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About TripuhyiteHide

Yellowish brown, l;emon-yellow, brown-black
Waxy, Earthy
6 - 6½
Crystal System:
Member of:
Named after its discovery locality, the Tripuhy Mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Classification of TripuhyiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
B : With medium-sized cations; chains of edge-sharing octahedra

2 : AX2O6

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
4 : Antimonates and antimonites of Mn and Fe

Physical Properties of TripuhyiteHide

Waxy, Earthy
Yellowish brown, l;emon-yellow, brown-black
Yellow to brown
6 - 6½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of TripuhyiteHide

Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 2.190 nε = 2.330
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.140
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of TripuhyiteHide


Crystallography of TripuhyiteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.63 Å, c = 9.14 Å
a:c = 1 : 1.974
Unit Cell V:
195.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Fibrous; very fine-grained aggregates.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.28 (10)
2.56 (9)
2.32 (4)
1.72 (9)
1.64 (5)
1.52 (3)
1.47 (4)

Type Occurrence of TripuhyiteHide

Synonyms of TripuhyiteHide

Other Language Names for TripuhyiteHide

Varieties of TripuhyiteHide

Relationship of Tripuhyite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ArgutiteGeO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
PyrolusiteMn4+O2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
StishoviteSiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Chert23 photos of Tripuhyite associated with Chert on
Quartz15 photos of Tripuhyite associated with Quartz on
Hematite13 photos of Tripuhyite associated with Hematite on
Arseniosiderite11 photos of Tripuhyite associated with Arseniosiderite on
Parapierrotite7 photos of Tripuhyite associated with Parapierrotite on
Valentinite6 photos of Tripuhyite associated with Valentinite on
Senarmontite6 photos of Tripuhyite associated with Senarmontite on
Maxwellite5 photos of Tripuhyite associated with Maxwellite on
Dolomite5 photos of Tripuhyite associated with Dolomite on
Calcite4 photos of Tripuhyite associated with Calcite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DB.05ArgutiteGeO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DB.05PyrolusiteMn4+O2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.05RutileTiO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.10ByströmiteMgSb2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
4.DB.15bAkhtenskiteε-Mn4+O2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
4.DB.15aRamsdelliteMn4+O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.25SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Yb)(Yb,Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.30FerberiteFeWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.30HübneriteMnWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.30Sanmartinite(Zn,Fe)WO4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.DB.30HeftetjerniteScTaO4Mon. 2/m
4.DB.30HuanzalaiteMgWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
4.DB.35Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DB.50Carmichaelite(Ti,Cr,Fe)[O2-x(OH)x]Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.DB.55AlumotantiteAlTaO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)HideömiteMgSb2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmmñeziteZnSb2O6Tet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

24.4.1IngersoniteCa3Mn2+Sb5+4O14Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
24.4.5SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb3+2O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mbc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TripuhyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hussak and Prior (1897) Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 302.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 145.
Ahlfeld, F. (1948) An unusual antimony deposit in Argentina. Economic Geology: 43: 598-602. (as Jujuyite).
Fleischer, M. (1949) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 34: 133. (as Jujuyite).
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1024.
Mineralogical Record (1993) 24: 216.
Mineralogical Magazine (2003) 67: 31-46 (as Squawcreekite).
Leverett, P., Reynolds, J.K., Roper, A.J., and Williams, P.A. (2012) Tripuhyite and schafarzikite: two of the ultimate sinks for antimony in the natural environment. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 891-902.
Lalinská, B., Majzlan, J., Klimko, T., Chovan, M., Kučerová, G., Michňová, J., Hovorič, R., Göttlicher, J., and Steininger, R. (2012) Mineralogy of weathering products of Fe-As-Sb mine wastes and soils at several Sb deposits in Slovakia. Canadian Mineralogist: 50: 481-500.

