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Tilleyite

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Cecil Edgar Tilley
Formula:
Ca5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
Colour:
Colourless, white
Lustre:
Vitreous
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after Cecil Edgar Tilley (May 14, 1894 Unley, Adelaide, South Australia - January 24, 1973 Cambridge, UK), Professor of Petrology, University of Cambridge (England).
This page provides mineralogical data about Tilleyite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of TilleyiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.BE.82

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
56.2.9.1

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
17.4.1

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
4 : Silicates with carbonates

Physical Properties of TilleyiteHide

Vitreous
Colour:
Colourless, white

Optical Data of TilleyiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.612 - 1.617 nβ = 1.632 - 1.635 nγ = 1.652 - 1.654
2V:
Measured: 85° to 90°, Calculated: 88° to 90°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v

Chemical Properties of TilleyiteHide

Formula:
Ca5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
IMA Formula:
Ca5Si2O7(CO3)2

Crystallography of TilleyiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.1 Å, b = 10.24 Å, c = 7.57 Å
β = 105.17°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.475 : 1 : 0.739
Unit Cell V:
1,129.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of TilleyiteHide

Other Language Names for TilleyiteHide

German:Tilleyit
Spanish:Tilleyita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Vesuvianite4 photos of Tilleyite associated with Vesuvianite on mindat.org.
Wollastonite4 photos of Tilleyite associated with Wollastonite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Tilleyite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Magnetite1 photo of Tilleyite associated with Magnetite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.BE.02Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)Orth.
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet.
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2Mon.
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2Mon.
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4 Tric.
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon.
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OFMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.17WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Mon. 2 : P21
9.BE.20Mosandrite-(Ce)(Ca3REE)[(H2O)2Ca0.50.5]Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)NbNa3Ca3(Ce,REE )(Si2O7)2OF3Mon.
9.BE.22GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22Hainite-(Y)Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.22KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn2+2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)Orth.
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon.
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m
9.BE.25GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2OTric.
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2OTric.
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2Tric.
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)Tric.
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3Mon. m : Pb
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2FTric.
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F Tric. 1 : P1
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa10Mn2+Ti3Nb3(Si2O7)6(OH)2F · 12H2OMon.
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O72O2(OH)2F2Tric.
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2OMon. 2/m
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3FTric. 1 : P1
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2FMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.67SurkhobiteNaCaBa2Mn8Ti4(Si2O7)4O5F5
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2O
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.70UKI-2008-(SiO:SrTiZr)Sr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3Tric.
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12Hex.
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2Hex.
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcm
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2Orth.
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn2+3Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30Trig. 3 : P31
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV3+8Ti6(Si2O7)O22Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

56.2.9.2KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
56.2.9.3FoshallasiteCa3[Si2O7] · 3H2O(?)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.4.2SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.3ParaspurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.4ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
17.4.5FukaliteCa4[Si2O6][CO3](OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.4.6MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
17.4.7Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
17.4.8CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
17.4.9Iimoriite-(Y)Y2[SiO4][CO3]Tric.
17.4.10Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.4.11Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth. mm2
17.4.12Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
17.4.13AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2OTet.
17.4.14Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
17.4.15Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2Tric. 1 : P1
17.4.16Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TilleyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Larsen E.S., Dunham K.C. (1933), Tilleyite, a new mineral from the contact zone at Crestmore, California, American Mineralogist: 18: 469-473.
Harker, R. I. (1959), Synthesis and stability of tilleyite, Ca5Si2O7(CO3)2: American Journal of Science: 257: 656-667.
Louisnathan, S.J. & J.V. Smith (1970), Crystal structure of tilleyite: refinement and coordination: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 132: 288-306.
Grice, J.D. (2005) The structure of spurrite, tilleyite and scawtite, and relationships to other slicate-carbonate minerals. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1489-1500.

Internet Links for TilleyiteHide

Localities for TilleyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mareeba Shire
      • Chillagoe
Rubenach, M.J. and Cuff, C. (1985) Mineralogical Magazine 49, 71-75.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Louth
    • Carlingford
S. R. Nockolds and H. G. C. Vincent (1947) On Tilleyite and Its Associated Minerals from Carlingford, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine 28:151-158.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Hiroshima prefecture
        • Hiba-gun
Kusachi et al (1971) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 10, 170-180.
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
P.M. Kartashov data; Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., Henmi, K., Sabine, P.A., Young, B.R. (1973) A new mineral bicchulite, the natural analogue of gehlenite hydrate, from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan and Carneal, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Mineralogical Journal: 7: 243-251.; Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., Kawahara, A., & Henmi, K. (1978) 7T wollastonite from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture. Mineralogical Journal, 9(3), 169-181.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kamaishi City
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Ohshuu City
          • Esashi ward
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Bunno, M., Shimazaki, H., & Sato, K. (1982). Occurrence and genesis of bicchulite and tilleyite skarns at the Sakae adit, the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture. Mining Geology, 32, 141-150.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Skien
Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
Constantinescu, E., Ilinca, G. & Ilinca, A. (1988b) Dări de Seamă ale Institutului de Geologie şi Geofizică, 72–73(2): 27–45.; Katona, I., Pascal, M.-L., Fonteilles, M. & Verkaeren, J. (2003) Canadian Mineralogist, 41: 1255–1270.; Marincea, S., Dumitraş, D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011) Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Brad
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
    • Hunedoara
Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001); Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal M.-L. & Fonteilles, M. (2001) Canadian Mineralogist, 39: 1435–1453.; Pascal, M.-L., Fonteilles, M., Verkaeren, J., Piret, R. & Marincea, Ş. (2001) Canadian Mineralogist, 39: 1405–1434.; Ilinca, G. (2012) Upper Cretaceous contact metamorphism and related mineralization in Romania. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Evenkia (Evenkiyskiy Autonomous okrug)
        • Nizhnyaya Tunguska River Basin (Lower Tunguska River)
Reverdatto, V. V., Pertsev, N. N., & Korolyuk, V. N. (1979). P_ {CO_2}-T-Evolution and origin of zoning in melilite during the regressive stage of contact metamorphism in carbonate-bearing rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 70(2), 203-208
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 779-789; Mitchell, R. H. (1997). Carbonate-carbonate immiscibility, neighborite and potassium iron sulphide in Oldoinyo Lengai natrocarbonatite. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(6), 779-789.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Ardnamurchan
Mineralogical Magazine 1965 34 : 1-15.
      • Isle of Muck
Tilley, C.E. (1947) The gabbro-limestone contact zone of Camas Mor, Muck, Inverness-shire. Comptes Rendus de la Société geologique de Finlande, No. 140, 97–105.
USA (TL)
 
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Larsen, E.S. and Dunham, K.C. (1933) Tilleyite, a new mineral from the contact zone at Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 18: 469-473.
          • Sky Blue Hill
Larsen, Esper Signius & Kingsley C. Dunham (1933), Tilleyite, a new mineral from the contact zone at Crestmore, California: American Mineralogist: 18: 469-473; Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941), Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California; American Mineralogist: 26: 367.
  • New Mexico
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Christmas Mts
Rocks & Minerals (1991): 66:3: 196-224.
    • Culberson Co.
      • Apache Peak area
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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