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Tivanite

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Formula:
V3+TiO3(OH)
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
4.17 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
The name reflects its composition: titanium (Ti) and vanadium (Van).
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Tivanite.


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Classification of TivaniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1980
4.DB.45

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
B : With medium-sized cations; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
6.2.8.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
2 : X(OH)2
7.12.16

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
12 : Oxides of V, Nb and Ta

Physical Properties of TivaniteHide

Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN50=650(100) kg/mm2 - Vickers
Density:
4.17 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TivaniteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
weak to moderate
Internal Reflections:
None

Chemical Properties of TivaniteHide

Formula:
V3+TiO3(OH)
IMA Formula:
TiV3+O3(OH)

Crystallography of TivaniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.49 Å, b = 4.55 Å, c = 10 Å
β = 129.79°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.646 : 1 : 2.198
Unit Cell V:
261.87 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Twinning:
Twinning by reticular pseudomerohedry is expected

Occurrences of TivaniteHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):

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Type Occurrence of TivaniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
CSIRO Division of Mineralogy, Floreat Park, Western Australia
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Grey, I. E., & Nickel, E. H. (1981). Tivanite, a new oxyhydroxide mineral from Western Australia, and its structural relationship to rutile and diaspore. American Mineralogist, 66(7-8), 866-871.

Synonyms of TivaniteHide

Other Language Names for TivaniteHide

German:Tivanit
Spanish:Tivanita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Rutile1 photo of Tivanite associated with Rutile on mindat.org.
Ilmenite1 photo of Tivanite associated with Ilmenite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DB.05ArgutiteGeO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DB.05PyrolusiteMnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05TripuhyiteFe3+Sb5+O4Tet.
4.DB.05TugarinoviteMoO2Mon.
4.DB.05Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
4.DB.10ByströmiteMgSb2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.10OrdoñeziteZnSb2O6Tet.
4.DB.15bAkhtenskiteε-Mn4+O2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.DB.15cNsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2Hex.
4.DB.15aParamontroseiteV4+O2Orth.
4.DB.15aRamsdelliteMn4+O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DB.20Scrutinyiteα-PbO2Orth.
4.DB.25IshikawaiteU4+Fe2+Nb2O8Mon.
4.DB.25Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8Orth.
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.25SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.25Yttrocolumbite-(Y)Y(U4+,Fe2+)Nb2O8
4.DB.25Calciosamarskite(Ca,Fe3+,Y)2(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O8Mon.
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Yb)(Yb,Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.30FerberiteFeWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.30HübneriteMnWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.30Sanmartinite(Zn,Fe)WO4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.DB.30KrasnoselskiteCoWO4Mon.
4.DB.30HeftetjerniteScTaO4Mon. 2/m
4.DB.30HuanzalaiteMgWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.35Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6Orth.
4.DB.35Qitianlingite(Fe,Mn)2(Nb,Ta)2WO10Orth.
4.DB.35Magnocolumbite(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DB.40FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8Mon.
4.DB.40LithiotantiteLiTa3O8Mon.
4.DB.40LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8Mon.
4.DB.40TitanowodginiteMn2+TiTa2O8Mon.
4.DB.40WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8Mon.
4.DB.40FerrotitanowodginiteFe2+TiTa2O8Mon.
4.DB.40WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
4.DB.50Carmichaelite(Ti,Cr,Fe)[O2-x(OH)x]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.DB.55AlumotantiteAlTaO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.60Biehlite((Sb,As)O)2[MoO4]Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.12.1Montroseite(V3+,Fe3+)O(OH)Orth.
7.12.2 ScherbinaiteV5+2O5
7.12.3ParamontroseiteV4+O2Orth.
7.12.4HäggiteV3+V4+O2(OH)3Mon.
7.12.5DuttoniteV4+O(OH)2Mon. 2/m
7.12.6DoloresiteV4+3O4(OH)4Mon.
7.12.7LenobliteV4+2O4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.12.8NavajoiteFe3+V5+9O24 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.12.9VanoxiteV4+4V5+2O13 · 8H2O
7.12.10BarianditeAl0.6(V5+,V4+)8O20 · 9H2OMon.
7.12.11Corvusite(Na,K,Ca,Mg)2(V5+,V4+,Fe2+)8O20 · 6-10H2OMon.
7.12.12SimplotiteCaV4+4O9 · 5H2OMon.
7.12.13KyzylkumiteV3+Ti2O5(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.12.14SchreyeriteV3+2Ti3O9Mon.
7.12.15BerdesinskiiteV3+2TiO5Mon.
7.12.17MannarditeBa(Ti4+6V3+2)O16Tet. 4/m : I41/a
7.12.18KarelianiteV3+2O3Trig.
7.12.19CoulsoniteFe2+V3+2O4
7.12.20Nolanite(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2Hex.
7.12.21VuorelaineniteMn2+V3+2O4
7.12.22TantiteTa2O5Tric.
7.12.23Kimrobinsonite(Ta,Nb)(OH)5-2x(O,CO3)x ; x near 1.2Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TivaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Grey, I. E., & Nickel, E. H. (1981). Tivanite, a new oxyhydroxide mineral from Western Australia, and its structural relationship to rutile and diaspore. American Mineralogist, 66(7-8), 866-871.

Internet Links for TivaniteHide

Localities for TivaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia (TL)
 
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
        • Golden Mile Mines
AM 1981, 866-71
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Diamantina
Nina Daneu, Herbert Schmid, Aleksander Rečnik, Werner Mader (2007) Atomic structure and formation mechanism of (301) rutile twins from Diamantina (Brazil). American Mineralogist 92: 1789-1799.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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