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Tetraferroplatinum

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About TetraferroplatinumHide

Formula:
PtFe
Colour:
Grey, silver-white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4 - 5
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
The name is derived from the tetragonal crystals system and its iron (latin "ferrum") and platinum contents.
Possibly forms a solid solution with Tulameenite. Compare 'UM1984-18-E:FeNiPt'.


Classification of TetraferroplatinumHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1974
1.AG.40

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.4.1
1.2.4.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
1.86

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of TetraferroplatinumHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Grey, silver-white
Hardness:
4 - 5 on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of TetraferroplatinumHide

Formula:
PtFe
Common Impurities:
Rh,Ir,Cu,Ni,Sb

Crystallography of TetraferroplatinumHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.84 Å, c = 3.71 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.966
Unit Cell V:
54.71 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of TetraferroplatinumHide

Synonyms of TetraferroplatinumHide

Other Language Names for TetraferroplatinumHide

Simplified Chinese:铁铂矿
Traditional Chinese:鐵鉑礦

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Stannopalladinite5 photos of Tetraferroplatinum associated with Stannopalladinite on mindat.org.
Rustenburgite3 photos of Tetraferroplatinum associated with Rustenburgite on mindat.org.
Atokite3 photos of Tetraferroplatinum associated with Atokite on mindat.org.
Gold3 photos of Tetraferroplatinum associated with Gold on mindat.org.
Plumbopolarite3 photos of Tetraferroplatinum associated with Plumbopolarite on mindat.org.
Majakite3 photos of Tetraferroplatinum associated with Majakite on mindat.org.
Copper3 photos of Tetraferroplatinum associated with Copper on mindat.org.
Dienerite2 photos of Tetraferroplatinum associated with Dienerite on mindat.org.
Sobolevskite2 photos of Tetraferroplatinum associated with Sobolevskite on mindat.org.
Unnamed (Pd2Pb)2 photos of Tetraferroplatinum associated with Unnamed (Pd2Pb) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AG.05Hexaferrum(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AG.05Garutiite(Ni,Fe,Ir)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AG.10Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.10Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.AG.10ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.AG.15Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.AG.15Tatyanaite(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4Orth.
1.AG.20PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.AG.25PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.AG.25Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.AG.30CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.AG.35ChengdeiteIr3FeIso.
1.AG.35IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.AG.40FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.AG.40TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.AG.45HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.AG.45SkaergaarditePdCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AG.50YixunitePt3InIso.
1.AG.55DamiaoitePtIn2Iso.
1.AG.60NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.AG.65BortnikovitePd4Cu3ZnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.AG.70NielsenitePdCu3Tet.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.2.4.2TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.2.4.3FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.2.4.4PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TetraferroplatinumHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 117-126.
American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 341.
Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen (1987): 36: 175.
Bayliss (1990) Canadian Mineralogist: 28: 751-755.
CIM Special Volume 23: 144-145.

Internet Links for TetraferroplatinumHide

Localities for TetraferroplatinumHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Albania
 
  • Kukës County
    • Tropoja ophiolitic Massif
http://www.env.duke.edu/faculty/boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Boshnjaku_Abstract.pdf
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    • Sierra Leone fracture zone
      • Markov Deep
Sharkov, E.V., Abramov, S.S., Simonov, V.A., Krinov, D.I., Skolotnev, S.G., Bel’tenev, V.E., and Bortnikov, N.S. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 467-486.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Fifield
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Kamloops
Bart Cannon microprobe analyses on polished ore mounts.
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Princeton
        • Similkameen River
Alfredo Petrov collection
      • Tulameen River
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
CM 13 (1975), 117; HB1 (1990); Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 117-126; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
      • Seagull Lake Area
        • Seagull Lake complex
Wilson, G., & Harper, G. (2013). Nipigon Reefs Project: A New Look at the PGE-bearing Seagull Mafic-Ultramafic Complex. Field Guide to the Copper-Nickel-Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Precambrian Research Center Guidebook, 13-01.
      • Seeley Lake Area
EcoMetrix Reort for Stillwater Canada Inc, Marathon Project (2012) Table 4.1-3
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Thetford Mines
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Kluane District
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Jiuquan Prefecture
      • Aksai Co. (Aksay Co.; Akesai Co.)
Peisheng Bao and Xibin Wang (1989): Mineral Deposits 8(1), 3-18
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Manasi Co. (Manas Co.)
Jianxun Bai (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(12), 24-27
  • Yunnan
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Midu Co.
Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Yan Tao, Chusi Li, Ruizhong Hu, Ripley, E., Andao Du, and Hong Zhong (2007): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 153(3), 321-337
Dominican Republic
 
  • Monseñor Nouel Province
    • Bonao
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum group minerals (PGM) in the Loma Peguera ophiolitic chromitite (Central Dominican Republic): New data using Electric Pulse Disaggregation and Hydroseparation techniques; Zaccharini et al. (2009): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 335-349
Ethiopia
 
  • Oromia Region (Oromiya Region)
    • Gimbi
Mogessie et al. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 108. (Abs.)
C. J. Stanley et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 69(4):447-453 (2005)
Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., Laflamme, J. H. G., Bearne, G. S., & Harris, D. C. (1981). Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bulletin de Mineralogie, 104(4), 508-525.
France
 
