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Tulameenite

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Formula:
CuFePt2
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Tulameen and Similkameen Rivers, British Columbia, Canada.
Possibly forms a solid solution with Tetraferroplatinum.


Classification of Tulameenite

Approved
Approval Year:
1972
1.AG.40

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.4.2
1.2.4.2

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
1.87

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of Tulameenite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
5

Chemical Properties of Tulameenite

IMA Formula:
CuFePt2
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ir,Ni,Sb

Crystallography of Tulameenite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.88 Å, c = 3.58 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.923
Unit Cell Volume:
V 53.89 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Tulameenite

Relationship of Tulameenite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Ferronickelplatinum (see here)
1.AG.05Hexaferrum(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)
1.AG.05Garutiite(Ni,Fe,Ir)
1.AG.10AtokitePd3Sn
1.AG.10RustenburgitePt3Sn
1.AG.10ZvyagintsevitePd3Pb
1.AG.15Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.AG.15Tatyanaite(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4
1.AG.20PaolovitePd2Sn
1.AG.25PlumbopalladinitePb2Pd3
1.AG.25StannopalladinitePd3Sn2
1.AG.30CabriitePd2CuSn
1.AG.35ChengdeiteIr3Fe
1.AG.35IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.AG.40FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.AG.40TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.AG.45HongshiitePtCu
1.AG.45SkaergaarditeCuPd
1.AG.50YixunitePt3In
1.AG.55DamiaoitePtIn2
1.AG.60NiggliitePtSn
1.AG.65BortnikovitePd4Cu3Zn
1.AG.70NielsenitePdCu3
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideCuAu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg1.2Hg0.8
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)1.2Hg0.8
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23CupaliteCuAl
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38AlgodoniteCu1-xAsx (x ~0.15)
1.39Novákite(Cu,Ag)21As10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenSbAs
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46AllargentumAg1-xSbx (x=0.09-0.16)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3+xSb1-x (x~0.2)
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe1.5Cr0.2
1.59FerchromideCr1.5Fe0.2
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Ni,Fe)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66PalladiumPd
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69StannopalladinitePd3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72AtokitePd3Sn
1.73RustenburgitePt3Sn
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3Pb
1.75PlumbopalladinitePb2Pd3
1.76OsmiumOs
1.77IridiumIr
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89RhodiumRh

Other Names for Tulameenite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Tulameenit
Simplified Chinese:铜铁二铂矿
Spanish:Tulameenita
Traditional Chinese:銅鐵二鉑礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tulameenite

Reference List:
CABRI, L.J., OWENS, D.R. & LAFLAMME, J.H.G. (1973): Tulameenite, a new platinum B iron B copper mineral from placers in the Tulameen River area, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 21-25.
SHAHMIRI, M., MURPHY, S. & VAUGHAN, D.J. (1985): Structural and phase equilibria studies in the system PtBFeBCu and the occurrence of tulameenite (Pt2FeCu). Mineralogical Magazine 49, 547-554.
American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 383-384.

Bayliss (1990) Canadian Mineralogist: 28: 751-755.

Internet Links for Tulameenite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-4046.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Tulameenite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Fifield
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
Canada (TL)
 
  • British Columbia
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Princeton
        • Similkameen River
CABRI, L.J., OWENS, D.R. & LAFLAMME, J.H.G. (1973): Tulameenite, a new platinum B iron B copper mineral from placers in the Tulameen River area, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 21-25.
      • Similkameen River
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Nixon, G.T., Cabri, L.J., and Laflamme, J.H.G. (1990) Platinum-group-element mineralizaton in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist: 28, 503-535.
Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
CABRI, L.J., OWENS, D.R. & LAFLAMME, J.H.G. (1973): Tulameenite, a new platinum B iron B copper mineral from placers in the Tulameen River area, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 21-25.; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
Colombia
 
  • Chocó Department
    • Mun. de Condoto
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
Ethiopia
 
