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Tephroite

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Formula:
Mn22+SiO4
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Grey, olive-green, flesh ...
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
6
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1823 by Johann Friedrich August Breithaupt from Greek τεφροζ "tephros" = ash-colored, alluding to the usual gray color of the mineral.

Classification of Tephroite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.AC.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
C : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Dana 7th ed.:
51.3.1.4
51.3.1.4

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
14.17.2

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
17 : Silicates of Mn

Physical Properties of Tephroite

Vitreous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Grey, olive-green, flesh red or reddish-brown, dark brown.
Streak:
Pale gray
Hardness (Mohs):
6
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on {010}
Imperfect on {001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
3.87 - 4.12 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.15 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Tephroite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.759 nβ = 1.797 nγ = 1.860
2V:
Measured: 60° to 70°, Calculated: 78°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.101
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X= brownish red
Y= reddish
Z= greenish blue

Chemical Properties of Tephroite

Formula:
Mn22+SiO4
Elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
An analysis of the type material published by

Rammelsberg, C. F., (1843): Analysis of tephroite: Handbuch der Mineral-Chemie, 1st ed., 1st suppl., p.80, (Also in Poggendorff's Annalen (1844.), Band 62, p.137)
SiO2 (28.66)
MnO (68.88)
FeO (2.92)
100. 46
Common Impurities:
Fe,Zn,Ca,Mg

Crystallography of Tephroite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.88(2) Å, b = 10.61(2) Å, c = 6.24(2) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.46 : 1 : 0.588
Unit Cell Volume:
V 323.09 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Short prismatic
Twinning:
Uncommon {011}
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.22 (5)
3.99 (15)
3.80 (5)
3.57 (80)
3.09 (20)
2.84 (90)
2.67 (5)
2.58 (100)
2.53 (90)
2.41 (15)
2.33 (15)
2.31 (15)
2.17 (5)
2.09 (5)
1.94 (5)
1.87 (5)
1.84 (5)
1.79 (80)
1.72 (10)
1.69 (10)
1.67 (15)
1.64 (5)
1.63 (5)
1.60 (5)
1.55 (50)
1.53 (50)
1.47 (5)
1.44 (5)
1.43 (5)
1.41 (5)
1.38 (15)
Comments:
ICDD 31-823 magnesian tephroite, ICDD 35-748 tephroite (synthetic)

Occurrences of Tephroite

Type Occurrence of Tephroite

General Appearance of Type Material:
Unknown
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Unknown

Relationship of Tephroite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Fayalite (see here)
Forms a series with Forsterite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4
FayaliteFe22+SiO4
ForsteriteMg2SiO4
GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
LaihuniteFe2+Fe23+(SiO4)2
Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Olivine(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
Roepperite (of Brush)(Fe22+,Mn,Zn)SiO4
9.AC.AhrensiteFe2SiO4
9.AC.05FayaliteFe22+SiO4
9.AC.05ForsteriteMg2SiO4
9.AC.05GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
9.AC.05KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
9.AC.05LaihuniteFe2+Fe23+(SiO4)2
9.AC.05Liebenbergite(Ni,Mg)2SiO4
9.AC.10MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
9.AC.15BrunogeieriteFe22+Ge4+O4
9.AC.15Ringwoodite(Mg,Fe2+)2SiO4
9.AC.20ChesnokoviteNa2[SiO2(OH)2] · 8H2O
14.17.1RhodoniteCaMn3Mn(Si5O15)
14.17.3BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
14.17.4AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
14.17.5Ribbeite(Mn2+,Mg)5(SiO4)2(OH)2
14.17.6LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
14.17.7JerrygibbsiteMn92+(SiO4)4(OH)2
14.17.8BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
14.17.9Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
14.17.10YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2O

Other Names for Tephroite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Tephroit
Simplified Chinese:锰橄榄石
Spanish:Tephroita
Traditional Chinese:錳橄欖石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Tephroite in petrology

Common component of (items highlighted in red)

References for Tephroite

Reference List:
Breithaupt, A. (1823) Vollständige Charakteristik des Mineral-Systems.- Dresden, 2nd. ed., p. 278.

