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Thorianite

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Formula:
ThO2
Colour:
Dark grey, brown-black
Lustre:
Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
6½ - 7
Specific Gravity:
9.7
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
The name reflects its thorium content.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of ThorianiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DL.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
L : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; fluorite-type structures
5.1.1.2

5 : OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
1 : AXO2·xH2O
7.10.10

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th

Physical Properties of ThorianiteHide

Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Colour:
Dark grey, brown-black
Streak:
Grey, grey-green to black
Hardness:
6½ - 7 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
{001} poor.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
9.7 g/cm3 (Measured)    9.87 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ThorianiteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of ThorianiteHide

Formula:
ThO2
CAS Registry number:
1314-20-1

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society
Common Impurities:
U,Ce,La,Pb,TR

Age informationHide

Age range:
Terreneuvian : 523.4 ± 1.1 Ma to 523.4 ± 1.1 Ma - based on mindat.org data.

Crystallography of ThorianiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.6 Å
Unit Cell V:
175.62 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Cubic crystals, usually rounded to some degree (water worn).
Twinning:
Penetration twins on {111} very common.

Type Occurrence of ThorianiteHide

Synonyms of ThorianiteHide

Other Language Names for ThorianiteHide

German:Thorianit
Simplified Chinese:方钍石
Spanish:Torianita

Varieties of ThorianiteHide

AldaniteA Pb-bearing variety of Thorianite with up to 12 wt.% PbO.

Originally reported from Aldan Shield, Saha Republic (Sakha Republic; Yakutia), Eastern-Siberian Region, Russia.
UranothorianiteA suggested name for a mineral intermediate between Uraninite and Thorianite

Relationship of Thorianite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Guarinite4 photos of Thorianite associated with Guarinite on mindat.org.
Diopside3 photos of Thorianite associated with Diopside on mindat.org.
Hiortdahlite2 photos of Thorianite associated with Hiortdahlite on mindat.org.
Tremolite2 photos of Thorianite associated with Tremolite on mindat.org.
Biotite2 photos of Thorianite associated with Biotite on mindat.org.
Pyroxene Group2 photos of Thorianite associated with Pyroxene Group on mindat.org.
Polyakovite-(Ce)1 photo of Thorianite associated with Polyakovite-(Ce) on mindat.org.
Corundum1 photo of Thorianite associated with Corundum on mindat.org.
Baddeleyite1 photo of Thorianite associated with Baddeleyite on mindat.org.
Xenotime-(Y)1 photo of Thorianite associated with Xenotime-(Y) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DL.05Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.DL.05UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.DL.05Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.
4.DL.05Aeschynite Group
4.DL.10CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9Tet.
4.DL.10Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-xIso.
4.DL.10Hiärneite(Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn3+)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

5.1.1.1UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.10.1BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.10.2ArkeliteIso.
7.10.3PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15Hex.
7.10.4SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.10.5ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7Orth.
7.10.6CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9Tet.
7.10.7Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-xIso.
7.10.8Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.
7.10.9UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains thorium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest. Avoid prolonged exposure in proximity of the body. Store away from inhabited areas.

References for ThorianiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Coomaraswamy (1904) Spolia Ceylon.
Dunstan (1904) The occurrence of thorium in Ceylon. Nature: 69: 510-511, 533, 559.
Dunstan W.R., Blake G.S. (1905) Thorianite, a New Mineral from Ceylon. Proc. Roy. Soc. ser. A, LXXVI: 253-265.
Dunstan W.R., Blake G.S. (1905) Chem. News: 13-15,26-28.
Coomaraswamy (1906) Jahrbuch für Mineralogie: I: 165.
Dunstan and Jones (1906), Royal Society of London, Proceedings: 77: 385.
Ogawa (1912) Tohku Im. Univ., Sc. Rep.: 1: 201.
Ogawa (1913) Jahrbuch für Mineralogie: II: 12.
Goldschmidt, Thomassen (1923) Vidensk. Selskr., Oslo, Math.-Nat. Kl., No. 2.
Palache, C., Berman, H.,Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 620-622.
US National Bureau of Standards, Circular (1953): 539(1): 57.
Bulakh, A.G., Mazalou, A.A. (1974) Accessory thorianite from the massifs of alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the Turja Peninsula (Kola Peninsula). American Mineralogist: 59: 378.

