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Tobermorite Group

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About Tobermorite GroupHide

Formula:
Ca4+x(AlySi6-y)O15+2x-y ·5H2O
Tobermorite group compounds are well known in the cement industry. They form when cement reacts with water and play an important role in the binding process.
The structure contains composite layers consisting of infinite sheets of (CaO7) polyhedra, to both sides of which wollastonite-type dreier single chains of (SiO4) tetrahedra are attached, running along the b-axis. Those layers are stacked along the c axis and linked by Si-O-Si bonds between the single chains in adjacent layers, forming dreier double chains whose individual strands belong to different layers. The open channels running along the b axis between the layers are occupied either by water molecules, resulting in the formula Ca4(H2Si6O17)·5H2O (anomalous tobermorite) or by both water molecules and Ca2+ ions, resulting in the formula Ca4.5(HSi6O17)·5H2O (normal tobermorite). Upon heating, the water molecules are lost, and the structure is rearranged in order to fulfill the coordination requirements of the interlayer calcium ions. The structure of clinotobermorite, which also shrinks upon heating, is very closely related to that of normal tobermorite (Merlino et al., 2001).

A new nomenclature scheme for minerals in the Tobermorite Supergroup was approved by the IMA in 2014.

Compare also the related xonotlite.
The members of the Tobermorite group differs in their thermal behaviour which can be ‘‘normal’’ (the phase shrinks to a 9 Å phase at 300°C) or ‘‘anomalous’’ (the phase preserves its 11 Å basal spacing at 300°C).


Chemical Properties of Tobermorite GroupHide

Formula:
Ca4+x(AlySi6-y)O15+2x-y ·5H2O

Relationship of Tobermorite Group to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)Orth.
RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
Group Members:
Kenotobermorite [Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2OMon.
Tobermorite [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tobermorite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
McConnell, J.D.C. (1954), The hydrated calcium silicates riversideite, tobermorite and plombierite, Mineralogical Magazine: 30: 293-305.
Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. and Armbruster, T. (1999) Tobermorites: their real structure and order-disorder (OD) character. American Mineralogist, 84: 1613-1621.
Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. and Armbruster, T. (2000) The real structures of clinotobermorite and tobermorite 9 Å: OD character, polytypes, and structural relationships. European Journal of Mineralogy, 12,411-429.
Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E., and Armbruster, T. (2001): The real structure of tobermorite-11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modifications. European Journal of Mineralogy 13(3), 577-590.
Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. (2015): The tobermorite supergroup: a new nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 485-495

Internet Links for Tobermorite GroupHide

Localities for Tobermorite GroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Central Highlands municipality
      • Liawenee
[Tobermorite] Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
[Tobermorite] Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp.
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Cape Grim district
[Tobermorite] http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49
      • Marrawah district
        • Redpa
[Tobermorite] http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
[Tobermorite] Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Meander Valley municipality
      • Upper Mersey Valley
[Tobermorite] http://www.crocoite.com/mainadit/gadshill.htm
  • Victoria
    • Rural City of Benalla
[Tobermorite] Aust.Jour. Earth Sci. 46:251 (1999)
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
[Tobermorite] R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Postl, W. et al. (2008)
    • Feldbach
      • Mühldorf
[Tobermorite] Postl, W., Taucher, J. & Moser, B. (1996): Neue Mineralfunde im oststeirischen Vulkangebiet. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 60/61, 3-76.
Azerbaijan
 
  • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
    • Caspian Sea
[Tobermorite] Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Zenica-Doboj Canton
      • Doboj
[Tobermorite] Stojanovic, D., Dordevic, D., & Derkovic, B. (1974). Suolunite and tobermorite in the diabase rocks of Kulaski, near Doboj, Bosnia, Yugoslavia. Bull. Mus. DΓHist. Nat. Belgrade, ser. A, 29, 5-15.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
[Tobermorite] Canadian Museum of Nature & Horvath collections
Chile
 
  • Aisén
    • Aisén Province (Aysén Province)
[Tobermorite] Aguirre, L., Dominguez-Bella, S., Morata, D., Wittke, O. (1998) An occurrence of tobermorite in Tertiary basalts from Patagonia, Chile. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 1149-1155.
China
 
