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structural formula: (CH)3C(C3H7)C2(CH)2C2(CH)3C(CH3)
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Chemically equal to 7-isopropyl-1-methylphenanthrene (retene).

Biomarker of higher plants (as is simonellite). Used in palaeobotanics, in form of retene/cadalene ratio, to analyze the part of the Pinaceae in the studied material.

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Classification of PhylloretineHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959), Questionable

B : Hydrocarbons
A : Hydrocarbons

3 : Hydrocarbons

Physical Properties of PhylloretineHide

1.13 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.244 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of PhylloretineHide


structural formula: (CH)3C(C3H7)C2(CH)2C2(CH)3C(CH3)

Crystallography of PhylloretineHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.26 Å, b = 8.52 Å, c = 23.45 Å
a:b:c = 0.735 : 1 : 2.752
Unit Cell V:
1250.71 ų

Synonyms of PhylloretineHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

10.BA.10HartiteC20H34Tric. 1 : P1
10.BA.15DiniteC20H36Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
10.BA.30CarpathiteC24H12Mon. 2/m : P21/b
10.BA.40RavatiteC14H10Mon. 2 : P21
10.BA.45SimonelliteC19H24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
10.BA.50EvenkiteC21H44Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PhylloretineHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Strunz, H. & C. Tennyson (1970): "Mineralogische Tabellen" 5th Ed.,p496, Leipzig (1970)
Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rendoconti, Classe de Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche, e Naturali (1953), 652
Hautevelle, Y., Michels, R., Malartre, F., Trouiller, A. (2005): Vascular plant biomarkers as ancient vegetation proxies and their stratigraphic use for tracing paleoclimatic changes during Jurassic in Western Europe. Geophysical Research Abstracts: 7: 10201.
Kinghorn, A.D., Falk, H., Gibbons, S., Kobayashi, J., (2017): Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products. ISSN 2191-7043 (electronic ISSN 2192-4309), Springer International Publishing AG, Cham, Switzerland, 245 pp.

Internet Links for PhylloretineHide

Localities for PhylloretineHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Zealand Region
    • Lolland
Mineral. Tabellen
Mineral and/or Locality  
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