Rammelsberg, C.F. (1843) Analysis of tephroite: Handbuch der Mineral-Chemie, 1st ed., 1st suppl., p.80.

Peters, T., Schwander, H., Trommsdorff, V. (1973) Assemblages among tephroite, pyroxmangite, rhodochrosite, quartz: Experimental data and occurrences in the Rhetic Alps. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 42: 325-332.

Takei, H. (1976) Czochralski growth of Mn2SiO4 (tephroite) single crystal and its properties. Journal of Crystal Growth: 34: 125-131.

Stidham, H.D., Bates, J.B., Finch, C.B. (1976) Vibrational spectra of synthetic single crystal tephroite, Mn2SiO4. Journal of physical chemistry: 80: 1226–1234.

Francis, C.,A., Ribbe, P.H. (1980) The forsterite-tephroite series: I. crystal structure refinements. American Mineralogist: 65: 1263-1269.

Fujino, K., Sasaki, S., Takéuchi, Y., Sadanaga, R. (1981) X-ray determination of electron distributions in forsterite, fayalite and tephroite. Acta Crystallographica: B37: 513-518.

Urusov, V.S., Lapina, I.V., Kravchuk, I.F., Kabalov, Y.K. (1984) Isomorphism in the forsterite-tephroite series. Geokhimiya: 7: 1047-1055 (in Russian).

Francis, C.A. (1985) New data on the forsterite-tephroite series. American Mineralogist: 70: 568-575.

Urusov, V.S., Lapina, I.V., Kabalov, Y.K., Kravchuk, I.F. (1985) Isomorphism in the forsterite-tephroite series. Geochemistry International: 22: 80-88.

Shannon, R.D., Subramanian, M.A., Hosoya, S., Rossman, G.R. (1991) Dielectric Constants of Tephroite, Fayalite and Olivine and the Oxide Additivity Rule. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 18: 1-6.

Redfern, S.A.T., Knight, K.S., Henderson, C.M.B., Wood, B.J. (1998) Fe-Mn cation ordering in fayalite-tephroite (FexMn1-X)2SiO4 olivines: a neutron diffraction study. Mineralogical Magazine: 62: 607-615.

Stüber, C., Laqua, W. (1998) Point Defects of Tephroite. I: The Electrical Conductivity of Mn2SiO4. Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie: 296: 197–218.

Mouri, T., Enami, M. (2008) Raman spectroscopic study of olivine-group minerals. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 103: 100-104.

Lin, C.-C., Chen, C.-C. (2011) Elasticity of tephroite (α-Mn2SiO4) and a comparison of the elastic properties of silicate olivines. European Journal of Mineralogy: 23: 35-43.

