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Barlowite

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About BarlowiteHide

William Barlow
Formula:
Cu4BrF(OH)6
Colour:
Blue
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
4.21 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
For William Barlow (8 August 1845 – 28 February 1934), an English amateur geologist and crystallographer; he independently enumerated the 230 space groups and proposed several crystal structures in the 1880's.
Isostructural with:
The Br analogue of claringbullite. The only approved Cu-Br mineral. Third non-oxysalt Cu-F mineral beside claringbullite and khaidarkanite.

In the structure there is Cu(1)(OH)4Br2 polyhedron, that is a Jahn-Teller distorted octahedron. Each Cu(1) octahedron have four edges common with adjacent octahedra, thus forming a sheet within the (001) plane; and adjacent sheets link along [001] by Br-sharing. There are channels along [001], that host F anions in their centres.


Classification of BarlowiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2010
3.DA.15

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
A : With Cu, etc., without Pb
10.5.6.2

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
5 : Am(O,OH)pXq

Physical Properties of BarlowiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Blue
Streak:
Sky blue
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.21 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Density could not be measured; the mineral sinks in the heaviest liquid available

Optical Data of BarlowiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.840 - 1.845 nε = 1.833 - 1.840
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.007
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of BarlowiteHide

Formula:
Cu4BrF(OH)6
Common Impurities:
Cl

Crystallography of BarlowiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/mmc
Setting:
P63/mmc
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.6786(2) Å, c = 9.2744(3) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.389
Unit Cell V:
358.251 ų
Z:
2
Morphology:
Thin platy, hexagonal crystals up to 0.5 mm wide.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.790 (100)
3.338 (15)
2.889 (40)
2.759 (15)
2.707 (55)
2.452 (40)
1.778 (20)
1.668 (30)
(

Type Occurrence of BarlowiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Thin blue, platy, hexagonal crystals up to 0.5 mm wide in a cuprite-quartz-goethite matrix.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
South Australian Museum, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, reg. no. G17449
Geological Setting of Type Material:
among secondary Cu minerals formed in cavities in cuprite-rich rocks, by oxidation of primary Cu mineralization under low-temperature conditions
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BarlowiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cuprite1 photo of Barlowite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DA.CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.05MelanothalliteCu2Cl2OOrth.
3.DA.10aAtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10bBotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
3.DA.10bClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m
3.DA.10aHibbingiteFe2+2(OH)3ClOrth.
3.DA.10aKempiteMn2+2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10cParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
3.DA.10bBelloiteCu(OH)ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.DA.10cHerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cKapellasiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.10cGillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cHaydeeiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.15ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.20SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.25ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.25ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
3.DA.30AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6Trig.
3.DA.35PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10OMon.
3.DA.40AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.40CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2OOrth.
3.DA.45KhaidarkaniteNa0.34Cu4Al3(OH)14F3 · 2H2OMon.
3.DA.50BobkingiteCu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DA.55AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.60DroninoiteNi6Fe2+3(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

10.5.6.1ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in cold dilute HCl
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BarlowiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Elliott, P. and Cooper, M.A. (2010). Barlowite, IMA 2010-020. CNMNC Newsletter, August 2010, p. 798, Mineralogical Magazine 74, 797-800.
Elliott, P., Cooper, M.A. & Pring, A. (2014): Barlowite, Cu4FBr(OH)6, a new mineral isotructural with claringbullite: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1755-1762.
Han, T. H., Singleton, J., & Schlueter, J. A. (2014). Barlowite: a spin-1/2 antiferromagnet with a geometrically perfect kagome motif. Physical review letters, 113(22), 227203.
Gati, E., Wolf, B., Schlueter, J. A., & Lang, M. (2015). Dilatometric Studies on Single Crystalline Barlowite–A Structurally Perfect Spin-1/2 Kagome System. Physics Procedia, 75, 597-604.

Internet Links for BarlowiteHide

Localities for BarlowiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia (TL)
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Elliott, P. and Cooper, M.A. (2010). Barlowite, IMA 2010-020. CNMNC Newsletter, August 2010, p.798, Mineralogical Magazine 74, 797-800.: Elliott, P., Cooper, M.A. & Pring, A. (2014): Barlowite, Cu4FBr(OH)6, a new mineral isotructural with claringbullite: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78,1755-1762.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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