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Chromo-alumino-povondraite

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Formula:
Na(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Colour:
Green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.227 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
For the chemical relationship to Povondraite
Tourmaline group.
The Cr analogue of vanadio-oxy-dravite and bosiite.
Ideally, chromo-alumino-povondraite is related to oxy-dravite and oxy-chromium-dravite by the homovalent substitution Cr3+ ↔ Al3+.


Approved by CNMNC-IMA in 2010 (IMA2009-088), with type locality in Orissa, India, but withdrawn in january 2013 after subsequent analytical work undertaken by the authors showed this material to be a chromium-dravite. Resubmitted as IMA2013-089 with a new type locality, the Pereval marble quarry in Russia.

Tourmaline with chemical compositions classified as chromo-alumino-povondraite can be either Al-dominant or Cr-dominant as a result of the compositional boundaries along the solid solution between Al and Cr3+ that are determined at Y+Z(Cr1.5Al5.5), corresponding to NaY(Cr1.5Al1.5)Z(Al4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, and Y+Z(Cr5Al2), corresponding to NaY(Cr3)Z(Cr2Al2Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O. (Reznitskii et al 2014)




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Classification of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2013
9.CK.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
K : [Si6O18]12- 6-membered single rings, with insular complex anions

Physical Properties of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Green
Streak:
Pale-green
Hardness:
7½ on Mohs scale
Comment:
approximately 7½
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
3.227 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.745() nε = 1.685(5)
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.060
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
O = emerald green and E = pale yellowish green

Chemical Properties of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Formula:
Na(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
IMA Formula:
NaCr3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O

Crystallography of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3m
Setting:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.0277(2) Å, c = 7.3085(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.456
Unit Cell V:
1625.93 ų
Z:
3

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.487 (60)
5.033 (20)
4.642 (20)
4.262 (30)
4.010 (50)
3.545 (30)
3.013 (35)
2.598 (100)

Type Occurrence of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Synonyms of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Other Language Names for Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Relationship of Chromo-alumino-povondraite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
BosiiteNaFe3+3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-tsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
LucchesiiteCaFe2+3 Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Luinaite-(OH)Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Mon. m : Bm
Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
MaruyamaiteK(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig.
Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-foitite□(Fe2+Al2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Oxy-rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oxy-schorlNa(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-uviteCaMg3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
PovondraiteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig.
Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
TsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMgK, Mg, Fe, Si, B, O, H
Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Uvite SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-chromium-draviteNa(V)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-draviteNaV3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Tremolite1 photo of Chromo-alumino-povondraite associated with Tremolite on mindat.org.
Chrome-Tremolite1 photo of Chromo-alumino-povondraite associated with Chrome-Tremolite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CK.Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05PovondraiteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig.
9.CK.05SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
9.CK.05Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.10Abenakiite-(Ce)Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)OTrig. 3 : R3
9.CK.15ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
9.CK.20Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig.
9.CK.20Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
IMA Approvals - February 2010
Henry, D., Novák, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ertl, A., Dutrow, B.L., Uher, P. & Pezzotta, F. (2011): Nomenclature of the tourmaline supergroup minerals. American Mineralogist. 96, 895-913.
CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, Mineralogical Magazine, 77 (2013), 2695-2709
Bosi, F., Skogby, H., Hålenius,U., Reznitskii, L. (2013): Crystallographic and spectroscopic characterization of Fe-bearing chromo-alumino-povondraite and its relations with oxy-chromium-dravite and oxy-dravite. American Mineralogist, 98, 1557-1564.
Clark, C.M., Hawthorne, F.C., Grice, J.D., Bosi, F., Skogby, H., Reznitskii, L. and Hålenius, U. (2013) Chromo-aluminopovondraite, IMA 2013-089. CNMNC
Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3255; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Reznitskii, L., Clark, C.M., Hawthorne, F.C., Grice, J.D., Skogby, H., Hålenius,U., Bosi, F. (2014): Chromo-alumino-povondraite, NaCr3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup. American Mineralogist, 99, 1767-1773.
Vereshchagin, O. S., Rozhdestvenskaya, I. V., Frank-Kamenetskaya, O. V., Zolotarev, A. A. (2014): Ion substitutions and structural adjustment in Cr-bearing tourmalines. European Journal of Mineralogy 26, 309-321.

Internet Links for Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Localities for Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
India
 
  • Odisha (Orissa)
    • Keonjhar District
IMA Approvals - Feb. 2010
Russia (TL)
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Lake Baikal area
          • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
Clark, C.M., Hawthorne, F.C., Grice, J.D., Bosi, F., Skogby, H., Reznitskii, L. and Ha˚lenius, U. (2013) Chromo-aluminopovondraite, IMA 2013-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3255; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249; Reznitskii, L., Clark, C. M., Hawthorne, F. C., Grice, J. D., Skogby, H., Hålenius, U., & Bosi, F. (2014). Chromo-alumino-povondraite, NaCr3 (Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3) 3 (OH) 3O, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1767-1773.
USA
 
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc District
        • Balmat
Marian Lupulescu et al (2011) Chromo-alumino-povondraite from the #1 mine, Balmat, St. Lawrence County, New York [MS#4186, 20/09/2011]
Mineral and/or Locality  
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