Internet Links for Tephroite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-3913.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Tephroite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Tephroite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Wilkes Land
      • Clark Peninsula
AmMin 44:439
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Darling Co.
      • Tamworth
Field observation M Goodwin 1998; Kawachi Y., Ashley P. M., Vince D., Goodwin M., 1994. Sugilite in manganese silicate rocks from the Hoskins mine and Woods mine, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 58: 671-677
    • Forbes Co.
      • Grenfell
Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, Volume 33, Issue 4 December 1986 , pages 443 - 456 ; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.; Ashley, P. M. (1986). An unusual manganese silicate occurrence at the Hoskins mine, Grenfell district, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 33(4), 443-456.; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F. C., Ball, N. A., & Ashley, P. M. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Oxo-mangani-leakeite from the Hoskins mine, New South Wales, Australia: occurrence and mineral description. Mineralogical Magazine.
    • Inglis Co.
      • Danglemah
Howarth, F. (1973). Some contact metamorphic and manganiferous rocks from southern New England. BA thesis Macquarie University.
    • Yancowinna Co.
Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
"Minerals of Broken Hill", William Birch, Editor, Published by Broken Hill City Council, 1999
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Lölling
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
      • St Salvator
        • Moschitzberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Bad Hofgastein
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
      • Kaprun valley
        • Mooserboden reservoir
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Lungau
      • Taurach valley
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. and Bernhard, F. (2015): Ardennite-(As), ardennite-(V), gasparite-(Ce) and chernovite-(Y): first results of a mineralogical study of the metaradiolarite-hosted manganese ore mineralisations in the Fuchssee area, Radstadt Tauern, Salzburg, Austria. MinPet 2015, Leoben, Austria, September 10-13; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 161, 67.
  • Styria
    • Mitterdorf
      • Veitsch
        • Kleinveitsch
          • Kaiblinggraben
Francis, C.A., Postl, W., Tropper, P., Bernhard, F., Walter, F. & Ettinger K. (2004): Über Sonolith und Tephroit von den Veitscher Manganerzvorkommen, Steiermark, Österreich. Joannea Mineralogie, 2, 85-100. [https://www.museum-joanneum.at/upload/file/Min2_04_Francis_ua.pdf]
Postl W. et al. (1998); Francis, C.A. (2004)
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Kals valley
Abrecht, J. (1990) An As-rich manganiferous mineral assemblage from the Ködnitz Valley (Eastern Alps, Austria): Geology, mineralogy, genetic considerations, and implications for metamorphic Mn deposits. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1990, 363-375.
MEIXNER, H. (1968): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XXIII. Carinthia II, 158./78., 96-115.
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Wattens
          • Watten valley
            • Wattener Lizum (Wattentaler Lizum)
              • Geier
                • Staffelsee
tirol.orf.at/news/stories/2612087/; Krüger, H., Tropper, P., Haefeker, U., Kaindl, R., Tribus, M., Kahlenberg, V., ... & Olieric, V. (2014). Innsbruckite, Mn33 (Si2O5) 14 (OH) 38–a new mineral from the Tyrol, Austria. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1613-1627.
Brazil
 
  • Amapá
    • Serra do Navio
Bello, Rosa M. S.,1978, Condições de Metamorfismo de Buritirama and Serra do Navio
  • Minas Gerais
Min Rec 39:125-130
http://acd.ufrj.br/geologia/posgrad/area1_d.htm
Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Canada
 
