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Toyohaite

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About ToyohaiteHide

Formula:
Ag1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4
Colour:
Gray-brown
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Toyoha Mine, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.
Isostructural with:
The Ag analogue of rhodostannite.


Classification of ToyohaiteHide

Approved
IMA status notes:
Redefined by the IMA
Approval year:
1989
First published:
1991
Approval history:
Redefined by IMA as Ag1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4 Bosi et al. 2018)
2/C.06-160
2.DA.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
2.10.3.2

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4

Physical Properties of ToyohaiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Gray-brown
Hardness:

Optical Data of ToyohaiteHide

Anisotropism:
Distinct to strong, greenish gray to reddish brown
Bireflectance:
Very weak
Reflectivity:
480nmR1=23.5%R2= 24.3%
546nmR1=24.1%R2= 26.1%
589nmR1=24.7%R2= 26.4%
650nmR1=26.5%R2= 28.3%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 28.3%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red
Colour in reflected light:
Brownish grey
Internal Reflections:
None

Chemical Properties of ToyohaiteHide

Formula:
Ag1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4
Common Impurities:
Cu,Zn,Cd

Crystallography of ToyohaiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Twinning:
Twinning is recognized under high magnification

Type Occurrence of ToyohaiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Aggregates of small crystals whose individual grain size ranges from 1 to 30 um.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geology Museum (Geological Survey of Japan)
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Silver-lead-zinc deposit in hydrothermally altered volcanic, pyroclastic and sedimentary rocks
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Yajima, J., Ohta, E., Kanazawa, Y. (1991) Toyohaite, Ag2FeSn3S8, a new mineral. Mineralogical Journal: 15: 222-232.

Synonyms of ToyohaiteHide

Other Language Names for ToyohaiteHide

Relationship of Toyohaite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
RhodostanniteCu1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet. 4/m : I41/a

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Toyohaite associated with FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
2 photos of Toyohaite associated with PirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4
2 photos of Toyohaite associated with Hocartite-Pirquitasite Series
1 photo of Toyohaite associated with SphaleriteZnS

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DA.05BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.DA.05GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
2.DA.05PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.DA.05TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
2.DA.05CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.10RhodostanniteCu1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
2.DA.15BrezinaiteCr3S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.15Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.20InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
2.DA.20KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
2.DA.25Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.10.3.1RhodostanniteCu1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet. 4/m : I41/a

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ToyohaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Yajima, J., Ohta, E., Kanazawa, Y. (1991) Toyohaite, Ag2FeSn3S8, a new mineral. Mineralogical Journal: 15: 222-232.
Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J. (1992) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 77: 1116-1121.
New Minerals (1997) New Minerals 1990-1994.
Bosi, F., Biagioni, C., Pasero, M. (2019) Nomenclature and classification of the spinel supergroup. European Journal of Mineralogy: 31: 183-192.

Internet Links for ToyohaiteHide

Localities for ToyohaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy Province
    • Rinconada Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Brodtkorb, "Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina" (2002); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Paar, W.H., Miletich, R., Topa, D., Criddle, A.J., De Brodtkorb, M.K., Amthauer, G., Tippelt, G. (2000) Suredaite, PbSnS3, a new mineral species, from the Pirquitas Ag-Sn deposit, NW-Argentina: mineralogy and crystal structure. American Mineralogist: 85: 1066-1075.
Japan (TL)
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Ishikari Subprefecture
      • Sapporo City
        • Minami-ku
Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.; Eijun Ohta (1991) Polymetallic Mineralization at the Toyoha Mine, Hokkaido, Japan. Mining Geology 41:279-295
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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