  • Hebei
    • Baoding
      • Laiyuan Co.
[Tobermorite] Cao Zhengmin, Bi Yurun, and Wang Peiying (1986): Acta Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 32(2)
    • Handan
      • She Co.
[Tobermorite] Cao Zhengmin, Bi Yurun, and Wang Peiying (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(2), 158-163
Cuba
 
  • Cienfuegos Province
[Tobermorite] А.Е.Задов и др. Новые находки и исследования минералов группы тоберморита, //Записки ВМО, 1995, т.124, N2, с.36-54.; Chukanov, N. V. (2013). Infrared spectra of mineral species: extended library. Springer Science & Business Media.
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Ústí nad Labem District
[Tobermorite] Z.Dvořák,M.Radoň-Vzácné a nové minerály Českého středohoří (čas. Minerál 2/2009)
  • Vysočina Region
    • Havlíčkův Brod District
      • Havlíčkův Brod
        • Chotěboř (Chotieborsch; Potiworz)
[Tobermorite] Pauliš, P.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech II. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2003, s. 96 - 98.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Clermont-Ferrand
        • Ceyrat
[Tobermorite] XRD analysis (B. Devouard and E. Médard, Clermont-Ferrand)
      • Saint-Dier-d'Auvergne
        • Saint-Jean-des-Ollières
[Tobermorite] Boisson, J.-M. & Leconte, J. (2014): Analyses 2012-2013 MNHN-MICROMONTEURS. La revue de Micromonteurs, 21.
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
      • Espalion
[Tobermorite] Boutry C., Pelisson P., Pillard F. (1986), Les zéolites d'Espalion, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 3-7
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
[Tobermorite] Favreau G., Meisser N., Chiappero P.J. (2004), Saint-Maime (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence): un exemple de pyrométamorphisme en région provençale, n°3, pp: 59-92
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Hegau
      • Immendingen
[Tobermorite] S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Tschernich, R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, p.42
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Maroldsweisach
[Tobermorite] Pöllmann, H. (1991): Die Afwillit-Portlandit Paragenese im Basalt des Zeilbergs bei Maroldsweisach/Unterfranken. Aufschluss, 42, 257-266
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Roßdorf
[Tobermorite] Zeolite collection of Volker Betz
    • Vogelsbergkreis
      • Ortenberg
[Tobermorite] Kolitsch, U. (1997): Tacharanit vom Gaulsberg bei Ortenberg (Vogelsberg, Hessen). Mineralien-Welt 8 (2), 25-26
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Adenau
        • Hoffeld
[Tobermorite] Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1987
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Tobermorite] [Hentschel, G., Seltene Minerale in Calcium-reichen Auswürflingen vom Bellerberg bei Mayen/Eifel, Aufschluß 29, 77-83, 1978] [Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36]
[Tobermorite] in the collection of Christof Schäfer
            • Southern lava flow
[Tobermorite] Hentschel, G., Dent Glasser, L.S., Lee, C.K. (1983): Jasmundite. Ca22(Si04)8O4S2. a new mineral, N. Jb. Mineral., Mh., 337-342.
[Tobermorite] Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise (München), 1983
      • Mendig
        • Bell
[Tobermorite] Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
[Tobermorite] Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Hillesheim
        • Zilsdorf
[Tobermorite] Hentschel, G. (1973) Begleitmineralien des Basaltes vom Arensberg bei Zilsdorf, Eifel. Notizbl. hess. L.-Amt Bodenforsch. 101, 310-316.; Doornveld, H.Y. (1987) Enkele mineraalvoorkomens in de Eifel. GEA, 20 (1), 32-36 (in Dutch).
Hungary
 
  • Veszprém
    • Sümeg
      • Bazsi
        • Prága Hill
[Tobermorite] Kovács-Pálffy, P. et al. (2005): A Magyar Állami Földtani Intézet Évi Jelentése, 95-118.
      • Sümegprága
[Tobermorite] Kónya-MÁFI,2008
    • Tapolca
      • Lesenceistvánd
[Tobermorite] Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993; Kovács, I. et al. (2009): Guide to the Bakony-Balaton Volcanic Highland, Field Trip 1, 7th September 2009. MinPet2009 field trip booklet, 23 pp.
      • Zalahaláp
[Tobermorite] Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min.Spec., 1993; Kónya-MÁFI,2008
Iceland
 