  • New Caledonia
    • Southern Province
      • Mont-Dore Commune
        • Ouen Island
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in chromitite schlieren from the ouen island, new caledonia ophiolite
      • Pirogues River
Jan Pasava (ed) Mineral Deposits: From Their Origin to Their Environmental Impacts pp89-92; (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p287; Auge, T., & Maurizot, P. (1995). Stratiform and alluvial platinum mineralization in New Caledonia ophiolite complex. The Canadian Mineralogist, 33(5), 1023-1045.
Indonesia
 
  • Kalimantan (Borneo)
    • South Kalimantan Province
K.H. Hattori et al. , Mineralogical Magazine , 56, 1992, pp. 156-164.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
Urashima et al (1976) Kagoshima Daigaku Rika Hokoku, 25, 165-171.
      • Uryu-gun
        • Uryugawa
Urashima et al (1976) Kagoshima Daigaku Rika Hokoku, 25, 165-171.
    • Sorachi Province
Urashima et al (1976) Kagoshima Daigaku Rika Hokoku, 25, 165-171.
Norway
 
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Vik
      • Stølsheimen
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
Philippines
 
  • Visayas
    • Eastern Visayas Region
      • Samar Island
Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Korf
      • Gal'moenan ultrabasic massif
Tolstykh N.D., Sidorov E.G., Kozlov A.P. (2004) Platinum-group minerals in lode and placier deposits associated with the Ural-Alaskan-type Gal'moenan complex, Koryak-Kamchatka Platinum Belt, Russia, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, p.2, pp. 619-630.
Tolstykh, N., Sidorov, E., & Kozlov, A. (2009). Platinum-group Minerals from the Olkhovaya–1 Placers Related to the Karaginsky Ophiolite Complex, Kamchatskiy Mys Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(5), 1057-1074.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/14099/EAE03-A-14099.pdf.
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1203-1212; Spiridonov, E. M., E. A. Kulagov, A. A. Serova, I. M. Kulikova, N. N. Korotaeva, E. V. Sereda, I. N. Tushentsova, S. N. Belyakov, and N. N. Zhukov. "Genetic Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Rh mineralogy in Noril’sk sulfide ores." Geology of Ore Deposits 57, no. 5 (2015): 402-432.
Krivolutskaya et al. (2011): Mineralogy, geochemistry and stratigraphy of the Maslovsky Pt–Cu–Ni sulfide deposit, Noril’sk Region, Russia: implications for relationship of ore-bearing intrusions and lavas. Mineralium Deposita 47, 69-88.
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
              • Oktyabrsky Mine (Oktyabr'skoe Cu-Ni deposit; Oktyabr'skoye; Oktyabr'sky)
2014 Ultramafic-mafic intrusions, volcanic rocks and PGE-Cu-Ni sulfide deposits of the Noril’sk Province, Polar Siberia . 12th International Platinum Symposium
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Murmansk Oblast
Barkov, A. Y., Tarkian, M., Laajoki, K. V. O., & Gehör, S. A. (1998). Primary platinum-bearing copper from the Lesnaya Varaka ultramafic alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula, northwestern Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 62(1-2), 61-72.
    • Monche-Tundra
      • Monche tundra intrusion
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., & Mokhov, A. V. (2009). Assemblages and genesis of platinum-group minerals in low-sulfide ores of the Monchetundra deposit, Kola peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(6), 467-485.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Aldan
Okrugin, A. V. (1998). Mineralogy, Types, and Origin of the Platinum-Bearing Placer Deposits of the Siberian Platform. International geology review, 40(8), 677-687.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Isovsky District
P.M. Kartashov data
    • Kytlym
Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.
    • Nizhnii Tagil
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, 2018
Mineralogy of Ural. Native elements, carbides, sulphides. - edited by N.P. Yushkin, Sverdlovsk, 1990, pp. 32-37 (in Rus.); Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.
  • Tuva
    • Sayan Mts
      • Eastern Sayan
Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dovyren Highlands
Konnikov, E.G., Meurer, W.P., Neruchev, S.S., Prasolov, E.M., Kislov, E.V., and Orsoev, D.A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 526-532.; Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.)
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
McCall, M. J. (2016). Mineralogical and geochemical variations in the UG2 reef at Booysendal and Zondereinde mines, with implications for beneficiation of PGM (Doctoral dissertation, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University).
    • Sekhukhune District
McCall, M. J. (2016). Mineralogical and geochemical variations in the UG2 reef at Booysendal and Zondereinde mines, with implications for beneficiation of PGM (Doctoral dissertation, Stellenbosch: Stellenbosch University).
  • Mpumalanga Province
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/11407/EAE03-A-11407.pdf.
      • Lydenburg
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.; Cabrii, L. J., & Feather, C. E. (1975). Platinum-Iron Alloys: A Nomenclature Based on a Study of Natural and Synthetic Alloys. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 117-126.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
Tanzania
 
  • Kigoma Region
    • Lake Tanganyika
Wilhelmij, H. R., & Cabri, L. J. (2015). Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 1-25.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
      • Goodnews Bay
        • Salmon River - Red Mountain District
USGS Open-File Report 01-269
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
USGS Bull 1660
  • California
    • Mariposa Co.
      • West Belt
        • Hornitos District
          • Quartzburg
            • Quartzburg School
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Sweet Grass Co.
      • Stillwater Complex
Robert C. Smith, II, Ph. D., P.G.
  • Oregon
    • Jackson Co.
      • Applegate District
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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