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Tulameenite

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About TulameeniteHide

Formula:
Pt2CuFe
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Tulameen and Similkameen Rivers, British Columbia, Canada.
Possibly forms a solid solution with Tetraferroplatinum.


Classification of TulameeniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1972
1.AG.40

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.4.2
1.2.4.2

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
1.87

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of TulameeniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
White
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of TulameeniteHide

Formula:
Pt2CuFe
Common Impurities:
Ir,Ni,Sb

Crystallography of TulameeniteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.88 Å, c = 3.58 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.923
Unit Cell V:
53.89 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of TulameeniteHide

Synonyms of TulameeniteHide

Other Language Names for TulameeniteHide

German:Tulameenit
Simplified Chinese:铜铁二铂矿
Spanish:Tulameenita
Traditional Chinese:銅鐵二鉑礦

Varieties of TulameeniteHide

Antimonian TulameeniteForms a solid solution with Ferronickelplatinum. Contains antimony 2.5 and more mas.%.
Iridian tulameeniteTulameenite with Ir content up to 20 wt.%.

Relationship of Tulameenite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Zvyagintsevite6 photos of Tulameenite associated with Zvyagintsevite on mindat.org.
Isoferroplatinum4 photos of Tulameenite associated with Isoferroplatinum on mindat.org.
Clinochlore4 photos of Tulameenite associated with Clinochlore on mindat.org.
Serpentine Subgroup3 photos of Tulameenite associated with Serpentine Subgroup on mindat.org.
Oulankaite2 photos of Tulameenite associated with Oulankaite on mindat.org.
Telargpalite2 photos of Tulameenite associated with Telargpalite on mindat.org.
Iridosmine1 photo of Tulameenite associated with Iridosmine on mindat.org.
Chromite-Magnesiochromite Series1 photo of Tulameenite associated with Chromite-Magnesiochromite Series on mindat.org.
Rutheniridosmine1 photo of Tulameenite associated with Rutheniridosmine on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AG.05Hexaferrum(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AG.05Garutiite(Ni,Fe,Ir)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AG.10Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.AG.10Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.AG.10ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.AG.15Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.AG.15Tatyanaite(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4Orth.
1.AG.20PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.AG.25PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.AG.25Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.AG.30CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.AG.35ChengdeiteIr3FeIso.
1.AG.35IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.AG.40FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.AG.40TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.AG.45HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.AG.45SkaergaarditePdCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.AG.50YixunitePt3InIso.
1.AG.55DamiaoitePtIn2Iso.
1.AG.60NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.AG.65BortnikovitePd4Cu3ZnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.AG.70NielsenitePdCu3Tet.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.2.4.1TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.2.4.3FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.2.4.4PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7 Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.56RheniumReHex.
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso.
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TulameeniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
CABRI, L.J., OWENS, D.R. & LAFLAMME, J.H.G. (1973): Tulameenite, a new platinum B iron B copper mineral from placers in the Tulameen River area, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 21-25.
SHAHMIRI, M., MURPHY, S. & VAUGHAN, D.J. (1985): Structural and phase equilibria studies in the system PtBFeBCu and the occurrence of tulameenite (Pt2FeCu). Mineralogical Magazine 49, 547-554.
American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 383-384.
Bayliss (1990) Canadian Mineralogist: 28: 751-755.

Internet Links for TulameeniteHide

Localities for TulameeniteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Fifield
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Kamloops
Bart Cannon microprobe analyses on polished ore mounts.
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Princeton
        • Similkameen River
CABRI, L.J., OWENS, D.R. & LAFLAMME, J.H.G. (1973): Tulameenite, a new platinum B iron B copper mineral from placers in the Tulameen River area, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 21-25.
      • Similkameen River
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Nixon, G.T., Cabri, L.J., and Laflamme, J.H.G. (1990) Platinum-group-element mineralizaton in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist: 28, 503-535.
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
CABRI, L.J., OWENS, D.R. & LAFLAMME, J.H.G. (1973): Tulameenite, a new platinum B iron B copper mineral from placers in the Tulameen River area, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 21-25.; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
Colombia
 
  • Chocó Department
    • Mun. de Condoto
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Skaergaard intrusion
Holwell, D. A., Keays, R. R., McDonald, I., & Williams, M. R. (2015). Extreme enrichment of Se, Te, PGE and Au in Cu sulfide microdroplets: evidence from LA-ICP-MS analysis of sulfides in the Skaergaard Intrusion, east Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(5-6), 1-26.
Ethiopia
 
  • Oromia Region (Oromiya Region)
    • Gimbi
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Mogessie et al. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 108. (Abs.); Kebede H. Belete, Aberra Mogessie and , John F.W. Bowles Platinum-Group Minerals in the Alaskan Type Mafic-Ultramafic Intrusions of the Yubdo Area, Western Ethiopia. 9th Platinum symposium
Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2016
Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., Laflamme, J. H. G., Bearne, G. S., & Harris, D. C. (1981). Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bulletin de Mineralogie, 104(4), 508-525.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ain
      • Lescheroux
Lorand, J.-P., Ducluzaux, B., & Pont, S. (2018). Une nouvelle découverte de pépites de minéraux du groupe du platine (platine, osmium, iridium) en France : les cailloutis et alluvions de la Reyssouze (Ain). Le Règne Minéral 143, 5-16.
  • New Caledonia
    • Southern Province
      • Pirogues River
Economic Geology: 89: 1454-1468; (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p287
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
      • Uryu-gun
        • Uryugawa
Excalibur Mineral Co. specimens and analyses.
Myanmar
 
