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Truscottite

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About TruscottiteHide

Formula:
(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
Colour:
Colourless, white
Lustre:
Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.47 - 2.48
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Member of:
Name:
Named after Samuel John Truscott (1870-1950), professor of mining, Royal School of Mines, London (England).
This page provides mineralogical data about Truscottite.


Classification of TruscottiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1914
9.EE.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
E : Single tetrahedral nets of 6-membered rings connected by octahedral nets or octahedral bands
73.2.2a.2

73 : PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
2 : Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
14.18.15

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe

Pronounciation of TruscottiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of TruscottiteHide

Pearly
Transparency:
Translucent
Comment:
on cleavage
Colour:
Colourless, white
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {0001}
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
2.47 - 2.48 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.47 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TruscottiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.549 - 1.552 nε = 1.522 - 1.530
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.027
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low

Chemical Properties of TruscottiteHide

Formula:
(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Fe,Mg,Na,K,C,S

Crystallography of TruscottiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.73 Å, c = 18.83 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.935
Unit Cell V:
1,543.86 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Scales, spheroidal aggregates of fibrous platy crystals

Type Occurrence of TruscottiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, London 1925,1044
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Epithermal gold, silver quartz veins in altered pyroclastics.
Reference:
Hövig, P. (1914) Truscottiet. Jaarboek van het Mijnwezen in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië, Batavia: 41: 192-215 (202).

Other Language Names for TruscottiteHide

German:Truscottit
Spanish:Truscottita

Relationship of Truscottite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
KodamaiteNa3(Ca5Na)Si16O36(OH)4F2 · (14-x)H2O Tric. 1 : P1
Minehillite(K,Na)2-3Ca28Zn4Al4Si40O112(OH)16Hex.
Reyerite(Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2OTrig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Truscottite associated with Thomsonite

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EE.CairncrossiteSr2Ca7-xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15-xTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.05BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8Mon.
9.EE.10BrokenhilliteMn8Si6O15(OH)10Hex. 6mm : P63mc
9.EE.10Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
9.EE.10FriedeliteMn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.10Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Trig.
9.EE.10Mcgillite(Mn,Fe)8Si6O15(OH)8Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.15Nelenite(Mn,Fe)16(Si12O30)(OH)14[As3+3O6(OH)3]Mon.
9.EE.15SchalleriteMn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17Trig. 3m : P3m1
9.EE.20Palygorskite(Mg,Al)2Si4O10(OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.25Falcondoite(Ni,Mg)4Si6O15(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth.
9.EE.25LoughliniteNa2Mg3Si6O16 · 8H2OOrth.
9.EE.25SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
9.EE.25Kalifersite(K,Na)5Fe3+7Si20O50(OH)6 · 12H2OTric.
9.EE.30GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.30OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
9.EE.30TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6Tric. 1 : P1
9.EE.35Reyerite(Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2OTrig.
9.EE.40NatrosiliteNa2Si2O5Mon.
9.EE.45MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.EE.50VarennesiteNa8Mn2Si10O25(OH,Cl)2 · 12H2OOrth.
9.EE.55RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
9.EE.60IntersiliteNa6Mn2+Ti[Si10O24(OH)](OH)3 · 4H2OMon.
9.EE.65ShafranovskiteNa3K2(Mn,Fe,Na)4[Si9(O,OH)27](OH)2 · nH2OTrig.
9.EE.65ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
9.EE.70ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
9.EE.75Minehillite(K,Na)2-3Ca28Zn4Al4Si40O112(OH)16Hex.
9.EE.80Fedorite(Na,K)2-3(Ca4Na3)Si16O38(OH,F)2 · 3.5H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.80Martinite(Na,◻,Ca)12Ca4(Si,S,B)14B2O38(OH,Cl)2F2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.85Lalondeite(Na,Ca)6(Ca,Na)3Si16O38(F,OH)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