Internet Links for ThorianiteHide

Localities for ThorianiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Harts Range (Harts Ranges; Hartz Range; Hartz Ranges)
        • Ambalindum Station
          • Harding Springs
Drake-Brockman, J. (1995) Harts Range Project Annual Report 1994, Vol. 1, PNC Exploration (Australia) Pty Ltd. (CR 95/298A).
      • Nolans Bore
Louise Schoneveld, Carl Spandler & Kelvin Hussey (2014) Genesis of the Central Zone of the Nolans Bore Rare Earth Element Deposit, Northern Territory. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention; Schoneveld, L., Spandler, C., & Hussey, K. (2015). Genesis of the central zone of the Nolans Bore rare earth element deposit, Northern Territory, Australia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(2), 1-22.
    • Coomalie Shire
      • Batchelor
        • Rum Jungle
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill, unpub.
  • Victoria
    • Towong Shire
      • Mitta Mitta
  • Western Australia
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Lamboo Station
        • Mount Dockrell pegmatites (Mount Dockerell)
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Gföhl
        • Felling
Kolitsch, U. (2017): 2040) Diaspor, Keiviit-(Y), Margarit, Monazit-(Ce), Xenotim-(Y), Zirkon und weitere Mineralien in einer Korund-Almandin-Probe vom Latzenhof bei Felling im Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 259-261 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284.
      • Kottes-Purk
        • Bernhards
Kolitsch, U. et al. (2011); Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Löffler, E. & Pristacz, H., jun. (2011): 1698) Apatit, Baryt, Galenit, Sphalerit, Thorianit und Thorit vom Steinbruch Schmoll bei Bernhards, Waldviertel. Pp. 163-165 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186.
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Santa Terezinha de Goiás district
      • Santa Terezinha de Goiás
Yuri de Melo Portella, Federica Zaccarini, George L. Luvizotto, Giorgio Garuti, Ronald J. Bakker, Nelson Angeli and Oskar Thalhammer (2016): The Cedrolina Chromitite, Goiás State, Brazil: A Metamorphic Puzzle. Minerals 6(3), 91.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
        • Sossego Mine
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
      • Parauapebas
Grainger, C.J., Groves, D.I., Tallarico, F.H.B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 451-489.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Lillooet Mining Division
      • Fraser River
R. M. Thompson (1954) Mineral occurrences in Western Canada. American Mineralogist 39:525-528
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Williston Lake
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
  • Nunavut
    • Baffin Island
      • Kimmirut (Lake Harbour)
http://www.gia.edu/gemsandgemology/18578/22211/2278/back_issue_article_detail.cfm
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • South of Ridge Lake Area
SAGE, R.P. (1981) Geology of the Martison carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5420, 99p.
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Monmouth Township
geological survey of canada misc report 39; geological survey of canada economic geology report 29
GSC misc report 39; Christopher Fouts (1999) Report of Assessment Work Physical Assessment Geotechnical Assessment Mining claim: S.O. 1195060 SI/3, lot 31, con. XVII, Monmouth Township, Haliburton County
Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39.
Can Mineral December 1960 v. 6 no. 4 p. 513-521
      • Dungannon Township
Can Mineral December 1960 v. 6 no. 4 p. 513-521
    • Parry Sound District
      • Henvey Township
Rose, E.R. (1960) Rare Earths of the Grenville Sub-Province, Ontario and Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 59-10
    • Victoria Co. (Kawartha Lakes)
Ontario Mineral Deposits Inventory (MDI)
      • Somerville Township
Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines 2015, Mineral Deposits Inventory MDI Number: MDI31D10NW00039
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
GSC database
    • Outaouais
      • Pontiac RCM
        • Otter Lake
A specimen in the Royal Ontario Museum #M80843 [Rock Currier 2010]
Sabina, Ann P., Geological Survey of Canada paper 70-50. ; M A G Lafontaine (1979) Uranium-Thorium Deposite at the Yates Mine, Huddersfield Township, Quebec. MSc thesis, University of Ottawa.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Sanming Prefecture