  • Sagaing Region (Sagaing Division)
    • Monywa District
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Norway
 
  • Trøndelag
    • Leka
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49; Econ Geol (1993) 88:782-803
Philippines
 
  • Visayas
    • Eastern Visayas Region
      • Samar Island
Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., & Weiser, T. W. (2017). Detrital Platinum-Group Minerals and Gold In Placers of Southeastern Samar Island, Philippines. The Canadian Mineralogist, 55(1), 45-62.
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Korf
      • Gal'moenan ultrabasic massif
Tolstykh N.D., Sidorov E.G., Kozlov A.P. (2004) Platinum-group minerals in lode and placier deposits associated with the Ural-Alaskan-type Gal'moenan complex, Koryak-Kamchatka Platinum Belt, Russia, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, p.2, pp. 619-630.
    • Koryak Mts
[MinRec 31:201]
Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Tolstykh, N., Sidorov, E., & Kozlov, A. (2009). Platinum-group Minerals from the Olkhovaya–1 Placers Related to the Karaginsky Ophiolite Complex, Kamchatskiy Mys Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(5), 1057-1074.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, H.H. Giles, (1997), Platinum Group Minerals from the Konder Massif, Russian Far East, Min Rec. 28, 97-106; Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
Barkov, A. Y., Shvedov, G. I., Silyanov, S. A., & Martin, R. F. (2018). Mineralogy of Platinum-Group Elements and Gold in the Ophiolite-Related Placer of the River Bolshoy Khailyk, Western Sayans, Russia. Minerals, 8(6), 247.
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Kureika river
        • Dzheltul'skii massif
Shvedov, G. I., & Barkov, A. Y. (2015). Oulankaite, a Pd-rich stannosulphotelluride, and associated platinum-group minerals from the Dzhaltul microgabbroic intrusion, Krasnoyarskiy kray, Russia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(3), 229-237.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Monche-Tundra
      • Monche tundra intrusion
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., & Mokhov, A. V. (2009). Assemblages and genesis of platinum-group minerals in low-sulfide ores of the Monchetundra deposit, Kola peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(6), 467-485.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Lake Onega
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., Ganin, V. A., & Grinevich, N. G. (2005). PGE mineralization in the Burakovsk Layered Complex, Southern Karelia, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(4), 283.
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
    • Northern Karelia
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1227-1233.; Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Tarkian, M., Poirier, G., & Thibault, Y. (2001). Pd–Ag Tellurides from a Cl-rich environment in the Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion, northern Russian Karelia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(2), 639-653.
Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Tarkian, M., Poirier, G., & Thibault, Y. (2001). Pd–Ag tellurides from a Cl-rich environment in the Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion, northern Russian Karelia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(2), 639-653.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Kytlym
Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.
    • Nizhnii Tagil
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mineralogy of Ural. Native elements, carbides, sulphides. - edited by N.P. Yushkin, Sverdlovsk, 1990, pp. 92-97 (in Rus.); Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
V.D. Begizov data
    • Sysert' District
      • Polevskoi (Polevskoi Zavod)
        • Omutnaya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); 9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast
[AmMin 84:195]
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dovyren Highlands
Konnikov, E.G., Meurer, W.P., Neruchev, S.S., Prasolov, E.M., Kislov, E.V., and Orsoev, D.A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 526-532.; Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.)
Sierra Leone
 
  • Western Area
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1278-1285; Bowles, J.F.W. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 583-586.; John F.W. Bowles, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C.Fisher (2002) Platinum-group minerals (PGM) in the Freetown Complex, Sierra Leone. 9th Platinum symposium
Bowles, J. F., Suárez, S., Prichard, H. M., & Fisher, P. C. (2018). The mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of the alluvial platinum-group minerals of the Freetown Layered Complex, Sierra Leone. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-30.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
  • Mpumalanga Province
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/11407/EAE03-A-11407.pdf.
Tanzania
 
  • Kigoma Region
    • Lake Tanganyika
Wilhelmij, H. R., & Cabri, L. J. (2015). Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 1-25.
Ukraine
 
  • Kirovohrad Oblast (Kirovohrads'ka Oblast)
Gurov, E. P., Shekhunova, S. B., & Permyakov, V. V. (2013) Accessory Minerals from Impact Melt Rocks of the Boltysh Structure, Ukraine. Native Metals and Alloys. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 44, p. 1217).; Gurov, E. P., Shekhunova, S. B., & Permyakov, V. V. (2015). Accessory and opaque minerals in impact melt rocks of the Boltysh structure, Ukraine. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 50(6), 1139-1155.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
      • Goodnews Bay
        • Salmon River - Red Mountain District
USGS Open-File Report 01-269
USGS Open-File Report 01-269
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
          • J-M Reef (Howland Reef)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp.149-162(1985)
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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