Internet Links for TripuhyiteHide

Localities for TripuhyiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Constantine Province
    • Guelma
      • Djebel Nador
Mineralogical Magazine, February 2003, Vol. 67(1), pp. 31–46
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Condobolin district
Dr A.R. McKinnon
Leverett, P.; Reynolds, J.K.; Roper, A.J.; Williams, P.A. (2012): Tripuhyite and schafarzikite: two of the ultimate sinks for antimony in the natural environment. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 891-902. ; Adam McKinnon pers comm;
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Gilligan L.B., Byrnes J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240pp.
Chapman, J. & Scott, K. (2005): Supergene minerals from the oxidised zone of the Elura (Endeavor) lead-zinc-silver deposit. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 83-90. ; Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
    • Sandon Co.
      • Hillgrove
Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Gilligan, L.B. and Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11). Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales (GS 1992/393).
Diemar, G.A., Filella, M., Leverett, P. and Williams, P.A. (2009) Dispersion of antimony from oxidizing ore deposits. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81, 1547-1553. []
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Nickel, E., Gartrell, B(1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993): 24:3:203-218
Min.Record 24,203-218(1993)
    • Leonora Shire
      • Ten Mile Outcamp
Nickel, E.H. (1982) Secondary minerals from the oxidized zone of the Teutonic Bore sulphide deposit. The Australian Mineralogist, No. 40, December 1982, pg. 219-223.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
Schneider, P. (2010): Mineralogical and petrological investigations of pyrometamorphism in immolation places and experimental investigations of the prehistoric roasting and smelting of fahlore. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 156, 192-194. [Abstract of Diploma Thesis]
  • Oruro
    • Cercado Province
      • Caracollo
[MinRec 32:480]; PXRD by Jaroslav Hyrsl, Karlovy University, Prague.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Ouro Branco
    • Ouro Preto
      • Main district
Hussak and Prior (1897) Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 302; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1024.
  • Gansu Province
    • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Hezuo Co.
Guozhong Chen, Zhilu Liang, Hongshun Ma, Yuanning Zhang, Jianlong Wang, and Pengbing Li (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(4), 173-181
  • Yunnan Province
    • Pu'er Prefecture
      • Mojiang Co.
Bingxi Wang (1983): Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 2(1), 44-50
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemia Region
    • Zruč nad Sázavou (Srutsch an der Sasau)
Brabec, P. (2002) Antimonová mineralizace ve Vlastějovicích. (Unpublished MSc. Thesis), Charles University, Prague (in Czech with English summary) 128pages.
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Quimper
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Elz valley
        • Waldkirch
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • St Blasien
        • Urberg
Lapis 21(12), 39 (1996)
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Mineralogical Magazine, February 2003, Vol. 67(1), pp. 31–46
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Hohenstein
Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium; Lavreotiki Municipality)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Rieck, B. & Rieck, P. (1999): Silber, Arsen und Antimon: Vererzungen im Revier Plaka (Teil 2). Lapis, 24 (7-8), 59-60.
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Gyöngyössolymos
HOM Collection,2000; SÁNDOR SZAKÁLL, GÁBOR PAPP, ISTVÁN SAJÓ, ÁRPÁD KOVÁCS (2000) ANTIMONY OXIDE MINERALS FROM HUNGARY. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Szeged, XLI. 31-62, 2000
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Jhabua District
Cabella, R., Basso, R., Lucchetti, G., Marescotti, P., Martinelli, A., and Nayak, V.K. (2003): European Journal of Mineralogy 15(2), 427-433.
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Degano Valley
Bortolozzi, G.M., Bracco, R., De Tuoni, F., Vidus, L., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Ciriotti, M.E., Zorzi, F. (2018) Antiche miniere e affioramenti metalliferi a Comeglians (Val Degano, Friuli-Venezia Giulia): recenti ritrovamenti. Micro, 16, 1-2018, 2-36.
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 17, 3 (3-1994), 193-206.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Manciano
C. Lemanski, Jr. collection (6791CL).