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse Mining District
Gunnar Farber
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Jiuquan Prefecture
      • Subei Co.
Fangcheng Wang, Bochong Liu, and Xiaoju Cai (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(5), 836-843
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Yizhang Co.
        • Dongpo ore field
Jingwen Mao, Hongyan Li, Hidehiko Shimazaki, Raimbault, L., and Guy, B. (1996): International Geology Review 38(11), 1020-1039
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Chaoyang Prefecture
      • Chaoyang Co.
Fan Delian, Li Jiaju, Ye Jie, Hariya, Y., and Miura, H. (1992): Some new data on manganese silicate-manganese oxide ores from ferro-manganese ore deposit Wafangzi, PRC (abstract). 29th international geological congress (Kyoto, 24 August - 3 September 1992).
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Pardubice Region
Marek, V., Povondra, P., Žák, L.: Pyroxmangite, rhodonite and tephroite from Chvaletice, Czechoslovakia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1975, vol. 19, no. 3, s. 187-198.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Třebíč
Novák, M. & Škoda, R. (2007): Mn3+-rich andalusite to kanonaite and their breakdown products from metamanganolite at Kojetice near Třebíč, the Moldanubian Zone, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 52(1-2), 161-167.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
      • Um Samiuki
Ibrahim M. Shalaby, Eugen Stumpfl, Hassan M. Helmy, Mahmoud M. El Mahallawi and Omar A. Kamel (2004) Silver and silver-bearing minerals at the Um Samiuki volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit, Eastern Desert, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita Volume 39, Numbers 5-6, 608-621
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Seinäjoki
Mancini, F., Alviola, R., Marshall, B., Satoh, H., & Papunen, H. (2000). The manganese silicate rocks of the early Proterozoic Vittinki group, southwestern Finland: Metamorphic grade and genetic interpretations. The Canadian Mineralogist, 38(5), 1103-1124.
Heikkilä, Pasi 2003. Vittinki-ryhmän metaserttien geologia ja mineralogia Etelä-Pohjanmaalla. Pro gradu, matemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekunta, Geologian laitos. Helsingin Yliopisto.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Groix Island
        • Primiture
Chauris, L. (2014): Minéraux de Bretagne, Les Editions du Piat, 203.
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
        • Nabias
European J. Mineralogy, 11/5, 879-890
        • Vielle-Aure
Lacroix, A. (1900) Manganese minerals from Hautes-Pyrenees. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie 23, 251-255 (in French).; Ragu, A. (1994): Helvite from the French Pyrénées as evidence for granite-related hydrothermal activity. Canadian Mineralogist 32, 111-120.; DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
[Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983] [Minealien Welt 1/93:14]
            • Wingertsberg
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Elbingerode
        • Schävenholz (Schebenholz; Schäbenholz)
Witzke, T. (2013): Die Minerale der Manganlagerstätte Schävenholz bei Elbingerode, Harz.- Aufschluss 64, 69-80
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Vizianagaram District
Econ Geol (1980) 75:1083-1104
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Saint-Marcel
Eur. J. Mineral 18:569–582 (2006)
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
          • Reppia
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
    • La Spezia Province
      • Vara Valley
        • Borghetto Vara
Palenzona A., Di Giovanni F., Borgo E. (1988) - La miniera di Manganese di Cerchiara (SP) - Rivista Miner. Ital., Milano, fasc. 4, pp.209-218
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Chiesa in Valmalenco
            • Muretto Valley
Ferrario, A. & Montrasio, A. (1976): Manganese ore deposit of Monte del Forno. Its stratigraphic and structural implications. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 56, 377-385.
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Tesso Valley
          • Monastero di Lanzo
            • Chiaves
Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G., Airaudi, D. (2010): Primo ritrovamento di caryopilite e kutnohorite in Piemonte: Croce di Chiaves, Ceres, Torino. Micro (UK report) 1/2010, 134-141
    • Vercelli Province
      • Sesia Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
          • Otro Valley
Peters Tj., Trommsdorff V., Sommerauer J. (1978): Manganese pyroxenoids and carbonates: critical phase relations in metamorphic assemblages from the Alps. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 66, 383-388; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Fivizzano
Di Sabatino, 1967. Su una paragenesi del giacimento manganesifero di Scortico (Alpi Apuane). Period. Miner., 36: 965-992.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Oshima peninsula
      • Kumaishi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Kobayashi H (1977) Kanoite, (Mn2+,Mg)2[Si2O6], a new clinopyroxene in the metamorphic rock from Tatehira, Oshima Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 83, 537-542