      • Mingxi Co.
Qiang Wang, Zhenhua Zhao, Ping Jian, Zhiwei Bao, Xiaolin Xiong and Jinlong Ma (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 48(20), 2241-2247
  • Gansu Province
    • Jinchang Prefecture
      • Jinchuan District
        • Longshoushan Uranium ore zone
Ruyi Zhao, Yunjie Chen, Bin Wu, and Gang Wang (2013): Geology and Exploration 49(1), 67-74
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Fuzhou Prefecture
      • Chongren Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
Yanning Meng and Honghai Fan (2013): Geological Journal of China Universities 19(1), 148-158
      • Le'an Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
          • Zoujiashan ore district
Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156; Baoqun Hu, Guxian Lü, Zhanxue Sun, Mangen Li, Weijun Shi, Xueli Li, Yun Wang, and Lihong Bai (2011): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 35(4), 502-512
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
[var: Aldanite] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Jianshui Co.
        • Puxiong
Ziying Gao, Boxi Lu, Jianzhong Duan, and Changyun Pan (1991): Acta Petrologica Sinica 7(4), 91-94
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Třebíč
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
      • Třebíč District
        • Budišov
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)]
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Nord-Kivu
Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
      • Marsa Alam
Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
    • Northeastern Desert
Shalaby, M., Osman, A., Ali, M., Ahamed, F., & Ali, B. (2002). Radioactive Mineralization in Pegmatites, of Dara-Um Swassi, Area North Eastern Desert, Egypt. Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Earth Sciences, 50(1), 51-66.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Inari
      • Lemmenjoki
Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651; Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.
Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Nummi-Pusula
      • Palmottu Lake
Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Kemiö Island (Kimito Island)
Ilkka Mikkola collection
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
            • Wingertsberg
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Bondam, J., Soerensen, H. (1958): Uraniferous Nepheline syenites and related rocks in the Ilimaussaq area, Julianehaab District, southwest Greenland, Proceedings 2. UN International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Vol. 2, 555-559; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Pátka
Szakáll & Gatter, 1993
  • Tolna Co.
    • Geresdi Hills
      • Mórágy
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Bafq (Bafgh)
Foerster, F., and Jafarzadeh, A. (1994): Economic Geology 89(8), 1697-1721
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
        • Ferret Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Luigi Chiappino data
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
luigi mattei
          • Sant'Anastasia
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
  • Latium
    • Latina Province
      • Ponza Island
H.E. Belkin, B. De Vivo, A. Lima : "Magmatic (silicte/saline/sulfur-rich/CO2) immiscibility and zirconium and rare-earth element enrichment from alkaline magam chamber margins : evidence from Ponza Island, Pontine Archipelago, Italy", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1401-1420.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Vico Lake
        • Vetralla
http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html
Carlini, R., Signoretti, E. (2016): Il Lazio Classico, minerali della zona di Vetralla: Tre Croci, Capo d’Acqua, Fosso Ricomero e Carcarelle. Fossils & Minerals Review, 2, 21-55; http://www.giovanigeologi.it/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/numero2web.pdf
Luigi Matei
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Thalhammer, O., & Garuti, G. (2005). The Finero chromitites (Ivrea Zone, Italy): evidence for metasomatism in a mantle plume. Poster session presented at Platinum 10th International Platinum Symposium, Oulu, Finnland, .
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Ultimo Valley (Ulten Valley)
Am Min 90:1177-1185
Japan
 
