SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About TheisiteHide

Nicholas J. Theis
Crystal System:
Named after Nicholas J. Theis, geologist, Bendix Corporation.
Rare secondary mineral in fahlore deposits.
The crystal structure is unknown. Unlike in the formula suggested in the original publication, the Sb is probably present in octahedral coordination as Sb(OH)6 or Sb(H2O)6 groups.

See also "genèvéite".

Visually similar to tyrolite.

Classification of TheisiteHide

Approval year:

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 2:1

1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p > 4:1

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
2 : Antimonates of Be, Mg, Ca, Zn or Hg

Physical Properties of TheisiteHide


Optical Data of TheisiteHide

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.755 nβ = 1.785 nγ = 1.785
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
distinct to strong

Chemical Properties of TheisiteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of TheisiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.22 Å, b = 7.12 Å, c = 14.97 Å
a:b:c = 1.154 : 1 : 2.103
Unit Cell V:
876.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
14.97 Å(9)
7.483 Å(5)
4.112 Å(4)
3.741 Å(10)
2.534 Å(9)
1.830 Å(5)
1.533 Å(5)

Type Occurrence of TheisiteHide

Synonyms of TheisiteHide

Other Language Names for TheisiteHide

Simplified Chinese:西锑砷铜锌矿

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
80 photos of Theisite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
22 photos of Theisite associated with Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14 · 7H2O
9 photos of Theisite associated with ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
5 photos of Theisite associated with TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
4 photos of Theisite associated with StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
3 photos of Theisite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
2 photos of Theisite associated with HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
2 photos of Theisite associated with BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
2 photos of Theisite associated with Copper-bearing Adamite(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
2 photos of Theisite associated with CalciteCaCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BE.05AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.10GrattarolaiteFe3+3(PO4)O3Trig. 3m : R3m
8.BE.15CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.BE.20ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BE.25ArhbariteCu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.BE.30AllactiteMn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BE.30FlinkiteMn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.BE.30RaadeiteMg7(PO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m
8.BE.30ArganditeMn7(VO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BE.35Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.35Magnesiochlorophoenicite(Mg,Mn)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.45Hematolite(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23Trig. 3 : R3
8.BE.45KraissliteZn3(Mn,Mg)25(Fe3+,Al)(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]10(OH)16Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.BE.45McgoverniteMn19Zn3(AsO4)3(AsO3)(SiO4)3(OH)21Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.BE.45Arakiite(Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23Mon. m : Bb
8.BE.45CarlfrancisiteMn2+3(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)42[As3+O3]2(As5+O4)4[(Si,As5+)O4]6[(As5+,Si)O4]2(OH)42Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.BE.50SynadelphiteMn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BE.55Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
8.BE.60KoliciteMn2+7Zn4(AsO4)2(SiO4)2(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
8.BE.65Sabelliite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(AsO4,SbO4)(OH)3Trig. 3 : P3
8.BE.70JarosewichiteMn2+3Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6Orth. 2 2 2
8.BE.85WaterhouseiteMn2+7(PO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

24.2.1SwedenborgiteNaBe4Sb5+O7Hex. 6mm : P63mc
24.2.2ByströmiteMgSb2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
24.2.3Roméite GroupA2(Sb5+)2O6Z

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TheisiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S. A. (1982): Theisite, a new mineral from Colorado. Mineralogical Magazine: 46: 49-50.
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 282.
European Journal of Mineralogy (1995): 7: 1325.