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi Prefecture
        • Kita-Shidara-gun
          • Shidara-cho
www.scs.kyushu-u.ac.jp/~hn2/shirozulite.html; Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Fukui Prefecture
        • Mikata-kaminaka-gun
          • Wakasa-cho
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.; Tanaka, H. et al. (2010) Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3(V3+,Al)2Si3O12, a new manganese vanadium garnet from Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 105, 92-96. ; 加藤昭, & 松原聰. (1980). 本邦産マンガン硼酸塩鉱物. 鉱物学雜誌, 14(Special3), 86-97.
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Kamo-gun
          • Hichisou-cho
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Kami-Ina-gun
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 20011).
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 20011).
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
        • Matsumoto City
Yoshinaga, M. (1959) Mem. Fac. Sci., Kyushu University, Ser. D, 9, 47-53.; Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
    • Chugoku Region
      • Shimane Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Tottori Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Iwakuni City
Lee, D. E. (1955); Am Min (1955) 40:32-40
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 61.; Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Lee, D. E. (1955); Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
        • Kudamatsu City
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Fumitoshi HIROWATARI (1961) Minerals and Their Paragenetic Relations of the Manganese Deposits of Fukumaki Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan Vol.12:565-572
        • Kuga-gun
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Lee, D. E. (1955); Am Min (1955) 40:32-40
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 61.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Kiryuu City
Minerals in Japan (Field Best Encyclopedia V. 15, 2003)
Matsubara, S., & Kato, A. (1980). Nagashimalite, Ba4 (V3+, Ti) 4 [(O, OH) 2| Cl| Si8B2O27], a new mineral from the Mogurazawa mine, Gumma prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 10(3), 122-130.
        • Midori City
          • Seta
Hirowatari, F., Fukuoka, M. (1988): Some problems of the studies on the manganese minerals in Japan. Journal Mineral. Soc. Japan: 18(6),347-365 (in Japanese); in: Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1991): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 76: 301
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Takanomine mine
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Hadano City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 17 (1994) , No. 5 pp 211-218
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Ohtaki-mura
            • Nakatsugawa
Akira Kato (2011) Reference informations on distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 1 (April, 2011).
          • Urayama
K. Nishikubo, T. Yamada, A. Harada, M. Takizawa, K. Tange, Y. Kosuge, R. Miyawaki, and S. Matsubara (2005) "Rambergite from the Hirogawara mine, Urayama, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture, Japan"
        • Hannou
Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
        • Hidaka
Akira Kato (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 28 (November 2009).
      • Tochigi Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; 加藤昭, & 松原聰. (1980). 本邦産マンガン硼酸塩鉱物. 鉱物学雜誌, 14(Special3), 86-97.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
        • Kanuma City
          • Awano
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Kato, A. (1991) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 17, 119-128.
Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.; Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
        • Nikko City
          • Ashio-machi
Introduction to Japanese Minerals (Geological Survey of Japan, 1970)
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Tokyo Metropolis
        • Nishi-Tama-gun
          • Okutama-cho
N. Aikawa (1987) Journal of Geosciences, Osaka City University, 30, 1-13.
Bull. Kanagawa pref. Mus. (Nat. Sci.), 22, 25-32 (1993)
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); photo in: Koubutsu Doshikai (2017) Kanto-to Shuhen-no Koubutsu (279pp).
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Yabu City
          • Yabu-cho
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kizugawa City
Am Min 85:242-250; Tanaka, H. et al. (2010) Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3(V3+,Al)2Si3O12, a new manganese vanadium garnet from Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 105, 92-96.
        • Kyoto City
          • Ukyou-ku
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto)
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
        • Nantan City
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
        • Sohraku-gun
          • Wazuka-cho
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
      • Mie Prefecture
        • Iga City