  • Southern Region
    • Vestmannaeyjar
      • Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)
        • Surtsey Island
[Tobermorite] Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Israel
 
  • Negev
[Tobermorite] Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
[Tobermorite] Caponera, I., Fiori, S., Pucci, R., & Signoretti, E. (2007). I minerali dei Colli Albani. Un aggiornamento sugli ultimi dieci anni di ricerche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 74-91.
      • Campagnano di Roma
[Tobermorite] • Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
      • Rome
        • Valleranello
[Tobermorite] Pucci, R. (2004): Vertumnite e tobermorite in un nodulo termometamorfosato nella leucitite di Vallerano (RM). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2004, 70-71.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Montalto di Castro
        • Pietra Massa Locality
[Tobermorite] Passaglia, E. & Turconi, B. (1982): Silicati ed altri minerali di Montalto di Castro - VT. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1982, 97-110.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Tiglieto
        • Olbicella
[Tobermorite]
  • Sicily
    • Catania Province
      • Northern Iblean plateau
[Tobermorite] Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010): Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 371-408
[Tobermorite] Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010): Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 371-408.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Lagarina Valley
        • Mori
          • Pannone
[Tobermorite] G. Gottardi, E. Passaglia (1967): Tobermorite "non espandibile" e Gyrolite del Monte Biaena (Trento). Periodico di Mineralogia, XXXVI, pagg. 1079-1083.
        • Mt. Baldo
          • Avio
[Tobermorite] - Exel R. (1980): Die Mineralien Tirols. Band 1. Südtirol und Trentino. Athesia Druck, Bolzano-Bozen, 213 pp. - Exel R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Casa Editrice Athesia, Bolzano-Bozen, 205 pp.
          • Brentonico
[Tobermorite] Gottardi G., Passaglia E. (1965): Tobermorite “non espandibile” di Prà de la Stua (Trento). Period. Mineral. 35 197-204.; Mitsuda, T., & Taylor, H. F. W. (1978). Normal and anomalous tobermorites. Mineral. Mag, 42(322), 229-35.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
[Tobermorite] Stoppa F., Scordari F., Mesto E., Sharygin V.V. and Bortolozzi G. - Calcium-aluminium-silicate-hydrate "cement" phases and rare Ca-zeolite association at Colle Fabbri, Central Italy (2010). Centr.Eur.J.Geosci. 2 (2), pag. 175-187 .; Wheeler, S., Spigarelli, S., Stoppa, F., & Rinaldi, R. (1996). Secondary minerals from the igneous complex of Colle Fabbri, Spoleto (PG). Plinius, 16(2), 1.
  • Veneto
    • Padova Province
      • Euganean Hills (Euganei Hills)
        • Cinto Euganeo
          • Faedo
            • Monte Fasolo
[Tobermorite] Passaglia, E. , Tagliavini, A. (1995) Erionite from Faedo, Colli Euganei, Italy. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 185-191; Fabris, L., Guastoni, A. (2014) Provincia di Padova. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, pages 121-141; Zorzi, F. (2014) Percorso nel Padovano. Monte Fasolo, Monte Rusta, Monte Gemola. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, pages 293-299.
        • Galzignano Terme
[Tobermorite] Fabris, L., Guastoni, A. (2014): Provincia di Padova. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, pages 121-141.
    • Vicenza Province
      • Altavilla Vicentina
[Tobermorite] Antonio Zordan collection
      • Altissimo
        • Del Tesoro Mt.
[Tobermorite] Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Astico Valley
        • Rotzo
[Tobermorite] Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Cornedo Vicentino
        • Spagnago
[Tobermorite] Lapis, 15 (12), 27-32+50.; Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Crespadoro
        • Chiampo Valley
[Tobermorite] Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Gambellara
        • S. Marco hill
[Tobermorite] "Minerali del Vicentino - La natrolite" M. Boscardin, S. Pegoraro. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana n. 1 / 2000 pp. 4-11
      • Posina
        • Pasubio Massif
          • Punta della Lucche
[Tobermorite] Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • San Vito di Leguzzano-Schio
[Tobermorite] Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. “I minerali nel Vicentino”, Museo “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 2011.
Japan
 