  • Oromia Region (Oromiya Region)
    • Gimbi
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Mogessie et al. (2009): Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 108. (Abs.); Kebede H. Belete, Aberra Mogessie and , John F.W. Bowles Platinum-Group Minerals in the Alaskan Type Mafic-Ultramafic Intrusions of the Yubdo Area, Western Ethiopia. 9th Platinum symposium
Pavel M. Kartashov analythical data of 2016
Cabri, L. J., Criddle, A. J., Laflamme, J. H. G., Bearne, G. S., & Harris, D. C. (1981). Mineralogical study of complex Pt-Fe nuggets from Ethiopia. Bulletin de Mineralogie, 104(4), 508-525.
Greenland
 
  • Qeqqata
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord (Søndre Strømfjord)
      • Kangerlussuaq complex
        • Skaergaard intrusion
Holwell, D. A., Keays, R. R., McDonald, I., & Williams, M. R. (2015). Extreme enrichment of Se, Te, PGE and Au in Cu sulfide microdroplets: evidence from LA-ICP-MS analysis of sulfides in the Skaergaard Intrusion, east Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(5-6), 1-26.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
      • Uryu-gun
        • Uryugawa
Excalibur Mineral Co. specimens and analyses.
Myanmar
 
  • Sagaing Region (Sagaing Division)
    • Monywa District
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
New Caledonia
 
  • Southern Province
    • Pirogues River
Economic Geology: 89: 1454-1468; (2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p287
Norway
 
  • Nord-Trøndelag
    • Leka
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49; Econ Geol (1993) 88:782-803
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Bodaibo
          • Lena Gold District
            • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dovyren Highlands
Konnikov, E.G., Meurer, W.P., Neruchev, S.S., Prasolov, E.M., Kislov, E.V., and Orsoev, D.A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 526-532.; Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.)
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Korf
        • Gal'moenan ultrabasic massif
Tolstykh N.D., Sidorov E.G., Kozlov A.P. (2004) Platinum-group minerals in lode and placier deposits associated with the Ural-Alaskan-type Gal'moenan complex, Koryak-Kamchatka Platinum Belt, Russia, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, p.2, pp. 619-630.
      • Koryak Mts
[MinRec 31:201]
Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
Tolstykh, N., Sidorov, E., & Kozlov, A. (2009). Platinum-group Minerals from the Olkhovaya–1 Placers Related to the Karaginsky Ophiolite Complex, Kamchatskiy Mys Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(5), 1057-1074.
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Ayan-Maya district
        • Aldan shield
Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, H.H. Giles, (1997), Platinum Group Minerals from the Konder Massif, Russian Far East, Min Rec. 28, 97-106
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Lake Onega
Grokhovskaya, T. L., Lapina, M. I., Ganin, V. A., & Grinevich, N. G. (2005). PGE mineralization in the Burakovsk Layered Complex, Southern Karelia, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(4), 283.
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1227-1233.; Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Tarkian, M., Poirier, G., & Thibault, Y. (2001). Pd–Ag Tellurides from a Cl-rich environment in the Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion, northern Russian Karelia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(2), 639-653.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Kytlym
Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.
        • Nizhnii Tagil
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mineralogy of Ural. Native elements, carbides, sulphides. - edited by N.P. Yushkin, Sverdlovsk, 1990, pp. 92-97 (in Rus.); Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
V.D. Begizov data
        • Sysert' District
          • Polevskoi (Polevskoi Zavod)
            • Omutnaya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); 9th International platinum symposium Chromite-PGE mineralization in the Uktus Alaskan-Type Complex (Central Urals,); Garuti, G., Pushkarev, E.V., and Zaccarini, F. (2002) Composition and paragenesis of Pt alloys from chromitites of the Uralian-Alaskan-type Kytlym and Uktus complexes, northern and central Urals, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1127-1146.
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
[AmMin 84:195]
Sierra Leone
 
  • Western Area
    • Guma Water
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1278-1285; Bowles, J.F.W. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 583-586.; John F.W. Bowles, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C.Fisher (2002) Platinum-group minerals (PGM) in the Freetown Complex, Sierra Leone. 9th Platinum symposium
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
  • Mpumalanga Province
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/11407/EAE03-A-11407.pdf.
Tanzania
 
  • Kigoma Region
    • Lake Tanganyika
Wilhelmij, H. R., & Cabri, L. J. (2015). Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 1-25.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
      • Goodnews Bay
        • Salmon River - Red Mountain District
USGS Open-File Report 01-269
USGS Open-File Report 01-269
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
          • J-M Reef (Howland Reef)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp.149-162(1985)
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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