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
        • Ise City
          • Shobu
http://www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Daisuke Nishio- Hamane, Norimitsu Tomita, Tetsuo Minakawa, and Sachio Inaba (2013) Iseite, Mn2Mo3O8, a new mineral from Ise, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, 37─41.; Nagashima, M., Nishio-Hamane, D., Tomita, N., Minakawa, T., Inaba, S. (2015): Ferriakasakaite-(La) and ferriandrosite-(La): new epidote-supergroup minerals from Ise, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 735-753.
        • Toba City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Shiga prefecture
        • Gamou-gun
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
        • Ritto City
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.; Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Yoshinaga, Mayumi. "Sonolite, a new manganese silicate mineral." Mem Fac Sci Kyushu Univ Ser D Geol 14 (1963): 1-21.
        • Takashima City
Alfredo Petrov coll.; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Iwaki City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 18 (1996) , No. 4 pp 155-160
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Nishiaizu-machi
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kamaishi City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Karumai
Nambu M, Tanida K (1967) Manjirōite, a new manganese dioxide mineral, from Kohare Mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Journal of the Japanese Association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists 58, 39-54
        • Kuji City
          • Yamagata
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Nambu, M. & Tanida, K. (1961): On the progressive alteration of manganese dioxide minerals in the Toyoguchi Mine, Iwate Prefecture. Ganseki Kobutsu Kosho Gakkaishi 45, 39-48. (in Japanese)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Kunohe-gun
          • Noda-mura
Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
        • Kuzumaki
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Miyako City
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.; Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Shimohei-gun
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Fudai-mura
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Iwaizumi-cho
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Iwaizumi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Tanohata-mura
Matsubara, S. (2003) Minerals in Japan (Field Best Encyclopedia, vol. 15)
Nagase, Toshiro; Hori, Hidemichi; Kitamine, Mizuya; Nagashima, Mariko; Abduriyim, Ahmadjan; Kuribayashi, Takahiro (2012): Tanohataite, LiMn2Si3O8(OH): a new mineral from the Tanohata mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107, 149-154.
          • Yamada-machi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kumamoto Prefecture
Yoshimura, T., Shirozu, H., & Hirowatari, F. Bementite and Pyroxmangite from the Ichinomata mine, Kumamoto Prefecture.(pp. 457-467). 鉱物学雜誌 Vol. 3 (1956-1958) No. 6 P 791-809
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Hinokage-cho
Fuzimoto, M. (2006): Manganese minerals from manganese mines, Takachiho district, Miyazaki Prefecture. Part 1. Shimozuru Mine. Chigaku Kenkyu 54, 213-221. (in Japanese) ; Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
      • Takachiho
Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Amami-Oshima Island
          • Oshima-gun
            • Setouchi-cho
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.; Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
          • Yamato-son (Yamato village)
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
    • Saga Prefecture
      • Karatsu City (Higashi-Matsuura-gun)
        • Kyuuragi-machi
Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan); Katsu Kaneko (1956) Symposium del Manganeso, XX Congreso Geologico Internacional, Mexico D.F.
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Iyo-gun
        • Tobe-cho
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
      • Iyo City
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 39-63.
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
      • Saijo City
Hidekazu Tanaka, et al (2010) Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3(V3+,Al)2Si3O12, a new manganese vanadium garnet from Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences (in press).
    • Kochi Prefecture
      • Kami City
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
      • Nankoku city
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 103,400-406(2008)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Atasu
Kayupova, M. M. (1963): Mineralogy of the Dzhumart iron-manganese deposit. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, Seriya Geologicheskaya, 1963 (6), 57-80.
    • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
Kayupova, M.M. (1965) Doklady of the Academy of Sciences U.S.S.R., Earth Science sections, 163, 97-100.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul'skaya Oblast
    • Inyl'chek Range
      • Muzeinyi Valley
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Madagascar
 