  • Chiba
    • Awa District
      • Tawara-mura
[Tobermorite] Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Minamiboso City
      • Tomiyama-machi
[Tobermorite] Mitsuda, T., & Taylor, H. F. W. (1978). Normal and anomalous tobermorites. Mineral. Mag, 42(322), 229-35.; Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
  • Fukushima
[Tobermorite] Matsuyama, F. (2001)
  • Kanagawa
    • Yamakita
[Tobermorite] Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kochi
    • Kochi City
      • Rendai
[Tobermorite] Mineralogical Journal Vol. 13 (1986) , No. 6 pp368-375
  • Mie
    • Ise City
[Tobermorite] Minakawa, T., Inaba, S., Noto, S. (1986) Oyelite from Suisho-dani, Ise, Mie Prefecture. Ganseki Koubutsu Koushou Gakkaishi, 81, 138-142
    • Toba City
[Tobermorite] Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
[Tobermorite] Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Okayama
    • Takahashi City
      • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
        • Fuka
[Tobermorite] Henmi, C., & Kusachi, I. (1992). Clinotobermorite, Ca5Si6 (O, OH) 18· 5H2O, a new mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(3), 353-358.; KUSACHI, I., & HENMI, C. (1991). Sillenite from Fuka, Okayama prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 15(8), 343-348.
Jordan
 
  • Amman
[Tobermorite] Pitty, A. F., & Alexander, W. R. (2010). A natural analogue study of cement buffered, hyperalkaline groundwaters and their interaction with a repository host rock IV: an examination of the Khushaym Matruk (central Jordan) and Maqarin (northern Jordan) sites. NDA-RWMD Technical Report, NDA, Moors Row, UK.
  • Irbid
    • Maqarin area
[Tobermorite] Khoury, H. N., Salameh, E., & Abdul-Jaber, Q. (1985). Characteristics of an unusual highly alkaline water from the Maqarin area, northern Jordan. Journal of Hydrology, 81(1), 79-91.; Pitty, A. F., & Alexander, W. R. (2010). A natural analogue study of cement buffered, hyperalkaline groundwaters and their interaction with a repository host rock IV: an examination of the Khushaym Matruk (central Jordan) and Maqarin (northern Jordan) sites. NDA-RWMD Technical Report, NDA, Moors Row, UK.; Khoury, H. and Nassir, S. (1982): High temperature mineralization in the bituminous limestone in Maqarin area - North Jordan. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 144, 197-213.
Mexico
 
  • Zacatecas
    • Concepción del Oro Municipality
[Tobermorite] Specimen in the collection of Miguel Romero [Rock Currier 2010]
    • Mazapil Municipality
      • Noche Buena
[Tobermorite] Panczner (1987): 100-378.; Mitsuda, T., & Taylor, H. F. W. (1978). Normal and anomalous tobermorites. Mineral. Mag, 42(322), 229-35.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
[Tobermorite] Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Yu., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Selivanova, E.A., Mikhailova, J.A., Krivovichev, S.V., Zolotarev, A.A. and Zalkind, O.A. (2011): Ellingsenite, Na5Ca6Si18O38(OH)13·6H2O, a new martinite-related mineral from phonolite of the Aris alkaline complex (Namibia). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 1165-1173.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Northland Region
      • Kaipara District
[Tobermorite] Baker, C. K. & Black, P. M. (1980): Assimilation and metamorphism at a basalt-limestone contact, Tokatoka, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 797-807.
[Tobermorite] Baker, C.K., Black, P.M. (1980) Assimilation and metamorphism at a basalt limestone contact, Tokatoka, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 43:330, 797-807.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Bjørkedalen
[Tobermorite] Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
[Tobermorite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
    • Skien
[Tobermorite] Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Palestine
 