73.2.2a.1Reyerite(Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2OTrig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.18.1NambuliteLiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.2Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OHTric.
14.18.3ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
14.18.4NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.5ShafranovskiteNa3K2(Mn,Fe,Na)4[Si9(O,OH)27](OH)2 · nH2OTrig.
14.18.6AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.7Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2Orth.
14.18.8KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.18.9CaryopiliteMn2+3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
14.18.10Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8Orth.
14.18.11Tirodite
14.18.12Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
14.18.13BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.14GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.18.16SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2OTric.
14.18.17FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
14.18.18JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.18.19NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.20OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
14.18.21InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.18.22OrientiteCa8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O Orth.
14.18.23RuiziteCa2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2
14.18.24BostwickiteCaMn3+6Si3O16 · 7H2OOrth.
14.18.25KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
14.18.26LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.27SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.28KvanefjelditeNa4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2Orth.
14.18.29MarsturiteNaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.30RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
14.18.31Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ama2
14.18.33Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5Mon.
14.18.34CalderiteMn2+3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
14.18.35PyroxmangiteMnSiO3Tric. 1
14.18.36Dannemorite◻{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.18.37Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
14.18.38BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.39ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.40ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TruscottiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hövig, P. (1914) Truscottiet. Jaarboek van het Mijnwezen in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië, Batavia: 41: 192-215 (202).
Spencer, L.J. (1925) Tenth list of new mineral names; with an index of authors. Mineralogical Magazine: 20: 466-466.
Foshag, W.F. (1928) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 13: 201-202.
Mackay, A.L., Taylor, H.F.W. (1954) Truscottite. Mineralogical Magazine: 30(226): 450-457.
Mamedov, K.S., Belov, N.V. (1958) Crystal structure of mica-like hydrous calcium silicates: okenite, nekoite, truscottite, and gyrolite New silicate radical [Si6O15]. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 121: 713-716.
Fleischer, M. (1959) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 44: 464-470 (470).
Fleischer, M., Mandarino, J.A., Strunz, H., Cech, F. (1965) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 50: 261-268.
Minato, H., Kato, A. (1967) Truscottite from the Toi Mine, Shizuoka Prefecture. Mineralogical Journal: 5: 144-156.
Fleischer, M. (1968) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 53: 507-511.
Juan, V.C., Youh, C.C., Lo, H.J. (1970) The dehydration reaction of natural truscottite. In Proceedings of the Geological Society of China: 13: 34-40.
Gard, J.A., Mitsuda, T., Taylor, H.F.W. (1975) Assarsson's Z-phase and its structural relations to gyrolite, truscottite, and reyerite. Mineralogical Magazine: 40: 325-333.
Lachowski, E.E., Murray, L.W., Taylor, H.F.W. (1979) Truscottite: composition and ionic substitutions. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 333-336.
Luke, K., Taylor, H.F.W., Kalousek, G.L. (1981) Some factors affecting formation of truscottite and xonotlite at 300–350° C. Cement and Concrete Research: 11(2): 197-203.
Izawa, E. (1995) On the truscottite from the Hishikari deposit, Kagoshima Pref. (abstract). Resource Geology: 45: 251-252.
Garbev, K., Gasharova, B., Stumm, A., Black, L., Mathis, Y.L., Stemmermann, P. (2004) Phase transition of gyrolite into truscottite upon thermal treatment as studied at the ANKA infrared and XRD beamlines. Mineralogische und Technische Kristallographie: 21: 118.

Internet Links for TruscottiteHide

Localities for TruscottiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
France
 
  • Réunion
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R.(2005) La truscottite de Cilaos (Ile de la Réunion), Le Règne Minéral, 65, 11 (in French).
Serge Lavarde Collection
collection Joachim Esche
http://www.micromineral-market.com/Shop/truscottite-france-la-reunion-raider-ouaki.html?___store=micromineralmarket_en&___from_store=micromineralmarket_fr; https://www.mindat.org/article.php/855/My+swap+list; https://e-rocks.com/item/ros196985/truscottite; https://e-rocks.com/item/ugo599905/truscottite; https://www.mindat.org/mesg-20-48311.html (Serge Lavarde message).
Serge Lavarde collection
Indonesia (TL)
 
  • Bengkulu Province
    • Rejang Lebong District (Rediang Lebong District)
Jaarboek van het Mijnwezen in Nederlandsch Oost-Indie, Verhandl.(1914) 41, 202; Mineralogical Magazine(1979) 43, 333-336
Japan
 
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
Excalibur Mineral Company specimen; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Fermor 2011: Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Izu City
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 821-840
Middle East
 
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal
    • eThekwini Metropolitan Municipality
      • Durban
        • Umhlatuzana valley
Cairncross, B. & Dixon, R. (1995). Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.. Geological Society of South Africa: Linden; Heron. H.D.C. (2004). Barite occurrences at Clairwood Quarries in Durban, Natal, South Africa. S.A. Lapidary Magazine, 36(3): 5-25.
USA
 
  • Wyoming
    • Park Co.
Bargar, K.E.; Beeson, M.H. & Keith, T.E.C. (1981): Zeolites in Yellowstone National Park. Mineralogical Record 12, 29-38
Bargar, K.E.; Beeson, M.H. & Keith, T.E.C. (1981): Zeolites in Yellowstone National Park. Mineralogical Record 12, 29-38
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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