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
    • Southwestern Region
      • Betioky District
        • Lazarivo Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Botnedal
Wel,D. van der. (1974): Brandsnuten manganforekomst og de tilhørende bergarter vest for Byrtevatn. Hovedfagsoppgave (M.Sc. Thesis), Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Universitetet i Oslo. ( p. 123)
Peru
 
  • Lima Department
    • Oyon Province
Economic Geology November 1990 v. 85 no. 7 p. 1348-1383
Romania
 
  • Bistrița-Năsăud Co.
    • Rodna Mtn (Rodnei Mtn)
      • Rodna
        • Valea Vinului
Delia Cristina Papp, Ionel Ureche, Ioan Seghedi, Hilary Downes, Luigi Dallai, (2005), Petrogenesis of convergent-margin calc-alkaline rocks and the significance of the low oxygen isotope ratios: the Rodna-Bârgău Neogene subvolcanic area (Eastern Carpathians), Geologica Carpathica, 56, 1, p.77-90
  • Maramureș Co.
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu; Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
  • Suceava Co.
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Aldan
A.A. Kim, N.V. Zayakina (2001) Native manganese from alkali picrites of central Aldan. Otechestvennaya Geologia, (5), 32–34 (in Russian).
Kim, A.A., Pankov, V.Yu., Novoselov, Yu.M. (1989): Native siliceous manganese in heavy-mineral associations of Central Aldan. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 308(3): 699-702; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1991): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 76: 669
Kim, A.A., Pankov, V.Yu., Novoselov, Yu.M. (1989): Native siliceous manganese in heavy-mineral associations of Central Aldan. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 308(3): 699-702; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1991): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 76: 669
Kim, A.A., Pankov, V.Yu., Novoselov, Yu.M. (1989): Native siliceous manganese in heavy-mineral associations of Central Aldan. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR: 308(3): 699-702; in: Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1991): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 76: 669
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Taikan Ridge
        • Ir-Nimi manganese deposit
V.V. Kalinin data
  • Northern Region
    • Komi Republic
      • Prepolar Ural
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1551
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Kurganovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
          • Sedel'nikovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 193-214.
        • Uchaly
P.M. Kartashov data
A. I. Brusnitsyn, I. G. Zhukov, V. N. Kuleshov (2009): The Bikkulovskoe manganese deposit (South Urals): Geological setting, composition of metalliferous rocks, and formation model. Lithology and Mineral Resources 44, 557-578.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Bystrý Potok
Rojkovič, I. (2001): Geolines 13, 34-41.
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Rojkovič, I. (2001): Geolines 13, 34-41.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
Bocamina, (4), (1999) 50-86.
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Mineralogistes de Catalunya, vol. III num. 5
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Min Mag 66 (2) 2002, 353-364
    • Ludvika
No reference listed
  • Dalsland
    • Åmål
      • Strandhem ore field
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Gåsborn
No reference listed
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark district
Magnusson, N.H. (1929): Nordmarks malmtrakt. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, series Ca 13, 98p.
GFF 2, 179
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Mineralogical Magazine(1978) 42, 133-136
Mineralogical Magazine (1998) 62 (3), 395-407
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Flink, G. (1917): Bidrag till Sveriges Mineralogi. Arkiv för Kemi, mineralogi och Geologi. Vol 6. no. 21, p. 49-52
No reference listed
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 857, 1025, 1030.; Holtstam, D. (2001): W and V mineralization in Långban-type Fe-Mn deposits: Epigenetic or Syngenetic? Geologiske Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 123: 29-33; Moore, P. B. (1967). Welinite, a new mineral from LAngban. Arkiv fOr Mineralogi och Geologi, 4, 407-411.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Engadin
      • Piz Corvatsch
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 400.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 317.
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Ausserferrera
Brugger J. (1996): The Fe, Mn, (V, Sb, As, Be, W) deposits of Val Ferrera (Graubünden, Switzerland). Unpublished PhD Thesis, Univ. Basel. 188 p.
      • Rheinwald
        • Splügen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 400.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Zinal
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Pipjitälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Matt Valley
        • Täsch Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 227.
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Denizli Province
      • Kale
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Liskeard District
        • Altarnun
Russell, A. (1946). On rhodonite and tephroite from Treburland manganese mine, Altarnun, Cornwall; and on rhodonite from other localities in Cornwall and Devonshire. Mineralogical Magazine, 27(194), 221-235.
    • Devon
      • Okehampton area (Northern Dartmoor)
http://www.mineralman.f9.co.uk/quarries/meldon.htm; Mineralogical Magazine 1966 35 : 991-994.
      • Tavistock District
        • Milton Abbot
No reference listed
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanfaelrhys
          • Nant-y-Gadwen
Cotterell, T.F., 2006. Caryopilite and pyroxmangite from Nant Mine, Nant-y-Gadwen, Llanfaelrhys, Pen Llyn, Gwynedd, Wales UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 27, 51-53.
          • Rhiw
No reference listed
United Arab Emirates
 