  • West Bank
    • Hatrurim Formation
[Tobermorite] Sokol, E.V., Gaskova, O.L., Kokh, S.N., Kozmenko, O.A., Seryotkin, Y.V., Vapnik, Y., Murashko, M.N. (2011): Chromatite and its Cr3+- and Cr6+-bearing precursor minerals from the Nabi Musa Mottled Zone complex, Judean Desert. American Mineralogist 96, 659-674.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko Co.
      • Gmina Nowa Ruda
        • Przygórze
          • Bolesław Mine
[Tobermorite] Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M. (2012): What have meteorites to do with coal fires? A case of Upper and Lower Silesian Basins. Mineralogia Special Papers 40: 28-30
Romania
 
  • Brașov
    • Racoş Commune
[Tobermorite] Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mts
[Tobermorite] Marincea, S., Dumitraş. D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011): Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014
[Tobermorite] Marincea, S., Dumitras, D. G., Ghinet, C., & Bilal, E. (2014, September). Superposed parageneses in the gehlenite-bearing, high-temperature skarns from Oraviţa (Banat, Romania). In IMA2014.
  • Harghita
    • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
      • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
[Tobermorite] Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Hunedoara
    • Hunedoara
[Tobermorite] Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
[Tobermorite] Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Verkhoyansk
      • Yana River Basin
        • Yana-Adycha Region
          • Arga-Ynnakh-Khaya granite Massif
[Tobermorite] Yakovenchuk, V.N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Konoplyova, N.G., Panikorovskii, T.L., Mikhailova, Yu.A., Bocharov, V.N., Krivovichev, S.V., Ivanyuk, G.Yu. (2017): Epifanovite, NaCaCu5(PO4)4[AsO2(OH)2]·7H2O a new mineral from the Këster deposit (Sakha-Yakutia, Russia). Zapiski RMO, 146(3), 30-38.; Yakovenchuk, V. N., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Panikorovskii, T. L., Bazai, A., Mikhailova, J. A., ... & Krivovichev, S. V. (2018). Batagayite, CaZn 2 (Zn, Cu) 6 (PO 4) 4 (PO 3 OH) 3· 12H 2 O, a new phosphate mineral from Këster tin deposit (Yakutia, Russia): occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-11.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Asbest
[Tobermorite] Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
    • Polevskoy
[Tobermorite] Zadov, A. E.; Grabezhev, A. I.; Pertsev, N. N.; Chukanov, N. V.; Pribavkin, S. V. (2006): Tobermorite-plombierite metasomatites of the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit, Middle Urals. Doklady Earth Sciences 407A, 495-497. ; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 323–333, 2009; Grabezhev, A. I., Pertsev, N. N., Zadov, A. E., Pribavkin, S. V., & Murzin, V. V. (2007). Calcic hydrosilicate metasomatic rocks at the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit in the central Urals, Russia. Petrology, 15(5), 514-522.
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Vranov nad Topľou Co.
[Tobermorite] Ďuďa, R., Scharmová M., Černý, P. (1993): Minerály xenolitov z Vechca (Slanské vrchy). Zborník Východoslov. múzea v Košiciach, Prírodné vedy 34, 17-29 (in Slovak).
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
[Tobermorite] Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (1993): Recent discoveries from the Wessels mine South Africa. Mineralogocal Record 24 (5): 365-368; Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E., & Armbruster, T. (2001). The real structure of tobermorite 11Å normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modifications. European Journal of Mineralogy, 13(3), 577-590.; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Lezzerini, M., Merlini, M., & Merlino, S. (2012). Thermal behaviour of tobermorite from N’Chwaning II mine (Kalahari Manganese Field, Republic of South Africa). I. Thermo-gravimetric and X-ray diffraction studies. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(6), 981-989.; Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
[Kenotobermorite] Merlino S, Bonaccorsi E, Armbruster T (2001) The real structure of tobermorite 11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modification. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 577-590 ; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. (2015): The tobermorite supergroup: a new nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 485-495
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
      • Campo de Calatrava volcanoes
[Tobermorite] Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Maresme
        • Fogars de la Selva
[Tobermorite] Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona, 269 pages.
Sweden
 
  • Skåne County
    • Hässleholm
      • Häglinge
[Tobermorite] The Swedish Museum of Natural History collection # 19930479
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • Taitung Co.
[Tobermorite] Kung-Suan Ho et al (2009) The First occurrence of Suolonite in Taiwan. Coll and Res 22:1-13
Turkey
 
