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Thorutite

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About ThorutiteHide

Formula:
(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Resinous
Hardness:
4½ - 5½
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1958 by Ya. D. Gotman and I. A. Khapaev for its chemical composition: thorium (Thor), uranium (U) and titanium (Ti).

Classification of ThorutiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DH.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
H : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
8.3.4.2

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
3 : AB2O6
7.16.20

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
16 : Oxides of U

Physical Properties of ThorutiteHide

Resinous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Black
Hardness:
4½ - 5½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of ThorutiteHide

Formula:
(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6

Crystallography of ThorutiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic

Type Occurrence of ThorutiteHide

Synonyms of ThorutiteHide

Other Language Names for ThorutiteHide

Relationship of Thorutite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Dolomite5 photos of Thorutite associated with Dolomite on mindat.org.
Calcite4 photos of Thorutite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Pyrite1 photo of Thorutite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DH.Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6FIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DH.Roméite Group
4.DH.Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)Iso.
4.DH.OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.Cesiokenopyrochlore□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.05BranneriteUTi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
4.DH.05OrthobranneriteU4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2Orth.
4.DH.10KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2Orth.
4.DH.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6Mon.
4.DH.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mD2X6-wZ1+wIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15JixianitePb(W,Fe3+)2(O,OH)7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Plumbobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
4.DH.15Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
4.DH.15Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)A2-mD2X6-wZ1-nIso.
4.DH.15Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)Iso.
4.DH.15Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6FIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutopyrochlore (of Chukanov et al.)(Bi,Ca,U,Pb)2-xNb2(O,OH)6(OH)Amor.
4.DH.15Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BismutostibiconiteBi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BindheimitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20MonimolitePb2Sb5+2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DH.20CuproroméiteCu2Sb2(O,OH)7Iso.
4.DH.20StetefeldtiteAg2Sb2(O,OH)7Iso.
4.DH.20StibiconiteSb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
4.DH.25RosiaitePbSb5+2O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.DH.30ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7Orth.
4.DH.35LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8Trig.
4.DH.35PetscheckiteUFe(Nb,Ta)2O8Hex.
4.DH.40IngersoniteCa3Mn2+Sb5+4O14Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
4.DH.45PittongiteNa0.22(W,Fe3+)(O,OH)3 · 0.44H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

8.3.4.1BranneriteUTi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.16.1UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.16.2Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
7.16.3ParaschoepiteUO3 · 2H2OOrth.
7.16.4Metaschoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 10H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.16.5MetastudtiteUO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.16.6Studtite[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2OMon.
7.16.7IanthiniteU4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2OOrth. mm2 : Amm2
7.16.8CompreignaciteK2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2OOrth.
7.16.9VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
7.16.10RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(CO3)2O2(OH)2•4H2OTric. 1 : P1
7.16.11BecquereliteCa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2OOrth. mm2 : Pna21
7.16.12RameauiteK2Ca(H[3]2O)(H[5]2O)4[(UO2)6O6(OH)4](H[4]2O)Mon. m : Bb
7.16.13AgrinieriteK2(Ca,Sr)[(UO2)3O3(OH)2]2 · 5H2OOrth.
7.16.14ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
7.16.15BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2OOrth. mm2
7.16.16BauranoiteBa(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
7.16.17Metacalciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb,K2)U2O7 · 2H2O
7.16.18Calciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
7.16.19OrthobranneriteU4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2Orth.
7.16.21Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig.
7.16.22Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38Trig. 3 : R3
7.16.23BranneriteUTi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.16.24FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2OOrth.
7.16.25Richetite(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O Tric.
7.16.26CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.16.27MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2OOrth.
7.16.28VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
7.16.29MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12Orth.
7.16.30SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
7.16.31WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
7.16.32Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2OTrig.
7.16.33UranosphaeriteBi(UO2)O2(OH)Mon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ThorutiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gotman Y D, Khapaev I A (1958): Thorutite—a new mineral of the group of titanites of thorium. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva. 87 (2), 201-202 [in russian]
American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 1007.
American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 1419.
Croatica Chemica Acta: 57: 645-651.
Pekov I.V. New Minerals from Former Soviet Union Countries, 1998-2006 // Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 11

Internet Links for ThorutiteHide

Localities for ThorutiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Brumado (Bom Jesus dos Meiras)
      • Serra das Éguas
No reference listed
India
 
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Baidya, T.K.: :A note on some-uranium-thorium bearing pegmatoids of Nawahatu area, Purulia district, West Bengal:, Indian Minerals 46(2), 175-176 (1992)
Kyrgyzstan (TL)
 
  • Osh
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
      • Sokh Valley
        • Zardalek alkaline massif
ZVMO 87 (1958), 201; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; P.M. Kartashov data; Pekov I.V. New Minerals from Former Soviet Union Countries, 1998-2006 // Mineralogical Almanac, Vol. 11.
Mexico
 
  • Oaxaca
    • Mun. de San Francisco Telixtlahuaca
      • San Francisco Telixtlahuaca
Prol-Ledesma, R.-M., Melgarejo, J.C. & Martin, R.F. (2012) The El Muerto "NYF" granitic pegmatite, Oaxaca, Mexico, and its striking enrichment in allanite-(Ce) and monazite-(Ce). Canadian Mineralogist 50, 1055-1076.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Arandis
Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie Co.
      • Gmina Ząbkowice Śląskie
        • Szklary
Pieczka, A., Evans, R. J., Grew, E. S., Groat, L. A., Ma, C., & Rossman, G. R. (2013). The dumortierite supergroup. II. Three new minerals from the Szklary pegmatite, SW Poland: Nioboholtite,(Nb0. 6⃞0. 4) Al6BSi3O18, titanoholtite,(Ti0. 75⃞0. 25) Al6BSi3O18, and szklaryite, ⃞Al6BAs33+ O15. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(6), 2841-2856.
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
Sri Lanka
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Bambarabotuwa
De Hoog, J., van Bergen, M.J. (1997): Notes on the Chemical composition of Zirconolite with Thorutite inclusions from Walaweduwa, Sri Lanka, Mineralogical Magazine, October 1997, Vol. 61, pp 721-725
USA
 
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
The Picking Table:41(2):20-21 (2000); Analysis by Ing. P. Ondrush & Dr. F. Veselovsky, Czech Geol. Sur., Prague
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