  • Fujayrah Emirate (Fujairah)
    • Semail Ophiolite
Gnos, E. and Peters, T. (1995) Tephroite-hausmannite-galaxite from a granulite-facies manganese rock of the United Arab Emirates. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 120: 372-377.
        • Bani Hamid area
Am. Min., Volume 85, 242–250, 2000
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Mohave Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 392.
  • California
    • Amador Co.
      • Fiddletown District (Oleta District)
        • Fiddletown (Oleta)
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 49; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 60, 361; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 459-460.
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 49; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 361; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 460.
    • Butte Co.
      • Clipper Mills District
        • Clipper Mills
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 39-58; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 361; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 460.
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 45-46; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 361; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 460.
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Foothill Copper Belt
        • Carmen City
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 51; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 460.
    • Kern Co.
      • Rand Mts
        • Rand District (Randsburg District)
          • Government Peak
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 57; Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 238-240; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 361; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 394, 460.
          • Sidney Peak
Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 238-240; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 460.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • West Belt
        • Granite Springs District
          • Granite Springs
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 50-52; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 214, 361; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 460.
    • Nevada Co.
      • Spenceville District
        • Higgins Corner
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 48; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 165, 460.; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
        • Limekiln
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 47, 48; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 215, 361; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 165, 460.; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
    • San Diego Co.
      • Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
        • San Onofre Mountain
          • San Onofre Mountain Summit area
Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 194; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 361.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Black Wonder District
          • East Foothills
Rogers, Austin Flint (1919b), An interesting occurrence of manganese minerals near San Jose, California: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 48: 444; Rogers, Austin Flint (1924b), Kempite, a new manganese mineral from Santa Clara County, California: American Journal of Science, 5th. Series: 8: 145-150; […(abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 36: 206 (1925)]: 206; Ross, Clarence Samuel & Paul F. Kerr (1932), Manganese mineral of a vein near Bald Knob, North Carolina: American Mineralogist: 17: 13; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 59, 362; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 460; www.mineralsocal.org
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Siskiyou Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Liberty District
          • Snowden
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 44; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 362; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 460.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Upper Hayfork Creek area
          • Red Mountain
Hewett, Donnel Foster, Charles Wesley Chesterman & Bennie Wyatt Troxel (1961), Tephroite in California manganese deposits: Economic Geology: 56: 45; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 215, 362; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 167, 460.
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Gladstone
          • Bonita Peak
Rocks & Min.: 63: 366-384.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT & Southeastern NY State, p.229, 235; Harold Moritz collection; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • Massachusetts
    • Franklin Co.
      • Hawley
        • West Hawley
No reference listed
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Cummington
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 58
      • Plainfield
"Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Van King
Hurlbut, C.S., Jr.: Am.Min.:46:549-559 (1961); Palache(1935):77; Dunn(1995):Pt3:336-342.
Palache(1935):77.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Harold Moritz collection
A. Breithaupt (1823): Vollständige Charakteristik des Mineral-Systems.- Dresden, 2nd. ed., p. 278; Palache(1935):77; Dunn(1995):Pt3:336-342
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
Rocks & Min.: 60:130-135.
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
Michael W. Kieron collection
  • Texas
    • Llano Co.
BEG University of Texas publication 4301
  • Virginia
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Floyd Co.
      • Southern Section-Blue Ridge Province
        • Southern Lead
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Pittsylvania Co.
      • James River-Roanoke River Mn-Fe-Ba District
AmMin 88:740-747 (2003)
  • Washington
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Mount Jupiter
        • Elkhorn Group
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
    • Mason Co.
      • Copper Creek (Boulder Creek)
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.39
Mineral and/or Locality  
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