  • Black Sea Region
    • Rize Province
[Tobermorite] Am Min 73:11-12 p 1497; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60
UK
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Glenoe
[Tobermorite] Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., Henmi, K., Sabine, P.A., and Young, B.R. (1973) A new mineral bicchulite, the natural analogue of gehlenite hydrate, from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan and Carneal, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, Mineralogical Journal, 7, 243-251.
      • Larne
[Tobermorite] McConnell, J.D.C. (1954) The hydrated calcium silicates riversideite, tobermorite, and plombierite. Mineralogical Magazine, 30(224), 293-304.; McConnell, J.D.C. (1955) A Chemical, Optical and X-ray Study of Scawtite from Ballycraigy, Larne, N Ireland. American Mineralogist, 40(5-6), 510-514.; Harker, R.I. (1965) Scawtite and its synthesis. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 34, n° 268, 232-236 (referring to McConnell, 1954).
[Tobermorite] https://e-rocks.com/item/csw205175/larnite-tobermorite-xontolite
  • Scotland
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Isle of Mull
[Tobermorite] Heddle, M.F. (1880) Preliminary notice of substances which may prove to be new minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, 4, 117-123; MM 30 (1954), 293; HB2/2 (1995)
    • Highland
      • Isle of Skye
[Tobermorite] Livingstone, A. (1988): Reyerite, tobermorite, calcian analcime, and bytownite from amygdales in a Skye basalt. Mineralogical Magazine 52, 711-713.
        • Minginish
[Tobermorite] McConnell, J. D. C. (1954). The hydrated calcium silicates riversideite, tobermorite, and plombierite. Mineral. Mag, 30(224), 293-304.
        • Trotternish
[Tobermorite] [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
[Tobermorite] Sweet, J. M., Bothwell, D. I., & Williams, D. L. (1961). Tacharanite and Other Hydrated Calcium Silicates from Portree, Isle of Skye. Mineral. Mag, 32, 745-53.
    • North Ayrshire
      • Kilbirnie
[Tobermorite] Webb, A. B. S. T. (1971). Tobermorite from Castle Hill near Kilbirnie, Ayrshire. Mineralogical Magazine, 38, 253.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
[Tobermorite] Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 397, 428; Cesbron, F.P. & S.A. Williams (1980), Apachite and gilalite, two new copper silicates from Christmas, AZ, Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 639-641.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
[Tobermorite] Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek District
        • Rush Creek deposit
          • Big Creek
[Tobermorite]
[Tobermorite] Bob Walstrom, p.c.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
[Tobermorite] American Mineralogist: 51: 56-74; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 477, 478.
          • Sky Blue Hill
[Tobermorite] Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 352-381.
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
[Tobermorite] Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Idaho Co.
      • Skookumchuck Creek
[Tobermorite] Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
[Tobermorite] NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • North Carolina
    • Durham Co.
      • Durham
[Tobermorite] Kenny Gay message 15.09.2005 Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.171448-00
  • Oregon
    • Grant Co.
      • Ritter
[Tobermorite] Micro Probe Volume VII Number 8 Fall 1993
    • Lake Co.
      • Lakeview
[Tobermorite] Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology NBMG Open-File Report 96-3 By Stephen B. Castor, Christopher D. Henry, Lisa A. Shevenell
  • Texas
    • Culberson Co.
      • Apache Peak area
[Tobermorite] Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.; Am Min 51:1766-1774
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Bingham District (West Mountain District)
[Tobermorite] UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; North, Jerry (2010) Displays of Nature : History, Minerals & Crystals of Utah's Bingham Canyon Copper Mine.; Mitsuda, T., & Taylor, H. F. W. (1978). Normal and anomalous tobermorites. Mineral. Mag, 42(322), 229-35.
  • Virginia
    • Highland Co.
      • Doe Hill
[Tobermorite] Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich; R. S. Mirchell and W. F. Giannini (1987) Tacharanite in an amygdaloidal basalt, Highland County, Virginia. Mineralogical Magazine 51:467-468
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