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Chromo-alumino-povondraite

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Formula:
Na(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Colour:
Green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.227 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
For the chemical relationship to Povondraite
Tourmaline group.
The Cr analogue of vanadio-oxy-dravite and bosiite.
Ideally, chromo-alumino-povondraite is related to oxy-dravite and oxy-chromium-dravite by the homovalent substitution Cr3+ ↔ Al3+.


Approved by CNMNC-IMA in 2010 (IMA2009-088), with type locality in Orissa, India, but withdrawn in january 2013 after subsequent analytical work undertaken by the authors showed this material to be a chromium-dravite. Resubmitted as IMA2013-089 with a new type locality, the Pereval marble quarry in Russia.

Tourmaline with chemical compositions classified as chromo-alumino-povondraite can be either Al-dominant or Cr-dominant as a result of the compositional boundaries along the solid solution between Al and Cr3+ that are determined at Y+Z(Cr1.5Al5.5), corresponding to NaY(Cr1.5Al1.5)Z(Al4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O, and Y+Z(Cr5Al2), corresponding to NaY(Cr3)Z(Cr2Al2Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3O. (Reznitskii et al 2014)




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Classification of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2013
9.CK.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
K : [Si6O18]12- 6-membered single rings, with insular complex anions

Physical Properties of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Green
Streak:
Pale-green
Hardness:
7½ on Mohs scale
Comment:
approximately 7½
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
3.227 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.745() nε = 1.685(5)
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.060
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
O = emerald green and E = pale yellowish green

Chemical Properties of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Formula:
Na(Cr3)(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
IMA Formula:
NaCr3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O

Crystallography of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3m
Setting:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.0277(2) Å, c = 7.3085(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.456
Unit Cell V:
1625.93 ų
Z:
3

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.487 (60)
5.033 (20)
4.642 (20)
4.262 (30)
4.010 (50)
3.545 (30)
3.013 (35)
2.598 (100)

Type Occurrence of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Synonyms of Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Other Language Names for Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Relationship of Chromo-alumino-povondraite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
BosiiteNaFe3+3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-elbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-feruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluor-liddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-tsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
LucchesiiteCaFe2+3 Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Luinaite-(OH)Na(Fe2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Mon. m : Bm
Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
MaruyamaiteK(MgAl2)(Al5Mg)(BO3)3(Si6O18)(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig.
Oxy-chromium-draviteNa(Cr)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-foitite□(Fe2+Al2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Oxy-rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oxy-schorlNa(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
Oxy-uviteCaMg3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
PovondraiteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig.
Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
TsilaisiteNa(Mn2+)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMgK, Mg, Fe, Si, B, O, H
Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)3Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F,OH)
Uvite SeriesCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-chromium-draviteNa(V)3(Cr4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
Vanadio-oxy-draviteNaV3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Tremolite1 photo of Chromo-alumino-povondraite associated with Tremolite on mindat.org.
Chrome-Tremolite1 photo of Chromo-alumino-povondraite associated with Chrome-Tremolite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CK.Fluor-schorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.DarrellhenryiteNa(LiAl2)Al6(BO3)3Si6O18(OH)3O Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.AdachiiteCaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-buergeriteNa(Fe3+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Chromium-draviteNa(Mg3)Cr3+6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Foitite(□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OHTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05LiddicoatiteCa(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05OleniteNa(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05PovondraiteNaFe3+3(Mg2Fe3+4)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig.
9.CK.05SchorlNa(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Magnesio-foitite(□,Na)(Mg2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig.
9.CK.05Rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)Trig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-vanadium-draviteNa(V)3(V4Mg2)Si6O18(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-draviteNa(MgAl2)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Oxy-rossmanite☐(LiAl2)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O
9.CK.05Fluor-draviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.05Fluor-uviteCa(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3FTrig. 3m : R3m
9.CK.10Abenakiite-(Ce)Na26Ce6(Si6O18)(PO4)6(CO3)6(SO2)OTrig. 3 : R3
9.CK.15ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
9.CK.20Steenstrupine-(Ce)Na14Mn2+2(Fe3+,Mn3+)2Ce6(Zr,Th)(Si6O18)2(PO4)6(HPO4)(OH)2 · 2H2OTrig.
9.CK.20Thorosteenstrupine(Ca,Th,Mn)3Si4O11F · 6H2O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
IMA Approvals - February 2010
Henry, D., Novák, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ertl, A., Dutrow, B.L., Uher, P. & Pezzotta, F. (2011): Nomenclature of the tourmaline supergroup minerals. American Mineralogist. 96, 895-913.
CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, Mineralogical Magazine, 77 (2013), 2695-2709
Bosi, F., Skogby, H., Hålenius,U., Reznitskii, L. (2013): Crystallographic and spectroscopic characterization of Fe-bearing chromo-alumino-povondraite and its relations with oxy-chromium-dravite and oxy-dravite. American Mineralogist, 98, 1557-1564.
Clark, C.M., Hawthorne, F.C., Grice, J.D., Bosi, F., Skogby, H., Reznitskii, L. and Hålenius, U. (2013) Chromo-aluminopovondraite, IMA 2013-089. CNMNC
Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3255; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Reznitskii, L., Clark, C.M., Hawthorne, F.C., Grice, J.D., Skogby, H., Hålenius,U., Bosi, F. (2014): Chromo-alumino-povondraite, NaCr3(Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3O, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup. American Mineralogist, 99, 1767-1773.
Vereshchagin, O. S., Rozhdestvenskaya, I. V., Frank-Kamenetskaya, O. V., Zolotarev, A. A. (2014): Ion substitutions and structural adjustment in Cr-bearing tourmalines. European Journal of Mineralogy 26, 309-321.

Internet Links for Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

Localities for Chromo-alumino-povondraiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
India
 
  • Odisha (Orissa)
    • Keonjhar District
IMA Approvals - Feb. 2010
Russia (TL)
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Lake Baikal area
          • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
Clark, C.M., Hawthorne, F.C., Grice, J.D., Bosi, F., Skogby, H., Reznitskii, L. and Ha˚lenius, U. (2013) Chromo-aluminopovondraite, IMA 2013-089. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3255; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249; Reznitskii, L., Clark, C. M., Hawthorne, F. C., Grice, J. D., Skogby, H., Hålenius, U., & Bosi, F. (2014). Chromo-alumino-povondraite, NaCr3 (Al4Mg2)(Si6O18)(BO3) 3 (OH) 3O, a new mineral species of the tourmaline supergroup. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1767-1773.
USA
 
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc District
        • Balmat
Marian Lupulescu et al (2011) Chromo-alumino-povondraite from the #1 mine, Balmat, St. Lawrence County, New York [MS#4186, 20/09/2011]
Mineral and/or Locality  
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