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About TheisiteHide

Nicholas J. Theis
Crystal System:
Named after Nicholas J. Theis, geologist, Bendix Corporation.
Rare secondary mineral in fahlore deposits.
The crystal structure is unknown. Unlike in the formula suggested in the original publication, the Sb is probably present in octahedral coordination as Sb(OH)6 or Sb(H2O)6 groups.

See also "genèvéite".

Visually similar to tyrolite.

Classification of TheisiteHide

Approval Year:

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 2:1

1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p > 4:1

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
2 : Antimonates of Be, Mg, Ca, Zn or Hg

Physical Properties of TheisiteHide


Optical Data of TheisiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.755 nβ = 1.785 nγ = 1.785
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
distinct to strong

Chemical Properties of TheisiteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of TheisiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.22 Å, b = 7.12 Å, c = 14.97 Å
a:b:c = 1.154 : 1 : 2.103
Unit Cell V:
876.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
14.97 (9)
7.483 (5)
4.112 (4)
3.741 (10)
2.534 (9)
1.830 (5)
1.533 (5)

Type Occurrence of TheisiteHide

Synonyms of TheisiteHide

Other Language Names for TheisiteHide

Simplified Chinese:西锑砷铜锌矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Azurite80 photos of Theisite associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Claraite22 photos of Theisite associated with Claraite on mindat.org.
Zincolivenite9 photos of Theisite associated with Zincolivenite on mindat.org.
Tyrolite5 photos of Theisite associated with Tyrolite on mindat.org.
Strashimirite4 photos of Theisite associated with Strashimirite on mindat.org.
Malachite3 photos of Theisite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Hemimorphite2 photos of Theisite associated with Hemimorphite on mindat.org.
Brochantite2 photos of Theisite associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Cuprian Adamite2 photos of Theisite associated with Cuprian Adamite on mindat.org.
Calcite2 photos of Theisite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BE.05AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.10GrattarolaiteFe3+3(PO4)O3Trig. 3m : R3m
8.BE.15CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.BE.20ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BE.25ArhbariteCu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.BE.30AllactiteMn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BE.30FlinkiteMn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.BE.30RaadeiteMg7(PO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m
8.BE.30ArganditeMn7(VO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BE.35Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.35Magnesiochlorophoenicite(Mg,Mn)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.45Hematolite(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23Trig. 3 : R3
8.BE.45KraissliteZn3(Mn,Mg)25(Fe3+,Al)(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]10(OH)16Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.BE.45McgoverniteMn19Zn3(AsO4)3(AsO3)(SiO4)3(OH)21Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.BE.45CarlfrancisiteMn2+3(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)42[As3+O3]2(As5+O4)4[(Si,As5+)O4]6[(As5+,Si)O4]2(OH)42 Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.BE.50SynadelphiteMn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BE.55Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
8.BE.60KoliciteMn2+7Zn4(AsO4)2(SiO4)2(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
8.BE.65Sabelliite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(AsO4,SbO4)(OH)3Trig. 3 : P3
8.BE.70JarosewichiteMn2+3Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6Orth. 2 2 2
8.BE.85WaterhouseiteMn2+7(PO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

24.2.1SwedenborgiteNaBe4Sb5+O7Hex. 6mm : P63mc
24.2.2ByströmiteMgSb2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
24.2.3Roméite Group

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TheisiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S. A. (1982): Theisite, a new mineral from Colorado. Mineralogical Magazine: 46: 49-50.
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 282.
European Journal of Mineralogy (1995): 7: 1325.

