) mineralization (Doctoral dissertation, University of Pretoria).
  • Mpumalanga
    • Nkangala District
      • Waterval
http://www.minsoc.org.za/pubs/BaseMetals2003.pdf
H.F.J. Theart and C.D. de Nooy (2001) The Platinum Group Minerals in two parts of the Massive Sulphide Body of the Uitkomst Complex, Mpumalanga, South Africa. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY, VOLUME 104, PAGE 287-300
Sweden
 
  • Norrbotten County
    • Kiruna
      • Kiruna town
        • Vittangi
IMA 18th General Meeting, Programme with Abstracts, 266
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area
      • Ketchikan Mining District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Kasaan Peninsula
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm; Econ Geol(1992) 87:185-184; US Geological Survey, 2005, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF); Goodall, G. N. (2001). PROJECT REPORT on the SALT CHUCK COPPER-PALLADIUM PROSPECT PRINCE OF WALES ISLAND, ALASKA.
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
    • Sweet Grass Co.
ID by microprobe on polished section, and ore microscopy, by Bart Cannon.
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
      • New Rambler Mining District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
 
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