Internet Links for TheisiteHide

Localities for TheisiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Carinthia
    • Hermagor District
      • Kirchbach
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Kötschach-Mauthen
        • Plöcken pass area
M. Puttner: Carinthia II 188./108.:193-199 (1998)
        • Podlanig
          • Lower Wolay Alp
    • Villach-Land District
      • Feistritz an der Gail
Weissensteiner, G. & Postl, W. & Bernhard, F. (2011): Die Mineralien von der Kupfer-Lagerstätte Feistritzer Alm, Karnische Alpen, Italien. Der Steirische Mineralog 25, 34-38.
      • Finkenstein am Faaker See
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Blass, H. W. Graf: Carinthia II 190./110.:188-190 (2000)
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
      • Paternion
        • Ried
A.Pichler, A. (2009) Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Kärnten, Klagenfurt, Sonderheft 63, 416 pages [in German].
  • Salzburg
    • Tamsweg District
      • Weißpriach
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
    • Zell am See District
      • Rauris
        • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
          • Hoher Sonnblick
Schnorrer, G. & Bacher, F. (2000): Die Mineralien von der Sonnblick- Nordwand, Rauris, Salzburg / Österreich - insbesondere der erste Khaidarkanit- Fund in Österreich. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 52-57.
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Schladming
        • Giglach valley
          • Giglach lakes
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
  • Tyrol
    • Kitzbühel District
      • Brixen im Thale
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1649) Aragonit, Theisit, Zinkolivenit und ein neues Cu-Zn-As-(S)-O-H-Mineral vom Bergbau Ottneralm (Traholz), Brixen im Thale, Salzburg. Pp. 235-237 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
      • Kirchberg in Tirol
        • Sperten valley
Brandstätter, F., Niedermayr, G. & Walter, F. (2010): 1635) Alunit, Aragonit, Azurit, Chalkopyrit, Dolomit, Malachit, Tetraedrit und Theisit vom Pengelstein bei Kitzbühel, Tirol. Pp. 222-223 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
        • Geyer - Silberberg District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
          • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Der Aufschluß (2006)
        • Gratlspitz
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
          • Thierberg District
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
Schnorrer+Poeverlein (2005)
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
C.Auer (2011)
        • St Gertraudi
          • Großkogel (Reither Kogel)
Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Mineralien des Gertraudstollens und seiner Halde in St. Gertraudi, Tirol. Lapis 32 (6), 58-63.
A.Lechner, Siegsdorf, D
          • Kleinkogel
P Haas collection
    • Schwaz District
      • Falkenstein mining district
C.Auer (2015)
C.Auer (2015)
      • Ringenwechsel mining district
Arlt, T., Martinek, K.-P. (1994): Die Mineralvorkommen des Bergbaugebietes Schwaz-Brixlegg. In: Katalog der 31. Münchner Mineralientage, Chapter: "aller Perckwerch muater", Schwaz und Brixlegg in Tirol: Historisches Bergbaurevier für Silber und Kupfer in den Alpen, pp.70-71, 73
        • Weißer Schrofen
Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Gejiu City
        • Gejiu Sn-polymetallic ore field
Georges FAVREAU collection
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Narbonne
        • Montgaillard
Les Anciennes mines de Padern - Montgaillard ( Aude ) FRANCE
idem (2005...); Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 153-154.
        • Padern]
    • Aveyron
      • Millau
        • Saint-Rome-de-Tarn
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Staufen im Breisgau
          • Grunern
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
Peter Neschen Collection
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Oberschulenberg
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988) Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, 39, 153-168.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Velbert
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Der Niederbergische Erzbezirk des Werdener Bergreviers in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Lapis 13(1): 11-35
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Bernkastel-Wittlich District
      • Thalfang am Erbeskopf
        • Etgert
  • Connacht
    • Galway County
      • Killimor
de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s.
  • Friuli Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Forni Avoltri
- Dondi, M. , Palenzona, A. and Puggioli, G. (1995). "La miniera di Monte Avanza, Forni Avoltri (Udine)." Rivista Mineralogica Italiana,(2), 125-136.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
Prof. Andrea Palenzona, Genoa University
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Introbio
Vergani F. (2019) – Le mineralizzazioni filoniane a solfuri della Valsassina: studio giacimentologico preliminare. Tesi di laurea inedita, Milano State University. Vergani F., Gentile P., Guastoni A., Possenti L. (2020) – La mineralizzazione ad arseniati e i minerali di antimonio di Passo Camisolo, Introbio (LC) e Valtorta (BG), Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, n. 1 2020, pp. 44-62.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Domusnovas
Stara P., Rizzo R. and Tanca G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e mnerali. Vol.I, EMSa (Ente Minerale Sardo), pagg.238.
        • Oridda Valley
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Colonnata quarrying basin
          • Colonnata
Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, Pisa, 180 pp.
      • Massa
        • Casette
Orlandi, P., and Campostrini, I. (2005) Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 29, 3 (3-2005), 184-191.
  • Saitama Prefecture
    • Chichibu City
      • Ohtaki-mura
        • Nakatsugawa
Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
      • Agdz Cercle
        • Bou Skour mining district
Georges Favreau collection
  • Marrakesh-Safi Region
    • Al Haouz Province
      • Asni Cercle
        • Talat N'Yaaqoub Caïdat
Georges FAVREAU collection
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
Collected by Gábor Koller,Analysed by HOM(S.Szakáll)
  • Asturias
    • Cabrales
      • Prado
        • Ortiguero
          • Hoyos de Alda
Vrtiška L, Sejkora J, Čejka J, Malíková R, Loun J (2017) Theisite, sabelliite and tyrolite from the Cu deposit La Mina Delfina, Ortiguero (Spain). Bull Mineral Petrolog 24: 1, 85-97. ISSN 1211-0329.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona
      • Camprodon
        • Rocabruna
Joan Rosell
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España
        • San Rafael claim
- Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [ ;]
  • Valais
    • Entremont
      • Bagnes
        • Bruson
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 401.; Cuchet, S., Ansermet, S. & Meisser, N. (2012): Die kupferhaltige Mineralisierung am Six Blanc im Wallis. Schweizer Strahler 46 (4), 2-16 (in German and French).
      • Liddes
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 401.
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin mining district
    • Sierre
      • Anniviers
        • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 401.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
Mineralogical Magazine(1982) 46, 49-50; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg Mining District (Flint Creek Mining District)
Martin Jensen and Tony Nikischer (2012) Some notes on the mineralogy of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana. Mineral News, 28, #6, 1-10.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2021, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us - Report a bug/vulnerability Current server date and time: January 27, 2021 04:18:05 Page generated: January 9, 2021 18:32:06
Go to top of page