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
Yukikaza Ogoshi and Tetsuo Minakawa (2009) JAKOKA: 2009 Annual Meeting of the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, R4-P16
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul'skaya Oblast
  • Naryn Oblast
Topper, W., Ditz, R., Sarbas, B. & Schubert, P. (2013). Th Thorium: Natural Occurrence. Minerals (Excluding Silicates). Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Madagascar
 
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Diana Region (Northern Region)
      • Ambanja District
        • Ampasindava Peninsula
          • Befitina
Hatzl, T. (2010): Mineralogische und geochemische Untersuchungen an der Probe TANT2-477067 aus Madagaskar unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Seltenerdelemente, Zirkon, Hafnium, Yttrium, Niob, Tantal, Thorium und Uran.- Report for Tantalus Rare Earths AG, 56 pages.
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Manandriana District
Rasoamalala, V., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Ursule, J.-Ph., Cuney, M., Parseval, Ph. de, Guillaume, D., Moine, B. & Andriamampihantona, J. (2014): Geology of bastnaesite and monazite deposits in the Ambatofinandrahana area, central part of Madagascar: An overview. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94, 128-140
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
M Arliguie M collection (old label); Knut Edvard Larsen colletion (M-546)
    • Androy Region
      • Bekily District
        • Beraketa Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1022
photo Id 315850
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
M Arliguie collection (old label)
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.71
        • Behara Commune
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 333; M. Arligue specimen and photo
Besaire, H.(1966): Gites mineraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXXIV,Tananarive p 399
Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium collection Sample 11315
Luc Vandenberghe collection
        • Maromby Commune
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p. 71
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p. 71
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 71
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.72
          • Belafa area
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 398
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
          • Esiva
Hainschwang, T., Notari, F., Massi, L., Armbruster, T., Rondeau, B., Fritsch, E., & Nagashima, M. (2010). HIBONITE: ANew GEM MINERAL. Gems & Gemology, 46(2), 135-138.
Alexander Ringel specimen and photo; Handbook of Mineralogy; Curien H, Guillemin C, Orcel J, Sternberg M (1956) La hibonite, nouvelle espèce minérale. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences 242, 2845-2847
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, 398-399
        • Tranomaro Commune
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
- Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p73
Besaire,H.(1966): Gites mineraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXXIV,Tananarive p 396
Besaire,H.(1966): Gites mineraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXXIV,Tananarive p 397
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 73
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 397
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 397
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 73
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 397
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p. 72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Besaire,H.(1966): Gites mineraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXXIV,Tananarive
Manfred Kampf photo
      • Betroka District
        • Ambatomivary Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mexico
 
  • Oaxaca
    • Mun. de San Francisco Telixtlahuaca
      • San Francisco Telixtlahuaca
Prol-Ledesma, R.-M., Melgarejo, J.C. & Martin, R.F. (2012) The El Muerto "NYF" granitic pegmatite, Oaxaca, Mexico, and its striking enrichment in allanite-(Ce) and monazite-(Ce). Canadian Mineralogist 50, 1055-1076.
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
  • Ömnögovi Aimag
    • Shara Hulasa Hiid
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Swakopmund District
      • Arandis
Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Niger
 
  • Tillabéry Department
    • Antigoura
Machens, E. (1964) : Mission de prospection générale du Liptako, rapport de fin de mission 58-64 et inventaire d’indices de minéralisations – Rapport BRGM inédit, 146pages.
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Eidsvoll (Eidsvold)
      • Minnesund
Kvamsdal, L.O., Eldjarn, K. (2006): Mineralene i smaragdgruvene ved Byrud gård, Minnesund, Norge. STEIN 33 (4), 4-20
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
      • Landsverk
Info. board at the mine, 2005.
  • Telemark
    • Kragerø
      • Levang
O'Nions, R.K. & Baadsgaard, H. (1971): A radiometric study of polymetamorphism in the Bamble region, Norway. Contributions to mineralogy and Petrology. 34, 1-21
    • Nome
Åmli,R. (1974): Rapport, Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum. Mineralogiske og geokjemiske undersøkelser vedrørende scandium, niob og sjeldne jordarter i Fensfeltet, Ulefoss( p. 49) Cited in Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 85.
    • Skien
Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Pál-Molnár (2000)
    • Gheorgheni
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Enisei Range (Yenisei Ridge; Enisei Ridge)
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Buriatia (Buryatia)
        • Mama River Basin
          • Maigunda River
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Lake Baikal area
          • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
Pavel M. kartashov data
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[var: Aldanite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
        • Aldan
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
      • Belye Tundry Massif
Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
      • Kovdor Massif
N. I. Krasnova (2001): The Kovdor phlogopite deposit, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 39, 33–44.
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Ilmen Mts
          • Ilmen Natural Reserve
[MinRec 33:167]; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1095-1104 (2001)
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Betliar (Betler; Betlér)
Kubiš M., Broska I.: 2006: Petrography, mineralogy and geochemistry of Betliar granite body (Gemeric unit, Western Carpathians,Slovakia). Miner. Polonica-Special Papers, vol. 28. p.121- 123
    • Trebišov Co.
Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
Lee, M. E., Goosen, W. E., Minnaar, E. G., & Liebenberg, T. Microanalysis of mineral inclusions in primary baddeleyite from the Phalaborwa complex.
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
VERWOERD, W.J. (1986) Mineral deposits associated with carbonatites and alkaline rocks. In: Mineral deposits of Southern Africa. Vol. II. 2173-2191. Edited by: Annhaeusser and Maske. Geological Society of South Africa.
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Sutherland
Journal of African Earth Sciences Volume 21, Issue 1, July 1995, Pages 171-186
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí
          • Poblet Monastery
C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
Sri Lanka (TL)
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
[Circular of the USA National Bureau of Standards,539,V.1,57(1953); Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
  • Southern Province
    • Galle District
      • Bentota
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02994681
Sweden
 