Internet Links for TheisiteHide

Localities for TheisiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Carinthia
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Arnoldstein
        • Feistritz an der Gail
Steir.Mineralog 25/2011, p.34-38.
      • Kirchbach
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Kötschach-Mauthen
        • Plöcken pass area
M. Puttner: Carinthia II 188./108.:193-199 (1998)
      • Lesach valley
        • Podlanig
          • Lower Wolay Alp
      • Paternion
        • Ried
A.Pichler (2009)
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Blass, H. W. Graf: Carinthia II 190./110.:188-190 (2000)
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Hoher Sonnblick
Schnorrer, G. & Bacher, F. (2000): Die Mineralien von der Sonnblick- Nordwand, Rauris, Salzburg / Österreich - insbesondere der erste Khaidarkanit- Fund in Österreich. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 52-57.
    • Lungau
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Weißpriach valley
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
  • Styria
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Giglach valley
          • Giglach lakes
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Der Aufschluß (2006)
            • Gratlspitz
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • Thierberg District
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
Schnorrer+Poeverlein (2005)
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
C.Auer (2011)
            • St Gertraudi
              • Großkogel (Reither Kogel)
Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Mineralien des Gertraudstollens und seiner Halde in St. Gertraudi, Tirol. Lapis 32 (6), 58-63.
A.Lechner, Siegsdorf, D
              • Kleinkogel
P Haas collection
          • Schwaz
            • Falkenstein District
C.Auer (2015)
C.Auer (2015)
            • Ringenwechsel District
              • Weißer Schrofen
Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
      • Kitzbühel Alps
        • Brixen im Thale
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1649) Aragonit, Theisit, Zinkolivenit und ein neues Cu-Zn-As-(S)-O-H-Mineral vom Bergbau Ottneralm (Traholz), Brixen im Thale, Salzburg. Pp. 235-237 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
        • Kirchberg in Tirol
          • Sperten valley
Brandstätter, F., Niedermayr, G. & Walter, F. (2010): 1635) Alunit, Aragonit, Azurit, Chalkopyrit, Dolomit, Malachit, Tetraedrit und Theisit vom Pengelstein bei Kitzbühel, Tirol. Pp. 222-223 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Montgaillard
Les Anciennes mines de Padern - Montgaillard ( Aude ) FRANCE
idem (2005...); Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 153-154.
      • Padern
    • Aveyron
      • Saint-Rome-de-Tarn
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Münstertal
        • Staufen
          • Grunern
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Velbert
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Der Niederbergische Erzbezirk des Werdener Bergreviers in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Lapis 13(1): 11-35
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Bernkastel-Wittlich
      • Thalfang am Erbeskopf
        • Etgert
  • Co. Galway
    • Killimor
de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s.
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Forni Avoltri
- Dondi, M. , Palenzona, A. and Puggioli, G. (1995). "La miniera di Monte Avanza, Forni Avoltri (Udine)." Rivista Mineralogica Italiana,(2), 125-136.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
Prof. Andrea Palenzona, Genoa University
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
Stara P., Rizzo R. and Tanca G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e mnerali. Vol.I, EMSa (Ente Minerale Sardo), pagg.238.
        • Oridda
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
      • Massa
        • Casette
Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
  • Saitama
    • Chichibu City
      • Ohtaki-mura
        • Nakatsugawa
Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
        • Bou Skour District
Georges Favreau collection
  • Marrakech-Safi Region
    • Al Haouz Province
Georges FAVREAU collection
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
Collected by Gábor Koller,Analysed by HOM(S.Szakáll)
  • Asturias
    • Cabrales
      • Prado
        • Ortiguero
          • Hoyos de Alda
Vrtiška L, Sejkora J, Čejka J, Malíková R, Loun J (2017) Theisite, sabelliite and tyrolite from the Cu deposit La Mina Delfina, Ortiguero (Spain). Bull Mineral Petrolog 24: 1, 85-97. ISSN 1211-0329. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322029568_Theisite_sabelliite_and_tyrolite_from_the_Cu_deposit_La_Mina_Delfina_Ortiguero_Spain
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Ripollès
        • Camprodon
          • Rocabruna
Joan Rosell
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España
        • San Rafael claim
- Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
  • Valais
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 401.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Bagnes Valley
      • Bruson
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 401.; Cuchet, S., Ansermet, S. & Meisser, N. (2012): Die kupferhaltige Mineralisierung am Six Blanc im Wallis. Schweizer Strahler 46 (4), 2-16 (in German and French).
    • Les Bagnes Valley
      • Entremont Valley
        • Liddes
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 401.
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
Mineralogical Magazine(1982) 46, 49-50; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg Mining District (Flint Creek Mining District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Martin Jensen and Tony Nikischer (2012) Some notes on the mineralogy of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana. Mineral News, 28, #6, 1-10.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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