      • Massa Marittima
        • Montoccoli-Castellaccia area (Fosso Zanca-Filone di Montoccoli area; Zanca Valley mines)
Bazzoni C., Mangoni G., Capperi M., Bernocchi M. (2011): Montoccoli-Castellaccia: I minerali delle miniere nella valle del torrente Zanca (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 2 (2-2011), 76-89.
      • Scansano
        • Pereta
Brizzi G. (1986) - La Tripuhyite di Pereta, Grosseto - Riv. miner. Ital, Milano, fasc. 3, pp. 136-137
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
European Jour. of Min.: 8:487-492.; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Shirakawamura
Ito & Hori (1978) Chigaku Kenkyu, 29, 283-290.
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
  • Diekirch District
    • Wiltz
      • Goesdorf commune
        • Goesdorf
Filella M., Philippo S., Belzile N., Chen Y. and Quentel F. (2009) Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: A study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg - Science of the total environment (in press); Filella, M., Philippo, S., Belzile, N., Chen, Y., & Quentel, F. (2009). Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: a study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg. Science of the Total Environment, 407(24), 6205-6216.
New Zealand
  • North Island
    • Northland Region
      • Whangarei District
Collection of Rod Martin
  • South Island
    • West Coast Region
      • Buller District
        • Reefton
MacKenzie, D. (2014) Multi-stage ore formation at the Reefton goldfield, New Zealand. AusIMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference 2014.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Enisei Range (Yenisei Ridge; Enisei Ridge)
Sergeev, N.B., Kuz'mina, O.V., and Zvezdinskaya, L.V. (1997): Doklady Akad. Nauk 356(4), 525-527 (in Russian).
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
Lalinská-Voleková B., Kučerová G., Rusinová P., 2012: Tripuhyit - minerál bežný alebo veľmi vzácny?. Minerál, 20, 2, 150-153. (in Slovak)
  • Bratislava Region
    • Pezinok Co.
      • Pezinok
Majzlan J., Lalinská B., Chovan M., Bläβ U., Brecht B., Göttlicher J., Steininger R., Hug K., Ziegler S., Gescher J. (2011): A mineralogical, geochemical, and microbiogical assessment of the antimony- and arsenic- rich neutral mine drainage tailings near Pezinok, Slovakia. Am. Min., 96, 1, 1-13.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Lalinská-Voleková B., Kučerová G., Rusinová P., 2012: Tripuhyit - minerál bežný alebo veľmi vzácny?. Minerál, 20, 2, 150-153. (in Slovak)
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Števko M., Dojčanský Ľ., Volejník M., Sejkora J. (2017): Nový nález sekundárnych minerálov na Hrubej žile v Rudňanoch. Minerál, 25, 1, 87-93 (in Slovak).
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Lalinská-Voleková B., Kučerová G., Rusinová P., 2012: Tripuhyit - minerál bežný alebo veľmi vzácny?. Minerál, 20, 2, 150-153.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Pardos
        • Pardos deposit
Borja Sainz de Baranda, Joan Viñals (2007). La Mina "Estrella", Pardos (Guadalajara). Bocamina 19: 12-33
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Starlera Valley
No reference listed
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Malcantone
Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289 (in German and French).; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.
Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289.
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Lake District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Schumer, B. N. (2012). Origins and Evolution of the Green Prospect Antimony Deposit, Churchill County, Nevada. Masters thesis University of Nevada, Reno.
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Opalite District
Mineralogical Magazine, February 2003, Vol. 67(1), pp. 31–46
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Paradise Range
        • Paradise Peak District
          • Paradise Peak [summit]
            • Paradise Peak [town]
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
      • Taylor Creek District
Min.Rec.: 20(5):404; Mineralogical Magazine:67:31-46(2003).
    • Sierra Co.
Mineralogical Magazine; February 2003; v. 67; no. 1; p. 31-46
    • Socorro Co.
      • Abbey District
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; 5th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:41-42
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Sheeprock Mts
        • Little Valley
Norman King; King, N. R. (2014, October). THE MINERAL ASSEMBLAGE FROM LOOKOUT PASS AREA, SHEEPROCK MOUNTAINS, TOOELE CO., UTAH. In 2014 GSA Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia.
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