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51
    • Vetlanda
      • Alseda
        • Slättåkra
J.Langhof: REE-mineralogy in Mo-granite pegmatites in Vetlanda-area, Småland,Sweden. 1991
J.Langhof: REE-mineralogy in Mo-granite pegmatites in Vetlanda-area, Småland,Sweden. 1991
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
    • Pamir Mts
      • Murghab (Murgab)
        • Rangkul
Elena S. Sorokina, Andrey K. Litvinenko, Wolfgang Hofmeister, Tobias Häger, Dorrit E. Jacob, and Zamoniddin Z. Nasriddinov (2015): Rubies and sapphires from Snezhnoe, Tajikistan. Gems & Gemology 51, 160-175.
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Eskişehir-Beylikahir district
Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
    • Sivas Province
Alan F. Cooper, Durmus Boztuğ, J. Michael Palin, Candace E. Martin, Mihoko Numata (2011) Petrology and petrogenesis of carbonatitic rocks in syenites from central Anatolia, Turkey. Contrib Mineral Petrol 161:811–828.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne
        • Beacon
LeBoutillier, N. G., Shail, R. K., & Jewson, C. (2003). Monazite in polymetallic chlorite-(tourmaline)-quartz-(fluorite)-cassiterite-sulphide lodes and its potential for constraining the chronology of magmatic hydrothermal mineralisation in Cornwall.
LeBoutillier, N. G., Shail, R. K., & Jewson, C. (2003). Monazite in polymetallic chlorite-(tourmaline)-quartz-(fluorite)-cassiterite-sulphide lodes and its potential for constraining the chronology of magmatic hydrothermal mineralisation in Cornwall.
  • Scotland
Gallagher, M.J. et al. (1971) Trans. Inst. Mining Metall. 80, B160.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Azov Sea Region
Sharygin, V.V. (2015): Zincian micas from peralkaline phonolites of the Oktyabrsky massif, Azov Sea region, Ukrainian Shield. European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(4): 521-533
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Haines Borough
      • Juneau District
        • Skagway District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
      • Yentna District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Nome Borough
      • Koyuk District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Fairhaven District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Bokan Mountain
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Chandalar District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Circle District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Hughes District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Koyukuk District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • McGrath District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Shungnak District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
USGS Prof Paper 649; Armbrustmacher, T. J. (1988) Geology and resources of thorium and associated elements in the Wet Mountains area, Fremont and Custer counties, Colorado. USGS Professional Paper: 1049-F
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; USGS Prof Paper 649
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite District (Storm Mountain District)
        • Storm Mountain
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Maine
    • Sagadahoc Co.
      • Topsham
"Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
  • Montana
    • Beaverhead Co.
      • Bloody Dick District (Lehmi Pass District; Bobbit District; Beaverhead District)
www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/gold/pdf/2054.pdf.
    • Granite Co.
      • Rock Creek District
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
      • Sapphire Mountains Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Sapphire Mountains Area
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Conway
        • Redstone
Hoag, Roland B., Jr. and Stewart, G.W. (1977). Preliminary Petrographic and Geophysical Interpretations of the Exploratory Geothermal Drill Hole and Core, Redstone, New Hampshire: Report prepared for ERDA.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Northampton Co.
      • Easton
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
          • C.K. Williams Quarry complex (Williams and Company Rock Quarry)
Rocks & Min.: 11:90. Arthur Montgomery (1957) Three occurrences of high-thorian uraninite near Easton, Pennsylvania. Am. Min. 42: 804-820
  • Rhode Island
    • Washington Co.
      • Westerly
Overstreet, 1967. USGS Prof. Pap. 530.
  • Texas
    • Burnet Co.
Self-Collected by Franklin Roberts
    • Culberson Co.
      • Apache Peak area
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.
      • Sierra Diablo
A. Audétat (2010) Source and Evolution of Molybdenum in the Porphyry Mo(^Nb) Deposit at Cave Peak,Texas. Journal of Petrology 51:1739-60.
    • Hudspeth Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
  • Virginia
    • Roanoke Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8
    • Pend Oreille Co.
      • Granite Mountain
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
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